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Islamic World and Near East History Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Islamic World and Near East History

Continuity At Luxor Temple, Matthew Unruh Oct 2019

Continuity At Luxor Temple, Matthew Unruh

History in the Making

No abstract provided.


In The Shadow Of Osiris: Non-Royal Mortuary Landscapes At South Abydos During The Late Middle And New Kingdoms, Kevin Michael Cahail Jan 2014

In The Shadow Of Osiris: Non-Royal Mortuary Landscapes At South Abydos During The Late Middle And New Kingdoms, Kevin Michael Cahail

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Kevin M. Cahail

Dr. Josef W. Wegner

The site of South Abydos was home to royal mortuary complexes of both the late Middle, and New Kingdoms, belonging to Senwosret III and Ahmose. Thanks to both recent and past excavations, both of these royal establishments are fairly well understood. Yet, we lack a clear picture of the mortuary practices of the non-royal individuals living and working in the shadow of these institutions. For both periods, the main question is where the tombs of the non-royal citizens might exist. Additionally for the Middle Kingdom is the related issue of how these people ...


Modeling The Mechanics Of Temple Production In The Middle Kingdom: An Investigation Of The Shena Of Divine Offerings Adjacent To The Mortuary Temple Of Senwosret Iii At Abydos, Egypt, Vanessa E. Smith Aug 2010

Modeling The Mechanics Of Temple Production In The Middle Kingdom: An Investigation Of The Shena Of Divine Offerings Adjacent To The Mortuary Temple Of Senwosret Iii At Abydos, Egypt, Vanessa E. Smith

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

During the Middle Kingdom, the term Sna or shena, was used by the ancient Egyptians to denote a food production area, primarily of bread and beer, which was attached to religious institutions. As a production area, the shena represented a place of pivotal importance in the economic structure of the Egyptian temple as a producer of divine offerings, wages and pensions for temple personnel, and as a taxpayer to the Egyptian state. In theory, every temple would have had a shena to provide for its cultic and economic needs. Although there are thousands of temples identified archaeologically from ancient Egypt ...


Naga-Ed-Deir To Thebes To Abydos: The Rise And Spread Of The “Couple Standing Before Offerings” Pose On Fip And Mk Offering Stelae, Jacqueline Jay Dec 2009

Naga-Ed-Deir To Thebes To Abydos: The Rise And Spread Of The “Couple Standing Before Offerings” Pose On Fip And Mk Offering Stelae, Jacqueline Jay

Jacqueline E. Jay

The “couple standing before offerings” pose first appeared at Naga-ed-Deir in the First Intermediate Period and gradually rose in popularity at that site. Its appearance at Thebes in the late Eleventh Dynasty coincided with reunification; similarly, it first occurred at Abydos at the beginning of the Twelfth Dynasty, as Amenemhet I was consolidating his control of the north. As the Twelfth Dynasty progressed, however, stelae production became more and more standardized, and the pose ultimately dropped out of use. Thus, as this paper will show, tracing the rise and spread of the “couple standing before offerings” pose enables us to ...


Parallelism In The Correspondence Between Senwosret I And Sinuhe, Jacqueline Jay Dec 2009

Parallelism In The Correspondence Between Senwosret I And Sinuhe, Jacqueline Jay

Jacqueline E. Jay

Poetic parallelism (the repetition of grammatical, semantic, and/or phonetic elements) is prevalent throughout the Tale of Sinuhe, occurring both in the tale’s narrative and in its non-narrative sections, including the exchange of letters between Senwosret I and Sinuhe. This paper analyzes the parallelism in these letters, exploring the rhetorical impact produced by the inclusion of parallel elements and suggesting ways in which an awareness of the poetic structure of the letters increases our understanding of specific passages and of the tale as a whole.


The Narrative Structure Of Ancient Egyptian Tales: From Sinuhe To Setna, Jacqueline Jay Dec 2007

The Narrative Structure Of Ancient Egyptian Tales: From Sinuhe To Setna, Jacqueline Jay

Jacqueline E. Jay

Among the vast number of texts to have survived from ancient Egypt, the corpus of literary tales forms one of the most well-known and extensively studied groups. Thus far, however, analyses of the tales have focused on individual texts and language phases without examining the relationship between tales of different phases. My dissertation addresses this gap, examining how changes in grammar from phase to phase affected how a tale was told. This project focuses on three phases of the ancient Egyptian language: Middle Egyptian, Late Egyptian, and Demotic. Chapter 1 surveys prior scholarship and outlines the methodology of the project ...


Religious Literature Of Late Period And Greco-Roman Egypt, Jacqueline Jay Dec 2006

Religious Literature Of Late Period And Greco-Roman Egypt, Jacqueline Jay

Jacqueline E. Jay

Although Egypt was ruled by foreigners during most of the Late and Greco-Roman periods, native religious traditions remained strong and the period witnessed the production of a wide variety of religious texts written in the Egyptian language. This article presents many of the major religious texts of Egypt's Late and Greco-Roman periods and comments on the trends of continuity and change that they suggest. It is divided into three sections. The first discusses texts written on temple walls or on papyri stored in temple scriptoria which speak to the ritual and theological activities of the priesthood. The second examines ...