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2009

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Articles 1 - 30 of 39

Full-Text Articles in Islamic World and Near East History

Bir Köylü Milletvekili Mustafa Lütfi Eken, Yaşar Semiz Dec 2009

Bir Köylü Milletvekili Mustafa Lütfi Eken, Yaşar Semiz

Yaşar Semiz

No abstract provided.


"All The Crises Reached A Concerted Crescendo" - The Arab Oil Embargo And Why The United States Was Unprepared For It, Jonathan D. Chilcote Dec 2009

"All The Crises Reached A Concerted Crescendo" - The Arab Oil Embargo And Why The United States Was Unprepared For It, Jonathan D. Chilcote

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

During the 2008 spike in oil prices, oil companies and government officials were brought under close scrutiny as many Americans began to question why prices were able to rise so quickly. Americans had become accustomed to living in an economy where cheap oil was the norm, and demanded answers when that situation changed. What most of them did not know is that they were repeating history and mimicking the response to the 1973 oil embargo. Just as in 2008, the United States faced a crisis in 1973 with which it was unprepared to effectively cope. This thesis analyzes the reasons ...


The United States And Iran, Michael Zirinsky Oct 2009

The United States And Iran, Michael Zirinsky

Michael Zirinsky

Since the 1978-79 revolution and emergence of an Islamic Republic, America has been transfixed by images of Iran fomenting terror against the US. Ironically, before 1978 most Americans knew nothing about Iran, leading President Carter famously to praise it, on the eve of upheaval, as an island of stability in the midst of a sea of turmoil. Sad to say, many Iranians also have a hostile view of America, based not on the beneficent idealism which characterized US policy in the Middle East before the Second World War, but on American Cold War activism, including sponsoring a 1953 coup d ...


‘That Ye May Know Each Other’: Late Victorian Interactions Between British And West African Muslims, Brent D. Singleton Oct 2009

‘That Ye May Know Each Other’: Late Victorian Interactions Between British And West African Muslims, Brent D. Singleton

Library Faculty Publications

From the early 1890’s to 1908 members of the Liverpool Moslem Institute led by Sheik William Henry Abdullah Quilliam had extensive contacts with their West African Muslim counterparts. This era was marked by several trends including the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire, European colonialism, extensive overseas Christian missionary activities as well as the vast expansion of Islam in West Africa. In this milieu, the British and West African Muslims built a mutually beneficial relationship with equality, respect, and brotherhood as its cornerstone. Their contacts developed and flourished quickly, leading to extensive correspondence, visits, and general support for one another ...


The Mutual Existence Of Nascent And Senescent World Orders, Burak Akcaper Oct 2009

The Mutual Existence Of Nascent And Senescent World Orders, Burak Akcaper

Center for Turkish Studies Occasional Paper Series

In this essay I will address the issue of change in the international system which the scholars of International Relations have grappled with however inadequately. Accordingly, I will argue that this deficiency stems in no small part from the frequent mutual distance between scholars and practitioners of international affairs. I will, therefore, try to bridge this gap. Ultimately this essay will:

a) Suggest a model (mutual existence of nascent and senescent orders) equipped with a number of hypotheses (laws) of systemic change in the international ―order;

b) Provide a baseline for bringing scholarly and practitioners‘ perspectives closer together, including by ...


Madrassa Education In Pakistan: Assisting The Taliban’S Resurgence, Nicole M. Warren Oct 2009

Madrassa Education In Pakistan: Assisting The Taliban’S Resurgence, Nicole M. Warren

Pell Scholars and Senior Theses

The education received in madrassas located in Pakistan is contributing to the Taliban’s resurgence in Afghanistan.


The First Translations Of The Qur'an In Modern Turkey (1924-1938), Brett Wilson Jul 2009

The First Translations Of The Qur'an In Modern Turkey (1924-1938), Brett Wilson

Brett Wilson

No abstract provided.


An Egyptian In China: Ahmed Fahmy And The Making Of “World Christianities”, Heather J. Sharkey Jun 2009

An Egyptian In China: Ahmed Fahmy And The Making Of “World Christianities”, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Ahmed Fahmy, who was born in Alexandria, Egypt, in 1861 and died in Golders Green, London, in 1933, was the most celebrated convert from Islam to Christianity in the history of the American Presbyterian mission in Egypt. American Presbyterians had started work in Egypt in 1854 and soon developed the largest Protestant mission in the country. They opened schools, hospitals, and orphanages; sponsored the development of Arabic Christian publishing and Bible distribution; and with local Egyptians organized evangelical work in towns and villages from Alexandria to Aswan. In an age when Anglo-American Protestant missions were expanding across the globe, they ...


The Sick Man’S Last Fight: The Role Of The Ottoman Empire In The First World War, Henry A. Crouse Jun 2009

The Sick Man’S Last Fight: The Role Of The Ottoman Empire In The First World War, Henry A. Crouse

Pell Scholars and Senior Theses

The Great War in 1914 to 1918 destroyed mighty empires, and created nations from their ashes. Both the Allied and Central Powers had been dominated by powerful empires. The Ottoman Empire, established by the Turks was at one point the largest empire in the world. Prior to World War I, it had fallen into decline as its territories were gobbled up by other powers. The world dismissed the Ottoman Empire as “the Sick Man of Europe.” Throughout the Nineteenth Century, the rest of Europe waited for the empire to implode. A few years before war broke out, the Turks had ...


The Problem Of Hylomorphism And Dualism In Avicenna: A Guide To Resolving Other Tensions, Andre M. Gregori May 2009

The Problem Of Hylomorphism And Dualism In Avicenna: A Guide To Resolving Other Tensions, Andre M. Gregori

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

One of the greatest challenges posed to the student of Avicenna's psychology is whether he upholds a hylomorphic or dualistic conception of the soul. The hylomorphic position is the one espoused by Aristotle, in nuce that the soul is the entelecheia, or substantial form, of the body considered as matter. The dualistic position is that the soul is a separate substance that controls the body, itself also a substance. The goal of this essay is to determine the full complexity of Avicenna's position, by dissecting four of his great psychological works, each from a different point in his ...


Through The Eyes Of The Post: American Media Coverage Of The Armenian Genocide., Jessica L. Taylor May 2009

Through The Eyes Of The Post: American Media Coverage Of The Armenian Genocide., Jessica L. Taylor

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Many historians refer to the Armenian Genocide of 1915 as the first genocide of the twentieth century. In the context of the first global war, the Armenians of the Ottoman Empire were systematically persecuted and many eliminated while the world watched. Yet today, American memory and conception of the Armenian Genocide is remarkably different from similar historical events such as the Holocaust. The Armenian Genocide and America's reaction to it is a forgotten event in American memory.

In an attempt to better understand this process of forgetting, this thesis analyzes the Washington Post's news coverage of the Armenian ...


Editor's Note: Historicizing Anti-Semitism, Mohammad H. Tamdgidi Mar 2009

Editor's Note: Historicizing Anti-Semitism, Mohammad H. Tamdgidi

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This is a note by the journal editor to the Spring 2009 issue of Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-knowledge, focusing on "Historicizing Anti-Semitism." He argues that, to be more faithful to the co-editor's conceptual and historical analysis, it may be much more helpful, especially given the sociopolitical context of the current Israeli-Palestinian conflict going back especially to the mid-twentieth century (if not earlier), to introduce a fourth type of its own to the three-fold typological model (of anti-Jewish antisemitism, anti-Arab/Muslim anti-semitism, and anti-Afro-Arab/Muslim anti-semitism), i.e., that of "semitic anti-semitism." While the latter is ...


Global Anti-Semitism In World-Historical Perspective: An Introduction, Lewis R. Gordon, Ramón Grosfoguel, Eric Mielants Mar 2009

Global Anti-Semitism In World-Historical Perspective: An Introduction, Lewis R. Gordon, Ramón Grosfoguel, Eric Mielants

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This introduction to the Spring 2009 issue of Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge begins with a discussion of "The Articulation and Re-Articulation of Anti-Semitism" in a world-historical perspective, focusing on such topics as "Anti-Semitism in the Longue-Durée," "Christian Europe's Final Solutions," and "Israel and Global Anti-Semitism." It then follows with a survey of the volume's articles which were part of an international conference entitled, "The Post-September 11 New Ethnic/Racial Configurations in Europe and the United States: The Case of Anti-Semitism," organized by Lewis Gordon and Ramón Grosfoguel at the Maison des Sciences de l ...


Human Rights And Anti-Semitism After Gaza, Ramón Grosfoguel Mar 2009

Human Rights And Anti-Semitism After Gaza, Ramón Grosfoguel

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This article discusses the consequences of the latest Israeli massacres in Gaza in relation to its global consequences for Human Rights and Global Anti-Semitism today. The first part is a discussion of the consequences of Gaza towards Human Rights. The second part is a discussion of the consequences of Gaza towards global anti-semitism. The last part is a discussion about Fundamentalism in the world today, in particular on the hegemonic, silent and pervasive form of fundamentalism: Eurocentric fundamentalism.


Anti-Semitism And Islamophobia: The Formation Of A Secret, Ivan Davidson Kalmar Mar 2009

Anti-Semitism And Islamophobia: The Formation Of A Secret, Ivan Davidson Kalmar

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Kalmar traces a sort of dialectic of demonization, a kind of a noxious ping-pong game, in the cultural history of representing Jews and Muslims in the West. The image of both had been united in a joint construction with roots in medieval Christianity, and which in the nineteenth century was racialized with the label "Semites." This joint image of Jew and Muslim (now more specifically, Arab) included in contradictory ways and at the same time a "prophetic" and a "demonic" aspect. However, by the late nineteenth century anti-Semites robbed it of its prophetic dimension, and reduced to the demonic. At ...


The Accusation Of Anti-Semitism As Moral Blackmail: Conservative Jews In France And The Israel-Palestinian Conflict, James Cohen Mar 2009

The Accusation Of Anti-Semitism As Moral Blackmail: Conservative Jews In France And The Israel-Palestinian Conflict, James Cohen

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

The topic examined in this article is not anti-semitism in itself, as illustrated by those who engage in it, but anti-semitism as brandished as a charge against real or alleged offenders. This approach is indispensable, the author argues, for a fuller understanding of how the notion of anti-semitism operates in political discourse and action. The author speaks in particular of the accusation of anti-semitism in cases where it can be shown that the behavior targeted is at least in part, and sometimes in great part, imaginary and constructed. The effectiveness of this ascribed anti-semitism depends on the capacity of those ...


Palestinian Refugees And Their Oral Histories: History's Silence, Memory's Burden, Randa Farah Mar 2009

Palestinian Refugees And Their Oral Histories: History's Silence, Memory's Burden, Randa Farah

Randa R Farah Dr.

No abstract provided.


Resurrection Research From 1975 To The Present: What Are Critical Scholars Saying?, Gary R. Habermas Feb 2009

Resurrection Research From 1975 To The Present: What Are Critical Scholars Saying?, Gary R. Habermas

Gary R. Habermas

An overview of resurrection research in Europe and North America during the last 30 years indicates some expected as well as some surprising trends. This study highlights six of these major research areas. The works of two representative scholars, J.D. Crossan and N.T. Wright, provide interpretive angles on these subjects. The article concludes with some comments on what is taken to be the single most crucial development at present, that after Jesus' death his followers had experiences that they thought were appearances of the risen Jesus. These early Christian experiences need to be explained viably.


The Shroud Of Turin And Its Significance For Biblical Studies, Gary Habermas Feb 2009

The Shroud Of Turin And Its Significance For Biblical Studies, Gary Habermas

Gary R. Habermas

This essay addresses the four areas most commonly questioned in a study of the shroud of Turin: its history, its relationship with the NT descriptions of Jewish burial techniques, correlations with the person of Jesus, and any possible evidence for his resurrection. Evangelical critics usually concentrate on the NT data related to Jesus' burial: the author therefore gives special attention to this area.


Immigrant Tales, Rowan Cahill Jan 2009

Immigrant Tales, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review of two autobiographical accounts of migrant encounters with, and experiences in, Australia: Ken Buckley, 'Buckley's! Ken Buckley: historian, author and civil libertarian' (2008) and Mamdouh Habib, 'My Story: the tale of a terrorist who wasn't' (2009).


Assessment Practice And Perception Of Social Science Instructors In Afghanistan, Delawar Darmal Jan 2009

Assessment Practice And Perception Of Social Science Instructors In Afghanistan, Delawar Darmal

Master's Capstone Projects

This thesis has been prepared with three objectives in mind. First, investigating and identifying the problems and challenge of assessment is essential to the quality of education as well as to the reform of education in Afghanistan. Any reforms and the improvement of education are greatly based on the findings of research. Therefore, this project is targeting to facilitate this process.

Second, this research project is aiming to explain the assessment that is practiced in Higher Education of Afghanistan. This is essential to two critical issues. It is useful not just to Afghan instructors to know about the assessment practices ...


Georgian Literary Modernism: Poems By Titsian Tabidze, Paolo Iashvili And Galaktion Tabidze, Rebecca Gould Jan 2009

Georgian Literary Modernism: Poems By Titsian Tabidze, Paolo Iashvili And Galaktion Tabidze, Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

This feature section, originally published in the literary journal Metamorphoses, introduces the poets Titsian Tabidze, Galaktion Tabidze, and Paolo Iashvili to an English readership. These three major exponents of the Georgian Literary Modernism were all either executed (Titsian) or committed suicide (Paolo and Galaktion) as a result of Stalin's and Beria's repressive policies. Collectively, these texts movingly testify to the intimate relation between politics and poetics in Georgian literature, as in other literatures of the former Soviet Union. An introduction called "The Twlight of Georgian Literary Modernism" is followed by the original Georgian texts and English translations of ...


Atatürk Çiftlikleri Ve Bunların Hazineye Devri, Yaşar Semiz Jan 2009

Atatürk Çiftlikleri Ve Bunların Hazineye Devri, Yaşar Semiz

Yaşar Semiz

Üç bölümden oluşan bu yazının konusu Atatürk’ün Türk çiftçisine öncülük ve önderlik etmek amacıyla kurduğu çiftlikler ve bunların hazineye devredilmesidir. Çalışmanın birinci bölümünde ilki 1925’te kuruluşuna başlanan Atatürk Orman Çiftliği olmak üzere Atatürk’ün Anadolu’nun çeşitli yerlerinde kurduğu çiftlikler ele alınmıştır. İkinci bölümde çiftliklerin kuruluş amaçlarına ulaştıktan sonra bunların nasıl hazineye devredildiklerinden bahsedilmektedir. Üçüncü bölümde Atatürk’ün hazineye bağışladığı çiftlikler de dahil olmak üzere Devlet Üretme Çiftlikleri’nin daha iyi idare edilmesi için yapılan yasal düzenlemeler değerlendirilmektedir.


Cumhuriyet Döneminde Konya'da Sanayi, Yaşar Semiz Jan 2009

Cumhuriyet Döneminde Konya'da Sanayi, Yaşar Semiz

Yaşar Semiz

No abstract provided.


Mahmoud Darwish’S Lyric Epic, Fady Joudah Jan 2009

Mahmoud Darwish’S Lyric Epic, Fady Joudah

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This essay is a reprint of an introduction by Fady Joudah, noted Palestinian-American poet and translator of Mahmoud Darwish's poetry, to If I Were Another (2009), a collection of poems by Darwish translated from the Arabic by Joudah. It is republished herein courtesy of the author Fady Joudah and publisher, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York. According to Joudah, "If I Were Another is a tribute to Darwish's lyric epic, and to the essence of his "late style," the culmination of an entire life in dialogue that merges the self with its stranger, its other, in continuous renewal ...


Why The Solidarity?: South Asian Activism For Palestine, Rajini Srikanth Jan 2009

Why The Solidarity?: South Asian Activism For Palestine, Rajini Srikanth

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

In the essay "Why the Solidarity? South Asian Activism for Palestine," Srikanth offers some reasons for the compelling hold of the Palestinian cause on South Asian academics and activists. Referring to India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh in particular, she discusses the extent to which the colonial and neocolonial experiences of these three nations parallel life under Israeli occupation of the Palestinian people. The essay also traces Srikanth's own personal journey of coming into consciousness about Palestine and ties this personal awakening to her role as a teacher.


Corrections And Updates To "Identifying Biblical Persons In Northwest Semitic Inscriptions Of 1200-539 B.C.E.", Lawrence J. Mykytiuk Jan 2009

Corrections And Updates To "Identifying Biblical Persons In Northwest Semitic Inscriptions Of 1200-539 B.C.E.", Lawrence J. Mykytiuk

Libraries Research Publications

This article does two things. First, it corrects things in the book, Identifying Biblical Persons in Northwest Semitic Inscriptions of 1200-539 B.C.E. (2004), abbreviated IBP below:
• Regarding potential forgeries, the article applies the principles for treatment of unprovenanced inscriptions set forth in Christopher A. Rollston, “Non-Provenanced Epigraphs II: The Status of Non-Provenanced Epigraphs within the Broader Corpus of Northwest Semitic,” Maarav 11 (2004): 71–76.
• It disqualifies proposed IDs in eight (8) inscriptions that are forgeries or probable forgeries, notably including the two bullae frequently attributed to the biblical Baruch.
Second, it evaluates 32 proposed identifications (IDs) of ...


The Pontic Armenian Communities In The Nineteenth Century, Bedross Der Matossian Jan 2009

The Pontic Armenian Communities In The Nineteenth Century, Bedross Der Matossian

Faculty Publications, Department of History

The Pontic Armenian communities of the nineteenth century were distinguished from those of previous centuries in that they were exposed to major social, economic, and political transformations. Social transformation entailed enlightenment of an emerging middle class and revival of Armenian national consciousness; economic transformation was characterized by advancement in the standard of living and growing prosperity; and political transformation entailed participation in the local administration, the adoption in Constantinople of an Armenian "National Constitution," which broadened the administration of the confessional-based Armenian millet to include the middle class, and in the latter part of the century the emergence of Armenian ...


Looming Dangers, Turkey And Armenia: Opening Minds, Opening Borders: A Perilous Blueprint, Bedross Der Matossian Jan 2009

Looming Dangers, Turkey And Armenia: Opening Minds, Opening Borders: A Perilous Blueprint, Bedross Der Matossian

Faculty Publications, Department of History

On April 14, 2009, the International Crisis Group (ICG), a think tank that provides suggestions on conflict resolutions around the globe, issued a report entitled Turkey and Armenia: Opening Minds, Opening Borders in which it made recommendations for Armenian-Turkish reconciliation and the establishment of bilateral relations between the Republics of Armenia and Turkey. The report was published after the newly elected American President, Barack Obama, visited Turkey in early April 2009, and eight days before the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Turkey and the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs issued a joint ...


A Land With A People: Palestine Under British Mandate, Marie Gray Jan 2009

A Land With A People: Palestine Under British Mandate, Marie Gray

History Honors Projects

No abstract provided.