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History of Gender Commons

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2009

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Articles 1 - 23 of 23

Full-Text Articles in History of Gender

Self-Advocacy Of Women In Sexualized Labor, 1880-1980s, Kim Marie Matthews Dec 2009

Self-Advocacy Of Women In Sexualized Labor, 1880-1980s, Kim Marie Matthews

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research, Department of History

The purpose of this study is to centralize, into women's history, the marginalized historical voices of women activists working in sexualized labor (and/or those using sexualized economic strategies). This thesis situates the work of Josie Washburn, a former madam who turned self advocate in 1907, squarely within the Progressive Era debate on prostitution, By centralizing women's voices of sexualized lahor, it provides a means to track the long-term evolution of the intersections between women's sexualized labor choices, traditional labor choices, self-advocacy, popular media, and social/political movements on behalf of women. This study asserts that a ...


The Local Is Global: Broker For Human Rights “Florence Kitchelt, Connecticut Peace Activist And Feminist,” 1920-1961, Danelle L. Moon Nov 2009

The Local Is Global: Broker For Human Rights “Florence Kitchelt, Connecticut Peace Activist And Feminist,” 1920-1961, Danelle L. Moon

Faculty and Staff Publications

In this paper, I will explore the role of local peace activist and feminist, Florence Ledyard Kitchelt (1874-1961) in supporting social justice, equality, and world peace. In 1924 Kitchelt accepted a paid position with the Connecticut League of Nation’s Association (CLNA), and for nearly twenty years she served as secretary and director of the organization. Working through the CLNA she canvassed the state promoting peace education and to building support for the League of Nations and the World Court. In 1925 she traveled to Geneva to study the League of Nations and attended the Assembly. Between the wars she ...


The Local Is Global: Broker For Human Rights “Florence Kitchelt, Connecticut Peace Activist And Feminist,” 1920-1961, Danelle L. Moon Nov 2009

The Local Is Global: Broker For Human Rights “Florence Kitchelt, Connecticut Peace Activist And Feminist,” 1920-1961, Danelle L. Moon

Danelle L. Moon

In this paper, I will explore the role of local peace activist and feminist, Florence Ledyard Kitchelt (1874-1961) in supporting social justice, equality, and world peace. In 1924 Kitchelt accepted a paid position with the Connecticut League of Nation’s Association (CLNA), and for nearly twenty years she served as secretary and director of the organization. Working through the CLNA she canvassed the state promoting peace education and to building support for the League of Nations and the World Court. In 1925 she traveled to Geneva to study the League of Nations and attended the Assembly. Between the wars she ...


"There Is Graite Odds Between A Mans Being At Home And A Broad": Deborah Read Franklin And The Eighteenth Century Home, Vivian Bruce Conger Nov 2009

"There Is Graite Odds Between A Mans Being At Home And A Broad": Deborah Read Franklin And The Eighteenth Century Home, Vivian Bruce Conger

History Faculty Publications and Presentation

From 1764 to her death in 1774, Deborah Franklin lived in “their” new house without husband Benjamin. The correspondence between them reveals several ambiguously gendered constructions of that house—ideologically, materially, and architecturally. She was “homeless” legally and conceptually. Her household variously consisted of her mother, her adopted son, her daughter, relatives, guests, borders, and servants—she permanently assumed the role of head of the household. His household consisted of his landlady, Widow Margaret Stevenson, and her daughter Polly—he could not assume his role as head of household. Moreover, as Deborah wrote her husband about turning the house into ...


Making The College New - And Old - Again, Catherine Mcnicol Stock Sep 2009

Making The College New - And Old - Again, Catherine Mcnicol Stock

Convocation Addresses

Catherine McNicol Stock, professor of history, says one must look at the College's history to inform an understanding of its present and future.


Objectivity, Collective Sight, And Scientific Personae, Jennifer Tucker Jul 2009

Objectivity, Collective Sight, And Scientific Personae, Jennifer Tucker

Jennifer Tucker

No abstract provided.


The Historian, The Picture, And The Archive, Jennifer Tucker Jul 2009

The Historian, The Picture, And The Archive, Jennifer Tucker

Jennifer Tucker

One of the persistent features of historical writing about the sciences in the last twenty years has been the concern of a number of historians who insist on the need for a new awareness of the role of visual images and image making. The author believes that, rather than reducing the analysis of visual culture to a single set of principles, the point of the academic study of scientific images is the recognition of their heterogeneity, the different circumstances of their production, and the variety of cultural and social functions they serve. This essay challenges historians to discover new ways ...


Voyages Of Discovery On Oceans Of Air: Scientific Observation And The Image Of Science In An Age Of "Balloonacy", Jennifer Tucker Jul 2009

Voyages Of Discovery On Oceans Of Air: Scientific Observation And The Image Of Science In An Age Of "Balloonacy", Jennifer Tucker

Jennifer Tucker

No abstract provided.


Historic Heteroessentialism And Other Orderings In Early America, Jen Manion Jul 2009

Historic Heteroessentialism And Other Orderings In Early America, Jen Manion

History Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Journeys To Self And Lessons Of Other: Carlos Castaneda, Camposcape, Heteropia And Masculinity During The Age Of Sexual Revolution, Ageeth Sluis Jun 2009

Journeys To Self And Lessons Of Other: Carlos Castaneda, Camposcape, Heteropia And Masculinity During The Age Of Sexual Revolution, Ageeth Sluis

Ageeth Sluis

No abstract provided.


Pornography, Female Spectacle And Modernity In Mexico City, 1915-1939, Ageeth Sluis Jun 2009

Pornography, Female Spectacle And Modernity In Mexico City, 1915-1939, Ageeth Sluis

Ageeth Sluis

No abstract provided.


Gender Inequalities In Buha (Kigoma) And The Role Of Gender Mainstreaming To Alliviate Them, Conrad John Masabo Mr. Jun 2009

Gender Inequalities In Buha (Kigoma) And The Role Of Gender Mainstreaming To Alliviate Them, Conrad John Masabo Mr.

Conrad John Masabo Mr.

Gender issues and debates on gender are ever growing to dominate the local and international politics, law, economy and social policies. The debate are hot and even now penetrating to the formerly spheres that were for quite long left un-penetrated such as those structures of religion. Gender can be defined as the social determined roles and relations between males and females. In this regard, these social constructed roles and relations have resulted into tremendous gender inequalities that need to be addressed anew with a different methodology or strategy. They call for critical and purposely attention from anyone who hopes to ...


Naccs 36th Annual Conference, National Association For Chicana And Chicano Studies Apr 2009

Naccs 36th Annual Conference, National Association For Chicana And Chicano Studies

NACCS Conference Programs

¡El Movimiento Sigue!
April 8-11, 2009
Hyatt Regency Hotel


To Die A Noble Death: Blood Sacrifice And The Legacy Of The Easter Rising And The Battle Of The Somme In Northern Ireland History, Anne L. Reeder Apr 2009

To Die A Noble Death: Blood Sacrifice And The Legacy Of The Easter Rising And The Battle Of The Somme In Northern Ireland History, Anne L. Reeder

History Honors Projects

In 1916, under the pressurized conditions of the Great War, two violent events transpired that altered the state of Anglo-Irish relations: the Easter Rising and the Battle of the Somme. These events were immediately transformed into examples of blood sacrifice for the two fundamentally opposed communities in Northern Ireland: Nationalists and Unionists. In 1969, Northern Ireland became embroiled in a civil war that lasted thirty years. The events of 1916 have been used to legitimize modern instances of violence. This paper argues, through the use of cultural texts, that such legitimization is the result of the creation of mythic histories.


“Friendship, Sweet Soother Of My Cares!”: Women, Religion, And Power In The Diary Of Sarah Connell Ayer, Shannon M. Risk Apr 2009

“Friendship, Sweet Soother Of My Cares!”: Women, Religion, And Power In The Diary Of Sarah Connell Ayer, Shannon M. Risk

Maine History

The diary of Sarah Connell Ayer (1791-1835) reveals the motivations of a woman caught up in the Second Great Awakening that spread across New England in the early nineteenth century. Ayer arrived in Portland in 1811 and immediately sought out a circle of female friends who espoused the same desires as did she. She joined with other church women in challenging the boundaries of Republican Motherhood ,and under the veil of the church, helped to minister in the greater Portland society.This female church culture helped women like Ayer get through the many pitfalls of womanhood in the early nineteenth ...


The Role Of Gender Identities And Stereotype Salience With The Academic Performance Of Male And Female College Athletes, Keith Harrison Feb 2009

The Role Of Gender Identities And Stereotype Salience With The Academic Performance Of Male And Female College Athletes, Keith Harrison

Dr. C. Keith Harrison

An experiment was conducted to examine factors that moderate the experience of academic identity threat among college athletes who represent a stigmatized group on most college campuses (Yopyk & Prentice, 2005). It was hypothesized that because they are more engaged in academics, female college athletes would be especially threatened by the prospect of confirming the “dumb-jock” stereotype. As predicted, female college athletes performed more poorly when their athletic and academic identities were explicitly linked, but only on moderately difficult test items. The results also revealed that male college athletes performed significantly better (see stereotype reactance and self-affirmation) on more difficult test ...


Stereotypes And Stigmas Of College Athletes In Tank Mcnamara's Cartoon Strip: Fact Or Fiction?, Keith Harrison Jan 2009

Stereotypes And Stigmas Of College Athletes In Tank Mcnamara's Cartoon Strip: Fact Or Fiction?, Keith Harrison

Dr. C. Keith Harrison

The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I student-athletes (N= 43) regarding stereotypical cartoons about athletes. A qualitative approach, which included a visual elicitation technique, was utilized by administering the Lifestyle Association & Representation of Athletes Scale (LARAS). The LARAS explored participants’ perceptions of the following six specific concepts: a) academic support issues; b) academic progress; c) coaches as educators; d) professional sport aspirations; e) media identities, advertising, and representation; and f) cultural issues and recruiting. Five major themes emerged from participants’ perceptions: Big Sport Business, Athletic Image, College Athlete Mindset, Realistic/False Representation, and Institutional Focus. Goffman’s (1959) theory of social stigma and Loury’s (2002) theory on racial ...


Gender In Colonial America: Women And Witches, Holly Hartman Jan 2009

Gender In Colonial America: Women And Witches, Holly Hartman

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

During the late seventeenth & early eighteenth century in Colonial & English America, the roles men expected of women followed a strict guideline. Those guidelines kept women in certain boundaries. Women had no defined legal identity as an individual. Women grew to resent being repressed socially and legally with the constant law changes restricting the liberties permitted to their gender. Their only outlet was gossip, allowing them to have a degree of control over their own lives and the lives of others. The fine nuances found within idealistic womanhood could contribute to the tensions generating suspicions among the female gender. Freedoms of ...


"Model Mamas": The Domestic Partnership Of Home Economics Pioneers Flora Rose And Martha Van Rensselaer, Megan J. Elias Jan 2009

"Model Mamas": The Domestic Partnership Of Home Economics Pioneers Flora Rose And Martha Van Rensselaer, Megan J. Elias

Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


The Life Of Mary Wollstonecroft And The Principles Of Conduct Put Forward In "A Vindication Of The Rights Of Woman", Stephen Carruthers Jan 2009

The Life Of Mary Wollstonecroft And The Principles Of Conduct Put Forward In "A Vindication Of The Rights Of Woman", Stephen Carruthers

Articles

This paper examines the life of Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797), the wife of the philosopher William Goodwin and mother of Mary Shelley author of Frankenstein, through the prism of the principles of conduct set out in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman that Mary Wollstonecraft wrote over the period 1790 to 1792. In particular the paper focuses on the role of reason, virtue, and knowledge developed in A Vindication in establishing principles of conduct and the extent to which Mary’s own conduct can be reconciled with the precepts she advocated.


A New E.R.A. Or A New Era? Amendment Advocacy And The Reconstitution Of Feminism, Serena Mayeri Jan 2009

A New E.R.A. Or A New Era? Amendment Advocacy And The Reconstitution Of Feminism, Serena Mayeri

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Scholars have largely treated the reintroduction of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) after its ratification failure in 1982 as a mere postscript to a long, hard-fought, and ultimately unsuccessful campaign to enshrine women’s legal equality in the federal constitution. This Article argues that “ERA II” was instead an important turning point in the history of legal feminism and of constitutional amendment advocacy. Whereas ERA I had once attracted broad bipartisan support, ERA II was a partisan political weapon exploited by advocates at both ends of the ideological spectrum. But ERA II also became a vehicle for feminist reinvention. Congressional ...


"Athleticated" Versus Educated: A Qualitative Investigation Of Campus Perceptions, Recruiting And African American Male Student-Athletes, Keith Harrison Dec 2008

"Athleticated" Versus Educated: A Qualitative Investigation Of Campus Perceptions, Recruiting And African American Male Student-Athletes, Keith Harrison

Dr. C. Keith Harrison

The purpose of this study was to conduct a qualitative investigation of student narratives (N= 167) about the contemporary issue of recruiting high-profile African American male student-athletes. Participants were asked to view a scene on recruiting from the film, The Program (1994). Participants were then presented with questions regarding a recruiting trip by an African American football player to a traditionally white campus. Findings indicate that both Black and White students perceived the African American male student-athletes in the film scene to be more "athleticated" than educated. They were also perceived as stereotypical sex-objects. "When athletes (especially male) show up ...


A Day In The Life Of A Male College Athlete: A Public Perception And Qualitative Campus Investigation, Keith Harrison Dec 2008

A Day In The Life Of A Male College Athlete: A Public Perception And Qualitative Campus Investigation, Keith Harrison

Dr. C. Keith Harrison

Perceptual confirmation paradigm (PCP) rooted in social psychology, can be implemented to frame sport science research questions (Stone, Perry, & Darley, 1997). Public perception of college athletes’ lives has been scarcely investigated in the sport sciences (Keels, 2005) using the PCP to prime stereotypes. The purpose of this study was to prime stereotypes about a day in the life of a college athlete by using qualitative inquiry to assess college students’ (N = 87) perceptions. Participants provided written responses about a day in the life of a college athlete. Two different college athlete targets were used “Tyrone Walker” (n = 44) and “Erik ...