Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

European History Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Spain

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 44

Full-Text Articles in European History

Art And War: Republican Propaganda Of The Spanish Civil War, Jason Manrique May 2019

Art And War: Republican Propaganda Of The Spanish Civil War, Jason Manrique

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis focuses on propaganda used by the Republican side of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) to gain support for their cause and win the war. It focuses on three forms of media: cinema, posters and photography, and it is divided into an introduction, three separate chapters, and a conclusion. In them I provide a historical context on the II Republic and the Civil War and analyze the effectiveness of concrete artworks to propagate the Republican message.


Podcasting Historias: Public Outreach Through Digital Storytelling In Iberian History, Foster Chamberlin Jan 2019

Podcasting Historias: Public Outreach Through Digital Storytelling In Iberian History, Foster Chamberlin

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

Podcasts are now a standard way for the public to consume audio media, and some academic history podcasts now boast thousands of listens per episode. Yet research on academic podcasting has concentrated on its educational uses while neglecting to ask how historians can best use podcasts as a tool for public outreach. This article aims to fill that gap by arguing that historians can best practice podcasting as public history by understanding the medium as part of the digital humanities, that is, by creating engaging, original audio content accompanied by an interactive website rather than simply posting recordings of lectures ...


Exploring North-South Identities Using Nlp: The Image Of Spain In The German Weekly Die Zeit, Elisa Garrido Jan 2019

Exploring North-South Identities Using Nlp: The Image Of Spain In The German Weekly Die Zeit, Elisa Garrido

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

What can the new digital text corpora analysis tell us about history and public discourse? As language is an important source of metaphorical images and meanings, the recent advances in natural language processing (NLP) show that this is a useful tool to analyze social processes that are revealed in language production. Digital tools like DiaCollo enable us to extract information about socioeconomic situations in media datasets like newspapers, historical archives, political discourses and an unlimited number of publications; that is to say anything published or translated in text. This work develops the possibilities of using NLP in humanities using word ...


Camino A La Interseccionalidad: Una Aproximación Al Desarrollo De Ideas Feministas En La España Contemporánea, Kierra Mitchell Jan 2019

Camino A La Interseccionalidad: Una Aproximación Al Desarrollo De Ideas Feministas En La España Contemporánea, Kierra Mitchell

Scripps Senior Theses

Esta tesis utiliza la interseccionalidad como lente para hacer un análisis de los textos culturales y activistas para explicar cómo se manifiestan las ideas feministas en estos dos períodos cruciales de avance del feminismo en España: el primer cuarto del siglo veinte y las primeras décadas del siglo veintiuno. La interseccionalidad sirve como una prisma de análisis que permite entender los sistemas hegemónicos de poder. Esta tesis analiza ejemplos de textos y demandas que ilustran las preocupaciones y aparatos ideológicos que sustentan diferentes aproximaciones al feminismo en estas dos épocas. Un interés específico, en especial en la segunda parte, es ...


You Are What You Eat: Gastronomy & Geography Of Southern Spain, Katherine F. Perry Oct 2017

You Are What You Eat: Gastronomy & Geography Of Southern Spain, Katherine F. Perry

The Catalyst

Using empirical and numeric data, this study explores the use of food as a proxy to understand the cultural-historical geography of southern Spain. After spending three months in Granada, Spain, I compiled the most commonly used thirty-five ingredients from a selection of Spanish cookbooks and contextualized them within the broader history of Spain. The elements of traditional Andalucían cooking fit into three primary chapters of Iberian history: Roman occupation, the Moorish invasion beginning in the 8th century, and the Columbian exchange, or the exchange of goods that took place between the Americas and Old World following European discovery of ...


El Valle De Los Caídos: Spain’S Inability To Digest Its Historical Memory, Michael Heard Johnson Oct 2017

El Valle De Los Caídos: Spain’S Inability To Digest Its Historical Memory, Michael Heard Johnson

Michael C. Johnson

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


La Exclusion Del Otro: Los Efectos Negativos Del Nacionalismo En Flores De Otro Mundo (1999) Y Forasters (2008), Brianna Prudencia Gutiérrez Jun 2017

La Exclusion Del Otro: Los Efectos Negativos Del Nacionalismo En Flores De Otro Mundo (1999) Y Forasters (2008), Brianna Prudencia Gutiérrez

Honors Theses

This thesis examines two films for their critique on the damaging effects of nationalism on both the native and foreign populations in rural Spain and urban Catalonia. The two films are Flores de otro mundo (Flowers from another world) (1999), directed by Spanish director Iciar Bollain, and Forasters (Outsiders) (2008), a film by Catalan director Ventura Pons, based on Sergi Belbel's play. The theoretical framework for this study is based on Michael Billig's terms: "hot" and "banal" nationalism. According to Billig, nationalism itself is the emotional and mental force that creates nation-states or threatens the stability of pre-existing ...


Imponiendo Orden Sobre El Caos: Un Análisis De Los Mitos Y Sus Efectos Sobre La Sociedad A Través Del Lente De Don Quijote/ Imposing Order On Chaos: An Analysis Of Myths And Their Effects On Society Through The Lens Of Don Quijote, Miranda Nichelle Madruaga Jan 2017

Imponiendo Orden Sobre El Caos: Un Análisis De Los Mitos Y Sus Efectos Sobre La Sociedad A Través Del Lente De Don Quijote/ Imposing Order On Chaos: An Analysis Of Myths And Their Effects On Society Through The Lens Of Don Quijote, Miranda Nichelle Madruaga

Vahe Proudian Interdisciplinary Honors Program, Senior Honors Theses

Myths are crucial to the development of societies. Since humans have existed on this planet we have been attempting to make sense of the world around us. There have always been stories or explanations for why certain things happened the way that they did. These stories or explanations were always based on the “knowledge” of the time. For the most part, these stories, these explanations and these myths are not factual, however, it is important to consider that at some point, in the minds of those who created them, they were true. Myths have developed and changed, yet they follow ...


Settling The Wandering Kingdom: The Establishment Of The Visigothic Kingship Under Ataulf, Drakeford Kennon Jan 2017

Settling The Wandering Kingdom: The Establishment Of The Visigothic Kingship Under Ataulf, Drakeford Kennon

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this thesis, I argue that Alaric was not the first king of the Visigoths, at least not in the way in which scholars traditionally have envisaged him as being. This title of first king, I argue, belongs instead to Ataulf who was the one to settle the Visigoths in Hispania and pass on a style of rule that was not based on purely military might. Alaric certainly had a decisive role to play in the formation of the incipient Visigothic kingdom but his role had more to do with laying the groundwork for the development within Visigothic society for ...


Beyond Cultural Imperialism: Rethinking Americanization, National Identity, And “Difference” In Post-Franco Spain, Hamilton M. Stapell Dec 2016

Beyond Cultural Imperialism: Rethinking Americanization, National Identity, And “Difference” In Post-Franco Spain, Hamilton M. Stapell

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

It was in the 1980s that Americanization became seen as a real cultural danger in Europe, especially in France and West Germany. While this resistance to American cultural influence has been well established in the existing scholarship, Spain’s reaction has remained far less clear. The purpose of this paper is to reconsider the Spanish response, especially in light of the French reaction. The main argument of this paper is that Spain may be somewhat of an exception to the European norm. Spaniards often welcomed American investment, business know-how, and cultural products with open arms. In these cases it appears ...


Interweaving Visual Language Of The Spiritual And The Secular: Goya, Spanish Spiritualism, And The Sublime, Stirling Cushman Goulart Apr 2016

Interweaving Visual Language Of The Spiritual And The Secular: Goya, Spanish Spiritualism, And The Sublime, Stirling Cushman Goulart

Institute for the Humanities Theses

This thesis explores how Francisco Goya adapted traditional methods of representing religious subjects to create a modern visual language that addressed contemporary themes while maintaining continuity with the past and Spanish identity. The methods used to investigate this topic center on primary and secondary literary sources along with visual comparisons and analysis of selected works. Through this method, it is established that Goya formed a modern innovation of traditional religious style in order to confront and discuss secular and current social issues.


El Valle De Los Caídos: Spain’S Inability To Digest Its Historical Memory, Michael Heard Johnson Jan 2016

El Valle De Los Caídos: Spain’S Inability To Digest Its Historical Memory, Michael Heard Johnson

Senior Projects Spring 2016

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


Before Highway Maps: Creating A Digital Research Infrastructure Based On Sixteenth-Century Iberian Places And Roads, Robert Hibberd, J. B. Owens Dec 2015

Before Highway Maps: Creating A Digital Research Infrastructure Based On Sixteenth-Century Iberian Places And Roads, Robert Hibberd, J. B. Owens

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

It is frequently difficult to write a geographically-integrated history of Portugal and Spain prior to the late nineteenth century because researchers often lack a means by which to identify the locations of historical places on the basis of the geographic coordinates of their modern counterparts. This article presents a free, downloadable digital gazetteer, which the authors have founded on a 1546 traveler’s guide to 139 major routes in “Spain” (as the Iberian Peninsula was then known), in which the author, Juan Pedro Villuga, listed each stopping place along each route and indicated the approximate distance between each of them ...


Manipulating The Medieval Past: Convivencia And The Politics Of Religious Identity, Gregory Baker Jan 2015

Manipulating The Medieval Past: Convivencia And The Politics Of Religious Identity, Gregory Baker

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

This paper examines the idea of la convivenica - a historiographical term which refers to the complex relationships between Christian, Jewish and Muslim communities coexisting in the medieval Iberian Peninsula - and explores its popularity as a historical narrative in the recent past compared to previous narratives of Spanish history. Analyzing its relevance to various political agendas both past and present, this paper argues that questions of religious tolerance and identity that lie at the heart of la convivenica have been manipulated since the medieval period itself to suit various political interests throughout history.


In Defense Of Our Brothers’ Cause: Argentine Perspectives On The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939, Tomas E. Piedrahita May 2014

In Defense Of Our Brothers’ Cause: Argentine Perspectives On The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939, Tomas E. Piedrahita

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Long a country of two faces – European and Latin American – Argentina saw the woes of the Spanish Civil War as deeply reflective of their struggles and immensely predictive of their fate. Their preoccupation with the war’s outcome was at once an expression of the country's long-simmering identity crisis and an attempt to affirm its Hispanic otherness, particularly in the wake of the 1930 coup d’état. This article explores the subtleties of this identity crisis with an eye toward determining the motives underlying claims and references to Spain, an exploration which rests primarily on the nexus of social ...


A Musical Mirror: Spain's Ever-Changing Political Landscape And Its Reflection In Popular Music, Vera Grek '14 May 2014

A Musical Mirror: Spain's Ever-Changing Political Landscape And Its Reflection In Popular Music, Vera Grek '14

Honors Theses

This thesis examines the governmental changes in Spain from the beginning of Francisco Franco’s dictatorship in 1936 until the end of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero’s first term as Prime Minister in 2008 in order to determine the degree to which politics affects cultural change in Spain, focusing on popular music. The first chapter deals with Franco’s regime and the laws that controlled the country and the adoption of the southern Spanish traditions as the official Spanish culture, repressing the individual characteristics of the other regions. Next, the second chapter compares the transition from dictatorship to democracy aided ...


[Review Of] James S. Amelang. Parallel Histories: Muslims And Jews In Inquisitorial Spain. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2013. Xi + 208 Pp. $25.95. Isbn: 978-0-8071-5410-6., Gretchen Starr-Lebeau Jan 2014

[Review Of] James S. Amelang. Parallel Histories: Muslims And Jews In Inquisitorial Spain. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2013. Xi + 208 Pp. $25.95. Isbn: 978-0-8071-5410-6., Gretchen Starr-Lebeau

History Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


"Playthings Of A Historical Process": Prostitution In Spanish Society From The Restoration To The Civil War (1874-1939), Ann Kirkpatrick Jan 2014

"Playthings Of A Historical Process": Prostitution In Spanish Society From The Restoration To The Civil War (1874-1939), Ann Kirkpatrick

Scripps Senior Theses

Spain underwent a series of tumultuous social and political changes in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Prostitute women directly experienced these changes as fluctuations in their social and legal status within Spanish society. The years spanning from 1874 to 1931 are known as the Restoration, when the Bourbon monarchy was reinstalled under King Alfonso XII (1857-1885) after the crumbling of the First Spanish Republic (1873-1874). During this time, Spain experienced a period of growing nationalism and urbanization, and prostitution began to be interpreted as a threat to the nation in terms of public health and decency. Between 1923 ...


From Niños To Soviets? Raising Spanish Refugee Children In House No. 1, 1937-1951, Karl D. Qualls Jan 2014

From Niños To Soviets? Raising Spanish Refugee Children In House No. 1, 1937-1951, Karl D. Qualls

Faculty and Staff Publications By Year

In 1937 and 1938, as the bombing of Guernica and northern Spain increased in frequency and intensity, thousands of children boarded ships to safer residences in foreign countries. About 3,000 children, with teachers and caregivers, entered the hastily provisioned Houses for Spanish Children that became their schools, homes, and families. Despite the horrors of war and multiple evacuations, oral historians have shown that overwhelmingly, although not exclusively, niños' memories of time spent in the USSR were quite positive. Although the oral histories provide us with many remembrances from the Spaniards, the existing scholarship does not fully explore the Soviet ...


Water As A Collective Responsibility: The Tribunal De Las Aguas And The Valencian Community, Julia A. Hudson-Richards, Cynthia A. Gonzales Dec 2013

Water As A Collective Responsibility: The Tribunal De Las Aguas And The Valencian Community, Julia A. Hudson-Richards, Cynthia A. Gonzales

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

In this article, we argue that the Tribunal de las Aguas, historically part of a larger complex of irrigation communities, provides a foundation for an alternative model of water management, and has survived for over a thousand years precisely because it answers the community’s needs, and contributes to Valencian regional identity. As research has recently shown in African cases, providing education, infrastructure, and management opportunities to local communities helps to encourage both sustainability and direct involvement in water distribution, contrary to the impersonal distribution characteristic of privatized systems. The Tribunal de las Aguas has transcended tremendous political, social, and ...


I, The Queen: Power And Gender In The Reign Of Isabel I Of Castile, Sarah E. Hayes Oct 2013

I, The Queen: Power And Gender In The Reign Of Isabel I Of Castile, Sarah E. Hayes

Student Publications

The role of women in society, in particular, women in leadership positions, constantly is debated. However, this discussion extends far back in history. As one of the most memorable rulers of Early Modern Europe, the life and reign of Queen Isabella of Spain, more accurately known as Queen Isabel I of Castile and León, can provide answers. Scholars have long grappled with the degree to which Isabel embodied or transcended the gender norms of her time as well as whether she ruled more through the joint monarchy with her husband King Fernando of Aragón or as a sovereign in her ...


Atlantic Threads: Singer In Spain And Mexico, 1860-1940, Paula A. De La Cruz-Fernández May 2013

Atlantic Threads: Singer In Spain And Mexico, 1860-1940, Paula A. De La Cruz-Fernández

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the role of Singer in the modernization of sewing practices in Spain and Mexico from 1860 to 1940. Singer marketing was founded on gendered views of women’s work and gendered perceptions of the home. These connected with sewing practices in Spain and Mexico, where home sewing remained economically and culturally important throughout the 1940s. "Atlantic Threads" is the first study of the US-owned multinational in the Hispanic World. I demonstrate that sewing practices, and especially practices related to home sewing that have been considered part of the private sphere and therefore not an important historical matter ...


In Death, Immortality, Irenae A. Aigbedion Apr 2013

In Death, Immortality, Irenae A. Aigbedion

Senior Theses and Projects

“We are like an admirable, wandering Numancia, who prefers to die gradually than to admit defeat” (translated from Alfonso Guerra’s documentary, Exilio). Uttered during the fall of the Republican government during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), Spanish author Luis Araquistáin’s ominous phrase not only speaks to the slow death of Republican hopes while in exile, but also hearkens back to a small town in the north of Spain that existed in the second century AD. Famed for its resistance to the advancing Roman armies, Numantia fell in 133 BC to Scipio Aemilianus who led the forces of the ...


La Autosuficiencia Y El Regionalismo Como Constantes En La Sociedad Espanola Contemporano, Colton Lewis Jun 2012

La Autosuficiencia Y El Regionalismo Como Constantes En La Sociedad Espanola Contemporano, Colton Lewis

Honors Theses

Today, Spain is known as a democratic country with considerable influence in the European Union (EU), a country with a rich and diverse culture. But this is not the same Spain that existed thirty or forty years ago. It is a country with the same face, but with a completely different expression. The transformation that occurred in Spain is different from any other transformation of a nation. Government, culture, politics, the general attitude of the people and much more had to change when Francisco Franco died. But what was the central reason for this great change? There are obvious answers ...


Franco: Ruler Of Spain, Rebecca Davis Jan 2012

Franco: Ruler Of Spain, Rebecca Davis

A with Honors Projects

This paper examines Francisco Franco's time as ruler of Spain.


Exhumándo La Memoria: La Memoria Histórica Español Tras El Cine Y Los Periodicos, Jillian Kate Raftery Jan 2012

Exhumándo La Memoria: La Memoria Histórica Español Tras El Cine Y Los Periodicos, Jillian Kate Raftery

CMC Senior Theses

(In Spanish) The Spanish Civil war isn't over in the hearts and minds of the people of Spain; rather, it is still being fought in the ideological realm of historical memory. Originally explored in literature and film, the theme of historical memory has not only become more visible and more explicit, but has taken the leap from art and literature into the political realm to become one of Spain's most pressing political issues.


The Battle Of Las Navas De Tolosa: The Culture And Practice Of Crusading In Medieval Iberia, Miguel Dolan Gomez Aug 2011

The Battle Of Las Navas De Tolosa: The Culture And Practice Of Crusading In Medieval Iberia, Miguel Dolan Gomez

Doctoral Dissertations

This study examines the phenomenon of crusading in the Iberian Peninsula through the lens of the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (1212). This battle was both a major Christian victory over the Almohad Empire of Morocco and its Andalusian allies, and the most successful crusade of the papacy of Innocent III. As such, it serves as an ideal case study for the practice and culture of crusading in the early thirteenth century.

The examination of the battle helps to expand our understanding of crusading in a number of ways. First, by examining the institutional aspects of the battle, against ...


A Propósito Del Giro Historiográfico En Derecho Internacional, Ignacio De La Rasilla Del Moral Jan 2011

A Propósito Del Giro Historiográfico En Derecho Internacional, Ignacio De La Rasilla Del Moral

Ignacio de la Rasilla del Moral, Ph.D.

Illiteracy rate in Spain at the turn of the 20th century was of 63.8% and 16.000 students - out of a total Spanish population of 18.6 million - attended the 10 existing Spanish universities. 2.000 university titles were accorded, half of which in Law in 1900, and 200 students obtained their doctorates by the Central University of Madrid which held the academic monopoly of doctoral studies at the time. In 1902, the Bulletin of the Institution of Free Teaching published a chronicle signed by Aniceto Sela y Sampil on the didactic methods he employed to teach Public and ...


Sex, Sadism And Spain: The Spanish Horror Film, 1968-1977, Nicholas Gray Schlegel Jan 2011

Sex, Sadism And Spain: The Spanish Horror Film, 1968-1977, Nicholas Gray Schlegel

Wayne State University Dissertations

This project explores how a group of films produced, distributed and exhibited under the crumbling dictatorship of Francisco Franco's Spain can potentially lead us to a better understanding of the political, social and cultural conditions during this contentious period in Spain's long history. Between the years of 1968 and 1977 Spain experienced a boom in horror movie production that rivaled other sectors of production and yielded impressive statistics. This work canonizes these films in relation to their historical genesis, aesthetic characteristics and their social reception.


Spanish And English Ideas About Religious Images 1550-1660, Maria Eloina Villegas Jan 2010

Spanish And English Ideas About Religious Images 1550-1660, Maria Eloina Villegas

History Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This is a comparative study of ideas about religious images among Spanish and English authors in the early modern period. This analysis focuses on differences in doctrine, religious reading culture, and censorship in the two countries. It includes authors who went into exile for rejecting the official religion of their countries.