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French Revolution

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Full-Text Articles in European History

Trading Spaces: An Analysis Of Gendered Spaces Before, During, And After The French Revolution Of 1789 And The Mexican Revolution Of 1910, Kevin Kilroy Jan 2019

Trading Spaces: An Analysis Of Gendered Spaces Before, During, And After The French Revolution Of 1789 And The Mexican Revolution Of 1910, Kevin Kilroy

Scripps Senior Theses

This thesis investigates the affects of the French Revolution of 1789 and the Mexican Revolution of 1910 on gender roles in their respective societies. Women that contributed to political discourse challenged separations of public and private spheres, which dictated order in the late and postrevolutionary periods of France and Mexico. Given the deliberate acts by both postrevolutionary governments to send women to the periphery of their respective societies, it is vital to revisit the examples of female influence that shaped the early French and Mexican Revolutions. The understanding that comes from a detailed analysis of the parameters of gendered spaces ...


The Church Besieged, The French Revolution, Nationalism, And The Battle Over Modernity, William Doherty Ph.D. Apr 2018

The Church Besieged, The French Revolution, Nationalism, And The Battle Over Modernity, William Doherty Ph.D.

Department of History and Social Sciences

"From the French Revolution, 1798, right through the nineteenth century and into the 20th Century, in nearly every major European country the Catholic Church found itself embattled. Its monopoly in religion ended or challenged by anti-clericalism, secularism, liberalism targeting the Church’s authority and putting its privileges, property, prestige, and independence under siege.

Every pope from Pius VI (1775-1799) to Pius X (1903-1914) fought against the enemy--modernity. They revived the Index of Prohibited Books, declared monarchy the best polity, and condemned church-state separation, toleration, freedom of conscience, and any idea the Church needed reform."


Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin Jan 2018

Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin

Manuscript Collection

(The Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers are currently in processing.)

This collection contains most of the records of Dorothy Medlin’s work and correspondence and also includes reference materials, notes, microfilm, photographic negatives related both to her professional and personal life. Additions include a FLES Handbook, co-authored by Dorothy Medlin and a decorative mirror belonging to Dorothy Medlin.

Major series in this collection include: some original 18th century writings and ephemera and primary source material of André Morellet, extensive collection of secondary material on André Morellet's writings and translations, Winthrop related files, literary manuscripts and notes by Dorothy Medlin (1966-2011 ...


Nobility V. Nation: Conflicting Justices In The Early French Revolution Trials Of Lambesc, Besenval, And Favras (1789-1790), Michael Arin May 2017

Nobility V. Nation: Conflicting Justices In The Early French Revolution Trials Of Lambesc, Besenval, And Favras (1789-1790), Michael Arin

Senior Theses

Despite the wealth of information on the French Revolution, the courts of law remain an understudied subject matter, in particular the inconsistent application of criminal law in pursuit of suspects of lèse-nation by the Comité des recherches and Châtelet. This study bridges this gap using archival research of court documents and a holistic approach to historians of the time, of the crime, and of the cases in question. Considering the totality of the circumstances, the trials of the prince de Lambesc, baron de Besenval, and marquis de Favras paint a battleground of a multitude of conflicting justices—social ...


Teaching The French Revolution From A Global Perspective, Frank Jacob Apr 2017

Teaching The French Revolution From A Global Perspective, Frank Jacob

Publications and Research

The French Revolution (1789-1799) is a process of events in world history that had a tremendous global impact. Regardless of this fact, it is, however, still rather taught in its European context. Without this revolution, it seems, Western modernity could not be the same and many countries in Europe remember the impact of the events at the beginning of the so called “long” 19th century in their national historiographies. While the First World War, called “the seminal catastrophe”3 of the 20th century by George F. Kennan (1904-2005) in the late 1970s, marks the end of this long century, the ...


God And Revolution:Religion And Power From Pre-Revolutionary France To The Napoleonic Empire, Alexa Weight Jan 2017

God And Revolution:Religion And Power From Pre-Revolutionary France To The Napoleonic Empire, Alexa Weight

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

In 1789, the advent of the French Revolution led to the shift in political power as the Catholic Church and French Monarchy ruled Pre-Revolutionary, or Ancien Regime France was replaced by a new, revolutionary government. The fall of Catholicism as the official religion of France, however, did not stop religion as an central component for political power. The creation of new religious groups and thought produced a secularized revolutionary religion, theCult of the Supreme Being,” Which increased political power by using liturgical rites and festivals to gain popularity with the French public. With Napoleon’s rise to power in ...


"Ce Jour Immortel": The Storming Of The Bastille And The Formation Of Cultural Memory, 1789–1794, Joanna Hope Toohey Jan 2017

"Ce Jour Immortel": The Storming Of The Bastille And The Formation Of Cultural Memory, 1789–1794, Joanna Hope Toohey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

On 14 July 1789, a Parisian crowd stormed the Bastille prison in an act of popular violence that is now remembered as one of the most significant events of the French Revolution. During the ensuing five years, the French national memory of the storming of the Bastille was interpreted, guided, and contested by each dominating faction of the Revolution, and gradually came to manifest the central ideals and ironies of the Revolution itself. However, in the historiography of the French Revolution, the formation of this cultural memory has been strangely overlooked. This thesis seeks to fill the gap in the ...


Tracing Paintings In Napoleonic Italy: Archival Records And The Spatial And Contextual Displacement Of Artworks, Nora Gietz Jan 2016

Tracing Paintings In Napoleonic Italy: Archival Records And The Spatial And Contextual Displacement Of Artworks, Nora Gietz

Artl@s Bulletin

Using a Venetian case study from the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy, this article demonstrates how archival research enables us to trace the spatial life of artworks. The Revolutionary and Napoleonic policy of the suppression of religious corporations, followed by the appropriation of their patrimony, as well as the widespread looting of artworks, led to the centralisation of patrimony in newly established museums in the capitals of the Empire and its satellite kingdoms. This made the geographical and contextual displacement, transnationalisation, and change in the value of artworks inevitable.


The Language Of Race In Revolutionary France And Saint-Domingue, 1789-1792, Jeffery L. Stanley Jan 2016

The Language Of Race In Revolutionary France And Saint-Domingue, 1789-1792, Jeffery L. Stanley

Theses and Dissertations--History

This project studies the historical development of racialist language during the French Revolution as politicians, free people of color, and colonial whites debated the political status of France’s free people of color population. It examines the negotiation of a racialist language that bolstered colonial racial hierarchies with an egalitarian language that sought to level the corporate structures of the Old Regime. I look especially at the ways that language served as a management device to articulate and legitimize new relationships of power in the political culture of the French Revolution. I connect developments in France to the colonies by ...


Do You Hear The People Sing?: Populist Discourse In The French Revolution, Rebecca Dudley Jan 2016

Do You Hear The People Sing?: Populist Discourse In The French Revolution, Rebecca Dudley

Sigma: Journal of Political and International Studies

The rallying cry of the French Revolutionaries was "Liberte! Egalite! Fraternite!" (liberty, equality, fraternity), and the French Revolution, a pivotal moment in French, European, and world history, has been consistently considered one of the first and most significant nationalist movements. Research and literature thus far on discourse in this revolution have focused on nationalism Qenkins 1990; Hayward 1991; O'Brien 1988), along with the discourses of violence and terror that led to the graphic revolution (Ozouf 1984; Leoussi 2001). The presence of nationalist discourse and nationalist sentiment in the French Revolution is undeniable, but there are other elements potentially missing ...


Creating A Statesman: The Early Life Of Prince Clemens Von Metternich And Its Effect On His Political Philosophy, Ryan M. Nadeau Jan 2016

Creating A Statesman: The Early Life Of Prince Clemens Von Metternich And Its Effect On His Political Philosophy, Ryan M. Nadeau

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

As one of the most prolific and influential statesmen of the nineteenth century, Prince Clemens von Metternich is a man whose politics, policies, and political philosophy has received a good amount of attention from historians. Owing to the focus on his career rather than his personal story, the details of his early life have often gone unanalyzed in the context of his later views, despite the formative influence of these years on his political philosophy. An upbringing culturally influenced by France, an education focused on natural sciences and history, and a first-hand experience with the worst side of the French ...


Gettysburg Historical Journal 2016 Jan 2016

Gettysburg Historical Journal 2016

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

No abstract provided.


France's Financial Crisis: Analyzing The Role Of The Finance Minister, Jadon B. Smith Aug 2015

France's Financial Crisis: Analyzing The Role Of The Finance Minister, Jadon B. Smith

Bound Away: The Liberty Journal of History

The downfall of France's Old Regime and the beginning of the French Revolution were largely caused by the financial crisis plaguing France. Since the Seven Year's War, France's finances had suffered and were spiraling out of control. The finances were kept largely by the country's appointed finance minister. France would go through a host of these finance ministers up to the Revolution. The most notable was Jacques Necker who receives more detailed analysis. Tracing the administrations of these finance ministers helps explain an important factor leading to the French Revolution.


Jacques-Louis David And The Enlightenment: The Intersection Of Art And Politics In Prerevolutionary France, Ashley B. Mullen Apr 2015

Jacques-Louis David And The Enlightenment: The Intersection Of Art And Politics In Prerevolutionary France, Ashley B. Mullen

Senior Theses and Projects

An analysis of Jacques-Louis David's art and politics before and during the French Revolution.


The Jacobin Republic Under Fire : The Federalist Revolt In The French Revolution, Paul Hanson Jan 2015

The Jacobin Republic Under Fire : The Federalist Revolt In The French Revolution, Paul Hanson

Paul R. Hanson

"One of the central questions of the French Revolution is what happened to the country from the time the monarchy collapsed in the summer of 1791, when the prospects for popular democracy seemed brightest, to the Terror of 1793-94, when the Committee of Public Safety ruled by fiat and repression. A key moment during this interim period was the so-called Federalist Revolt, when four provincial cities - Caen, Bordeaux, Lyon, and Marseille - rebelled against the more radical revolutionaries in Paris threatening to plunge France into civil war. Over the years some very good work has been published on the Federalist Revolt ...


Contesting The French Revolution, Paul Hanson Jan 2015

Contesting The French Revolution, Paul Hanson

Paul R. Hanson

"This book presents an overview of what led up to this pivotal event, the turning points that shaped it, and its far-reaching effects, as well as examining the most significant historiographical debates about this period. Were the events of 1789 a social revolution or a political accident? Did they mark the rise of industrial capitalism or the birth of modern democracy? Was the Reign of Terror a response to foreign war and domestic resistance or the product of Jacobin ideology? Paul Hanson offers an engaging analysis of these debates, showing us how historical interpretation of the French Revolution has been ...


Historical Dictionary Of The French Revolution, Paul Hanson Jan 2015

Historical Dictionary Of The French Revolution, Paul Hanson

Paul R. Hanson

The French Revolution remains one of the most examined events in world history. Most historians would argue that it was the first "modern" revolution, an event so momentous that it gave the word revolution its current connotation of a political and/or social upheaval that marks a decisive break with the past and moves a society in a forward or progressive direction.- WorldCat


Les Centres Fédéralistes: Avaient-Ils Un Projet Commun?, Paul Hanson Jan 2015

Les Centres Fédéralistes: Avaient-Ils Un Projet Commun?, Paul Hanson

Paul R. Hanson

Conference paper published in: Les fédéralismes : réalités et représentations, 1789-1874 : actes du colloque de Marseille, septembre 1993.


Les Clubs Politiques De Caen Pendant La Révolution Française, Paul R, Hanson Jan 2015

Les Clubs Politiques De Caen Pendant La Révolution Française, Paul R, Hanson

Paul R. Hanson

Le 8 juin 1793 la ville de Caen se déclara en insurrection contre la Convention Nationale, protestant contre la proscription de vingt-neuf députés nationaux durant la révolution parisienne du 31 mai. Dans les semaines qui suivirent, Caen devint le centre principal de la révolte provinciale contre la Convention Montagnarde. La ville attira des élus de neuf autres départe ments bretons et normands, qui formèrent ensemble le Comité Central de Résistance à l'Oppression. La ville de Caen fournit plus de quatre cents volontaires à la force armée levée par ces départements pour marcher sur Paris et restaurer l'intégrité de ...


Voices From The Streets In The French Revolution, Paul Hanson Jan 2015

Voices From The Streets In The French Revolution, Paul Hanson

Paul R. Hanson

Book Chapter in K. Steven Vincent and Alison Klairmont-Lingo's, The Human Tradition in Modern France


Tricolor And The Union Jack At Sea: How The French Revolution Decapitated Napoleon's Navy And Thereby Ruined His Ambitions, Dominic Annen Jan 2015

Tricolor And The Union Jack At Sea: How The French Revolution Decapitated Napoleon's Navy And Thereby Ruined His Ambitions, Dominic Annen

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

An examination of the failures of Napoleon's Navy. Using primary and secondary examination, this paper answers the question of why Napoleon's Navy was such a spectacular failure during the Napoleonic Wars. The paper contends that the French Revolution destroyed the experienced admiralty and thereby doomed the French Navy to failure.


Faith And Terror: Religion In The French Revolution, Maura Kalthoff Jan 2015

Faith And Terror: Religion In The French Revolution, Maura Kalthoff

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores expressions of Catholic belief and practice during the Radical Phase of the French Revolution. Religion was one of the most contentious issues of the Revolution and the government's treatment of it was one of the major causes for popular discontent and even counterrevolution. As the Revolution turned more radical it became more dangerous to follow traditional Catholicism, yet dechristianization did not end its practice. The goal of this study is to understand the ways in which French men and women were able to maintain their faith despite the government's increasingly hostile approach to dealing with ...


Making History: How Art Museums In The French Revolution Crafted A National Identity, 1789-1799, Anna E. Sido Jan 2015

Making History: How Art Museums In The French Revolution Crafted A National Identity, 1789-1799, Anna E. Sido

Scripps Senior Theses

This paper compares two art museums, both created during the French Revolution, that fostered national unity by promoting a cultural identity. By analyzing the use of preexisting architecture from the ancien régime, innovative displays of art and redefinitions of the museum visitor as an Enlightened citizen, this thesis explores the application of eighteenth-century philosophy to the formation of two museums. The first is the Musée Central des Arts in the Louvre and the second is the Musée des Monuments Français, both housed in buildings taken over by the Revolutionary government and present the seized property of the royal family and ...


The Days Of The Enrages, Jamie Hendrickson Jan 2015

The Days Of The Enrages, Jamie Hendrickson

A with Honors Projects

Regarded as one of the most important events in western history, the decline of the long-reigning French monarchy reached a dramatic climax after a decade of protests. The general public does not know what brought on this terrifying time of political upheaval in history, but the causes are clear when inspected.


Old Gods In New Clothes: The French Revolutionary Cults And The "Rebirth Of The Golden Age", Jennifer Boyet May 2014

Old Gods In New Clothes: The French Revolutionary Cults And The "Rebirth Of The Golden Age", Jennifer Boyet

Masters Theses

The French Revolution's state cults were possible because of French intellectuals' preference for pre-Christian Greco-Roman civilization, as well as France's history of heterodoxy. The philosophes endorsed ancient Greco-Roman civilization as embodying mankind's ideal and more "natural" state; French revolutionary leaders avidly read these ideas of the Enlightenment philosophers. This Enlightenment Classicalism influenced the designers of the French state religions to mirror Greco-Roman paganism in the new regime's festivals and iconography. The French people's fascination with the Occult further created the cultural and intellectual climate for the creation and acceptance of these new religions of the ...


French Opera And The French Revolution, Etienne Nicolas Mehul, Savannah J. Dotson Jan 2014

French Opera And The French Revolution, Etienne Nicolas Mehul, Savannah J. Dotson

Departmental Honors Projects

Although Etienne Nicolas Méhul is relatively unknown today, he was greatly respected by his contemporaries, including Beethoven, Cherubini and Berlioz. He rose to popularity and notoriety during the most turbulent years of the French Revolution, when most intellectuals fled for their lives, and yet he managed to maintain his status as a favorite of the people. From an examination of some of his operas - Euphrosine (1790), Ariodant (1799), Adrien (1792, 1799), and Horatius Coclès (1794) - it is apparent that Mehul used thinly veiled allegories to express his views. His heroes in these operas were Romans, Scottish nobles, and Crusaders; his ...


The Fall Of The Bastille: The Voice And Power Of Paris, Harold Lowery Jan 2014

The Fall Of The Bastille: The Voice And Power Of Paris, Harold Lowery

A with Honors Projects

The events that culminated in the storming of the Bastille during the French Revolution were a combination of massive failures in France's agriculture, the use of military force in Paris, and the nobility's efforts to undermine the commoners. The revolution of 1789 demonstrated the power of a unified voice of the citizens in their desire to improve their living condition and status in society,


Insurrectionary Heroines: The Possibilities And Limits Of Women’S Radical Action During The French Revolution, Sean M. Wright May 2013

Insurrectionary Heroines: The Possibilities And Limits Of Women’S Radical Action During The French Revolution, Sean M. Wright

Grand Valley Journal of History

The article titled, Insurrectionary Heroines: The Possibilities and Limits of Women’s Radical Action During the French Revolution, gathers research materials from multiple primary and secondary sources to generate an analysis of women’s participation in the French Revolution. The focus of this analysis draws on how these women confronted the Early Modern European female status quo through the use of radical action during the Revolution, which ultimately led to the creation of new possibilities for women's participation in society and revealed the limitations of this new found participation. Radical action is defined by four major events in the ...


Madame Tussaud And The Women Of The French Revolution, Leah Craig Jan 2013

Madame Tussaud And The Women Of The French Revolution, Leah Craig

Undergraduate Research Awards

A critical examination of Madame Tussaud's life, especially focusing on self-representation in her memoir and her methods of surviving the French Revolution. The PDF includes the author's entry submission essay from the 2013 Undergraduate Research Awards.


Maximilien Robespierre: "The Incorruptible", Sarah Pawlicki Jan 2013

Maximilien Robespierre: "The Incorruptible", Sarah Pawlicki

A with Honors Projects

Details Maximilien Robespeirre's childhood, education, career as a young lawyer, intellectual achievements, and initial service in the French Estates-General.