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2016

United States History

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Articles 1 - 30 of 32

Full-Text Articles in European History

Beyond Cultural Imperialism: Rethinking Americanization, National Identity, And “Difference” In Post-Franco Spain, Hamilton M. Stapell Dec 2016

Beyond Cultural Imperialism: Rethinking Americanization, National Identity, And “Difference” In Post-Franco Spain, Hamilton M. Stapell

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

It was in the 1980s that Americanization became seen as a real cultural danger in Europe, especially in France and West Germany. While this resistance to American cultural influence has been well established in the existing scholarship, Spain’s reaction has remained far less clear. The purpose of this paper is to reconsider the Spanish response, especially in light of the French reaction. The main argument of this paper is that Spain may be somewhat of an exception to the European norm. Spaniards often welcomed American investment, business know-how, and cultural products with open arms. In these cases it appears ...


James Gustavus Whiteley: The Lost Agent Of King Leopold Ii, Jonathan Broida Dec 2016

James Gustavus Whiteley: The Lost Agent Of King Leopold Ii, Jonathan Broida

#History: A Journal of Student Research

No abstract provided.


George Grenville, Caleb Follmer Dec 2016

George Grenville, Caleb Follmer

#History: A Journal of Student Research

British Prime Minister George Grenville is frequently misunderstood. Unlike his predecessors, he sought compromise with the British colonies in North America, did not abuse the power and influence granted to him by him appointment, and did not award himself lavish gifts and a high salary under the guise of financial responsibility. Grenville actively sought to consolidate Britain's debt through his unwavering work ethic and honest business ideas. He also worked to find a new way to govern and control the British North American colonies. Left in debt by the costly Seven Years War, Britain expected her colonies to pay ...


French Women In Art: Reclaiming The Body Through Creation/Les Femmes Artistes Françaises : La Réclamation Du Corps À Travers La Création, Liatris Hethcoat Dec 2016

French Women In Art: Reclaiming The Body Through Creation/Les Femmes Artistes Françaises : La Réclamation Du Corps À Travers La Création, Liatris Hethcoat

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The research I have conducted for my French Major Senior Thesis is a culmination of my passion for and studies of both French language and culture and the history and practice of Visual Arts. I have examined, across the history of art, the representation of women, and concluded that until the 20th century, these representations have been tools employed by the makers of history and those at the top of the patriarchal system, used to control women’s images and thus women themselves. I survey these representations, which are largely created by men—until the 20th century. I ...


Ansel Brooks Smith, Letter Fragment, No Date Noted, No Location Noted, Ansel Brooks Smith Sr. Nov 2016

Ansel Brooks Smith, Letter Fragment, No Date Noted, No Location Noted, Ansel Brooks Smith Sr.

Ansel Brooks Smith, Sr. Letters

No abstract provided.


Research And Study Of Fashion And Costume History Spanning From Ancient Egypt To Modern Day, Kaitlyn E. Dennis Miss Nov 2016

Research And Study Of Fashion And Costume History Spanning From Ancient Egypt To Modern Day, Kaitlyn E. Dennis Miss

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Through a generous donation to Morehead State University, research has been conducted on thousands of slides containing images of artwork and artifacts of historical significance. These images span from Egyptian hieroglyphs to the inaugural dress of every first lady of the United States. The slides are in the process of being recorded and catalogued for future use by students in hopes of furthering academic comprehension and awareness of the influence of fashion and costume history through the ages. Special thanks to the family of Gretel Geist Rutledge, faculty mentor Denise Watkins, as well as the Department of Music, Theatre, and ...


Juneau County, Wisconsin Bygdebok: A Genealogy Of The Norwegian Settlers, 1850-1950, Lawrence W. Onsager Nov 2016

Juneau County, Wisconsin Bygdebok: A Genealogy Of The Norwegian Settlers, 1850-1950, Lawrence W. Onsager

Lawrence W. Onsager

No abstract provided.


Ansel Brooks Smith-Mrs. Marie Smith (White Star Line Stock Slip), No Date Noted, Ansel Brooks Smith Sr. Oct 2016

Ansel Brooks Smith-Mrs. Marie Smith (White Star Line Stock Slip), No Date Noted, Ansel Brooks Smith Sr.

Ansel Brooks Smith, Sr. Letters

No abstract provided.


Ansel Brooks Smith, Envelope With Note Written On Back, No Date Noted, Ansel Brooks Smith Sr. Oct 2016

Ansel Brooks Smith, Envelope With Note Written On Back, No Date Noted, Ansel Brooks Smith Sr.

Ansel Brooks Smith, Sr. Letters

No abstract provided.


Eisenhower And Montgomery: Strategy, Leadership, And Tension At The End Of World War Ii, Bradley J. Klustner Oct 2016

Eisenhower And Montgomery: Strategy, Leadership, And Tension At The End Of World War Ii, Bradley J. Klustner

Student Publications

In late 1944, two legendary generals stood at the helm of the Allied Expeditionary Force as it plunged into Nazi Germany in an effort to end the Second World War. While the relationship between the United States and Britain, and more specifically the relationship between Generals Dwight Eisenhower and Bernard Montgomery are portrayed as cooperative, smooth, and friendly, personal memoirs of the two men and their close confidants reveal that these myths could not be further from the truth. A debate between the two men, which began as one regarding military strategy, escalated into a full blown feud; this tension ...


Jules Verne Constructs America: From Utopia To Dystopia, Dana L. Radu Sep 2016

Jules Verne Constructs America: From Utopia To Dystopia, Dana L. Radu

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In my dissertation, I examine visions of the United States in Jules Verne’s (1828-1905) Voyages extraordinaires (1863-1905). Of the sixty-four novels that make up that series, twenty-three, over one-third, feature American characters or take place on American soil. I demonstrate that in his early novels (1863-1886), he presents the United States in an optimistic and utopian light, while in his later novels (1887-1905), his depictions of the United States take on a pessimistic and dystopian aspect. In also showing that Verne had been influenced by utopian socialists Henri de Saint-Simon (1760-1825), Charles Fourier (1772-1837) and Étienne Cabet (1788-1856), I ...


Ansel Brooks Smith-Mrs. Marie Smith, No Date Noted, France, Ansel Brooks Smith Sr. Aug 2016

Ansel Brooks Smith-Mrs. Marie Smith, No Date Noted, France, Ansel Brooks Smith Sr.

Ansel Brooks Smith, Sr. Letters

No abstract provided.


Mrs. Marie Smith-Ansel Brooks Smith, No Date Noted, Grand Rapids, Michigan, Ansel Brooks Smith Sr. Jul 2016

Mrs. Marie Smith-Ansel Brooks Smith, No Date Noted, Grand Rapids, Michigan, Ansel Brooks Smith Sr.

Ansel Brooks Smith, Sr. Letters

No abstract provided.


Ansel Brooks Smith- Mrs. Marie Smith, No Date Noted, France, Ansel Brooks Smith Sr. Jul 2016

Ansel Brooks Smith- Mrs. Marie Smith, No Date Noted, France, Ansel Brooks Smith Sr.

Ansel Brooks Smith, Sr. Letters

No abstract provided.


Ansel Brooks Smith-Mrs. Marie Smith, No Date Noted, Lansing Michigan, Ansel Brooks Smith Sr. Jul 2016

Ansel Brooks Smith-Mrs. Marie Smith, No Date Noted, Lansing Michigan, Ansel Brooks Smith Sr.

Ansel Brooks Smith, Sr. Letters

No abstract provided.


The Cradle Of Democracy And The Longue Durée Of A Crisis: Some Thoughts From The Perspective Of Historical Sociology, Despina Lalaki Jul 2016

The Cradle Of Democracy And The Longue Durée Of A Crisis: Some Thoughts From The Perspective Of Historical Sociology, Despina Lalaki

Publications and Research

The relationship between Modern Greece and the West has always been a complex and tortuous one. Greece as “the cradle of democracy” – a construct at the intersection of western modernity’s political imaginary and Greek national identity – a terribly familiar and powerful cliché which to a great extent, still today, informs our imagination and politics has been at the heart of this relationship. It is rather a truism to suggest that democracy lies at the political core of the civilization that the West insists offering to the rest of the world, yet we tend to forget that this is a ...


Jud Ms 7 Casco Bay Tummlers Finding Aid, Natalie Hill Jun 2016

Jud Ms 7 Casco Bay Tummlers Finding Aid, Natalie Hill

Search the Manuscript Collection (Finding Aids)

Provenance: The Casco Bay Tummlers Archives represent materials related to the organization Casco Bay Tummlers from 1989-2008. The Archives was donated by Julie Goell of Peaks Island, ME in 2009.

Ownership and Literary Rights: The Casco Bay Tummlers Archives is the physical property of the University of Southern Maine Libraries. Literary rights, including copyright, belong to the creator or her/his legal heirs and assigns. For further information, consult the Head of Special Collections susie.bock@maine.edu.

Restrictions on access: Some materials are restricted until the year 2076.


The Assertion Of English Royal Authority In The American Colonies: Sir Edmund Andros And The Domino Of New England, Benjamin Lesh May 2016

The Assertion Of English Royal Authority In The American Colonies: Sir Edmund Andros And The Domino Of New England, Benjamin Lesh

Academic Excellence Showcase Proceedings

No abstract provided.


“A Terrible Beauty Is Born”: A Panel On The 1916 Easter Rising, Meg A. Sutter Apr 2016

“A Terrible Beauty Is Born”: A Panel On The 1916 Easter Rising, Meg A. Sutter

The Gettysburg Compiler: On the Front Lines of History

On Wednesday, April 20, 2016, Gettysburg College students and faculty gathered in Penn Hall Lyceum to acknowledge the centennial of the Easter Rising. On April 24, 1916, the day after Easter Sunday, an armed rebellion led by Irish Republicans seized the General Post Office and other major buildings in the center of Dublin, and declared a “Republic of Ireland.” Approximately 1,600 members of the Irish Volunteers and Irish Citizen Army participated in the six-day rebellion. The Rising was an act to overthrow the British government in Ireland and provoke a full-out revolution. After a week, however, British forces squashed ...


German Women In The Wild West: Contradiction In Post-Wwii Gender Roles, Romy Franks Apr 2016

German Women In The Wild West: Contradiction In Post-Wwii Gender Roles, Romy Franks

AWE (A Woman’s Experience)

While postwar German women were portrayed as gritty and strong from their lived experiences, West German newspapers articles reiterated the contradictory roles proffered to women in German society. Rather than speaking up against the genre’s masculine dominance, popular western novels, films, and the press continued to reinforce widely held opinions and norms by encouraging women to be content with the ideal female character offered them.


Migration In Slavic Village, The History Behind The Cleveland Central Catholic Ironmen., Mary C. Brondfield Mrs., Matt Aber Mr. Apr 2016

Migration In Slavic Village, The History Behind The Cleveland Central Catholic Ironmen., Mary C. Brondfield Mrs., Matt Aber Mr.

Migration in Global Context Symposium

This presentation is a collaborative effort by two educators from the disciplines of art and history. The PowerPoint presentation documents the the cross curricular migration themed event that explored migration in Slavic Village, Ohio. Historical speakers and visits to historical sites engaged students throughout the event. Through oral history and the visual arts students engaged in project based learning.


The Cleveland Nazis: 1933 - 1945, Michael Cikraji Apr 2016

The Cleveland Nazis: 1933 - 1945, Michael Cikraji

MSL Academic Endeavors eBooks

During Cleveland’s Great Depression grew the first seeds of American Nazism. The city fostered an explicitly Nazi German-American Bund, a covert Silvershirt Legion detachment and prominent diplomatic agents from the Third Reich. Festooned with photos and meticulously documented, this book examines the timeless questions of American allegiance, the responsibilities of democratic governance, the security threats of “Un-American” activities, and the passions, motivations and dreams of American immigrants. In the most unlikely of places, here is a case-study true story of the fascinating, bewildering and terrifying rise of American Nazism.


The 1622 Powhatan Uprising And Its Impact On Anglo-Indian Relations, Michael Jude Kramer Mar 2016

The 1622 Powhatan Uprising And Its Impact On Anglo-Indian Relations, Michael Jude Kramer

Theses and Dissertations

On March 22, 1622, Native Americans under the Powhatan war-leader Opechancanough launched surprise attacks on English settlements in Virginia. The attacks wiped out between one-quarter and one-third of the colony's European population and hastened the collapse of the Virginia Company of London, a joint stock company to which England's King James I had granted the right to establish settlements in the New World. Most significantly, the 1622 Powhatan attacks in Virginia marked a critical turning point in Anglo-Indian relations.

Following the famous 1614 marriage of the Native American Pocahontas to Virginia colonist John Rolfe and her conversion to ...


Session D-4: From Guernica To Nuremberg: Teaching Human Rights Themes In Mid-20th-Century History, Peter Carroll, Eric Smith Mar 2016

Session D-4: From Guernica To Nuremberg: Teaching Human Rights Themes In Mid-20th-Century History, Peter Carroll, Eric Smith

Professional Learning Day

A critical turning point in modern warfare—aviation, civilian casualties, and population displacement during the Spanish Civil War and World War II—led to the Nuremberg Tribunals and UN Declaration of Human Rights, foreshadowing contemporary debates about bombing, drones, refugees/immigration, and interventionist foreign policies. This session will span World History and US History, drawing from free archival primary sources (graphic and textual) that reveal changing perceptions of warfare.


The Student Researcher 2016 (Title Page, Preface, Table Of Contents), Selena Sanderfer Faculty Advisor Jan 2016

The Student Researcher 2016 (Title Page, Preface, Table Of Contents), Selena Sanderfer Faculty Advisor

The Student Researcher: A Phi Alpha Theta Publication

No abstract provided.


The Assertion Of English Royal Authority In The American Colonies And Royal Revenue: 1651-1701, Benjamin Lesh Jan 2016

The Assertion Of English Royal Authority In The American Colonies And Royal Revenue: 1651-1701, Benjamin Lesh

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

English royal colonial policy began to take shape after the end of the English Civil War and the Interregnum in 1660. The English crown implemented a series of policies aimed at centralizing monarchical rule over the American colonies in order to utilize potential revenue sources from the colonies. Parliament was unwilling to grant the king new taxes, so the monarchy needed to find new sources of revenue to utilize. This research analyzes English trade legislation and English colonial policies as they pertain to the generation of royal revenues and the direct administration of the American colonies.


The War Of 1812: The Rise Of American Nationalism, Paul Hanseling Jan 2016

The War Of 1812: The Rise Of American Nationalism, Paul Hanseling

History Undergraduate Theses

On June 18, 1812, United States President, James Madison, signed a Declaration of War against Great Britain. What brought these two nations to such a dramatic impasse? Madison’s War Message to Congress gives some hint as to the American grievances: impressment of American sailors; unnecessary, “mock” blockades and disruption of American shipping; violations of American neutral rights; and incursions into American coastal waters.[1] By far, the most vocal point of contention was impressment, or the forcible enlistment of men in the navy. For their part, Great Britain viewed every measure disputed by Americans as a necessity as they ...


Ansel Brooks Smith Sr. Letters Container List, Thomas G. Carpenter Library Special Collections And University Archives, Jennifer Bibb Jan 2016

Ansel Brooks Smith Sr. Letters Container List, Thomas G. Carpenter Library Special Collections And University Archives, Jennifer Bibb

Finding Aids and Container Lists

No abstract provided.


The Stuttgart Declaration Of 1945: A Casy Study Of Guilt, Forgiveness And Foreign Policy - Chapter 15 From "Trinity And Transformation: J. B. Torrance's Vision Of Worship, Mission, And Society", Roger Newell Jan 2016

The Stuttgart Declaration Of 1945: A Casy Study Of Guilt, Forgiveness And Foreign Policy - Chapter 15 From "Trinity And Transformation: J. B. Torrance's Vision Of Worship, Mission, And Society", Roger Newell

Faculty Publications - College of Christian Studies

J. B. Torrance was one of the few theologians of our era whose exposition of fundamental Christian theology spoke prophetically to the church’s social and political witness to the Gospel. This essay examines how Torrance’s analysis of forgiveness casts fresh light on the process whereby relations between the Protestant churches of Europe and America were restored in the chaotic aftermath of postwar Germany. The essay argues that the result of their meeting for reconciliation, the Stuttgart Declaration of Guilt, prepared the way for the Allies to set aside policies of collective punishment in favor of policies which supported ...


Interaction On The Frontier Of The 16Th-17Th Century World Economy: Late Fort Ancient Hide Production And Exchange At The Hardin Site, Greenup County, Kentucky, Matthew J. Davidson Jan 2016

Interaction On The Frontier Of The 16Th-17Th Century World Economy: Late Fort Ancient Hide Production And Exchange At The Hardin Site, Greenup County, Kentucky, Matthew J. Davidson

Theses and Dissertations--Anthropology

This study assesses the organization and intensity of hide processing from sequential occupations at the Late Fort Ancient (A.D. 1400-1680) Hardin Site located in the central Ohio Valley. Historical and archaeological sources were drawn on to develop expectations for production intensification: 1) an increase in production tool quantity, 2) an increase in production debris quantity, and 3) an increase in tool utilization intensity. Many Native groups situated on the periphery of early European colonies intensified hide production to meet demand generated by an emerging global trade in hides. As this economic activity intensified in the 16th and 17th centuries ...