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2015

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Articles 1 - 30 of 74

Full-Text Articles in European History

The Wedding Processions Of The Dukes Of Braganza (1633) And Medina Sidonia (1640): Power And Fiesta In Portugal And Spain, Luis Salas Almela Dec 2015

The Wedding Processions Of The Dukes Of Braganza (1633) And Medina Sidonia (1640): Power And Fiesta In Portugal And Spain, Luis Salas Almela

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

This article explores the political meanings of the symbolic languages of the nobility of the Hispanic Monarchy. Specifically, it analyzes the ceremonies and festivities organized by two prominent dukes —Medina Sidonia in Andalusia and Braganza in Portugal — on the occasion of their weddings in 1633 and 1640, respectively. In both cases, those noblemen organized a grand procession to collect the two brides. The symbolic language of power they displayed in that occasion – language that was strictly seigneurial – is analyzed in this article mainly from a political point of view, taking into account the rebellions that both dukes planed in 1640 ...


Before Highway Maps: Creating A Digital Research Infrastructure Based On Sixteenth-Century Iberian Places And Roads, Robert Hibberd, J. B. Owens Dec 2015

Before Highway Maps: Creating A Digital Research Infrastructure Based On Sixteenth-Century Iberian Places And Roads, Robert Hibberd, J. B. Owens

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

It is frequently difficult to write a geographically-integrated history of Portugal and Spain prior to the late nineteenth century because researchers often lack a means by which to identify the locations of historical places on the basis of the geographic coordinates of their modern counterparts. This article presents a free, downloadable digital gazetteer, which the authors have founded on a 1546 traveler’s guide to 139 major routes in “Spain” (as the Iberian Peninsula was then known), in which the author, Juan Pedro Villuga, listed each stopping place along each route and indicated the approximate distance between each of them ...


The Tragedy Of Alcazarquivir: The Collapse Of Kingship, Empire And Narrative, Ruth Mackay Dec 2015

The Tragedy Of Alcazarquivir: The Collapse Of Kingship, Empire And Narrative, Ruth Mackay

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

After the death of King Sebastian in the Battle of Alcazarquivir (1578), Portugal lost its independence, and the Avis dynasty ended. Many chronicles recounted the defeat, especially as the unwise Sebastian was said to have survived and imposters soon appeared. This article describes the intersection of two genres, epic poetry and poetic historiography, and how their conjunction in the Alcazarquivir chronicles, which were copied and modified for decades and centuries (in Spanish more than in Portuguese), shaped subsequent narratives. The chronicles also were a way of assessing good kingship, conspicuously absent in the case of Sebastian. Features from classical literature ...


Myth And The Paris Commune, Katie Brunner Nov 2015

Myth And The Paris Commune, Katie Brunner

Communication and Theater Association of Minnesota Journal

The Paris Commune of 1871 is an event in history that has had a special place in the hearts of many revolutionaries. Karl Marx called it “the first successful working class revolution”. This paper looks at the events of the Paris Commune, as recounted in a work produced 25 years after the event occurred and, by means of comparison with more recent accounts, examines how it moved from a historical “reality” to a mythic history through the lens of secondary framing and historical mythology. This approach to the Paris Commune reveals many significantly different interpretations; pointing out that the true ...


Front Matter Nov 2015

Front Matter

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


Elmar Holenstein: Portrait Of A Swiss Philosopher Nov 2015

Elmar Holenstein: Portrait Of A Swiss Philosopher

Swiss American Historical Society Review

From 1964 to 1972 El mar Holenstein, born 7 January 193 7 in Gossau, Canton St. Gallen, studied philosophy, psychology, and linguistics at the universities of Louvain/Leuven, Heidelberg, and Zurich. His Ph.D. dissertation dealt with the phenomenology of the pre- and non-conceptual human experience as explored by Edward Husserl (1859-1938), the German founder of the phenomenological movement in philosophy. Holenstein gained professorial status (habilitation) by a book on the phenomenological structuralism of Roman Jakobson.


Swiss In The American Civil War A Forgotten Chapter Of Our Military History Nov 2015

Swiss In The American Civil War A Forgotten Chapter Of Our Military History

Swiss American Historical Society Review

In no foreign conflict since the Battle of Marignano in 1515, except Napoleon's Russian campaign, have as many soldiers of Swiss origin fought as in the American War of Secession. It is an undertaking of great merit to rescue this important and little known fact from oblivion and it is a privilege for me to introduce this concise study by my friend Heinrich L. Wirz and his co-author Florian A. Strahm. The Swiss, mostly volunteers, who went to war either to preserve the Union against the secession of the southern States or for the independence of those same States ...


Book Review:Beyond The Lens Of Conservation: Malagasy And Swiss Imaginations Of One Another Nov 2015

Book Review:Beyond The Lens Of Conservation: Malagasy And Swiss Imaginations Of One Another

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Hutterites In North America Nov 2015

Book Review: The Hutterites In North America

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


A New Patriotic Song For Switzerland Based On Brecht's Children's Hymn Nov 2015

A New Patriotic Song For Switzerland Based On Brecht's Children's Hymn

Swiss American Historical Society Review

In 2013, the Schweizerische Gemeinnutzige Gesellschaft (SGG I Swiss Society for Public Utility) announced a competition for a new national anthem. 1 Within a year, more than 200 entries were submitted. At the end of March 2015, six to be discussed nationwide were released. Once sufficiently distributed and found to be popular, the winning version was to be recommended to the federal government as the new national anthem.


Asian Values-Swiss Values? Nov 2015

Asian Values-Swiss Values?

Swiss American Historical Society Review

For years one is reading of "Asian values." Traveling through Asia, one is rubbing one's eyes. The whole of Asia, from the Bosporus and Ural all the way to the Pacific Ocean, is thrown into one great pot, as if they all, Turkic peoples and Mongols, Arabs, Iranians and Malaysians as well as Chinese, Koreans and Japanese had been educated by Confucius. Business people as well as political scientists who tell us of "Asiatic values" are flying in twelve hours from Frankfurt and Zurich to Shanghai, Singapore, and Tokyo. Those shortcuts therefore?


Book Review: Against War And Empire: Geneva, Britain, And France In The Eighteenth Century Nov 2015

Book Review: Against War And Empire: Geneva, Britain, And France In The Eighteenth Century

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


"Greet Me The Homeland!" Marguerite Nerny-Stager-The Oldest Swiss Canadian Turns 110 Years Nov 2015

"Greet Me The Homeland!" Marguerite Nerny-Stager-The Oldest Swiss Canadian Turns 110 Years

Swiss American Historical Society Review

She emigrated 86 years ago because of Eugene. At the end of June 1929, the Vaudois Marguerite Stager was traveling by herself on the Empress of Australia to Canada. Love for her betrothed from Yverdon, who years before had found work as a baker in Montreal, gave her unshakeable confidence. She dared to face an uncertain future in a foreign land . Today, the oldest Swiss woman abroad in North America is living in a retirement home about an hour outside of Montreal. In the company of Maurice, her 83 year-old son , a short visit of Marguerite became possible. On 28 ...


New Books And Articles Concerning Leo Lesquereux (1806-1889) Nov 2015

New Books And Articles Concerning Leo Lesquereux (1806-1889)

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Nine years ago the SwissAmericanHistorical Society sponsored publication of the book Leo Lesquereux, Letters from America 1849- 1853 (Rockport, Maine: Picton Press, 2006), a translation from the French by H. Dwight Page of Lesquereux 's Lettres d' Amerique 1849- 1853 with editing and commentary by Wendy Everham. I offered to write a biography for this work, titled "Leo Lesquereux: The Arduous Path of a Nineteenth Century Natural Scientist" (pp.1-122). In addition to being a biographical narrative, this section also contained six appendices that list Lesquereux 's publications, secondary references to his works, the titles in his library, and archival ...


Einsiedeln Elsewhere A 2015 Report About Re-Activating Ties With Louisville, Kentucky Nov 2015

Einsiedeln Elsewhere A 2015 Report About Re-Activating Ties With Louisville, Kentucky

Swiss American Historical Society Review

For years the idea has pursued me to look for the traces of Swiss from the town of Einsiedeln who had settled in the city of Louisville situated on the lower Ohio River. In the year 2006 when I was on a journalistic assignment for the Neue Zlircher Zeitung related to the Benedictine monastery St. Meinrad in southern Indiana, I was fortunate to meet people with ancestors from my hometown Einsiedeln. I met eight descendants-Kaelins, Schoenbaechlers, Birchlers, Bisigs-for coffee and I thought already then how fascinating it would be to take a closer look at the trails of those emigrants ...


The Swiss Of Louisville, Kentucky In The Late 1880s Nov 2015

The Swiss Of Louisville, Kentucky In The Late 1880s

Swiss American Historical Society Review

In the state of Kentucky, there are two larger Swiss colonies , one in Louisville, the other in Bernstadt, as well as various places that were settled by Swiss families.


End Matter Nov 2015

End Matter

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


Full Issue Nov 2015

Full Issue

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


Tempering Romance, Katherine R. Larson Oct 2015

Tempering Romance, Katherine R. Larson

Criticism

The Fabulous Dark Cloister: Romance in England after the Reformation by Tiffany Jo Werth. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011. Pp. 248, 8 illustrations. $65.00 cloth.


Teutonic Terror: The History Of German Counterterrorism Policy, Harry Richart Oct 2015

Teutonic Terror: The History Of German Counterterrorism Policy, Harry Richart

Ex-Patt Magazine

Terrorism wasn’t born in the 21st Century. Learn how Germany has dealt with domestic threats from the Cold War to the War on Terror.


Swedish Intervention And Conduct In The Thirty Years’ War, Marc C. Dubuis Sep 2015

Swedish Intervention And Conduct In The Thirty Years’ War, Marc C. Dubuis

Grand Valley Journal of History

This paper presents a theoretical explanation for Sweden’s intervention and behavior in the Thirty Years’ War. It echoes the contributions of scholars like Barkin (2003) by applying both realism and constructivism to achieve a more accurate depiction of empirical reality. Given Sweden’s disadvantageous strategic position, its decision to intervene in this conflict is an important subject for empirical and theoretical investigation. Realism provides an accurate explanation of Sweden’s national interests and its decision to intervene to reinstate the status quo. Constructivism also contributes to a more nuanced understanding of this conflict, since Sweden clearly recognized the existence ...


Media In Action: From Exorcism To Mesmerism, Stephan Gregory Sep 2015

Media In Action: From Exorcism To Mesmerism, Stephan Gregory

communication +1

In the Bavaria of 1775, the popular exorcist practices performed by the catholic priest Johann Joseph Gassner were discredited and superseded by the enlightened, scientific’ system of Franz Anton Mesmer's “Animal Magnetism”. As the article argues, this replacement could happen so easily because–below the apparent ideological differences–both procedures were based on the same idea of technical functioning, they relied on the same principle of operation. Gassnerism as well as Mesmerism revolved around the idea of communication, and in both cases this communication’ was not about conveying a message, a meaning, it was a about mediating between two ...


Beer And Brewing In German Culture: Bridging The Gaps Within Steam, John D. Sundquist Sep 2015

Beer And Brewing In German Culture: Bridging The Gaps Within Steam, John D. Sundquist

The STEAM Journal

A university-level course on science, history, and culture of beer and brewing offers students from a wide range of disciplines a unique opportunity to learn from each other. They gain an appreciation for STEAM and the interaction of a number of disciplines while examining a subject of growing interest. This paper provides a brief description of such a course and includes specific examples of ways in which students explore science, engineering, humanities and the arts, as these areas of research come together in the study of beer and brewing.


'We Are All Greeks:' Sympathy And Proximity In Shelley‘S Hellas, Kyle J. Klausing Sep 2015

'We Are All Greeks:' Sympathy And Proximity In Shelley‘S Hellas, Kyle J. Klausing

Scholarly Horizons: University of Minnesota, Morris Undergraduate Journal

The outbreak of the Greek Revolution of 1821 against the Ottoman Empire animated the radical European intelligentsia in a way unseen since the French Revolution 30 years before. The British Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley joined the chorus of philhellenes (meaning one who loves Greece) by extolling the Greek cause in his epic poem, Hellas. Scholarship has traditionally seen Shelley’s representation of the revolution either as an overly classicized literary indulgence or as a purely polemical defense of a political event. By identifying ways in which Shelley uses the classical past to engage the reader with the subject, I ...


The Fall Of Kiev, Kevin S. Morrison Sep 2015

The Fall Of Kiev, Kevin S. Morrison

Montview Liberty University Journal of Undergraduate Research

The Fall of Kiev, is the story about a great city, which on, 6 December 1240 A.D. would fall to the Mongol Hordes. The paper expounds upon the time frame of the prelude, the climax, and the afterward, of Kiev's fall. This paper utilizes scholarly resources from the present day and a very old source, The Hypatian Codex, which is the chronicle of the time period for Rus.


Knowledge Is Power: The Political Influence Of The Chanter Social Circle At The University Of Paris (1200-1215), Andrew X. Fleming Sep 2015

Knowledge Is Power: The Political Influence Of The Chanter Social Circle At The University Of Paris (1200-1215), Andrew X. Fleming

Anthós

The faculty of theology within the medieval University of Paris formed a major node within the social network of thirteenth-century Europe. Through an analysis of papal and university statutes concerning the development of a defined understanding of heresy, an overview of the historiographic methodologies traditionally used in studying such a topic, and a prosopographically-based analysis of the actions taken by Pope Innocent III and a small circle of theologians at Paris, we hope to come to a more clarified understanding of the political motivations which drove academic and papal reform within the thirteenth century. More specifically, this study aims to ...


Documentation And Fiction In Hameiri's Accounts Of The Great War, Tamar S. Drukker Sep 2015

Documentation And Fiction In Hameiri's Accounts Of The Great War, Tamar S. Drukker

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "Documentation and Fiction in Hameiri's Accounts of the Great War" Tamar S. Drukker discusses the only surviving Hebrew-language docu-novel of the Great War, written by Avigdor Hameiri (1890-1970), a Hungarian Jewish officer. His 1930 memoir The Great Madness is a wartime personal journal about his life at the Russian front. Many of the episodes described in The Great Madness receive a more styled treatment in Hameiri's wartime short stories which appeared in three collections during the 1920s. These stories are sometimes surreal, symbolic, and carefully crafted. Drukker's study of Hameiri's wartime life writing ...


Fodor’S Field Diary And The Writing Of The Hungarian Imperial Self During World War I, Steven A.E. Jobbitt Sep 2015

Fodor’S Field Diary And The Writing Of The Hungarian Imperial Self During World War I, Steven A.E. Jobbitt

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Fodor's Field Diary and the Writing of the Hungarian Imperial Self during World War I" Steven A.E. Jobbitt analyses a field diary written by the Hungarian geographer and botanist, Ferenc Fodor, who took part in a two-week geobotanical expedition to Bosnia-Hercegovina in the summer of 1917. Sponsored by the Hungarian Academy of Science, the expedition was part of a much broader Austro-Hungarian imperialist project in the Balkans during World War I. Close scrutiny of Fodor's field diary as a particular form of life writing provides important insight into the masculine-imperialist fantasies that informed Hungary ...


France's Financial Crisis: Analyzing The Role Of The Finance Minister, Jadon B. Smith Aug 2015

France's Financial Crisis: Analyzing The Role Of The Finance Minister, Jadon B. Smith

Bound Away: The Liberty Journal of History

The downfall of France's Old Regime and the beginning of the French Revolution were largely caused by the financial crisis plaguing France. Since the Seven Year's War, France's finances had suffered and were spiraling out of control. The finances were kept largely by the country's appointed finance minister. France would go through a host of these finance ministers up to the Revolution. The most notable was Jacques Necker who receives more detailed analysis. Tracing the administrations of these finance ministers helps explain an important factor leading to the French Revolution.


Leo The Great On The Supremacy Of The Bishop Of Rome, Denis Kaiser Aug 2015

Leo The Great On The Supremacy Of The Bishop Of Rome, Denis Kaiser

Andrews University Seminary Student Journal

Pope Leo the Great built his rationale for the supreme authority of the bishop of Rome on an existing tradition, yet with his additions he developed a theoretical rationale for later papal claims to absolute and supreme power in the ecclesiastical and secular realms. Previous bishops and church leaders had laid increasing stress on the unique role of the Apostle Peter as the founder of the Roman churches and episcopacy, the significance of the Roman bishop as Peter’s successor, and the apostolic significance of the city and episcopacy of Rome. Yet Leo’s rationale for the absolute control and ...