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2015

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Articles 1 - 30 of 329

Full-Text Articles in European History

The Wedding Processions Of The Dukes Of Braganza (1633) And Medina Sidonia (1640): Power And Fiesta In Portugal And Spain, Luis Salas Almela Dec 2015

The Wedding Processions Of The Dukes Of Braganza (1633) And Medina Sidonia (1640): Power And Fiesta In Portugal And Spain, Luis Salas Almela

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

This article explores the political meanings of the symbolic languages of the nobility of the Hispanic Monarchy. Specifically, it analyzes the ceremonies and festivities organized by two prominent dukes —Medina Sidonia in Andalusia and Braganza in Portugal — on the occasion of their weddings in 1633 and 1640, respectively. In both cases, those noblemen organized a grand procession to collect the two brides. The symbolic language of power they displayed in that occasion – language that was strictly seigneurial – is analyzed in this article mainly from a political point of view, taking into account the rebellions that both dukes planed in 1640 ...


Before Highway Maps: Creating A Digital Research Infrastructure Based On Sixteenth-Century Iberian Places And Roads, Robert Hibberd, J. B. Owens Dec 2015

Before Highway Maps: Creating A Digital Research Infrastructure Based On Sixteenth-Century Iberian Places And Roads, Robert Hibberd, J. B. Owens

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

It is frequently difficult to write a geographically-integrated history of Portugal and Spain prior to the late nineteenth century because researchers often lack a means by which to identify the locations of historical places on the basis of the geographic coordinates of their modern counterparts. This article presents a free, downloadable digital gazetteer, which the authors have founded on a 1546 traveler’s guide to 139 major routes in “Spain” (as the Iberian Peninsula was then known), in which the author, Juan Pedro Villuga, listed each stopping place along each route and indicated the approximate distance between each of them ...


The Tragedy Of Alcazarquivir: The Collapse Of Kingship, Empire And Narrative, Ruth Mackay Dec 2015

The Tragedy Of Alcazarquivir: The Collapse Of Kingship, Empire And Narrative, Ruth Mackay

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

After the death of King Sebastian in the Battle of Alcazarquivir (1578), Portugal lost its independence, and the Avis dynasty ended. Many chronicles recounted the defeat, especially as the unwise Sebastian was said to have survived and imposters soon appeared. This article describes the intersection of two genres, epic poetry and poetic historiography, and how their conjunction in the Alcazarquivir chronicles, which were copied and modified for decades and centuries (in Spanish more than in Portuguese), shaped subsequent narratives. The chronicles also were a way of assessing good kingship, conspicuously absent in the case of Sebastian. Features from classical literature ...


Chansons, Madrigales & Motetz À 3 Parties By Noé Faignient: A Composer's Debut In 16th-Century Antwerp, Sienna M. Wood Dec 2015

Chansons, Madrigales & Motetz À 3 Parties By Noé Faignient: A Composer's Debut In 16th-Century Antwerp, Sienna M. Wood

Musicology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Chansons, madrigales & motetz à 3 parties of 1568 is one of two volumes that constitute the debut of Antwerp composer Noé Faignient (c.1537-1578). This musical collection (henceforth CM&M à 3) survives only in manuscript in three partbooks held at the Stifts- och Landsbiblioteket in Linköping, Sweden and has never before appeared as a complete modern edition. Like its sister volume for 4, 5, and 6 voices, Faignient's 3-voice collection contains French chansons, Italian madrigals, Latin motets, and Dutch liedekens. A multi-genre debut was well chosen for the diverse city of Antwerp, the center of commerce and culture in the Low Countries in the 16th century, and for international distribution in pursuit of patronage or permanent employment abroad. The commercial value of chansons, madrigals, and motets had been well established in Western Europe by this time, but liedekens did not share the international marketability of the other genres. Liedekens are included in CM&M à 3 not for commercial reasons, but as vehicles of political propaganda and expressions of national identity corresponding with the outbreak of the Dutch Revolt against Spanish rule of the Low Countries. Faignient's posture of religious nonalignment in CM&M à 3 parallels early rebel propaganda, but also reveals the composer to be a careerist; one of many composers of his generation to separate his professional and creative activities from religion in order to serve his professional ambitions and his political ideals amid the turbulence of the Reformation.


A Snapshot In Time: English Reactions To The Franco-Prussian War, Andrew Mcginnis Dec 2015

A Snapshot In Time: English Reactions To The Franco-Prussian War, Andrew Mcginnis

Honors Program Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


Europe’S Refugee Crisis: Assessing The Factors Preventing A Coordinated Eu Response, Ali Albassam Dec 2015

Europe’S Refugee Crisis: Assessing The Factors Preventing A Coordinated Eu Response, Ali Albassam

Master's Theses

In order to escape increasing political violence in the Middle East and Africa, many refugees are fleeing by sea to seek asylum in Europe. As a result, Europe has witnessed the highest influx of refugees since World War Two. European Union member states have scrambled for a solution, seemingly unable to form a collective response. The reemergence of nationalism amid the arrival of thousands of refugees not only clouds Europe’s moral compass, but also weakens the EU and its founding principles. In an effort to contribute to the protection of refugees and the EU and its values, this thesis ...


The Historical Role Of The Use Of Derivatives For Speculation, Charles Austin Boyd Ii Dec 2015

The Historical Role Of The Use Of Derivatives For Speculation, Charles Austin Boyd Ii

Senior Theses

As long as humans have had a concept of possession of items and a means of trading for them, there have been speculative position in the form of derivative contracts. The first instance of a written code of laws contains protection for farmers leveraging their future crops. Aristotle writes of an instance of the equivalent of call options being used to secure a monopoly on olive presses. Many features of contemporary derivative markets were developed in Europe during Medieval trade fairs or Renaissance bourse marketplaces. The development of the first modern stock exchange brought with it further development in the ...


Genocide In German South West Africa & The Herero Reparations Movement, Melanie Bracht Dec 2015

Genocide In German South West Africa & The Herero Reparations Movement, Melanie Bracht

Senior Theses

During my spring 2015 Semester at Sea voyage, the ship docked in Walvis Bay, Namibia for five days. Prior to the voyage, I knew nothing about Namibia’s history. I was surprised to learn of its treacherous past and the role Germany played in shaping its political and economic condition. I took a tour of the Himba settlement, driving hours across the barren, dry land to a small circle of huts. Women cover their skin with red clay and continue the tradition of sauna bathes, never bathing in water in their entire lives. The Himba culture was captivating and it ...


From A Chat In The Parlor To Viral Music Videos: An Analysis Of Music As A Social Occasion, Emma Plotnik Dec 2015

From A Chat In The Parlor To Viral Music Videos: An Analysis Of Music As A Social Occasion, Emma Plotnik

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Imagine an intimate room filled with people playing cards and casually chatting, while one of Chopin’s piano sonatas plays elegantly in the background. This scenario is characteristic of the atmosphere surrounding Classical and Romantic European salons. Salons served as havens of musical discourse from the Baroque era to the early twentieth century. However, with the advancement of technology from the mid-twentieth century to the present, there has been a decline, or, arguably, even a cessation of salon life.

The aim of this project was to recreate the salon environment through the generation of the online discussion forum, "Music Soirée ...


The Anglo-American Reception Of Carl Schmitt From The 1930s To The Early 2000s, Benjamin T. Watkins Dec 2015

The Anglo-American Reception Of Carl Schmitt From The 1930s To The Early 2000s, Benjamin T. Watkins

History Theses

This thesis examines the Anglo-American reception, from the 1930s to the early 2000s, of the ideas of the German political theorist Carl Schmitt. The introduction provides an overview the key concepts in Schmitt’s writings in the 1920s. Chapter one examines Schmitt’s influence on the German-Jewish émigré political theorists Leo Strauss and Hans Morgenthau, in an attempt to explain how Schmitt’s ideas were initially transported from Germany to the U.S. The second chapter is a more detailed case study of the American leftist journal, Telos, which played a key role in introducing Schmitt’s writings to a ...


A Supplication For The Beggars: The Arguments Of Simon Fish And The Cultural Relevance Of His Writing In Sixteenth Century England, Charlotte Mcfaddin Dec 2015

A Supplication For The Beggars: The Arguments Of Simon Fish And The Cultural Relevance Of His Writing In Sixteenth Century England, Charlotte Mcfaddin

Student Research

No abstract provided.


Fort St. Joseph Archaeological Project Annual Report, 2015, Michael S. Nassaney Dec 2015

Fort St. Joseph Archaeological Project Annual Report, 2015, Michael S. Nassaney

Fort St. Joseph Archaeological Project

This year the Fort St. Joseph Archaeological Project (hereafter the “Project”) established new standards in research, teaching, and public outreach in the study of the fur trade and colonialism in southwest Michigan. The Project continues to collaborate in the generation and dissemination of knowledge under the auspices of the Fort St. Joseph Archaeology Advisory Committee (FSJAAC), Western Michigan University (WMU) faculty and students, interested stakeholders, supporters, members, and community volunteers. Highlights of 2015 include:

  • Fort St. Joseph was featured in the exhibit “Evidence Found” at the Kalamazoo Valley Museum in 2015, enjoyed by some 60,000 visitors.
  • The Register of ...


Housing Projects And Cityscape In Vienna: Apartment Buildings As Fortresses From Metaphor To Reality, Michael J. Zeps S.J. Dec 2015

Housing Projects And Cityscape In Vienna: Apartment Buildings As Fortresses From Metaphor To Reality, Michael J. Zeps S.J.

History Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


The Decolonization Of Christianity In Colonial Kenya, Amanda Ruth Ford Dec 2015

The Decolonization Of Christianity In Colonial Kenya, Amanda Ruth Ford

Theses and Dissertations

Kenya was an unusual case within the larger narrative of decolonization in the British Empire. The presence of white settlers, the relative newness of the colony, and the particular way in which the British pursued the civilizing mission all combined to make the end of empire particularly violent for all parties involved. Independence in Kenya was precipitated by a bloody civil war, known as Mau Mau, and the imposition of martial law by the government for almost a decade. In the midst of this chaos, the Church of England’s missionary body, the Church Missionary Society worked to protect their ...


List Of Circulating Music Libraries In France, Updated December 2015, Anita Breckbill Dec 2015

List Of Circulating Music Libraries In France, Updated December 2015, Anita Breckbill

Faculty Publications, UNL Libraries

Following is an updated list of circulating music libraries in France spanning the period of their existence, 1765 to ca. 1950. The preliminary list was published as an appendix to the article by Anita Breckbill and Carole Goebes, “Music Circulating Libraries in France: An Overview and a Preliminary List” Notes 63:4 (June 2007), 761-797 < http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libraryscience/179/ >. Further work in the collection of publisher’s catalogs at the Bibliothèque national de France and in 18th-century periodicals have yielded ten more circulating libraries and an expansion of dates of operation for a further eleven libraries. Changes are ...


Review Of The Duke’S Assassin: Exile And Death Of Lorenzino De’ Medici, By Stefano Dall'aglio, Trans. By Donald Weinstein., Brian J. Maxson Nov 2015

Review Of The Duke’S Assassin: Exile And Death Of Lorenzino De’ Medici, By Stefano Dall'aglio, Trans. By Donald Weinstein., Brian J. Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

New archival documentation that was previously unknown details a new understanding concerning the life and death of Lornezino de' Medici.


Georeferenced Image Of William Morgan's 1682 Map Of London, England, Barry J. Kronenfeld, Newton Key Nov 2015

Georeferenced Image Of William Morgan's 1682 Map Of London, England, Barry J. Kronenfeld, Newton Key

Barry J. Kronenfeld

Georeferencing performed by Ali AkbariMoghaddam, Paul Bocian, Jason Fachie, Alexander Goldstein, Brandon Haggerty, Ryan Kermicle, Joseph Lenhardt, Ryne Robertson, Lynn Schofield, Melinda Swinford, Srikanth Vykuntapu, Alicia Waller, Jeremy Wells The original image of Morgan’s 1682 map of London was downloaded in JPEG format from Wikimedia (http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:London_actually_surveyed_by_Wm_Morgan_1682.jpg). Georeferencing was accomplished in the spring of 2015 as a group project by the students of GEG 3860/5860: GIS II at Eastern Illinois University. Over 100 control points were identified by locating prominent landmarks and road intersections on both Morgan's original map and OpenStreetMap ...


Myth And The Paris Commune, Katie Brunner Nov 2015

Myth And The Paris Commune, Katie Brunner

Communication and Theater Association of Minnesota Journal

The Paris Commune of 1871 is an event in history that has had a special place in the hearts of many revolutionaries. Karl Marx called it “the first successful working class revolution”. This paper looks at the events of the Paris Commune, as recounted in a work produced 25 years after the event occurred and, by means of comparison with more recent accounts, examines how it moved from a historical “reality” to a mythic history through the lens of secondary framing and historical mythology. This approach to the Paris Commune reveals many significantly different interpretations; pointing out that the true ...


Magna Carta Then And Now: A Symbol Of Freedom And Equal Rights For All, Eugene K B Tan, Jack Tsen-Ta Lee Nov 2015

Magna Carta Then And Now: A Symbol Of Freedom And Equal Rights For All, Eugene K B Tan, Jack Tsen-Ta Lee

Jack Tsen-Ta LEE

Magna Carta became applicable to Singapore in 1826 when a court system administering English law was established in the Straits Settlements. This remained the case through Singapore’s evolution from Crown colony to independent republic. The Great Charter only ceased to apply in 1993, when Parliament enacted the Application of English Law Act to clarify which colonial laws were still part of Singapore law. Nonetheless, Magna Carta’s legacy in Singapore continues in a number of ways. Principles such as due process of law and the supremacy of law are cornerstones of the rule of law, vital to the success ...


A Mouse That Ate An Elephant; The Russo Finnish War In The Air, Ron Anderson Nov 2015

A Mouse That Ate An Elephant; The Russo Finnish War In The Air, Ron Anderson

ERAU Prescott Aviation History Program

Among the strangest stories of WW II, is the defeat of the Russian Air Force by Finland. Hear the fascinating, true story from Ron Anderson, a member of the Finnish WW II Historical Group. Learn how 114 Finnish aircraft fought 3880 Russian planes and won. They did lose some land which caused a Russian General to comment “We won just enough territory to bury all the men we lost.”


“Inhumanly Beautiful”: The Aesthetics Of The Nineteenth-Century Deathbed Scene, Margo Masur Nov 2015

“Inhumanly Beautiful”: The Aesthetics Of The Nineteenth-Century Deathbed Scene, Margo Masur

English Theses

Death today is hidden from our everyday lives so it cannot intermingle with the general public. So when a family member dies, their body becomes an object in need of disposal; no longer can they be recognized as the familiar person they once were. To witness death is to force individuals to confront the truths of human existence, and for most of us seeing such a sight would fill us with an emotion of disgust. Yet during the nineteenth century, the burden of care towards the sick or dying was shared by a community of family, neighbors, and friends; the ...


Factional Identity In Fifteenth-Century Florence, Brian Maxson Oct 2015

Factional Identity In Fifteenth-Century Florence, Brian Maxson

Brian J. Maxson










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A Dossier Of Texts Relating To Gerasimos Avlonites, Ted A. Campbell Oct 2015

A Dossier Of Texts Relating To Gerasimos Avlonites, Ted A. Campbell

Perkins Faculty Research and Special Events

A dossier of texts from the Greek Orthodox church leader Gerasimos Avlonites (Erasmus Aulonita, f. 1752-1773), including transcriptions and translations of materials in Greek and Latin.


Detective Policing And The State In Nineteenth-Century England: The Detective Department Of The London Metropolitan Police, 1842-1878, Rachael Griffin Oct 2015

Detective Policing And The State In Nineteenth-Century England: The Detective Department Of The London Metropolitan Police, 1842-1878, Rachael Griffin

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis evaluates the development of surveillance-based undercover policing in Victorian England through an examination of the first centralized police detective force in the country, the Detective Department of the London Metropolitan Police (1842-1878). It argues that the Detective Department overcame British fears that detective police were incompatible with individual liberty and parliamentary democracy, making the English detective a familiar and reliable public servant. The Detective Department, which worked from Scotland Yard, was formed in 1842 in response to criticism that the Metropolitan Police was unable to successfully investigate homicide. This was a surprising development in a country where property ...


Tempering Romance, Katherine R. Larson Oct 2015

Tempering Romance, Katherine R. Larson

Criticism

The Fabulous Dark Cloister: Romance in England after the Reformation by Tiffany Jo Werth. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011. Pp. 248, 8 illustrations. $65.00 cloth.


From Lion To Leaf: The Evacuation Of British Children To Canada During The Second World War, Claire L. Halstead Oct 2015

From Lion To Leaf: The Evacuation Of British Children To Canada During The Second World War, Claire L. Halstead

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

From Lion to Leaf is a study of the evacuation of British children to Canada in the Second World War. While European refugee children were excluded purposely from Canada, Canadians anxiously called for Britain to send her children as a display of philanthropic, patriotic, imperial, and wartime sentiment. Yet overseas evacuation is often overshadowed, in both the historiography and social memory of the war, by Britain’s domestic evacuation. From Lion to Leaf contributes to the study of evacuation, the British home front, wartime Canada, Canadian childcare and immigration policy, and the changing British Empire. Reflecting the transnationalism of the ...


The Drink Of A Thousand Kisses: Coffeehouse Culture In 16th Century England, Derek A. Haas Oct 2015

The Drink Of A Thousand Kisses: Coffeehouse Culture In 16th Century England, Derek A. Haas

Student Research

The purpose of this paper is to understand the history of coffeehouses in Early Modern England and how they affected the public sphere. Coffeehouses changed the way English citizens did business, socialized, and engaged in politics. At different points, coffee was opposed by different social orders, women, and even Charles II himself. The tiniest thing became one of the most controversial items of the 16th century.


A Bibliographical Guide To The Study Of The Troubadours And Old Occitan Literature, Robert A. Taylor Oct 2015

A Bibliographical Guide To The Study Of The Troubadours And Old Occitan Literature, Robert A. Taylor

Research in Medieval and Early Modern Culture

Although it seemed in the mid-1970s that the study of the troubadours and of Occitan literature had reached a sort of zenith, it has since become apparent that this moment was merely a plateau from which an intensive renewal was being launched. In this new bibliographic guide to Occitan and troubadour literature, Robert Taylor provides a definitive survey of the field of Occitan literary studies - from the earliest enigmatic texts to the fifteenth-century works of Occitano-Catalan poet Jordi de Sant Jordi - and treats over two thousand recent books and articles with full annotations. Taylor includes articles on related topics such ...


The 'Schemes' Of Piero De' Pazzi And The Conflict With The Medici (1461–2), Oren J. Margolis, Brian Maxson Oct 2015

The 'Schemes' Of Piero De' Pazzi And The Conflict With The Medici (1461–2), Oren J. Margolis, Brian Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

This article opens up an important but overlooked chapter in the political and diplomatic history of Florence, as well as that of fifteenth-century Franco-Italian relations more broadly. In late 1461, the city of Florence elected ambassadors to go to France to congratulate King Louis XI on his accession to the throne. Intended as a purely ceremonial mission, the Florentine diplomat Piero de' Pazzi ignored his commission and pursued policies that explicitly promoted French interests in Italy. By doing so, Piero sought to improve the standing of his own family, both domestically and abroad, at the expense of the Medici regime ...


The Projekti Arkeologjike I Shkodres (Pash): Combining Paleoenvironmental And Archaeological Data From A Balkan Lacustrine Landscape, The University Of Maine Anthropology Department Oct 2015

The Projekti Arkeologjike I Shkodres (Pash): Combining Paleoenvironmental And Archaeological Data From A Balkan Lacustrine Landscape, The University Of Maine Anthropology Department

Cultural Affairs Distinguished Lecture Series

The Projekti Arkeolojike i Shkodres (PASH) conducted five years of interdiciplinary, diachronic field research (2010-2014) in the Northern Albanian region of Shkoder, targeting the plain and hills that ring Shkodra Lake. The project was designed to address changes in landscape, settlement, and land use, beginning in prehistory. Intensive archaeological survey of 16 square kilometers identified 15 sites of all periods, many of them multicomponent, and 175 prehistoric burial mounds. Four mounds and three sites were targeted for test excavations, allowing the beginnings of a regional absolute chronology. A program of geological coring is helping to clarify the varying size of ...