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2013

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Articles 1 - 30 of 256

Full-Text Articles in European History

Water As A Collective Responsibility: The Tribunal De Las Aguas And The Valencian Community, Julia A. Hudson-Richards, Cynthia A. Gonzales Dec 2013

Water As A Collective Responsibility: The Tribunal De Las Aguas And The Valencian Community, Julia A. Hudson-Richards, Cynthia A. Gonzales

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

In this article, we argue that the Tribunal de las Aguas, historically part of a larger complex of irrigation communities, provides a foundation for an alternative model of water management, and has survived for over a thousand years precisely because it answers the community’s needs, and contributes to Valencian regional identity. As research has recently shown in African cases, providing education, infrastructure, and management opportunities to local communities helps to encourage both sustainability and direct involvement in water distribution, contrary to the impersonal distribution characteristic of privatized systems. The Tribunal de las Aguas has transcended tremendous political, social, and ...


Las Consecuencias Del Comercio Global En Una Monarquía Compuesta: El Caso De La Corona De Aragón, Antoni Picazo Muntaner Dec 2013

Las Consecuencias Del Comercio Global En Una Monarquía Compuesta: El Caso De La Corona De Aragón, Antoni Picazo Muntaner

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

RESUMEN: Las consecuencias del comercio global, mucho más activo a partir del siglo XVII, afectó de diferente forma a las potencias europeas que estaban inmersas en el mismo. En el caso de la Monarquía Hispánica la nueva situación mercantil se mezcló con la propia dinámica política y económica derivada de las distintas repercusiones que el mismo tenía en los diferentes reinos que la componían así como los tratados de paz con otros reinos. En este artículo penetraremos en los problemas que ello causó, el cambio de coyuntura en el Mediterráneo y las respuestas dadas por la Corte hispana.


Mussolini, Romano. My Father, Il Duce: A Memoir By Mussolini’S Son. Carlsbad, Ca: Kales Press (Distributed By W. W. Norton), 2006., Sarah Sullivan Fcrh '12 Dec 2013

Mussolini, Romano. My Father, Il Duce: A Memoir By Mussolini’S Son. Carlsbad, Ca: Kales Press (Distributed By W. W. Norton), 2006., Sarah Sullivan Fcrh '12

The Fordham Undergraduate Research Journal

Written by the son of 20th-century dictator Benito Mussolini, this story is of a son’s unreserved, blind love for his father—even if his father had been a fascist monster responsible for the slaughter of millions— makes for a complicated and conflicted memoir, which quickly became a bestseller in Italy.


The Cult Of Salomé: Decapitation Imagery And Cultural Anxiety In Belle Époque Europe., Sean C. Hall Dec 2013

The Cult Of Salomé: Decapitation Imagery And Cultural Anxiety In Belle Époque Europe., Sean C. Hall

Master of Liberal Studies Theses

The Belle Époque in Europe marked a time of great change. Many of the old, yet longstanding traditions were being challenged and modernity really took hold of society at that time. The changes in the social fabric with issues such as the roles of women were common topics of conversation. Women demanded new rights and began to even question the role of masculinity in this new age. This was the emergence of the “New Woman,” and with all of these great changes came great anxiety. This cultural anxiety felt by many was expressed in the arts of the period which ...


F.F. Bruce: A Life, By Tim Grass, Craighton T. Hippenhammer Dec 2013

F.F. Bruce: A Life, By Tim Grass, Craighton T. Hippenhammer

Faculty Scholarship – Library Science

Frederick Fyvie Bruce (1910-1990) was one of the most influential evangelical biblical scholars of the last half of the Twentieth Century within the UK and the United States at a time when highly respected evangelical academics were rare and almost non-existent. Over his lifetime he wrote over two thousand articles and reviews plus four dozen books, mostly about the Bible, biblical commentary and interpretation, and classical language translation. His approach was nonsectarian and inclusive, from the standpoint of insightful biblical translation rather than systematized theology. This biography is a fully realized, in-depth treatment, covering both Bruce’s academic career and ...


The Latin Readers Of Algazel, 1150-1600, Anthony H. Minnema Dec 2013

The Latin Readers Of Algazel, 1150-1600, Anthony H. Minnema

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation examines how Arabic works found an audience in medieval Europe and became a part of the Latin canon of philosophy. It focuses on a Latin translation of an Arabic philosophical work, Maqasid al-falasifa, by the Muslim theologian al-Ghazali, known as Algazel in Latin. This work became popular because it served as a primer for Arab philosophy and helped Latins understand a tradition that had built upon Greek scholarship for centuries. To find the translation’s audience, this project looks at two sets of evidence. It studies the works of Latin scholars who drew from Algazel’s arguments and ...


Perceptions Of Poverty: The Evolution Of German Attitudes Towards Social Welfare From 1830 To World War I, Rebekah O'Zell Mcmillan Dec 2013

Perceptions Of Poverty: The Evolution Of German Attitudes Towards Social Welfare From 1830 To World War I, Rebekah O'Zell Mcmillan

Theses and Dissertations

Today's Western European countries have the world's most extensive government Social welfare systems, beginning with Germany as the forerunner. Prior to the eventual 20th century German welfare state, Germany was not devoid of distributing aid to combat the effects of poverty. Religious and public benevolent institutions, several centuries earlier, managed local poverty, resulting in an interesting relationship between the German citizens and these charities. The willingness of these institutions to address the poverty issue opened the door for the 20th century German welfare state to emerge.

This study examines the evolution of the attitudes towards poverty in nineteenth ...


Rendez Donc A Cesar, Problemes Avec Les Mots De Dieu: Land And The Civil Constitution Of The Clergy Of 1790-1791, Jonathan Monroe Dec 2013

Rendez Donc A Cesar, Problemes Avec Les Mots De Dieu: Land And The Civil Constitution Of The Clergy Of 1790-1791, Jonathan Monroe

All Theses

This study investigates the state's sale of Church lands and the Civil Constitution of the Clergy during the French Revolution. The Civil Constitution has been seen as a turning point in the era's progression; it created very sharp divisions in revolutionary ideals by forcing clergy members to take an oath to the state that was condemned by the pope. These divisions helped feed Jacobin extremism and an era of Christian suppression and the Terror eventually ensued. Despite these problems, the struggling country under the Old Regime was desperate for Church reform that the Civil Constitution provided. The prohibition ...


Actresses Redefining Theater And Femininity In Eighteenth-Century France, Rebecca Anne Bolen Dec 2013

Actresses Redefining Theater And Femininity In Eighteenth-Century France, Rebecca Anne Bolen

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Published in 1798 and 1800, the memoires of Hypolite Clairon and Marie-Françoise Marchand Dumesnil relate the experiences and values of individuals who lived through massive social and cultural, and eventually political, changes. How and when these two women felt the need to adhere to society's standards in comparison to those instances when they were confident enough to assert themselves illuminates the ways in which developing a public persona could open up a space for women to stretch the boundaries of feminine self-fashioning. This space was not unlimited and may have depended on actresses making concessions to societal expectations. It ...


Napoleon's Siege Of Acre: A Reevaluation Of The Historical And Archaeological Record, Morgan L. Breene Dec 2013

Napoleon's Siege Of Acre: A Reevaluation Of The Historical And Archaeological Record, Morgan L. Breene

Senior Honors Projects

The modern port of Akko, Israel, has been essential to movement and trade in the eastern Mediterranean since the Hellenistic period, and used as a harbor since the Neolithic. Its many incarnations and occupations over the centuries are documented by the cultural material laying on and under the bed of the harbor, and it is an area of great fascination for historians and underwater archaeologists. One particular pivotal event in the modern history of the port, however, continues to beguile researchers.

Napoleon's failed siege of Acre (modern-day Akko), Israel in the spring of 1799 was a turning point in ...


Recovering The Saumurois: Lay Patronage To Saint-Florent Of Saumur, Ca. 950-1150, Adam C. Matthews Dec 2013

Recovering The Saumurois: Lay Patronage To Saint-Florent Of Saumur, Ca. 950-1150, Adam C. Matthews

Master's Theses

In the mid-tenth century, the lay powers of the Loire valley established the abbey of Saint-Florent at Saumur with the local aristocracy welcoming the monks and forming spiritual and economic relationships through acts of patronage. The brothers remembered gifts of property, grants of rights, and exemptions in charters which were ultimately collected into the abbey's first cartulary, the Livre Noir. Despite this wealth of sources, historians have paid only cursory attention to Saint-Florent in recent scholarship. The present study incorporates the abbey's charter sources into broader debates concerning society in eleventh-century France. The use of case studies provides ...


The Humanist World Of Renaissance Florence, Brian J. Maxson Nov 2013

The Humanist World Of Renaissance Florence, Brian J. Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

This book offers a major contribution for understanding the spread and appeal of the humanist movement in Renaissance Florence. Investigating the connections between the individuals who were part of the humanist movement, Brian Jeffrey Maxson reconstructs the networks that bound them together. Overturning the problematic categorization of humanists as either professional or amateurs, a distinction based on economics and the production of original works in Latin, he offers a new way of understanding how the humanist movement could incorporate so many who were illiterate in Latin, but who nonetheless were responsible for an important intellectual and cultural paradigm shift. The ...


British-Romanian Relations During The Cold War, Mihaela Sitariu Nov 2013

British-Romanian Relations During The Cold War, Mihaela Sitariu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In the aftermath of the Second World War British-Romanian relations were strained, marked by accusations of espionage directed towards Britain’s diplomats and requests for recalls. The British Government reacted moderately to these, acquiescing to recall their diplomats but refusing to concede to the Romanians when it came to their ‘flimsy’ accusations. Negotiation was preferred to reprisals especially when certain Britons had to be rescued from the Communists’ hands. In one respect Britain was not that indulgent: when money was involved, particularly the assets of oil companies nationalized in 1948.

Trade remained a priority for both the British and Romanian ...


"Each Word Shows How You Love Me": The Social Literacy Practice Of Children's Letter Writing (1780-1860), Emily Bruce Nov 2013

"Each Word Shows How You Love Me": The Social Literacy Practice Of Children's Letter Writing (1780-1860), Emily Bruce

History Publications

This article draws on hundreds of letters that formed German children’s correspondence with their parents, other relatives, teachers and friends, written mostly between the 1780s and 1850s. Through this study, we see the part literacy played in transformations of bourgeois childhood in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Europe. The article further investigates how children used letters as a means of learning sociability and building relationships within kinship networks. Historians of education have sometimes treated children’s writing as secondary to more authoritative records. Yet we miss something important about the history of literacy education if we disregard children’s writing or ...


Mendoza The Jew: Boxing, Manliness And Nationalism, Ronald Schechter, Liz Clarke Nov 2013

Mendoza The Jew: Boxing, Manliness And Nationalism, Ronald Schechter, Liz Clarke

Arts & Sciences Books

Inspired by the resounding success of Abina and the Important Men (OUP, 2011), Mendoza the Jewcombines a graphic history with primary documentation and contextual information to explore issues of nationalism, identity, culture, and historical methodology through the life story of Daniel Mendoza. Mendoza was a poor Sephardic Jew from East London who became the boxing champion of Britain in 1789. As a Jew with limited means and a foreign-sounding name, Mendoza was an unlikely symbol of what many Britons considered to be their very own "national" sport. Whereas their adversaries across the Channel reputedly settled private quarrels by dueling ...


Susan Bauer's 2003 Theory Of Well-Educated Mind: Could The Classical Approach To Teaching History Work In Southern California History K12 Classrooms?, Tomasz B. Stanek Nov 2013

Susan Bauer's 2003 Theory Of Well-Educated Mind: Could The Classical Approach To Teaching History Work In Southern California History K12 Classrooms?, Tomasz B. Stanek

LUX: A Journal of Transdisciplinary Writing and Research from Claremont Graduate University

The main purpose of this research evolved from the publication of S. W. Bauer Well-educated mind, a study of the significance of new methods of teaching history course. Bauer (2003) argues that the grammarian approach of simple recognition and memorization removes students from reading primary sources. This theory suggests a new methodology for the instructors and students through the three-stage process of grammar, dialectic, and rhetoric preparation with aid of primary sources or “great books list”. This paper supports Bauer’s thesis and provides evidence through extensive interviews that indeed this concept of pedagogy is present in Southern California schools.


Italianità On Tour: From The Mediterranean To Southeast Florida, 1896-1939, Antonietta Di Pietro Nov 2013

Italianità On Tour: From The Mediterranean To Southeast Florida, 1896-1939, Antonietta Di Pietro

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Italianità on Tour is a cultural history of Italian consciousness in Italy and Southeast Florida from 1896 to 1939. This dissertation examines literary works, folktales, folksongs, artworks, buildings and urban planning as imprints and cultural constructions of Italianità on both sides of the Atlantic, with a special emphasis on the transformations experienced on that journey. The real and/or imagined geo-cultural similarities between the Mediterranean and the Caribbean encouraged pioneers in Southeast Florida to conjure in their new setting an idea of Italianità, regardless of the presence of Italians in the area. Therefore, assessing Italianità, constitutes an important feature in ...


Technologies Of Empire: Writing, Imagination, And The Making Of Imperial Networks, 1750–1820, Dermot Ryan Nov 2013

Technologies Of Empire: Writing, Imagination, And The Making Of Imperial Networks, 1750–1820, Dermot Ryan

Faculty Pub Night

No abstract provided.


Thomas Moore’S Image Of Ireland: Real Or Commercialized, John B. Roney Nov 2013

Thomas Moore’S Image Of Ireland: Real Or Commercialized, John B. Roney

History Faculty Publications

Thomas Moore was Irish, with his father’s pedigree from the Kerry Gaeltacht, and since it mattered a great deal to most Irish of the time, he was Catholic. However, after his studies at Trinity College, he sought a life in England, married a Protestant woman and had his children baptized and raised Protestant. He became a very popular poet, singer and entertainer, and friend to many English aristocrats, including Lord Byron and Prime Minister Lord John Russell. Yet, at the same time Moore ardently defended Irish independence and Catholic freedoms. Underneath his romantic poetry lay a sometimes scathing critique ...


Ms-142: World War Ii Correspondence Of Clarence And Helen Haldeman, Devin Mckinney Nov 2013

Ms-142: World War Ii Correspondence Of Clarence And Helen Haldeman, Devin Mckinney

All Finding Aids

The bulk of the letters in the collection were written by Clarence and Helen Haldeman between 1943 and 1946, while Clarence was being trained at various bases by the Army Air Corps, and later serving in a bomber squadron in the Pacific Theater of Operations during World War II.

Special Collections and College Archives Finding Aids are discovery tools used to describe and provide access to our holdings. Finding aids include historical and biographical information about each collection in addition to inventories of their content. More information about our collections can be found on our website http://www.gettysburg.edu ...


Ms-155: Lt. Francis M. Tompkins World War One Scrapbooks, Amy E. Lucadamo Nov 2013

Ms-155: Lt. Francis M. Tompkins World War One Scrapbooks, Amy E. Lucadamo

All Finding Aids

Francis M. Tompkins created three scrapbooks with images and materials that he collected during his service in WWI from 1917-1920. Most of the images are official army photographs printed on postcard stock. They are labeled on the image and sometimes dated. Additionally, Tompkins provides detailed descriptions of the locations, battles, individuals, and views pictured in the photographs. He describes the movements of the 305th Engineers and the tasks they performed in each location, often building bridges to allow for the movement of soldiers and equipment.

Special Collections and College Archives Finding Aids are discovery tools used to describe and provide ...


Remarkable Russian Women In Pictures, Prose And Poetry, Marcelline Hutton Nov 2013

Remarkable Russian Women In Pictures, Prose And Poetry, Marcelline Hutton

Zea E-Books

Many Russian women of the late 19th and early 20th centuries tried to find happy marriages, authentic religious life, liberal education, and fulfilling work as artists, doctors, teachers, and political activists. Some very remarkable ones found these things in varying degrees, while others sought unsuccessfully but no less desperately to transcend the generations-old restrictions imposed by church, state, village, class, and gender.

Like a Slavic “Downton Abbey,” this book tells the stories, not just of their outward lives, but of their hearts and minds, their voices and dreams, their amazing accomplishments against overwhelming odds, and their roles as feminists and ...


Atoning For The Sins Of The Fatherland: The Gendered Nationalism Of The Ecumenical Sisterhood Of Mary, George Faithful Nov 2013

Atoning For The Sins Of The Fatherland: The Gendered Nationalism Of The Ecumenical Sisterhood Of Mary, George Faithful

Collected Faculty and Staff Scholarship

In my book, Mothering the Fatherland, forthcoming from Oxford University Press, I analyze how the penitential practices of a group of Protestant nuns in Germany were rooted in their understanding of collective German national guilt in the aftermath of the Third Reich. Those with some prior familiarity with the group may know them as the Evangelical or Evangelische Sisterhood of Mary. I will refer to them throughout by their original name, the Ecumenical Sisterhood of Mary. While the book discusses the sisters’ gender and nationalism separately in the context of the sisters’ repentance and theology of collective national guilt, I ...


The Politics Media Equation:Exposing Two Faces Of Old Nexus Through Study Of General Elections,Wikileaks And Radia Tapes, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Oct 2013

The Politics Media Equation:Exposing Two Faces Of Old Nexus Through Study Of General Elections,Wikileaks And Radia Tapes, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

The important identity of a responsible media is playing an unbiased role in reporting a matter without giving unnecessary hype to attract the attention of the gullible public with the object of making money and money only.After reporting properly the media can educate the public to form their own opinion in the matters of public interest. Throughout the centuries, the world has never existed without information and communication, hence the inexhaustible essence of mass media. The government has the power to either make or reject whatever that will exist within its environment. It also determines how free the mass ...


News Stories Dredge Up Old Stereotypes Of Europe's Roma, National Public Radio, All Things Considered, Jennifer G. Illuzzi Oct 2013

News Stories Dredge Up Old Stereotypes Of Europe's Roma, National Public Radio, All Things Considered, Jennifer G. Illuzzi

Jennifer G. Illuzzi

Melissa Block speaks with Dr. Jennifer G. Illuzzi, assistant professor of history at Providence College in Rhode Island, about the history of discrimination of the Romani population in Europe following two cases of children who were taken from Roma families into police custody this week in Ireland and Greece.


Historical Society And County Record Publications From The United Kingdom: A Finding Guide, Rebecca A. Stuhr, Sarah Wipperman Oct 2013

Historical Society And County Record Publications From The United Kingdom: A Finding Guide, Rebecca A. Stuhr, Sarah Wipperman

Sarah Wipperman

The attached excel sheet is intended to be used as a finding aid for county records series and the publications of various historical societies in the United Kingdom. This document was created to support the work of Professor Margo Todd, her students, and the University of Pennsylvania’s Department of History. The information provided in this document is based on series holdings in the University of Pennsylvania libraries, primarily Van Pelt‐Dietrich, as well as those held in storage at LIBRA. It is designed to give a quick reference to these holdings, where they are located, and which geographic region ...


African Colonial States, Heather J. Sharkey Oct 2013

African Colonial States, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

This chapter sketches a history of European colonial states in Africa, north and south of the Sahara, during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It explains when and why colonial states emerged, what they did, how they worked, and who shaped them. Noting discrepancies between the theory and practice of colonial administration, the chapter shows that colonial administration was far more diffuse and less closely coordinated than official discourses of governance suggested. The performance of colonialism involved a wide range of actors: not only European military and civilian elites and African chiefs, but also African translators and tax collectors, as well ...


"In Her Shoes": Victorian Lady Explorers In Imperial Africa And Their Relationship To Contemporary Travellers In A Commercialized, Nostalgic Landscape, Mary Smith Oct 2013

"In Her Shoes": Victorian Lady Explorers In Imperial Africa And Their Relationship To Contemporary Travellers In A Commercialized, Nostalgic Landscape, Mary Smith

History Student Papers

Smith uses the framework of the Cape to Cairo trek to illuminate both the problematic maternalist feminism of early 19th century women, and to draw parallels with contemporary nostalgia for a romanticized and racialized past.


‘The People’S Own Mp’ How The 1981 Hunger Strike Changed The Republican Movement In Ireland, Ryan Fink Oct 2013

‘The People’S Own Mp’ How The 1981 Hunger Strike Changed The Republican Movement In Ireland, Ryan Fink

History Student Papers

The 20th century was a period of turmoil for the people of Ireland. After fighting for independence in the first quarter of the century, Ireland was partitioned into two separate entities, the Irish-controlled Republic of Ireland in the South and the British-controlled Northern Ireland in the Northeast. The middle half of the century saw bloody violence and sectarian fighting between the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and the various Unionist paramilitary forces in Northern Ireland. This paper looks at the period from 1970 to 2000, and evaluates how and why the bloody sectarian conflict shifted into a partially more peaceful political ...


Where Have All The Symbols Gone?: A Study Of Sufis And Sufi Symbolism In Ottoman Miniature Paintings, Jesse E. Siegel Oct 2013

Where Have All The Symbols Gone?: A Study Of Sufis And Sufi Symbolism In Ottoman Miniature Paintings, Jesse E. Siegel

Student Publications

Ottoman miniature paintings represent some of the best preserved and documented works of Islamic art still extant. They differ critically from other forms of miniature painting, such as Persian miniature painting, by not representing Sufi symbolism. In the two potential sources of such symbolism, Ottoman Sufism and Persian miniature painters in the Ottoman Empire, appear to have not critically influenced Ottoman miniature painting to produce Sufi symbols, do to political, religious, and cultural factors. Instead, political factors of the Ottoman imperial state and the economics and standards of production in the empire produced an art medium where Ottoman Sufi symbols ...