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2007

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Articles 1 - 30 of 85

Full-Text Articles in European History

Digital Germany: Virtual Archives, Powerful Portals, Wise Wikis, Richard Hacken Dec 2007

Digital Germany: Virtual Archives, Powerful Portals, Wise Wikis, Richard Hacken

Faculty Publications

Presented in the Winter 2006-2007 issue of the Global Resources Newsletter, the German-North American Resources Partnership issue. Online portals and digital gateways into focused subject and area studies are both boons and blessings. For German Studies but even more extensively, for all disciplines relevant to the German-North American Resources Partnership this past year has seen explosive growth in the preparation, expansion, proofing, and proclamation of virtual libraries, scholarly digital projects, and multidisciplinary portals. German digital scholarship has reached a maturity that calls for the types of systematic registry and centralized access that are vital to researchers from Aachen to Zzyzx.


The Long March Of The German 68ers: Their Protest, Their Exhibition, And Their Administration., Gracie M. Morton Dec 2007

The Long March Of The German 68ers: Their Protest, Their Exhibition, And Their Administration., Gracie M. Morton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The postwar children coming of age in the late 1960s in West Germany mounted a widesweeping socio-political protest against what they saw as the strangling silence of their parents, the Nazi generation. These protesters, referred to as the 68ers for their pivotal year, continued their struggle in following decades, incorporating an important and controversial exhibition, and finally culminating in their own administration thirty years from their defining moment. Using such diverse kinds of information as parliamentary debates, interviews, and contemporary criticism, this thesis explores the impact of the 68ers' initial protest and the influence they ultimately had on their nation ...


Review: Alix Cooper, Inventing The Indigenous: Local Knowledge And Natural History In Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, 2007), Andre Wakefield Dec 2007

Review: Alix Cooper, Inventing The Indigenous: Local Knowledge And Natural History In Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, 2007), Andre Wakefield

Pitzer Faculty Publications and Research

Reviewed work: Alix Cooper. Inventing the Indigenous: Local Knowledge and Natural History in Early Modern Europe. xi + 218 pp., illus., bibl., index. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. $75 (cloth).


From Pork To Kapores: Transformations In Religious Practice Among The Jews Of Late Imperial Kiev, Natan Meir Dec 2007

From Pork To Kapores: Transformations In Religious Practice Among The Jews Of Late Imperial Kiev, Natan Meir

Judaic Studies Faculty Publications and Presentations

Until recently, studies of Jewish religious practices in Imperial Russia have focused on major movements such as Hasidism and mitnagdism as well as the challenges that Haskalah presented to traditional Judaism. Few scholars have scrutinized transformations in everyday religious practices such as the observance of Sabbath and other holidays, synagogue attendance, and liturgical practices. However, new political, social, and economic realities had generated subtle changes in religious practices even in earlier periods and it comes as no surprise, therefore, that religious practices among Jews during the tsarist period, especially in Kiev, were neither monolithic nor static. This article provides a ...


The Wehrmarcht: Soldiers And Germans During The Second World War, Neil Varble Dec 2007

The Wehrmarcht: Soldiers And Germans During The Second World War, Neil Varble

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The German Army, also known as the Wehrmacht, fought a brutal war on the Eastern Front during the Second World War. These soldiers, under the command of military officials of the Nazi state, vowed to destroy Bolshevism and Jewish populations. By examining letters from soldiers to family members on the German home front as well as letters from families to the men on the front lines, a better understanding of the motivations of war is revealed. Letters of these men and family members present insight into a vast area of research in German twentieth century history. An estimated 20 to ...


Princípios-Tópicos De Hermenêutica Constitucional, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2007

Princípios-Tópicos De Hermenêutica Constitucional, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Houve tempo em que a Constituição servia para poisar ou charuto ou tirar um argumento político, como ironicamente afirmaria o grande escritor oitocentista Eça de Queiroz. Hoje a Constituição é a norma das normas. Daí há consequências hermenêuticas. Ao contrário das teorias que importam interpretação tradicional e, por vezes, em grande medida ultrapassada, para o Direito Constitucional, a tendência actual é a inversa: dada a supremacia da Constituição, deve ser a metodologia constitucional a exportar hermenêutica para o todo do Direito. Para isso, começamos neste artigo com grandes princípios de hermenêutica intra-constitucional. Depois se passará à exportação.


The Approach Of The Black Death In Switzerland And The Persecution Of Jews, 1348–1349, Albert Winkler Nov 2007

The Approach Of The Black Death In Switzerland And The Persecution Of Jews, 1348–1349, Albert Winkler

Faculty Publications

When the Black Death approached the Swiss states in 1348, the news of the approaching pestilence traveled faster than the Plague. This gave the Swiss time to react and try to prevent its arrival. The Swiss did not know what caused the Black Death, but they feared that the Jews were poisoning water wells in order to cause the plague. At Chillon and elsewhere, Jews were tortured for confessions, which were clearly worthless. In a climate of fear and severe prejudice, Jews were killed in numerous communities including Basel, Bern, Zurich, and Kyburg by being burned to death. Execution by ...


The 1916 Easter Rising: A History Of Commemoration, Emily Litwin Oct 2007

The 1916 Easter Rising: A History Of Commemoration, Emily Litwin

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Before traveling to Ireland, I watched the film Michael Collins; aside from the single paragraph of text allocated to the 1916 Easter Rising in The Course of Irish History, the film shaped my understanding of the Irish fight for independence. As the semester progressed, this basic understanding evolved into a solid grasp of Irish history and politics. As a student of history with a specific interest in historiography, I aimed to structure my Independent Research Project (ISP) around Irish history so that I could delve deeper into my preferred field. Throughout the semester my intrigue piqued as I noticed how ...


Elizabethanne Boran And Crowford Gribben, Eds., Enforcing Reformation In Ireland And Scotland, 1550-1700, Michael Graham Sep 2007

Elizabethanne Boran And Crowford Gribben, Eds., Enforcing Reformation In Ireland And Scotland, 1550-1700, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

No abstract provided.


Pandemic Bibliography, S. Ray Granade Sep 2007

Pandemic Bibliography, S. Ray Granade

Articles

A bibliography of pandemic disease compiled for a class.


Material Possessions And Religious Boundaries In Early Modern Poland, Magda Teter Aug 2007

Material Possessions And Religious Boundaries In Early Modern Poland, Magda Teter

Early Modern Workshop: Resources in Jewish History

The 1719 trial of two Jews from Brest (Brześć) accused of breaking into a Bernardine church and robbing a tomb of a prominent noble woman, raises questions of material possessions and religious boundaries. Among things stolen were clothes and textiles used in wrapping the coffin of the deceased woman. They were also one of the reasons that the robbery was discovered and the Jews were caught: some months following the robbery the daughters of the two Jewish robbers were spotted wearing dresses made of the stolen textiles. This case is certainly most notorious but it is not the only example ...


Symbolic Clothes Marginality And Otherness Of Jews And New Christians As Reflected By Their Dress In Two Christian Texts, Nadia Zeldes Aug 2007

Symbolic Clothes Marginality And Otherness Of Jews And New Christians As Reflected By Their Dress In Two Christian Texts, Nadia Zeldes

Early Modern Workshop: Resources in Jewish History

Clothes in the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period denoted legal status and social standing. Jews (and other minority and marginal groups) were distinguished by clothing regulations, sometimes supplemented by the wearing of a special badge. However, beyond custom and law, there were subtle cues that signaled marginality such as the wearing of certain fabrics and colours etc. In Mediterranean Europe, that is in Italy, Sicily and the Iberian kingdoms, Jews wore more or less the same fashions as the surrounding society though there were restrictions and distinguishing marks imposed by either the ruler and the Church or the ...


The Estates Of A Jewish Merchant And Of A Rabbi In Seventeenth Century Venice, Bernard D. Cooperman, Benjamin Ravid Aug 2007

The Estates Of A Jewish Merchant And Of A Rabbi In Seventeenth Century Venice, Bernard D. Cooperman, Benjamin Ravid

Early Modern Workshop: Resources in Jewish History

As is well known, the Archivio di Stato di Venezia (ASV; Venetian State Archives) is among the largest in Europe, and contains much material dealing with the Jews of Venice. This includes inventories of the estates of Jews compiled for the purposes of implementing the will of the deceased, and very fortunately two inventories of the estates of arguably the two most prominent Jews of the first half of the sixteenth century, representing two completely different types of Jews, both of whom have been the subject of considerable scholarly attention, have been located and published in the original Italian. One ...


An Inventory Of An Inquisitorial Prisoner's Possessions, Miriam Bodian Aug 2007

An Inventory Of An Inquisitorial Prisoner's Possessions, Miriam Bodian

Early Modern Workshop: Resources in Jewish History

The presentation will describe how an inventory of an inquisitorial prisoner's possessions, routinely drawn up at the time of a prisoner's arrest, throws light on the material circumstances and consumption patterns of the prisoner and his/her family, as well as on the material milieu he/she inhabited. The inventory is that of Francisco Maldonado de Silva, a physician in the Viceroyalty of Peru, drawn up at the time of his arrest for judaizing in 1627.

This presentation is for the following text(s):

  • Inventory of the possessions of the licentiate Francisco Maldonado de Silva (1627)

Click here ...


The Possessions Of Two Italian Jews At The End Of The 16th Century, Flora Cassen Aug 2007

The Possessions Of Two Italian Jews At The End Of The 16th Century, Flora Cassen

Early Modern Workshop: Resources in Jewish History

The brothers Lazaro and Angelo Nantua were moneylenders in Gavi, a town under Genoese dominion, during the second half of the sixteenth century. In 1592, Angelo got into a violent argument with the chancellor of the town. This incident started a series of legal proceedings against the brothers that went on for years. The two documents I choose are (1) an inventory of all their posessions made in 1592 by order of the doge in Genoa (2)a letter written by the local podesta in which he complaints that they do not wear the yellow hat and gives a detailed ...


The Zaks Parokhet From Prague (1602): Sacred Object, Local Liturgy, And Familial Memory, Rachel Greenblatt Aug 2007

The Zaks Parokhet From Prague (1602): Sacred Object, Local Liturgy, And Familial Memory, Rachel Greenblatt

Early Modern Workshop: Resources in Jewish History

The Zaks parokhet, donated to Prague’s Altneuschul by Nathan, known as Karpel Zaks and his wife Hadasi in 1602, provides a framework through which to view the intersection of liturgy, memory and material culture in one early modern Jewish community. The parokhet’s role as a memorial to its donor is not apparent, however, by examining the object in isolation. In seeking to understand this Torah curtain’s meaning for its donor and the worshippers who used it, I consider its graphic and material design, contemporaneous texts and additional ceremonial objects from Prague and its environs, with particular concern ...


Jewish Display Silver After The Age Of Exploration, Vivian Mann Aug 2007

Jewish Display Silver After The Age Of Exploration, Vivian Mann

Early Modern Workshop: Resources in Jewish History

Although there is literature on the impact of the discovery of the Americas on the European silver supply and the production works in silver, no one has examined its impact on the commissioning of silver by hevrot, particularly the Hevrah Kaddisha, both for their own use and as donations to the synagogue. This paper will examine in what ways Jewish patronage was similar to those of guilds and Christian confraternities and it what ways they differed.

This presentation is for the following object(s):

  • Beaker of the Burial Society of Worms. Johann Conrad Weiss (active 1699-1751), Jewish Museum in New ...


The Phoenix, The Exodus And The Temple, Limor Mintz-Manor Aug 2007

The Phoenix, The Exodus And The Temple, Limor Mintz-Manor

Early Modern Workshop: Resources in Jewish History

This presentation investigates the symbols of the Sephardic congregation in Amsterdam, mainly the Phoenix and the Pelican that symbolize the resurrection of Jesus in catholic Christianity, alongside the unique exegesis by several congregants of the Exodus narrative. The analysis of the symbols, images and the architecture of the congregation's synagogue, shows that they had played a major role in the construction of the "new" identity of the congregation. By utilizing them the congregation established the "resurrection" narrative of the Sephardic Jewry and its new beginning in Amsterdam. The rich cultural background of these symbols and images, both in the ...


The Image Of The Jewish Wedding In The Works Of Eighteenth Century German Hebraists, Shalom Sabar Aug 2007

The Image Of The Jewish Wedding In The Works Of Eighteenth Century German Hebraists, Shalom Sabar

Early Modern Workshop: Resources in Jewish History

A relatively considerable number of images pertaining to the Jewish wedding survived from medieval to early modern Germany. These are to be found in Hebrew illuminated manuscripts, illustrated books of customs (Minhagim-Bücher), decorated Torah binders (Wimpeln), and selected wedding artifacts. However, the most captivating and curious visual evidence on the various stages and customs of the Jewish wedding in Germany is not found in Jewish sources but in the work of eighteenth century Christian Hebraists. Despite the clear anti-Semitic overtones in their work, the images inserted in their books provide rare and significant insights into Jewish practices, folk beliefs and ...


Jewish Consumption And Material Culture In The Early Modern Period, Emw 2007 Aug 2007

Jewish Consumption And Material Culture In The Early Modern Period, Emw 2007

Early Modern Workshop: Resources in Jewish History

At the 2007 Early Modern Workshop, speakers discussed the representation of Jews and their way of life in art and the use of various types of images and objects by scholars trying to learn about Jewish rituals, customs, and culture: images from Christian sources (Shalom Sabar), beakers (Vivian Mann), cloth and textiles used to make parokhet (Rachel Greenblatt). Can symbols used in synagogues and books tell us much about the values of the Jewish community? What role did ideology play in public representations of the Jewish community (Limor Mintz-Manor)? Scholars discussed the usefulness and pitfalls of using inventory records, focusing ...


"To Strengthen The Colonies": French Labor Policy, Indentured Servants, And African Slaves In The Seventeenth Century Caribbean, Robert Taber Aug 2007

"To Strengthen The Colonies": French Labor Policy, Indentured Servants, And African Slaves In The Seventeenth Century Caribbean, Robert Taber

Library Research Grants

No abstract provided.


Charms And Charming In Europe (Review), Michael D. Bailey Jul 2007

Charms And Charming In Europe (Review), Michael D. Bailey

History Publications

In his introduction to this volume, Jonathan Roper defines charms as “the verbal element of vernacular magic practice” (p. 1). This is a concise and workable definition, and it establishes charms and charming as encompassing, almost inarguably, the most broadly diffused and commonly practiced kinds of magic in European history (only the equally enormous category of divination might give charming a run for its money). Yet as Roper and several of the authors of the articles collected here note, charms and charming have not received anywhere near the scholarly attention that have been lavished on narrower categories, such as maleficent ...


The Witch-Hunt In Early Modern Europe (Review), Michael D. Bailey Jul 2007

The Witch-Hunt In Early Modern Europe (Review), Michael D. Bailey

History Publications

For nearly twenty years, this book as been the standard English-language introduction and survey text for the period of the major European witch hunts. With an excellent third edition, it is set to continue its dominance for years to come. In the preface to the new edition, Levack tells his readers that his purpose in updating the book was to take into account the flood of scholarly publications in the decade since the second edition. What is remarkable, given how much work has been done on witchcraft in that period, is how little Levack has needed to alter his book ...


Rome's Bloody Nose. The Pannonian Revolt, Teutoburg Forest And The Formation Of Roman Frontiers, Nolan Doyle Jun 2007

Rome's Bloody Nose. The Pannonian Revolt, Teutoburg Forest And The Formation Of Roman Frontiers, Nolan Doyle

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

No abstract provided.


The Controversy Of Constantine's Conversion To Christianity, Tyler Yung Laughlin Jun 2007

The Controversy Of Constantine's Conversion To Christianity, Tyler Yung Laughlin

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

No abstract provided.


The Lost Legions Of Augustus, Craig Lockhart Jun 2007

The Lost Legions Of Augustus, Craig Lockhart

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

No abstract provided.


Paramilitaries, Propaganda, And Pipelines The Nato Attack On Kosovo And Serbia, 1999, Francesca E. Morrison Jun 2007

Paramilitaries, Propaganda, And Pipelines The Nato Attack On Kosovo And Serbia, 1999, Francesca E. Morrison

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

No abstract provided.


Peter The Great As A Constructive Revolutionary, Erin M. Fleener Jun 2007

Peter The Great As A Constructive Revolutionary, Erin M. Fleener

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

No abstract provided.


Broadcasting A Revolution: Radio Free Europe And The Hungarian Revolution, Derrick Handley Jun 2007

Broadcasting A Revolution: Radio Free Europe And The Hungarian Revolution, Derrick Handley

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

No abstract provided.


Review Of Cambridge Companion To The Age Of Pericles, Kelly L. Wrenhaven Jun 2007

Review Of Cambridge Companion To The Age Of Pericles, Kelly L. Wrenhaven

World Languages, Literatures, and Cultures Faculty Publications

Review of Cambridge Companion to the Age of Pericles