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2004

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Articles 1 - 30 of 45

Full-Text Articles in European History

Images Of Migration And Change In The German-Language Poetry Of Galsan Tschinag, Richard Hacken Dec 2004

Images Of Migration And Change In The German-Language Poetry Of Galsan Tschinag, Richard Hacken

Faculty Publications

Presented March 25, 2004, at the European presentation for Migrations in Society, Culture, and the Library held in Paris. Migration in the works of Galsan Tschinag could be discussed on a number of levels. The first is an actual geographic migration documented in the published diaries of Tschinag. The next level of migration could be a linguistic migration of ideas and words from Tschinag's native Tuvan language which has no written script sometimes to Mongolian, but most often to German. The main focus is on the diverse images of migration in his German-language poetry, often illustrating transmigration of spirits ...


Castles In The Crusader Kingdom Of Valencia, 1257-1276, Marius Nielsen Dec 2004

Castles In The Crusader Kingdom Of Valencia, 1257-1276, Marius Nielsen

Master's Theses

For my thesis I proposed to study the registered charters of James I (1208-1276), King of Aragon, to examine how castles were distributed and utilized in the Crusader Kingdom of Valencia for the period 1257-1276. A little over two thousand register charters were issued for Valencia during this period. Around 250 of the two thousand charters mention castles indicating the importance of castles in the administration of the Crusader Kingdom of Valencia. Although there are many works on Western European castles the majority focus on castles in France, Britain and the Crusader States in the Middle East and rely on ...


The Bayeux Tapestry: Norman And English Perspectives Intertwined, Maria Dajcar Dec 2004

The Bayeux Tapestry: Norman And English Perspectives Intertwined, Maria Dajcar

Masters Theses

The purpose of this thesis was to examine the Bayeux Tapestry, commissioned by the victorious Normans after the Norman Conquest of 1066, in order to determine which, if any, of its scenes bore English influence. The primary sources analyzed were, among others, Ordericus Vitalis, William of Poitiers, William of Jumieges, the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, and the Bayeux Tapestry itself. The secondary sources included monographs by David J. Bernstein, Wolfgang Grape, Frank Stenton, and Ian Walker.

While the majority of the Tapestry scenes adhere to the interpretation of the Conquest that was popularized by Norman chroniclers, several elements, such as the Aelfgyva ...


Leder's "My Life In Stalinist Russia: An American Woman Looks Back" - Book Review, Robin Bisha Oct 2004

Leder's "My Life In Stalinist Russia: An American Woman Looks Back" - Book Review, Robin Bisha

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


The Art Of American Hospitality: What Every Businessperson Should Know, Stephani Richards-Wilson Sep 2004

The Art Of American Hospitality: What Every Businessperson Should Know, Stephani Richards-Wilson

Stephani Richards-Wilson

No abstract provided.


The Scottish Reformation, Michael Graham Sep 2004

The Scottish Reformation, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

A Companion to Tudor Britain provides an authoritative overview of historical debates about this period, focusing on the whole British Isles. --An authoritative overview of scholarly debates about Tudor Britain --Focuses on the whole British Isles, exploring what was common and what was distinct to its four constituent elements --Emphasises big cultural, social, intellectual, religious and economic themes --Describes differing political and personal experiences of the time --Discusses unusual subjects, such as the sense of the past amongst British constituent identities, the relationship of cultural forms to social and political issues, and the role of scientific inquiry --Bibliographies point readers ...


Early Modern Jewries, Emw 2004 Aug 2004

Early Modern Jewries, Emw 2004

Early Modern Workshop: Resources in Jewish History

The 2004 workshop’s goal was to look broadly at the early modern period, and develop a number of themes that might be pursued at subsequent workshops. At the workshop, a number of scholars worked together for three days trying to define the parameters of this chronological period in Jewish history. Participants have covered a broad, if still necessarily limited, range of geographic, thematic, and disciplinary topics, resulting in the first collection of impressive texts on early modern Jewish history. They include privileges granted by monarchs and lords to Jews (privileges granted to Jews of Great Poland in 1453, to ...


Patriarch Nikon's Image In Russian History And Culture, Kevin Kain Aug 2004

Patriarch Nikon's Image In Russian History And Culture, Kevin Kain

Dissertations

This dissertation investigates representations of Nikon, Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia (1652-1666). I contend that Nikon's resonance in Russian national life remains largely unrecognized because traditional histories--based entirely on written sources and limited to Nikon's tenure as Patriarch--fail to reveal his broader significance in Russian artistic, political and religious culture by omitting analysis of art and material culture. This dissertation advances the study of Patriarch Nikon by assessing his image in Russian history and culture from the mid-seventeenth century forward. I demonstrate that contrary to his overwhelmingly negative image in standard histories, the Patriarch held a central ...


America The Virtuous: The Crisis Of Democracy And The Quest For Empire (2003), Christopher H. Hoebeke Jul 2004

America The Virtuous: The Crisis Of Democracy And The Quest For Empire (2003), Christopher H. Hoebeke

Christopher H Hoebeke

No abstract provided.


Jews In The Former Habsburg Empire: Josph Roth, Franz Werfel, And The Concept Of Nationalism In Interwar Europe (1918-1938), Jennifer A. Cournoyer Jun 2004

Jews In The Former Habsburg Empire: Josph Roth, Franz Werfel, And The Concept Of Nationalism In Interwar Europe (1918-1938), Jennifer A. Cournoyer

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

No abstract provided.


Sean Shesgreen, Images Of The Outcast: The Urban Poor In The Cries Of London, John D. Ramsbottom Apr 2004

Sean Shesgreen, Images Of The Outcast: The Urban Poor In The Cries Of London, John D. Ramsbottom

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Dr. Ramsbottom's review of "Images of the Outcast: The Urban Poor in the Cries of London"


Ms-053: Charles D. Ryan, 66th Engineers, Meggan D. Smith Apr 2004

Ms-053: Charles D. Ryan, 66th Engineers, Meggan D. Smith

All Finding Aids

The collection consists primarily of letters from Charles Ryan to Elizabeth Dooling, his wife-to-be. The letters to Elizabeth begin on March 29, 1918 and the final one in the collection is dated June 3, 1919. The only other items in the collection is an envelope addressed to Elizabeth Dooling from Charles Ryan, a newspaper clipping of Ryan’s marriage to Elizabeth, a blank postcard with two soldiers on the front, and a letter to Ryan from the Treasury Department.

Although Ryan briefly mentions significant events, such as Germany being defeated and Italy leaving the Peace Conference, his letters focus largely ...


Ms-056: World War Ii German Prisoners Of War Collection, Keith R. Swaney Mar 2004

Ms-056: World War Ii German Prisoners Of War Collection, Keith R. Swaney

All Finding Aids

Major Laurence C. Thomas directed the German POW camp on the Emmitsburg Road in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and a camp in Pine Grove Furnace, about fifteen miles north. Members of the intelligence corps apparently confiscated the items written in German from the prisoners of war.

The World War II German POW Collection consists of those confiscated materials from the prisoners. It is composed of two series: I. Materials likely confiscated by the intelligence corps and II. Miscellaneous newspaper clippings.

Special Collections and College Archives Finding Aids are discovery tools used to describe and provide access to our holdings. Finding aids include ...


Review Of The Book Historical Dictionary Of Poland, 2nd Ed., John A. Drobnicki Feb 2004

Review Of The Book Historical Dictionary Of Poland, 2nd Ed., John A. Drobnicki

Publications and Research

Review of the book Historical dictionary of Poland, 2nd ed.


The Column And Coinage Of C. Duilius: Innovations In Iconography In Large And Small Media In The Middle Republic, Eric Kondratieff Jan 2004

The Column And Coinage Of C. Duilius: Innovations In Iconography In Large And Small Media In The Middle Republic, Eric Kondratieff

History Faculty Publications

"[From the conclusion]: This discussion presents a linked series of hypotheses, each one suggested in its turn by evidence relating directly to C. Duilius (cos. 260), and contextualized by near-contemporary precedents wherever possible, or relevant-seeming analogues from slightly later periods. Taken together, these hypotheses support a plausible scenario in which the elogium on Duilius’ rostral column may be read not only as an account of a cunning and audacious commander whose pioneering efforts in naval warfare destroyed the myth of Carthaginian supremacy at sea, but also as an encomium on a generous benefactor to Rome’s citizenry. The inscription’s ...


Latvia: History, Steven R. Morrison, J. Michael Lyons Jan 2004

Latvia: History, Steven R. Morrison, J. Michael Lyons

Steven R Morrison

No abstract provided.


Latvia: The Economy, Steven R. Morrison Jan 2004

Latvia: The Economy, Steven R. Morrison

Steven R Morrison

No abstract provided.


The Duke’S Devil And Doctor Lambe’S Darling: A Case Study Of The Male Witch In Early Modern England, Karin Amundsen Jan 2004

The Duke’S Devil And Doctor Lambe’S Darling: A Case Study Of The Male Witch In Early Modern England, Karin Amundsen

Psi Sigma Siren

The witch-hunt in early modern England has been the subject of much scholarly research in the last several decades. While much of this research focuses on the political, religious, economic, and social aspects of the witch-hunts, the role of gender in the trials has recently come under more scrutiny, though much of it focuses on women. Although the role of women in the witch-hunts is unquestionably important given that accusations primarily targeted them, historians should not ignore male witches or simply dismiss them as spouses or relatives of female witches. Compounding the exclusion of male witches from historical consideration is ...


Sling: “Richter Der Letzten Instanz”, Sace Elder Jan 2004

Sling: “Richter Der Letzten Instanz”, Sace Elder

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

In the 1920s courtroom reportage became an important journalistic genre in the 1920s as leftist and liberal reporters filed into the halls of justice and analyzed what they saw and heard there in order to expose the injustices of a judicial system that had not embraced the liberal republic. Paul Schlesinger, who wrote under the pseudonym Sling, along with his colleagues Carl von Ossietzky, Kurt Tucholsky, Gabrielle Tiergit wrote of the sensational and the mundane, the political and the everyday cases, all of which provided the basis for social commentary and political criticism. Some have argued that the eagerness of ...


Stalin's Secret Pogrom:The Postwar Inquisition Of The Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee (Book Review), David Brandenberger Jan 2004

Stalin's Secret Pogrom:The Postwar Inquisition Of The Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee (Book Review), David Brandenberger

History Faculty Publications

Stalin’s Secret Pogrom is a fascinating volume that presents many challenges as a historical source. Much of the information about the JAC and its associates contained in the transcript ought to be treated with great caution. Not only were the charges trumped-up, but the defendants were tortured, and their testimony was coerced. Nor should the transcript itself be studied as an orchestrated spectacle of Stalinist propaganda, inasmuch as the trial was held in secret and lacked much of the hyperbole characteristic of the show trials of the 1930s. Instead, the transcript testiªes to the bravery of many of the ...


Boucherie Et Hygiène À Paris Au Xviiie Siècle, Sydney Watts Jan 2004

Boucherie Et Hygiène À Paris Au Xviiie Siècle, Sydney Watts

History Faculty Publications

Au XVIIIe siècle, l'essor de la consommation de viande de boucherie rend problématique la présence des bouchers et de leur commerce au centre de Paris. Grâce à ses réseaux d'approvisionnement, la capitale est relativement riche en bœuf, veau et mouton frais (les produits premiers du commerce de boucherie), mais la préparation de la viande à l'intérieur de la ville pollue l'air et l'eau1. Des chroniqueurs tels que Louis-Sébastien Mercier évoquent la pol lution provoquée par la présence des tueries qui génèrent des rivières de sang, des odeurs putrides, bref un spectacle et des ...


Holocaust Avengers: From "The Master Race" To Magneto, Kathrin M. Bower Jan 2004

Holocaust Avengers: From "The Master Race" To Magneto, Kathrin M. Bower

Languages, Literatures, and Cultures Faculty Publications

In the classic genealogy of the superhero, trauma is often the explanation or motivation for the hero 's pursuit of justice or revenge. Origin stories for superheroes and supervillains frequently appear in the plots of comic books long after the characters were created and with the shift in the stable of artists involved, different and sometimes competing events in the characters' biographies are revealed. This is particularly true of series that have enjoyed long periods of popularity or those that were phased out and then later revived. The stimulus for this m1icle was the origin story conceived for the X-Men ...


Sling: “Richter Der Letzten Instanz”, Sace E. Elder Jan 2004

Sling: “Richter Der Letzten Instanz”, Sace E. Elder

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

In the 1920s courtroom reportage became an important journalistic genre in the 1920s as leftist and liberal reporters filed into the halls of justice and analyzed what they saw and heard there in order to expose the injustices of a judicial system that had not embraced the liberal republic. Paul Schlesinger, who wrote under the pseudonym Sling, along with his colleagues Carl von Ossietzky, Kurt Tucholsky, Gabrielle Tiergit wrote of the sensational and the mundane, the political and the everyday cases, all of which provided the basis for social commentary and political criticism. Some have argued that the eagerness of ...


A Portrait Of Power: The Importance Of Marguerite De Valois In Sixteenth Century French Royal Politics, Karin M. Armour Jan 2004

A Portrait Of Power: The Importance Of Marguerite De Valois In Sixteenth Century French Royal Politics, Karin M. Armour

Senior Honors Theses & Projects

No abstract provided.


Hall, George (Bap. 1613, D. 1668), John D. Ramsbottom Jan 2004

Hall, George (Bap. 1613, D. 1668), John D. Ramsbottom

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Dr. Rambottom's contribution to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press 2004.


Marketing America: Public Culture And Public Diplomacy In The Marshall Plan Era, 1947–1954, Amy C Garrett Jan 2004

Marketing America: Public Culture And Public Diplomacy In The Marshall Plan Era, 1947–1954, Amy C Garrett

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Between 1947 and into the mid 1950s, the foreign assistance agencies of the United States developed an ambitious information program intended to support its foreign policy mission by shaping the every day behavior of average European citizens. This dissertation argues that the rationale behind this program was based on a corporatist vision of a productive political economy driven by consumption that became popular in American leadership circles as the means to combat global communism and support US foreign policy goals in Western Europe. Behind this world view lay a rhetoric of economic abundance its proponents advanced as a non-divisive, universally ...


The Conceptual Jurisprudence Of The German Constitution, William Ewald Jan 2004

The Conceptual Jurisprudence Of The German Constitution, William Ewald

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The "Powerful", Molly Kay Gale Jan 2004

The "Powerful", Molly Kay Gale

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

History is written by the powerful. It is true that since the 1960s and the beginnings of the democratization of history, less powerful minorities have taken up the pen and more profusely expressed their views of history, but to a great extent, white males have engrained their view of history into people’s minds. Perhaps for this reason, perhaps because of its appealing nature, or perhaps for both reasons, the Renaissance stands out in people’s minds as a definitive period in history—a period during which, arguably, intellectual and cultural progress swept across Europe.

The driving force behind much ...


An Ideological War Of 'Blood And Soil' And Its Effect On The Agricultural Propaganda And Policy Of The Nazi Party, 1929-1939, Keith R. Swaney Jan 2004

An Ideological War Of 'Blood And Soil' And Its Effect On The Agricultural Propaganda And Policy Of The Nazi Party, 1929-1939, Keith R. Swaney

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

“One then builds a whole system of thought on such a brief, crisply formulated idea. The idea does not remain limited to this single statement; rather it is applied to every aspect of daily life and becomes the guide for all human activity. It becomes a worldview.” Dr. Joseph Goebbels spoke those words on January 9, 1928 to an audience of party members at the “Hochschule fuer Politik,” a series of talks that investigated the role of propaganda in the National Socialist movement. A few months prior to this event, voters had elected a farmer, Werner Willikens, in the South ...


Fogg, Laurence (C.1630–1718), John D. Ramsbottom Jan 2004

Fogg, Laurence (C.1630–1718), John D. Ramsbottom

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Dr. Ramsbottom's contribution to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press 2004.