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2003

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Articles 1 - 30 of 48

Full-Text Articles in European History

Bridgewater-In-Lucca: A Summer Tour-Of-Study In Italy, Luci Fortunato Delisle Dec 2003

Bridgewater-In-Lucca: A Summer Tour-Of-Study In Italy, Luci Fortunato Delisle

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


Communism And Religion - Telling The Story For The 21st Century, Mark Pargeter Dec 2003

Communism And Religion - Telling The Story For The 21st Century, Mark Pargeter

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


Twin Souls: Monarchs And Favourites In Early Seventeenth-Century Spain, Antonio Feros Nov 2003

Twin Souls: Monarchs And Favourites In Early Seventeenth-Century Spain, Antonio Feros

Departmental Papers (History)

No abstract provided.


Review Of Brink's "Invading Paradise: Esopus Settlers At War With Natives", Paul Otto Oct 2003

Review Of Brink's "Invading Paradise: Esopus Settlers At War With Natives", Paul Otto

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Agrarian Change In Late Antiquity: Gold, Labour, And Aristocratic Dominance. By Jairus Banaji., David B. Hollander Oct 2003

Book Review: Agrarian Change In Late Antiquity: Gold, Labour, And Aristocratic Dominance. By Jairus Banaji., David B. Hollander

History Publications

Jairus Banaji's monograph, a revised version of his 1992 Oxford D. Phil. the? sis, examines the changing social and economic makeup of the eastern Medi- terranean countryside from the third to the seventh century a.d. Combining numismatic, papyrological, literary, and archaeological material with an im? pressive command of comparative evidence, the author presents a compelling vision of late antique agriculture that differs dramatically from conventional treatments. Scholars typically describe the late-Roman economy as in decline, afflicted by excessive taxation, debased coinage, rampant inflation, and a shortage of labor. Faced with these difficulties, they argue, Roman landowners reverted to ...


(Review) Monastische Reform Zwischen Person Und Institution: Zum Wirken Des Abtes Adm Meyer Von Gross St. Martin In Kön (1454-1499), Marc R. Forster Sep 2003

(Review) Monastische Reform Zwischen Person Und Institution: Zum Wirken Des Abtes Adm Meyer Von Gross St. Martin In Kön (1454-1499), Marc R. Forster

History Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Ms-048: World War I Service Questionnaires, Keith R. Swaney Sep 2003

Ms-048: World War I Service Questionnaires, Keith R. Swaney

All Finding Aids

After the conclusion of the First World War, two distinct entities at Pennsylvania (Gettysburg) College—Professor S. N. Hagen and the Phi Delta Theta fraternity— endeavored to document and commemorate the experiences of the college’s graduates in the First World War.

The first section contains the Phi Delta Theta questionnaires, which the fraternity sent to its alumni to record their participation in the field or on the home front. As the questionnaires note, the historian of the Pennsylvania College chapter wished to use this information in a publication to be entitled the “Karux.”

The second section contains questionnaires that ...


The Latin-Texted Motets Of Guillaume De Machaut, Jennette Lauren Montefu Jul 2003

The Latin-Texted Motets Of Guillaume De Machaut, Jennette Lauren Montefu

Theses

Guillaume de Machaut's motets constitute a cycle. This study focuses upon Machaut's six Latin texted motets and their influence upon these cyclical contexts. Former research into these motets has uncovered references to contemporary poetry, liturgical texts, literary sources, particular persons, and historical events. Through an examination of recent research into the cyclical nature of the motets it is possible to critically evaluate these hypotheses in the light of the past historical, codicological, liturgical, musical and poetic analysis of these works to create a rounded picture of each motet. In this way it was found that many of the ...


Review: Philip G. Dwyer, Ed. The Rise Of Prussia, 1700-1830 (London And New York, 2000), Andre Wakefield Jul 2003

Review: Philip G. Dwyer, Ed. The Rise Of Prussia, 1700-1830 (London And New York, 2000), Andre Wakefield

Pitzer Faculty Publications and Research

Reviewed work: Philip G. Dwyer, ed. The Rise of Prussia, 1700-1830. London and New York: Longman, 2000. xiv + 321 pp. $67.00 (cloth), ISBN 978-0-582-29268-0.


Steamboat Passenger Ferries In Nineteenth Century London: A Cultural Survey, Jennifer Wohlberg Jun 2003

Steamboat Passenger Ferries In Nineteenth Century London: A Cultural Survey, Jennifer Wohlberg

Master's Theses

Traditionally, steamboats and their history have belonged to the area of antiquarians. Many sources in my bibliography focus on the design and use of the boats and neglect the social and cultural impact the boats had on mid-Victorian London life. Steamboats, however, were an important transportation system in mid-Victorian London, so that a study of steamboats can provide an insight into mid-Victorian times. In this thesis, I will place steamboat design construction and use in the context of the social and cultural worlds of mid-Victorian London and the River Thames.

The results of my research yielded a thesis describing the ...


Review Of Jorge Cañizares-Esguerra, How To Write The History Of The New World, Antonio Feros May 2003

Review Of Jorge Cañizares-Esguerra, How To Write The History Of The New World, Antonio Feros

Departmental Papers (History)

In a plenary session of the Spanish Royal Academy of History (April 1776), Francisco Jose Viana y Teran lectured his colleagues about the type of history that the Academy should promote and the role history should play in vindicating the Spanish nation’s past, especially at a time when many European scholars and philosophers were claiming that the Iberian peninsula had isolated itself to prevent the penetration of Enlightened ideas. For Viana, and undoubtedly for many of his colleagues, the vindication of their nation, “unfairly calumniated by foreigners,” required something other than propaganda and apologies. It called for a comprehensive ...


The Tragedy Of The Rivers: Building Authority Over The British Water Environment, Kevin B. Vichcales Apr 2003

The Tragedy Of The Rivers: Building Authority Over The British Water Environment, Kevin B. Vichcales

Dissertations

"The Tragedy of the Rivers: Building Authority over the British Water Environment" examines the problem of rivers as common public resources in modern Britain. Viewed historically, the enduring problem of environmental pollution control in Britain has been the establishment of regulating authority over aspects of nature that are regarded simultaneously as economic resources, public utilities, and public amenities. Legislators, subject to pressure from industrial polluters, political parties, and advocates for environmental quality, sought at different times to locate authority at local, regional, national and extra-national levels. Each effort failed to resolve the issue of authority over the environment, because administrative ...


Fighting Fascism In Europe: The World War Ii Letters Of An American Veteran Of The Spanish Civil War, Cane Lawrence Mar 2003

Fighting Fascism In Europe: The World War Ii Letters Of An American Veteran Of The Spanish Civil War, Cane Lawrence

History

On his first day in basic training in 1942, Lawrence Cane wrote his wife Grace from Fort Dix, New Jersey. "I'm in the army now? Really!" he wrote, complaining, "I don't have enough time to write a decent letter."

Three years later, Capt. Lawrence Cane went home from World War II. He'd landed at Utah Beach on D-Day, helped liberate France and Belgium, and survived the Battle of the Bulge. He won a Silver Star for bravery. And he still managed to write 300 letters home to Grace. This book is a different kind of war story--both ...


De Culturele Betekenis Van Het Getto In De Joodse Geschiedenis, David B. Ruderman Jan 2003

De Culturele Betekenis Van Het Getto In De Joodse Geschiedenis, David B. Ruderman

Departmental Papers (History)

Bezien vanuit het perspectief van het joodse culturele geheugen wordt de term 'getto' vaak beschouwd als een vies woord.* De joden, die naar verondersteld wordt voor een groot deel van de joodse geschiendenis een gettobestaan leden, raakten pas 'geëmancipeerd' in de moderne tijd en ondanks de vaak negatieve consequenties van hun bevrijding en hun integratie in de westerse seculiere culturen — het virulente antisemitisme en de genocide die volgden — wordt hun geëmancipeerde staat meestal gezien als een zegen vergeleken met het hermetisch afgesloten en vervreemde bestaan van voor hun bevrijding. In het bijzonder voor hedendaagse joden heeft de term 'getto' allerlei ...


Expanding Antiquity: Andrea Navagero And Villa Culture In The Cinquecento Veneto, Christopher James Pastore Jan 2003

Expanding Antiquity: Andrea Navagero And Villa Culture In The Cinquecento Veneto, Christopher James Pastore

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation examines a number of aspects of the history of the Venetian villa. In particular, it documents Andrea Navagero's influence on the nature of villeggiatura in the sixteenth-century Veneto. Although the initial impetus for this study was the evaluation of Navagero's descriptions of Islamic Spanish gardens and their influence on the Renaissance garden, aspects of his work, letters, and villas have forced a further reevaluation of Venetian villa life and its sources. Among the more significant results of my research on their impact are: a recasting of the early modern Venetian approach to the past, a recognition ...


The Architecture Of Joseph Michael Gandy (1771-1843) And Sir John Soane (1753-1837): An Exploration Into The Masonic And Occult Imagination Of The Late Enlightenment, Terrance Gerard Galvin Jan 2003

The Architecture Of Joseph Michael Gandy (1771-1843) And Sir John Soane (1753-1837): An Exploration Into The Masonic And Occult Imagination Of The Late Enlightenment, Terrance Gerard Galvin

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

In examining select works of English architects Joseph Michael Gandy and Sir John Soane, this dissertation is intended to bring to light several important parallels between architectural theory and freemasonry during the late Enlightenment. Both architects developed architectural theories regarding the universal origins of architecture in an attempt to establish order as well as transcend the emerging historicism of the early nineteenth century. There are strong parallels between Soane's use of architectural narrative and his discussion of architectural 'model' in relation to Gandy's understanding of 'trans-historical' architecture. The primary textual sources discussed in this thesis include Soane's ...


Latvia: History, J. Michael Lyons, Steven R. Morrison Jan 2003

Latvia: History, J. Michael Lyons, Steven R. Morrison

Steven R Morrison

No abstract provided.


Latvia: The Economy, Steven R. Morrison Jan 2003

Latvia: The Economy, Steven R. Morrison

Steven R Morrison

No abstract provided.


El Cerro De Las Balsas Y El Chinchorro: Una Aproximación A La Arqueología Del Poblamiento Prehistórico E Ibérico En La Albufereta De Alicante., Pablo Rosser Jan 2003

El Cerro De Las Balsas Y El Chinchorro: Una Aproximación A La Arqueología Del Poblamiento Prehistórico E Ibérico En La Albufereta De Alicante., Pablo Rosser

pablo rosser

PABLO ROSSER, J. ELAYI, J.M. PÉREZ BURGOS. Estudio amplio de las intervenciones arqueológicas realizadas en el Cerro de las Balsas / Tossal de les Basses, Albufereta, Alicante. Monográfico nº 2, de la Revista LQNT.


To Be A Woman: Shakespeare's Patriarchal Viewpoint, Conley Greer Jan 2003

To Be A Woman: Shakespeare's Patriarchal Viewpoint, Conley Greer

The Corinthian

Shakespeare's characterization of women necessitates further study and discussion to fully appreciate his genius for interpreting human nature. Two plays in particular, Othello, The Moor of Venice and Measure for Measure, provide excellent female characters for scholarly analysis.


Review Of "A Fraternity Of Arms: America & France In The Great War" By Robert B. Bruce., Jennifer D. Keene Jan 2003

Review Of "A Fraternity Of Arms: America & France In The Great War" By Robert B. Bruce., Jennifer D. Keene

History Faculty Articles and Research

This is a review of Robert B. Bruce's "A Fraternity of Arms: American & France in the Great War."


Radio Regulation Revisited: Coase, The Fcc, And The Public Interest, David A. Moss, Michael R. Fein Ph.D. Jan 2003

Radio Regulation Revisited: Coase, The Fcc, And The Public Interest, David A. Moss, Michael R. Fein Ph.D.

Humanities Department Faculty Publications & Research

It is now more than forty years since Ronald Coase’s seminal article on the Federal Communications Commission first appeared in the pages of the Journal of Law and Economics.1 The article remains important for a number of reasons, not least of which is that it offered his first articulation of the Coase Theorem.2 Of even greater importance for our purposes, the article literally redefined the terms of debate over American broadcast regulation, in both historical and contemporary treatments of the subject. Focusing particularly on the development of radio regulation, Coase rejected the prevailing notion that the establishment ...


Children Of The Spanish Civil War, Claire J. Paolini Jan 2003

Children Of The Spanish Civil War, Claire J. Paolini

SHU Faculty Publications

In the prolific literature about the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), the voices of children have remained largely silent and their experiences neglected; yet the lives of thousands of Spanish children were disrupted by the hardships of the long civil war, and their physical, social, moral, and emotional development from childhood to adulthood was complicated by fear, bombings, shocking violence, loneliness, hunger, and the extremes of weather conditions.


‘For The Family, France, And Humanity’: Authority And Maternity In The Tribunaux Pour Enfants, Sara L. Kimble Jan 2003

‘For The Family, France, And Humanity’: Authority And Maternity In The Tribunaux Pour Enfants, Sara L. Kimble

School for New Learning Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Turning Learned Authority Into Royal Supremacy: Elizabeth I'S Learned Persona And Her University Orations, Linda Shenk Jan 2003

Turning Learned Authority Into Royal Supremacy: Elizabeth I'S Learned Persona And Her University Orations, Linda Shenk

Linda Shenk

When the princess Elizabeth studied languages and rhetoric with William Grindal and Roger Ascham, she acquired more than practical skills. She earned the right to depict herself as a learned prince. Throughout the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the image of the educated monarch had gained particular political currency when humanist thinkers marketed the schoolroom as the necessary training ground for both king and counselor. Learned status served as proof that one was sufficiently wise and virtuous to hold political office.


"The Most German Of All German Operas": Die Meistersinger Through The Lens Of The Third Reich, David B. Dennis Jan 2003

"The Most German Of All German Operas": Die Meistersinger Through The Lens Of The Third Reich, David B. Dennis

History: Faculty Publications and Other Works

A detailed analysis of the reception of Wagner's, Meistersinger, in the Third Reich.


Double Victims: Fictional Representatives Of Women In The Holocaust, Shauna Copeland Jan 2003

Double Victims: Fictional Representatives Of Women In The Holocaust, Shauna Copeland

Inquiry: The University of Arkansas Undergraduate Research Journal

Traditional Holocaust studies have largely overlooked women's unique voices, instead treating the eloquent and moving narratives of such renowned authors as Elie Wiesel and Tadeusz Borowski as definitive sources on "the" Holocaust experience. Recently, scholars have addressed the absence of women's voices in Holocaust studies, arguing that women's experiences, and their reactions to those experiences, were in fact very different from those of men. This topic is a controversial one, and some scholars argue that women's suffering should not be focused upon in the context of an event that sentenced all Jews to death. With such ...


The Victims: Did The Nazi T–4 Euthanasia Program Discriminate Among Victims In The Targeted Groups?, Nancy Unger Jan 2003

The Victims: Did The Nazi T–4 Euthanasia Program Discriminate Among Victims In The Targeted Groups?, Nancy Unger

History

Nancy C. Unger and J. Michael Butler take up the question of the targeting of Jews for elimination in the Holocaust. Was this emphasis a special case or part of a broader spectrum of elimination policies designed to rid Germany of all groups designated as undesirable by Nazi ideology— including homosexuals, Gypsies, and the mentally ill?

Unger argues for the specificity of the targeting of the Jewish population for extermination by comparing it to the case of homosexuals. Homosexual men were incarcerated in the death camps, and many were killed in the course of the Holocaust, but, Unger argues, their ...


Sir Henry Norris: English Ambassador, Huguenot Advocate, Robert G. Lilly Jan 2003

Sir Henry Norris: English Ambassador, Huguenot Advocate, Robert G. Lilly

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Henry Norris served as English ambassador in France from 1567 to 1571, during the second and third French wars of religion, fought between Protestant Huguenots and the ruling Catholics. As ambassador Norris was able to help convince his reluctant Queen, Elizabeth I, to provide aid to her fellow Protestants in France. Elizabeth also entrusted Norris with the task of persuading the French authorities to refrain from sending forces to aid the deposed Scottish Queen Mary and Catholic rebels in the North of England. Despite contemporary criticism that he was inexperienced, and criticism from modern historians that he was ineffective, this ...


The Failure Of Maternal Domesticity: An Evaluation Of Frankenstein As A Didactic Source, Keith R. Swaney Jan 2003

The Failure Of Maternal Domesticity: An Evaluation Of Frankenstein As A Didactic Source, Keith R. Swaney

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

Is man inherently good or evil? Nineteenth century Romantics, inspired by the doctrine of Jean Jacques Rousseau, hypothesized that man is a product of his or her environment. Middle class society imputed the mother as the gateway by which a child learns to become a model human being. This theory held that mothers nurture their offspring naturally. Children learn proper morals and social conduct based upon a female-inspired education. Without this domestic influence on their lives, children fall into the trap of an “eye for an eye” ideology. The monster that Mary Shelley conceives in Frankenstein defies the domestic conception ...