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2002

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Articles 1 - 30 of 44

Full-Text Articles in European History

(Review) Kaspar Von Greyerz, Religion Und Kultur, 1500–1800, Marc R. Forster Dec 2002

(Review) Kaspar Von Greyerz, Religion Und Kultur, 1500–1800, Marc R. Forster

History Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Sense Of The Past In Saint Antoninus Of Florence's Summa Historialis, Brian Nathaniel Becker Dec 2002

The Sense Of The Past In Saint Antoninus Of Florence's Summa Historialis, Brian Nathaniel Becker

Master's Theses

This study examines Antoninus of Florence’s Chronicles for the presence of a "sense of the past.” Through the careful examination of those sections of the Chronicles that are original to Antoninus and the utilization of important scholarly works on medieval and Renaissance Italian literature, it is shown that the Chronicles is characteristic of both a history written in the traditional "medieval” style and the increasingly modem style of historical writing that was coming into vogue during the later part of his life in mid-fifteenth century Florence. By defining a "sense of history” as containing, and organizing the three body ...


Translating Taste In The French Editions Of Platina’S De Honesta Voluptate Et Valetudine, Timothy Tomasik Oct 2002

Translating Taste In The French Editions Of Platina’S De Honesta Voluptate Et Valetudine, Timothy Tomasik

Timothy J. Tomasik

No abstract provided.


1848 In 1998: The Politics Of Commemoration In Hungary, Romania, And Slovakia, Rogers Brubaker, Margit Feischmidt Sep 2002

1848 In 1998: The Politics Of Commemoration In Hungary, Romania, And Slovakia, Rogers Brubaker, Margit Feischmidt

Rogers Brubaker

No abstract provided.


Social Discipline In Scotland, 1560-1610, Michael Graham Sep 2002

Social Discipline In Scotland, 1560-1610, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

This volume is an excellent introduction to Calvinist morals’ control in sixteenth-century Geneva, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Scotland. The Calvinists were typically seen as stricter than Lutherans, Catholics, or Anglicans—and in some ways as strict as groups associated with the Radical Reformation. The six case studies presented here are based largely on archival research. They explore the Calvinist endeavor to set high standards of behavior and to enforce them through the consistory.


The Separation Of Mosque And State: Islam And Democracy In Modern Turkey, Susanna Dokupil Sep 2002

The Separation Of Mosque And State: Islam And Democracy In Modern Turkey, Susanna Dokupil

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Adam Smith Thesis, Christopher W. Calvo Jul 2002

The Adam Smith Thesis, Christopher W. Calvo

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The object of this thesis is to present a reinterpretation of Adam Smith's philosophy. It works to show the pessimistic character of his thought that is so often overlooked by conventional analyses. The skepticism Smith holds for man can be seen in his theories on the accumulation of knowledge, morality, economics, and human progress. By emphasizing Smith's theory of man's subjugation to the natural order, an alternative interpretation is given of liberal economics. The role of God in Smith's philosophy will be shown to serve two purposes. God serves as Smith's final line of explanation ...


(Reviews) Iotsald Von Saint-Claude, Vita Des Abtes Odilo Von Cluny/Studien Zu Iotsalds Vita Des Abtes Odilo Von Cluny, Frederick S. Paxton Jul 2002

(Reviews) Iotsald Von Saint-Claude, Vita Des Abtes Odilo Von Cluny/Studien Zu Iotsalds Vita Des Abtes Odilo Von Cluny, Frederick S. Paxton

History Faculty Publications

Reviews the books 'Iotsald von Saint-Claude, Vita des Abtes Odilovon Cluny,' edited by Iotsald von Saint-Claude and 'Studien zu Iotsalds Vita des Abtes Odilo von Cluny,' by Johannes Staub.


Henry Addington, Prime Minister 1801-1804: Peace, War, And Parliamentary Politics, Charles John Fedorak Apr 2002

Henry Addington, Prime Minister 1801-1804: Peace, War, And Parliamentary Politics, Charles John Fedorak

The University of Akron Press Publications

No modern British Prime Minister has been so thoroughly misunderstood or simply dismissed as Henry Addington. Fedorak demonstrates that, contrary to the views of his opponents and many historians, Addington was an astute and effective Prime Minister. His fall after three years in office was the result of a complex train of circumstances in which questions of personality, both within and outside the government, played a major part. Addington, who had no ambition for higher office, agreed to become Prime Minister only because his predecessor, William Pitt the Younger, and King George III insisted. He immediately faced the serious and ...


Review: Richard F. Wetzell, Inventing The Criminal: A History Of German Criminology, 1880-1945 (Chapel Hill And London, 2000), Andre Wakefield Mar 2002

Review: Richard F. Wetzell, Inventing The Criminal: A History Of German Criminology, 1880-1945 (Chapel Hill And London, 2000), Andre Wakefield

Pitzer Faculty Publications and Research

Reviewed work: Richard F. Wetzell. Inventing the Criminal: A History of German Criminology, 1880–1945. (Studies in Legal History.) xvi + 348 pp., bibl., index. Chapel Hill/London: University of North Carolina Press, 2000. $39.95.


Ms-019: Donald F. Lybarger Collection, Class Of 1919, Christine M. Ameduri Feb 2002

Ms-019: Donald F. Lybarger Collection, Class Of 1919, Christine M. Ameduri

All Finding Aids

This collection consists of an unbound class memorial which has been kept in its original order. The original letters have been removed for archival preservation and replaced with copies. Almost all letters are written from Gettysburg College students stationed in stateside military training camps between 1917 and 1919 and addressed to Lybarger or "Brothers of Phi Sigma." A scrapbook kept by Lybarger while a student at Gettysburg between 1914-1919 includes photographs, programs, dance cards and other college memorabilia.

Special Collections and College Archives Finding Aids are discovery tools used to describe and provide access to our holdings. Finding aids include ...


"Sacred And Terrifying Gazes": Languages And Images Of Power In Early Modern Spain, Antonio Feros Jan 2002

"Sacred And Terrifying Gazes": Languages And Images Of Power In Early Modern Spain, Antonio Feros

Departmental Papers (History)

In 1640 Diego de Saavedra y Fajardo, one of the most influential seven­teenth-century Spanish writers, made a remarkably explicit reference to the effect that images of kings had upon their subjects as he recalled his own experience of viewing a royal portrait by Velazquez. In it Philip IV appeared "full of grace, august in his countenance ... [and] I was over­come with such respect, [that] I !melt down and lowered my eyes." The importance of the king's representation within a monarchy like Spain's, composed of a number of territories where the king was an "absent" ruler, is ...


Introducción A Antonio Feros, El Duque De Lerma: Realeza Y Privanza En La España De Felipe Iii, Antonio Feros Jan 2002

Introducción A Antonio Feros, El Duque De Lerma: Realeza Y Privanza En La España De Felipe Iii, Antonio Feros

Departmental Papers (History)

Este libro reconstruye y analiza los contextos sociales, culturales, políticos e intelectuales de la época de Felipe III a través de la carrera de don Francisco Gómez de Sandoval, duque de Lerma, el favorito del rey entre 1598 y 1618. Porque, pese a la marginación historiográfica de este período, el reinado del tercer Felipe resulta crucial para entender el proceso de la constitución de la monarquía hispana. No se trata sin embargo, de una biografía tradicional, sino de nuevas interpretaciones sobre algunos de los temas que siguen atrayendo la atención de los historiadores y del público interesado por la historia ...


(Review) L’An Mil Et La Paix De Dieu, La France Chrétienne Et Féodale 980-1060, Frederick S. Paxton Jan 2002

(Review) L’An Mil Et La Paix De Dieu, La France Chrétienne Et Féodale 980-1060, Frederick S. Paxton

History Faculty Publications

Reviews the book 'L'an mil et la paix de Dieu: La France chretienne et feodale 980-1060,' by Dominique Barthelemy.


Latvia: The Economy, Steven R. Morrison Jan 2002

Latvia: The Economy, Steven R. Morrison

Steven R Morrison

No abstract provided.


Latvia: History, J. Michael Lyons, Steven R. Morrison Jan 2002

Latvia: History, J. Michael Lyons, Steven R. Morrison

Steven R Morrison

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Understanding The Great War" By Stéphane Audoin-Rouzeau And Annette Becker, Jennifer D. Keene Jan 2002

Review Of "Understanding The Great War" By Stéphane Audoin-Rouzeau And Annette Becker, Jennifer D. Keene

History Faculty Articles and Research

This is a review of Stéphane Audoin-Rouzeau and Annette Becker's "Understanding the Great War."


Medieval Europe: A Short Sourcebook, J. W. Leedom Jan 2002

Medieval Europe: A Short Sourcebook, J. W. Leedom

Books by Hollins Faculty and Staff

A compilation of primary sources on medieval Europe.


"Honor Your German Masters": The Use And Abuse Of "Classical" Composers In Nazi Propaganda, David B. Dennis Jan 2002

"Honor Your German Masters": The Use And Abuse Of "Classical" Composers In Nazi Propaganda, David B. Dennis

History: Faculty Publications and Other Works

No abstract provided.


Napoleon And Son, Cécile Bladier, Denise Blostein, Angela Cassata, Phil-Elleana Ficklin, Ryan Garrett, Amanda Heflin, Lily Hoagland, Angela Maloney, Anna Milon, Maria Milutinovic, Dorpha Philidor, Anne-Marie Poincelet, Atsuko Sato, Ana Sekler, Ruth Steffen, Noel Straney, Emily White Jan 2002

Napoleon And Son, Cécile Bladier, Denise Blostein, Angela Cassata, Phil-Elleana Ficklin, Ryan Garrett, Amanda Heflin, Lily Hoagland, Angela Maloney, Anna Milon, Maria Milutinovic, Dorpha Philidor, Anne-Marie Poincelet, Atsuko Sato, Ana Sekler, Ruth Steffen, Noel Straney, Emily White

Napoleon Translations

No abstract provided.


The Dilemmas Of Enlightenment In The Eastern Borderlands: The Theater And Library In Tbilisi, Austin Jersild, Neli Melkadze Jan 2002

The Dilemmas Of Enlightenment In The Eastern Borderlands: The Theater And Library In Tbilisi, Austin Jersild, Neli Melkadze

History Faculty Publications

The Russian field is quickly accumulating a wide variety of works on Russian imperialism. These works now rival the field of colonial studies on the Western empires, and include explorations of imperial ideology, the multiethnic service elite, educational policy, missionary activities, cultural borrowing and interaction among the diverse peoples of the empire, and native responses and challenges to Russian rule.1 The new studies often venture out to the eastern borderlands of [End Page 27] the empire, such as the Volga-Urals and Turkestan, and complement and complicate a more developed historiography on the western borderlands and its peoples, such as ...


"I Went To Learn," Meanings Of The European Tour Of Senator Robert M. La Follette, 1923, Nancy Unger Jan 2002

"I Went To Learn," Meanings Of The European Tour Of Senator Robert M. La Follette, 1923, Nancy Unger

History

In 1923, progressive Senator Robert M. La Follette, an astute observer of government, economics, and social conditions, toured Europe in preparation for his third-party presidential bid. This article examines that trip and its legacy, particularly in relation to Daniel T. Rodgers' 1998 book Atlantic Crossings: Social Politics in a Progressive Age.1


A World Of Their Own: Woman And Folklore In Inter-War Britain, Natalie Holub Jan 2002

A World Of Their Own: Woman And Folklore In Inter-War Britain, Natalie Holub

Inquiry: The University of Arkansas Undergraduate Research Journal

The period between the First and Second World Wars was an unsettling time for women in Great Britain. After the First World War, the media, governmental acts, and everyday society urged women to return to the home. This was an especially difficult concept for women to accept after they had played a very public role during the war actively contributing to the war effort. My thesis explores three novels of interwar England that feature female characters seeking purpose in places outside of the traditional role of housewife. Ashe of Rings by Mary Butts, Harriet Hume by Rebecca West, and Lolly ...


Dreams Of Interpretation: Psychoanalysis And The Literature Of Vienna, Thomas Paul Bonfiglio Jan 2002

Dreams Of Interpretation: Psychoanalysis And The Literature Of Vienna, Thomas Paul Bonfiglio

Languages, Literatures, and Cultures Faculty Publications

The first edition of Die Traumdeutung (translated as The Interpretation of Dreams, 1913) bears a publication date of 1900, although it actually appeared in Vienna in November 1899. This is consistent with the pivotal temporality of a work that looks retrospectively into the nineteenth century and prospectively into the twentieth. In 1931, Freud said of his first and arguably most important book, "It contains, even according to my present-day judgement, the most valuable of all the discoveries it has been my good fortune to make. " In terms of the influence not only on his later publications, but also on humanistic ...


A Centre In The Periphery: Merchants During The Ottoman Period In Modern Bulgarian Historiography (1890s - 1990s), Evguenia Davidova Jan 2002

A Centre In The Periphery: Merchants During The Ottoman Period In Modern Bulgarian Historiography (1890s - 1990s), Evguenia Davidova

International & Global Studies Faculty Publications and Presentations

In the last 100 years Bulgarian history has endured many political changes, some of them very abrupt, which inevitably influenced the dominant ideological and methodological paradigms of Bulgarian historical writings. Being for five centuries (XVth - XIXth) under Ottoman rule, after the Berlin Congress (1878), the Bulgarian state was restored. Passing through the agitated period of the Balkan Wars (1912- 1913) and World War I, Bulgarian history of the interwar period continued to witness much political and social tension. World War II brought about another radical change, namely the establishment of a totalitarian political regime. After 45 years, in 1989, the ...


Travellers And The Industrial Revolution: Observations Of Cornwall, Cynthia Lane Jan 2002

Travellers And The Industrial Revolution: Observations Of Cornwall, Cynthia Lane

Theses : Honours

The following dissertation is a "contribution to contemporary debates about the industrial revolution and the perpetuation of 'differcnce'."1 It covers the era of Cornish industrialisation and the attendant socio-economic and cultural changes from the emergence of copper mining in the 1690s to the eve of its crash in 1866, through the observations of a selection of contemporary travellers/writers. It explores the image of Com wall through West Barbary versus Industrial Civilisation, and compares the county's processes of industrialisation with the canonical industrial revolution of the midlands and the north of England. Cornwall is examined as an example ...


The Special Operations Executive (Soe) In Austria, 1940-1945, Gerald Steinacher Jan 2002

The Special Operations Executive (Soe) In Austria, 1940-1945, Gerald Steinacher

Faculty Publications, Department of History

In January 1941, Great Britain’s Special Operations Executive (SOE) defined its policy on Austria with two objectives: (1) to assist in the disintegration of the Third Reich by fostering the soon to be expected all-out revolutionary and separatist uprising in Austria; and (2) to bring about the “restoration of Austria as a national unit” within the framework of a central European federation. In short, the hopes and aspirations of the SOE in the Austrian resistance against Nazi Germany were flying high. Five years later, in March 1946, Britain’s political representative in Vienna, William B. Mack, summarized the history ...


" ... Verlangt Das Gesunde Volksempfinden Die Schwerste Strafe ...": Das Sondergericht Für Die Operationszone Alpenvorland 1943-1945. Ein Vorbericht, Gerald Steinacher Jan 2002

" ... Verlangt Das Gesunde Volksempfinden Die Schwerste Strafe ...": Das Sondergericht Für Die Operationszone Alpenvorland 1943-1945. Ein Vorbericht, Gerald Steinacher

Faculty Publications, Department of History

Seit Kriegsende 1945 gelten die Akten des Amtes "Oberster Kommissar für die Operationszone Alpenvorland" Franz Hofer als verschollen.2 Die Quellen- und Wissenslage zur Geschichte der Operationszone Alpenvorland ist dementsprechend dürftig. Das trifft besonders auf das Sondergericht für die Operationszone Alpenvorland zu. Im Rahmen der Bestandsaufnahme im Archiv des Landesgerichts (Tribunal) in Bozen im Oktober 2001 konnte nun auch ein kleiner Bestand Akten des Sondergerichts geborgen werden. Es handelt sich dabei um eine Mappe mit insgesamt 20 Akten der Jahre 1944- 1945.3 Neben diesen meist vollständigen Akten (Ermittlungsergebnisse, Anklage, Verhandlung, Urteil, Gnadenanträge, Gefängnisunterlagen, Sterberegistermitteilung, sogar ein Abschiedsbrief usw.) kann ...


Assarting And Governmental Development In Twelfth-Century England: A Study Of The Pipe Roll Evidence Concerning Illegal Land Clearance, 1154-1189 , Kevin Dale Hill Jan 2002

Assarting And Governmental Development In Twelfth-Century England: A Study Of The Pipe Roll Evidence Concerning Illegal Land Clearance, 1154-1189 , Kevin Dale Hill

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

From the time human beings began cultivating crops, the quest for fertile crop land has been a prime objective. Since antiquity, farmers expanded their fields by clearing trees within or along the edges of neighboring forests. Likewise, as the population of Europe grew during the medieval period, the expansion of arable land was an important activity. In England, much of the land was cleared in a piecemeal fashion, via the assarts of both small and large landholders. Land clearance was an economically and environmentally important activity for all levels of society, yet historians, including agricultural historians, have largely ignored the ...


National Bolshevism: Stalinist Mass Culture And The Formation Of Modern Russian National Identity, 1931-1956, David Brandenberger Jan 2002

National Bolshevism: Stalinist Mass Culture And The Formation Of Modern Russian National Identity, 1931-1956, David Brandenberger

Bookshelf

During the 1930s, Stalin and his entourage rehabilitated famous names from the Russian national past in a propaganda campaign designed to mobilize Soviet society for the coming war. Legendary heroes like Aleksandr Nevskii and epic events like the Battle of Borodino quickly eclipsed more conventional communist slogans revolving around class struggle and proletarian internationalism. In a provocative study, David Brandenberger traces this populist "national Bolshevism" into the 1950s, highlighting the catalytic effect that it had on Russian national identity formation.

Beginning with national Bolshevism's origins within Stalin's inner circle, Brandenberger next examines its projection into Soviet society through ...