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2001

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Articles 1 - 25 of 25

Full-Text Articles in European History

(Review) A Negotiated Settlement, Marc R. Forster Dec 2001

(Review) A Negotiated Settlement, Marc R. Forster

History Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Book In The Shadow Of The Polish Eagle: The Poles, The Holocaust And Beyond, John A. Drobnicki Oct 2001

Review Of The Book In The Shadow Of The Polish Eagle: The Poles, The Holocaust And Beyond, John A. Drobnicki

Publications and Research

Review of the book In the Shadow of the Polish Eagle: The Poles, the Holocaust and Beyond.


Rosalind Mitchison, The Old Poor Law In Scotland, Michael Graham Sep 2001

Rosalind Mitchison, The Old Poor Law In Scotland, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

No abstract provided.


Ms-031: Letters From Chan Coulter To His Wife And Child, World War Ii, Jaclyn Campbell Aug 2001

Ms-031: Letters From Chan Coulter To His Wife And Child, World War Ii, Jaclyn Campbell

All Finding Aids

This collection consists primarily of correspondence from Coulter to his family and is broken up into sections based on correspondence by regular mail, correspondence by V-Mail, the 1985 Reunion of the 37th Division.

Family correspondence consists of a series of letters, written by Coulter, to his wife, Mae, and son, Chan Lowell, during his overseas service in the South Pacific from 1942 until his discharge in 1945. The correspondence includes fatherly advice to his son and talk of normal family business matters to his wife, as well as day-to-day happenings of military life during war. Some letters have been censored ...


Weapons As Weapons: Another Northern Ireland Impasse, Editor Jul 2001

Weapons As Weapons: Another Northern Ireland Impasse, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article explores the psychology of weapons possession in the context of political conflict in Northern Ireland.


Ms-024: Papers Of The Major General Charles A. Willoughby, Jaclyn Campbell Jul 2001

Ms-024: Papers Of The Major General Charles A. Willoughby, Jaclyn Campbell

All Finding Aids

Major General Charles Andre Willoughby was born as Adolph C. Weidenbach in Heidelberg, Germany, March 8, 1892 to Baron T. von Tscheppe-Weidenbach of Baden, Germany, and Emmy Willoughby of Baltimore, Maryland. He attended several schools in both Germany and France, learning German, French, and Spanish, before moving to the United States to be with relatives in 1910. Willoughby enlisted in the Regular Army and was a private, corporal, and sergeant between 1910 and 1913, when he entered Gettysburg College. While at Gettysburg, he founded the college’s Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC). He graduated in 1914 and received his commission ...


Ms-029: Letters Written To People From Biglerville During World War Ii, Jaclyn Campbell Jul 2001

Ms-029: Letters Written To People From Biglerville During World War Ii, Jaclyn Campbell

All Finding Aids

This collection is comprised of letters to Olive Tipton and Sara Miller.

The letters written to Olive Tipton were exclusively from George Sandoe (1893- 1975), a private serving in the Antiaircraft Division of the Service stationed throughout the United States during the course of these letters. During the course of training, a blood vessel ruptured in Sandoe’s leg, sending him to the hospital, where the latter portion of this series was written. This series is composed mostly of correspondence concerning Tipton’s life in Biglerville during the war and day to day matters such as business advice for Tipton ...


The Return Of Assimilation? Changing Perspectives On Immigration And Its Sequels In France, Germany, And The United States, Rogers Brubaker Jun 2001

The Return Of Assimilation? Changing Perspectives On Immigration And Its Sequels In France, Germany, And The United States, Rogers Brubaker

Rogers Brubaker

This article argues that the massive differentialist turn of the last third of the twentieth century may have reached its peak, and that one can discern signs of a modest “return of assimilation”. The article presents evidence of this from the domain of public discourse in France, public policy in Germany, and scholarly research in the US. Yet what has “returned” is not the old, analytically discredited and politically disreputable “assimilationist” understanding of assimilation, but a more analytically complex and normatively defensible understanding. The article concludes by specifying the ways in which the concept of assimilation has been transformed.


The Romans Commentaries Of William Of St. Thierry And Peter Abelard: A Theological And Methodological Comparison, Steven R. Cartwright Jun 2001

The Romans Commentaries Of William Of St. Thierry And Peter Abelard: A Theological And Methodological Comparison, Steven R. Cartwright

Dissertations

In 1140, William o f St. Thierry, a Cistercian monk and former Benedictine abbot, accused Peter Abelard, the well-known philosopher and theologian, of propagating grave errors concerning Christian doctrine in his theological teachings. William’s accusations resulted in Peter’s condemnation at the Council of Sens in 1140.

This study compares the commentaries on the Episode of St. Paul to the Romans written by William of St. Thierry and Peter Abelard in the mid-1130s, only a few years before William’s accusations. While this conflict has been much studied, no one has previously examined it via these commentaries, which are ...


A Tale Of Two Theories: Monopolies And Craft Guilds In Medieval England And Modern Imagination, Gary Richardson May 2001

A Tale Of Two Theories: Monopolies And Craft Guilds In Medieval England And Modern Imagination, Gary Richardson

Gary Richardson

No abstract provided.


The Politics Of Diplomacy: The Palatinate And Anglo-Imperial Relations In The Thirty Years' War, Thea Lindquist May 2001

The Politics Of Diplomacy: The Palatinate And Anglo-Imperial Relations In The Thirty Years' War, Thea Lindquist

University Libraries Faculty & Staff Contributions

This dissertation examines the diplomatic relations between the King of England and the Holy Roman Emperor in the 1630s. Negotiations between the two rulers revolved around the settlement of the Palatinate question, one of the most vexing issues of the Thirty Years' War. This study focuses specifically on the missions of the three diplomats most intimately involved in Anglo-Imperial negotiations of the later 1630s: the English diplomats John Taylor and Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Arundel, and the Imperial envoy Clement Radolt. Through a detailed analysis of their negotiations, this dissertation shows that English foreign policy in these years, though ...


Court, Clients And Kingship: A Study Of Royal Executive Style During The Reign Of James I, Nick Jon Ziegler Apr 2001

Court, Clients And Kingship: A Study Of Royal Executive Style During The Reign Of James I, Nick Jon Ziegler

History Theses & Dissertations

The thesis explores James Stuart's distinct style of kingship as a self-proclaimed absolute monarch whose writings, speeches and public image belied his intention to rule moderately for the welfare of his subjects. The king's reign is analyzed with regard to his ideas on monarchy and government, ecclesiastical policies, problems with clientage, relations with favourites and court culture. Both in Scotland and England, James' writings reveal his static approach to governing key institutions of church and state. The Jacobean court served as the locus of state political power as well as royal patronage, thus drawing many suitors for public ...


Religion And The Historiography Of Eastern Europe, James R. R. Payton Jr. Apr 2001

Religion And The Historiography Of Eastern Europe, James R. R. Payton Jr.

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


The French Revolution: The Essential Readings, Ronald Schechter Mar 2001

The French Revolution: The Essential Readings, Ronald Schechter

Arts & Sciences Books

This book presents ten selections from the most important scholarship on the French Revolution over the past quarter century, introduced and contextualized for student readers.

Historians typically categorize the historiography of the French Revolution according to each author's approval or disapproval of the Revolution, political agenda (for example Marxist, liberal, conservative, or feminist), or methodology (for example social, political, or cultural history). This book demonstrates the inadequacy of these categories of analysis for a nuanced understanding of the Revolution and emphasizes the surprising connections between historians typically seen simply as opponents in a debate. In its thorough introduction, The ...


Crying ‘Wolf’? A Review Essay On Recent Wagner Literature, David B. Dennis Feb 2001

Crying ‘Wolf’? A Review Essay On Recent Wagner Literature, David B. Dennis

History: Faculty Publications and Other Works

No abstract provided.


Petroleum Tanker Shipping On German Inland Waterways, 1887-1994, Ingo Heidbrink Jan 2001

Petroleum Tanker Shipping On German Inland Waterways, 1887-1994, Ingo Heidbrink

History Faculty Publications

Tanker shipping today is one of the major branches of German inland navigation. Indeed, the transport of petroleum and its derivatives together comprise nearly twenty percent of total inland shipping; more than 42,000,000 tons of liquid petroleum products were shipped in 1996 by a fleet with a total cargo capacity of more than 500,000 tons.' Tanker shipping is by far the largest kind of specialist transportation on German inland waterways. But because of its very special technical requirements, a high degree of dependence on a small group of shippers, and a number of risks peculiar to this ...


Conflict Of Rights And The Outbreak Of The First World War, Leo Katz Jan 2001

Conflict Of Rights And The Outbreak Of The First World War, Leo Katz

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Figure, Image, And The Shape Of Time In Shakespeare's History Plays, Susan Walker Jan 2001

Figure, Image, And The Shape Of Time In Shakespeare's History Plays, Susan Walker

Inquiry: The University of Arkansas Undergraduate Research Journal

Shakespeare began his career as a dramatist by writing the first of a series of plays remarking upon English history from the Middle Ages through the reign of Henry VIII. Most notable of this historic chronicle are the eight plays, or two tetralogies, that dramatize the tumultuous period of civil conflict between 1399 and 1485. Some critics of Shakespeare's tetralogies have argued Shakespeare's intent to produce a single, unified, and providentially-ordered chronicle in which the deposition of Richard II may be viewed as the nascent event for the civil wars that culminated in Tudor accession to the crown ...


Medicine And Health Care In Later Medieval Europe: Hospitals, Public Health,, And Minority Medical Practitioners In English And German Cities, 1250-1450, Anna Terry Jan 2001

Medicine And Health Care In Later Medieval Europe: Hospitals, Public Health,, And Minority Medical Practitioners In English And German Cities, 1250-1450, Anna Terry

Inquiry: The University of Arkansas Undergraduate Research Journal

Hospitals and individual caregivers helped meet the physical and psychological needs of medieval people, just as they do today. My overall objective is to explain social and individual responses to disease within the context of Christian theology and the urban community, focusing on England and Germany in the period between 1250 and 1450. First I investigate social responses to disease, including hospitals and public health ordinances. Christianity mandated the care of the afflicted, yet physical and mental illness was associated with sin and divine punishment. Urban authorities often attempted to deal with plague outbreaks by imposing quarantines and strict regulations ...


Folly In The Garden: The Religious Satire Of Erasmus And Voltaire, John M. Beller Jan 2001

Folly In The Garden: The Religious Satire Of Erasmus And Voltaire, John M. Beller

Honors Theses

In his introductory editorial comments on Erasmus' letters, literary critic Robert M. Adams commented that "Like Voltaire, with whom it's commonplace to compare him, Erasmus was a prodigious correspondent." Erasmus and Voltaire shared much more than an affinity for writing letters. A list of their similarities reads much like one of those supposedly eerie lists of coincidences between the presidencies of Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy. The dates of their respective births remain uncertain. Both may have been illegitimate during times when ancestry mattered a great deal, and neither was born noble. Both rose above their beginnings by ...


David Ii, King Of Scotland (1329-1371): A Political Biography , Bruce Robert Homann Jan 2001

David Ii, King Of Scotland (1329-1371): A Political Biography , Bruce Robert Homann

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This work examines the life and reign of David II, King of Scotland from 1329 to 1371. Whenever possible, original source material was used. Using charter and chronicle evidence, an itinerary for David II has been developed as well as an accounting of the major points of his reign. A detailed examination of David's life and activities has revealed heretofore unknown aspects of his career, including more frequent trips to Scotland, and an interpretation of his accomplishments and a brief discussion of his sudden death.


Huguenot Silversmiths In London, 1685-1715, Brooke Gallagher Reusch Jan 2001

Huguenot Silversmiths In London, 1685-1715, Brooke Gallagher Reusch

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Lithuanian-Polish Dispute And The Great Powers, 1918-1923, Peter Ernest Baltutis Jan 2001

The Lithuanian-Polish Dispute And The Great Powers, 1918-1923, Peter Ernest Baltutis

Honors Theses

In the wake of World War I, Europe was a political nightmare. Although the Armistice of 1918 effectively ended the Great War, peace in Eastern Europe was far from assured. The sudden, unexpected end of the war,combined with the growing threat of communist revolution throughout Europe created an unsettling atmosphere during the interwar period.The Great Powers-the victorious Allied forces of France, Great Britain, Italy, and the United States-met at Paris to reconstruct Europe. In particular, the Great Powers had numerous territorial questions to resolve. One of the most fascinating territorial struggles concerned the city of Vilnius (Vilna in ...


Local-Outsider Negotiations In Postwar Sevastopol's Reconstruction, 1944-53, Karl D. Qualls Jan 2001

Local-Outsider Negotiations In Postwar Sevastopol's Reconstruction, 1944-53, Karl D. Qualls

Faculty and Staff Publications By Year

With the exception of new research on Soviet science, historians have largely neglected life in the Soviet Union in the postwar years.1 Access to provincial archives provides us with the opportunity to broaden our field of vision beyond Moscow to shed light on the beleaguered cities far from the locus of power and to examine the process of center-periphery dynamics. Unlike much of the literature from the cold war period that presupposed a monolithic, top-down process of decision making, this chapter emphasizes negotiated decision making, thereby complementing other recent research on the 1945-53 period. In the rubble and chaos ...


Blurring The Borders Of Nation And Gender: Mary Wollstonecraft's Character (R)Evolution, Jan Wellington Dec 2000

Blurring The Borders Of Nation And Gender: Mary Wollstonecraft's Character (R)Evolution, Jan Wellington

Jan Wellington

No abstract provided.