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1999

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Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in European History

Apollo Hypoakraios Reconsidered, Peter Nulton Dec 1999

Apollo Hypoakraios Reconsidered, Peter Nulton

Peter E. Nulton Ph.D.

In 1897, the excavations of P. Kabbadias uncovered ten votive plaques in a cave on the northwest slope of the Athenian Acropolis, thereby fixing the location of the "sanctuary of Apollo in a cave" mentioned by Pausanias (I.28.4). The inscriptions indicated that they were meant as dedications to Apollo Hypoakraios or Hypo Makrais, and that the dedicants were invariably members of the college of archons. Although the corpus has increased steadily since then, the inscriptions have not been treated together since Kabbadias's original publication.

In this paper, I will offer some conclusions drawn from a thorough re-analysis ...


Editor's Note, Ron M. Potvin Oct 1999

Editor's Note, Ron M. Potvin

Newport History

Many readers of Newport History probably have been following the saga of HMB Endeavour in the press of late. D. K. Abbass and the Rhode Island Marine Archaeology Project (RIMAP) believe they have traced the history of Captain Cook's ship of discovery from a coal bearing vessel named the Earl of Pembroke, to the Endeavour, to its ultimate fate as the Lord Sandwich, a British troop transport intentionally sunk in Newport Harbor during the American Revolution. .From sea to air. This issue of Newport History also includes "Newport State Airport: A History," by Arliss Ryan. For more than fifty ...


A King's Impossible Dream, Michael Graham Sep 1999

A King's Impossible Dream, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

No abstract provided.


Women And The Church Courts In Reformation-Era Scotland, Michael Graham Sep 1999

Women And The Church Courts In Reformation-Era Scotland, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

A comprehensive view of the lives of women in Scotland from 1100 to 1750, based on a wide range of archival sources, including Court of Session records and Middle Scots poetry. Amongst the women featured are nuns, brewers, widows, witches, and wives of ministers of the kirk.


From Habsburg To Hitler To Haider: The Peculiarities Of Austrian History, Harry Ritter May 1999

From Habsburg To Hitler To Haider: The Peculiarities Of Austrian History, Harry Ritter

History Faculty and Staff Publications

In broad overview, the defining feature of Austrian history since 1866 has been dramatic and - since 1918 - sometimes wrenching change.* A greater contrast between the country's serene, touristic image and the real historical experiences of its people can scarcely be imagined. Other regions - Poland, the former Yugoslavia, the former Soviet Union - endured, to be sure, greater human extremes and far greater total misery in our century. Sadly, the plight of these nations often occurred at the hands of Austrian-bred officials and soldiers, from Hitler, Eichmann, Globocnik, and Kaltenbrunner on down.' Yet if other countries suffered more, few, in such ...


Ideas In Motion: A Critical Analysis Of The Works And Ideas Of Garcilaso De La Vega, Angela Stephens Apr 1999

Ideas In Motion: A Critical Analysis Of The Works And Ideas Of Garcilaso De La Vega, Angela Stephens

History Undergraduate Theses

Vega’s historical contributions are still important today. As the first American historian, he told the story of New World conquest from a valuable and unique perspective. Vega’s writings provide insight into customs and values of the Incan people that would have otherwise been lost. His struggle between two diverse world views created an original perspective about the role of Spanish conquerors and Incan natives. His works remain as important archival source for Incan history, and well as a graphic narrative for those interested in the American conquest. Vega is especially important because his ideas added to the motion ...


Evolution And Devolution: The Dynamics Of Sovereignty And Security In Post-Cold War Europe, Thomas M. Lansford Apr 1999

Evolution And Devolution: The Dynamics Of Sovereignty And Security In Post-Cold War Europe, Thomas M. Lansford

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

At a time when individual defense outlays are being significantly diminished, the national governments of Western Europe are confronted with the necessity of reforming and adapting their militaries to address new security concerns and undertake new missions. This study will examine multinational military integration as one possible approach whereby national governments can limit defense spending and still maintain military capabilities to meet the contemporary security threats faced by the nation states of the continent. The first three chapters of the work will explore the broad patterns of change in the international system which have propelled states to reexamine how they ...


Was There An English Parallel To The German Haskalah?, David B. Ruderman Jan 1999

Was There An English Parallel To The German Haskalah?, David B. Ruderman

Departmental Papers (History)

Judging from recent work by Jewish historians of both Germany and England, the unequivocal response to the heuristic question posed in the title of my essay should be emphatically negative. If indeed the Haskalah was "a socio-cultural movement powerful enough to effect a major shift in consciousness"1 or "a new ideology to shape a new community … a public social world informed with a new ideal of man",2 it could only have emerged within the particular political and cultural ambience of Germany. Despite Cecil Roth's relatively feeble attempt more than three decades ago to describe what he ambiguously ...


Images Of Evil, Images Of Kings: The Contrasting Faces Of The Royal Favourite And The Prime Minister In Early Modern European Political Literature, C. 1580-C. 1650, Antonio Feros Jan 1999

Images Of Evil, Images Of Kings: The Contrasting Faces Of The Royal Favourite And The Prime Minister In Early Modern European Political Literature, C. 1580-C. 1650, Antonio Feros

Departmental Papers (History)

Some three decades years ago, Leicester Bradner examined two distinct views held by seventeenth-century English and Spanish dramatists when writing about royal favourites. Spanish playwrights, Bradner noted, sought to 'arouse sympathy for the king and the friend he loves', while the English stressed 'the issues of good and bad government' by presenting the royal favourite as an evil counsellor and a usurper, and the monarch who let him prosper as a weak ruler. Why these disparate treatments of the royal favourite? This query is particularly poignant when we consider that the English and Spanish dramatists believed that they were confronting ...


Religion, Values, And Capitalism In Asia, Syed Farid Alatas Jan 1999

Religion, Values, And Capitalism In Asia, Syed Farid Alatas

farid alatas

The question of the relationship between religion and other phcnome n · that come within its conceptual and semantic field, such as values, the one hand, and modern economic development, the other, occupied the minds of scholars since the last century.While the issue was first dealt with theoretically and sociologically by lbn Khaldun in the fourteenth century AD, it was taken up again in systematic fashion by European classical social theorists in the nineteenth century.


Ezra And Dorothy Pound: Letters In Captivity, 1945-1946, Robert Spoo, Omar Pound Jan 1999

Ezra And Dorothy Pound: Letters In Captivity, 1945-1946, Robert Spoo, Omar Pound

Books

These fascinating letters capture the most traumatic experience of Ezra Pound's life, when he was incarcerated at the end of World War II and indicted for treason. Omar Pound and Robert Spoo have collected and edited the unpublished correspondence between the poet and his wife, combining it with restricted military orders and extensive references to FBI documents, previously unknown photographs, and an insightful introduction, to create the definitive work on this period of Pound's life.


The German Side Of The Hill: Nazi Conquest And Exploitation Of Italy, 1943-1945, Timothy D. Saxon Jan 1999

The German Side Of The Hill: Nazi Conquest And Exploitation Of Italy, 1943-1945, Timothy D. Saxon

Faculty Dissertations

The view that German and Allied forces fought a senseless campaign for Italy during the Second World War prevails in many histories of that conflict. They present the battle for Italy as a bitterly-contested, prolonged fight up the peninsula, wasting Allied men and resources. Evidence contradicting this judgment shows that Italy's political, economic, geographic, and military assets between the years 1943 and 1945 made it a prize worth winning . Allied leaders never grasped this fact nor made an effective effort to deny Germany this valuable asset. The German defense of Italy secured the loyalty of Axis allies in Eastern ...


Review Of The Book Historical Dictionary Of Poland, 1945-1996, John A. Drobnicki Jan 1999

Review Of The Book Historical Dictionary Of Poland, 1945-1996, John A. Drobnicki

Publications and Research

Review of the book Historical Dictionary of Poland, 1945-1996.


Proletarian Internationalism, “Soviet Patriotism” And The Rise Of Russocentric Etatism During The Stalinist 1930s, David Brandenberger Jan 1999

Proletarian Internationalism, “Soviet Patriotism” And The Rise Of Russocentric Etatism During The Stalinist 1930s, David Brandenberger

History Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Early Modern English Understanding Of Islam Through The 1649 Alcoran Of Mahomet, Lemiya M. Almas Jan 1999

Early Modern English Understanding Of Islam Through The 1649 Alcoran Of Mahomet, Lemiya M. Almas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In search of sources that dealt with Islam in the 16th and 17thc I came across Samuel Chew's The Crescent and the Rose. Chew's book is best likened to a catalog where he manages to list a great number of works written prior to and during Early Modern England that dealt primarily with Islam. Of the thousands of sources that Chew listed one was of particular interest to me, namely the first English translation of the Koran in 1649. With the help of my major professor and the staff in the microform room at Parks Library, I was ...


Parliament And The Tudor Succession Crisis, Lauri Bauer Coleman Jan 1999

Parliament And The Tudor Succession Crisis, Lauri Bauer Coleman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Humanism Of Sir Thomas Smith, Jonathan Mcmahon Jan 1999

The Humanism Of Sir Thomas Smith, Jonathan Mcmahon

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Anglo-Scottish Relations From Gentle To Rough Wooing, 1543-1547, Lance Adrian Hedrick Jan 1999

Anglo-Scottish Relations From Gentle To Rough Wooing, 1543-1547, Lance Adrian Hedrick

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Swabian War Of 1499: 500 Years Since Switzerland's Last War Of Independence, Albert Winkler Jan 1999

The Swabian War Of 1499: 500 Years Since Switzerland's Last War Of Independence, Albert Winkler

Faculty Publications

At the end of the fifteenth century, Emperor Maximilian I of the Germany Empire was trying to unite his country. He also tried to force the Swiss Confederation to become closer members of the empire. This lead to the Swabian War of 1499. In a series of battles and campaigns, the Swiss were successful in defeating the famous Swabian Landsknechte who had learned to fight in the Swiss manner. As an outcome of the war, the Swiss Confederation were even more independent of the German Empire.


French Free-Thinkers In The First Decades Of The Edict Of Nantes, Maryanne Horowitz Dec 1998

French Free-Thinkers In The First Decades Of The Edict Of Nantes, Maryanne Horowitz

Maryanne Cline Horowitz

No abstract provided.


The Alliance Party Of Northern Ireland And Power Sharing In A Divided Society, Allan Leonard Dec 1998

The Alliance Party Of Northern Ireland And Power Sharing In A Divided Society, Allan Leonard

Allan Leonard

The government of Northern Ireland from 1920 to 1972 represented a one-party government, or more appropriately, a segmental majority of unionism; Nationalist parties were perpetually unable to, as well as restricted from, achieving control of government. Political processes since then have been to compel Unionists to share power with others. There is more than one way to apply power sharing, with consociational (Lijphart 1977) or integrative (Horowitz 1985; 1991) elements. The result can be a more or less integrated society (Sisk 1996).

My thesis is that with the achievement of the 1998 Agreement, Alliance’s pursuit of a Northern Ireland-integrative ...


Diaries And Memoirs, Maryanne Horowitz Dec 1998

Diaries And Memoirs, Maryanne Horowitz

Maryanne Cline Horowitz

No abstract provided.


The First Buber: The Youthful Zionist Writings Of Martin Buber., Gilya Schmidt Dec 1998

The First Buber: The Youthful Zionist Writings Of Martin Buber., Gilya Schmidt

Gilya Gerda Schmidt

With an introduction by Gilya Schmidt, editor and translator.

As a college student at the University of Leipzig and then Berlin, Martin Buber was a leader in the early Zionist movement. During this period, between 1898 and 1902, he published a series of Zionist writings that were clearly meant to be confrontational and challenge those who were complacent about Judaism. For Buber, Zionism meant a reorientation of the entire being, an overcoming of a diaspora mentality, a catharsis, and a readiness to build a new, just, free, and creative individual in the diaspora and community in Eretz Israel.


The Manichean Myth: Rethinking The Distinction Between 'Civic' And 'Ethnic' Nationalism, Rogers Brubaker Dec 1998

The Manichean Myth: Rethinking The Distinction Between 'Civic' And 'Ethnic' Nationalism, Rogers Brubaker

Rogers Brubaker

No abstract provided.