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1995

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Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in European History

Revolution Of Reforms: The Kingdom Of Bavaria In The Napoleonic Era, 1799-1815, Scott Anderson Dec 1995

Revolution Of Reforms: The Kingdom Of Bavaria In The Napoleonic Era, 1799-1815, Scott Anderson

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

For many years, scholarship covering the Napoleonic satellite kingdoms has centered on the overriding presence of Napoleon Bonaparte without looking a great deal at the kingdoms that supported him. Since the recent publication of Stuart Woolf's Napoleon's Integration of Europe the focus of study on these satellite kingdoms will change. Bavaria's history in particular needs to be examined, especially since a clear study will reveal much of Bavaria's modernization during these years was already underway before Napoleon assimilated it into his empire. However, much of that progressive policy would not have been enacted without Napoleon's ...


Review Of Erik Levi, Music In The Third Reich (New York: St. Martins Press, 1994), David B. Dennis Oct 1995

Review Of Erik Levi, Music In The Third Reich (New York: St. Martins Press, 1994), David B. Dennis

History: Faculty Publications and Other Works

No abstract provided.


Religion And Conflict: The Case Of Northern Ireland, Padraig O'Malley Jun 1995

Religion And Conflict: The Case Of Northern Ireland, Padraig O'Malley

John M. McCormack Graduate School of Policy and Global Studies Publications

Now that the peace process, however fragile and tenuous, has stayed the course, despite some serious obstacles and setbacks, and talks between the British government and Sinn Fein are taking place, it is a time to reflect on the nature of the divisions that have scarred our lives and psyches.

One of the most under-researched and least understood aspects of the conflict is the role religious differences play - or do not play. 1 While it is a common practice to label the two communities as "Catholics" and "Protestants," and to keep the tally-roll of the dead according to religious affiliation ...


Review Of The Book Bibliography Of The Soviet Union: Its Predecessors And Successors, John A. Drobnicki Jun 1995

Review Of The Book Bibliography Of The Soviet Union: Its Predecessors And Successors, John A. Drobnicki

Publications and Research

Review of the book Bibliography of the Soviet Union: Its Predecessors and Successors.


Review Of The Book Historical Dictionary Of Poland, John A. Drobnicki May 1995

Review Of The Book Historical Dictionary Of Poland, John A. Drobnicki

Publications and Research

Review of the book Historical Dictionary of Poland.


Aftermaths Of Empire And The Unmixing Of Peoples: Historical And Comparative Perspectives, Rogers Brubaker Mar 1995

Aftermaths Of Empire And The Unmixing Of Peoples: Historical And Comparative Perspectives, Rogers Brubaker

Rogers Brubaker

No abstract provided.


Sturdy Rogues And Wanton Wenches : Response To Vagrancy And Development Of The Tudor Poor Laws, 1530-1597, Sonia T. Banerji Mar 1995

Sturdy Rogues And Wanton Wenches : Response To Vagrancy And Development Of The Tudor Poor Laws, 1530-1597, Sonia T. Banerji

Honors Theses

Tudor England experienced crisis levels of poverty and unemployment which manifested in the form of widespread vagrancy during the sixteenth century. From 1530 to 1597 the central government, often with inspiration from local initiatives, enacted a series of laws which attempted to address the causes of the problems as perceived by the public, in an effort to quell popular fears and anxieties regarding vagrancy.

The focus of this paper is on the response of Tudor society to the problems of poverty and vagrancy. It studies the statutory distinctions drawn between various states of poverty and how these differences disposed society ...


Review Of Between Reconciliation And Distraction: A Controversy Over Austria Historical Identity 50 Years After The Anschluss (German), By H. Uhl, Matthew P. Berg Mar 1995

Review Of Between Reconciliation And Distraction: A Controversy Over Austria Historical Identity 50 Years After The Anschluss (German), By H. Uhl, Matthew P. Berg

History

No abstract provided.


The Persistence Of The Andalusian Identity In Rabat, Morocco, Beebe Bahrami Jan 1995

The Persistence Of The Andalusian Identity In Rabat, Morocco, Beebe Bahrami

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This thesis investigates the problem of how an historical identity persists within a community in Rabat, Morocco, that traces its ancestry to Spain. Called Andalusians, these Moroccans are descended from Spanish Muslims who were first forced to convert to Christianity after 1492, and were expelled from the Iberian peninsula in the early seventeenth century. I conducted both ethnographic and historical archival research among Rabati Andalusian families. There are four main reasons for the persistence of the Andalusian identity in spite of the strong acculturative forces of religion, language, and culture in Moroccan society. First, the presence of a strong historical ...


The Death Of Władysław Warneńczyk As Literary Fact: Review Of Primary And Secondary Sources, Petko Ivanov Jan 1995

The Death Of Władysław Warneńczyk As Literary Fact: Review Of Primary And Secondary Sources, Petko Ivanov

Slavic Studies Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Seeds Of Missiology In The German Erweckung (1815–1848), Wayne A. Detzler Jan 1995

Seeds Of Missiology In The German Erweckung (1815–1848), Wayne A. Detzler

History Faculty Publications

It is my contention that seeds of a primitive missiology emerged early in the nineteenth century in Germany. This was necessitated by the vitality of the religious awakening known as the Erweckung. At first this missionary impulse was sporadic, ecumenical and individualistic. Johannes Aargaard regarded the ecumenical period of missions on the continent of Europe as lasting from 1800 to 1830 and the period following that as characterized by confessional missionary activity. By the same token he considered the emphasis of continental missions in the early years (1800–1820) to be that of training for missions. After 1820 the emphasis ...


Jane Howell And Subverting Shakespeare: Where Do We Draw The Lines?, Linda Shenk Jan 1995

Jane Howell And Subverting Shakespeare: Where Do We Draw The Lines?, Linda Shenk

Linda Shenk

When Ralph Berry asks RSC director Bill Alexander to explain how a director chooses to do a Shakespearean play in a certain manner, Alexander replies: "For me, it all boils down to this: how best can I reveal this play, how best can I release my own perception of the play, my own feeling of what it's about, and what it says and why he wrote it" (Berry 178). To fulfill these goals, directors often choose to set a play in a different historical context, devise a thematic doubling scheme, and/or cut lines to emphasize a specific concept ...


Changing Notions Of State Agency In International Law: The Case Of Paul Touvier, Claire O. Finkelstein Jan 1995

Changing Notions Of State Agency In International Law: The Case Of Paul Touvier, Claire O. Finkelstein

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Review Of Riforma Protestante Ed Eresie Nell'italia Del Cinquecento., Paul V. Murphy Jan 1995

Review Of Riforma Protestante Ed Eresie Nell'italia Del Cinquecento., Paul V. Murphy

Paul V. Murphy

No abstract provided.


Kurt Tucholsky: Left-Wing Intellectual And Politically-Engaged Journalist, David Johnson Jan 1995

Kurt Tucholsky: Left-Wing Intellectual And Politically-Engaged Journalist, David Johnson

Anthós (1990-1996)

Critics of intellectuals have focused on the naive idealism of intellectuals and their tendency to withdraw from the political theater, instead concentrating on their respective specialties. Tucholsky did not fit into this group of intellectuals, as he was an active participant in the political debates of the day. He polemicized, satirized and criticized. He wrote poems and cabarets. When he saw a theme which needed to be addressed, he tackled it; often many times. He focused on real issues. His methods of satire and criticism were purposefully used to highlight the real problems faced by Germany. Tucholsky may have not ...


A Frightful, But Not Necessarily Fatal, Madness: Rabies In Eighteenth-Century England And English North America , John Douglas Blaisdell Jan 1995

A Frightful, But Not Necessarily Fatal, Madness: Rabies In Eighteenth-Century England And English North America , John Douglas Blaisdell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the numerous medical beliefs and attitudes toward rabies in eighteenth-century England and English North America. It also attempts to explain the reasons behind some of these beliefs;The beliefs as to causation generally change with the changes in medical theories. As the established medical profession moves away from the beliefs in disease as a result of general body dysfunction and toward disease as a result of the dysfunction of one or more of the organs of the body the beliefs about rabies change accordingly. Rabies was no longer seen as a result of the dysfunction of the ...


Thomas Becon And The English Reformation: "The Sick Man's Salve" And The Protestantization Of English Popular Piety, Mary Regina Seeger Hampson Jan 1995

Thomas Becon And The English Reformation: "The Sick Man's Salve" And The Protestantization Of English Popular Piety, Mary Regina Seeger Hampson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Academic Freedom And Faculty Careers: A Case Study Of Four Nobel Laureate Exiles, 1930-1940, Timothy Dale Norton Jan 1995

Academic Freedom And Faculty Careers: A Case Study Of Four Nobel Laureate Exiles, 1930-1940, Timothy Dale Norton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this historical study was to evaluate the consequences that the politically-determined conventions of academic freedom in Germany and in the United States had on the careers of four elite scientists before and after their emigration resulting from the threats of Nazism. This problem consisted of three distinct conceptual parts: (1) academic freedom, as a concept, (2) the political conventions of academic freedom within pre-World War II Germany and within pre- and World War II America, and (3) the effect that these definitions had on the careers of Albert Einstein, James Franck, Otto Meyerhof, and Otto Stern. The ...


'Conformists' And 'Church Trimmers': The Liturgical Legacy Of Restoration Anglicanism, John D. Ramsbottom Jan 1995

'Conformists' And 'Church Trimmers': The Liturgical Legacy Of Restoration Anglicanism, John D. Ramsbottom

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

The attention paid to religion in recent accounts of Restoration England has had the refreshing result of adding complexity to the traditionally one-dimensional image of the established Church in this period. No longer is "Anglicanism" seen as synonymous with the reactionary creed of country gentlemen.


Martin Buber's Formative Years: From German Culture To Jewish Renewal 1898-1909, Gilya Schmidt Dec 1994

Martin Buber's Formative Years: From German Culture To Jewish Renewal 1898-1909, Gilya Schmidt

Gilya Gerda Schmidt

Martin Buber (1878-1965) was born into a world of two cultures – his Jewish family and his Austrian fatherland. During his childhood with his grandparents in Galician Lvov, Jewish values and German aesthetics coexisted. But not so in fin-de-siecle Viennese society. Jewish hopes for full social integration were disappointed, Yiddish culture was disparaged, and the Jewish religion was seen as ossified. In his personal confusion, Buber clearly grasped the essence of the problem: emancipation had failed, German culture was dying, Jews were on their own, and tradition was no longer viable. What to do? Buber wholeheartedly immersed himself in the making ...


National Minorities, Nationalizing States, And External National Homelands In The New Europe, Rogers Brubaker Dec 1994

National Minorities, Nationalizing States, And External National Homelands In The New Europe, Rogers Brubaker

Rogers Brubaker

No abstract provided.


As Go The Baltics, So Goes Europe, Vejas Liulevicius Dec 1994

As Go The Baltics, So Goes Europe, Vejas Liulevicius

Vejas Liulevicius

Today, the Baltic republics of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia constitute a political keystone in the construction of a larger, integrated Europe. Clearly, their importance does not stem from their size, scale, economic might or military strength. They are important, rather, as potential exemplars. For while the West can do little to influence the Russian Federation directly, judicious Western support of the Baltics could yield a tremendous payoff throughout Europe, including Russia. Building states and defining national identities in the Baltics would have considerable regional impact by creating a powerful precedent for other post-Soviet states, revitalizing Europe and the NATO alliance ...


"Angoumois", "Aquitaine", "Gascony", "Limousin", "Poitou", George Beech Dec 1994

"Angoumois", "Aquitaine", "Gascony", "Limousin", "Poitou", George Beech

George T. Beech

No abstract provided.


The Emblem And Motto Of The Congregation Of The Mission (Abridged), John E. Rybolt Dec 1994

The Emblem And Motto Of The Congregation Of The Mission (Abridged), John E. Rybolt

John E Rybolt

This study will show that this familiar figure of Jesus and the motto Evangelizare pauperibus misit me both date from the time of Saint Vincent. However, the use of both of these together, with the motto surrounding the oval, dates only from the nineteenth century.