Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

European History Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Selected Works

2014

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 70

Full-Text Articles in European History

'In The Time Of A Woman, Which Sex Was Not Capable Of Mature Deliberation': Late Tudor Parliamentary Relations And Their Early Stuart Discontents, Josh Chafetz Dec 2014

'In The Time Of A Woman, Which Sex Was Not Capable Of Mature Deliberation': Late Tudor Parliamentary Relations And Their Early Stuart Discontents, Josh Chafetz

Josh Chafetz

The English Civil War is one of the seminal events in Anglo-American constitutional history. Oceans of ink have been spilled in debating its causes, and historians have pointed to a number of salient divisions along economic, social, political, and religious lines. But a related, and equally important, question has gone largely ignored: what allowed the House of Commons, for the first time in English history, to play the lead role in opposing the Crown? How did the lower house of Parliament develop the constitutional self-confidence that would allow it to organize the rebellion against Charles I? This Article argues that ...


Johann Sebastian Bach's Wind/Brass Instruments And Scoring Techniques, Daniel Rager Nov 2014

Johann Sebastian Bach's Wind/Brass Instruments And Scoring Techniques, Daniel Rager

Dan Rager

Each time period has its own social, cultural and religious rules from which composers obey. Bach’s sacred and secular works walk a fine line and are hard to distinguish between, but each has been performed throughout the ages in a variety of settings. This paper investigates Bach’s: Ideologies and Scoring which include his petition of August 23, 1730, his Horn (Corno) and its many names and uses. The author details Bach’s trombone (s), how he use them and in what compositions they can be found as well as Bach’s trumpet (s), their various keys and uses ...


Erik Von Kuehnelt-Leddihn: The Intelligent American's Guide To Europe (1979) Study Guide, 2002-2014, Steven Alan Samson Nov 2014

Erik Von Kuehnelt-Leddihn: The Intelligent American's Guide To Europe (1979) Study Guide, 2002-2014, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Rough Terrain. Review Of Dane Kennedy, The Last Blank Spaces, Tobias J. Harper Nov 2014

Rough Terrain. Review Of Dane Kennedy, The Last Blank Spaces, Tobias J. Harper

Toby Harper

No abstract provided.


Review Of Notable Men And Women Of Our Time, Brian Maxson Oct 2014

Review Of Notable Men And Women Of Our Time, Brian Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

Paolo Giovio wrote his text in the aftermath of the sack of Rome by imperial troops in 1527, although the work remained unfinished at the time of the author's death some twenty-five years.


Review Of Reviving The Eternal City: Rome And The Papal Court, 1420-1447 By Elizabeth Mccahill, Brian Maxson Oct 2014

Review Of Reviving The Eternal City: Rome And The Papal Court, 1420-1447 By Elizabeth Mccahill, Brian Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

No abstract provided.


Grasping Toward Austria: The Anschluss - Book Review, Harry Ritter Oct 2014

Grasping Toward Austria: The Anschluss - Book Review, Harry Ritter

Harry R. Ritter

The 1970s were an interesting and significant decade for the historiography of contemporary Austria. Among Austrian scholars, the tradition of Koalitionsgeschichtsschreihung, a reflection of the political and bureaucratic system Proporz which reigned in the 1950s and 1960s, began to break down. With the triumph of Social Democracy under Bruno Kreisky, fewer historians especially those of the "left" were willing to continue sharing in the orderly division of responsibility for the recent past. Moreover, some of the controversy aroused in Germany by Fritz Fischer's work began to invigorate Austrian historical studies. Both in Austria and abroad, historians became less inclined ...


Fin-De-Siecle Vienna: Politics And Culture – Book Review, Harry Ritter Oct 2014

Fin-De-Siecle Vienna: Politics And Culture – Book Review, Harry Ritter

Harry R. Ritter

For the past two decades, Carl Schorske has been one of the most interesting writers in the field of late nineteenth-century Austrian history. The appearance of this handsomely illustrated collection of his essays - most of which originally appeared in historical journals - provides an opportunity to reflect on the nature of his contribution. The book consists of seven studies on topics ranging from the Ringstrafienstil in urban planning to Kokoschka's expressionism and Schoenberg's musical explorations. The finest, entitled "Politics in a New Key," is an examination of the irrational "sharper key" in political rhetoric and deportment which arose in ...


Austro-German Liberalism And The Modern Liberal Tradition, Harry Ritter Oct 2014

Austro-German Liberalism And The Modern Liberal Tradition, Harry Ritter

Harry R. Ritter

In a widely-cited essay on turn-of-the century Vienna, Carl Schorske alludes to the"dissolution of the classical liberal view of man in the crucible of Austria's modern politics .... [and] the emergence of psychological man from the wreckage of the old culture."' The theme of liberal decline has provided Schorske with the backdrop for several important articles on late nineteenth century Austria, and a number of interesting monographs. Relatively few historical studies, however, address the subject of Austrian liberalism per se, and those which do are mostly broad surveys.


Franchisement And Election In Vienna 1848 – 1932 – Book Review, Harry Ritter Oct 2014

Franchisement And Election In Vienna 1848 – 1932 – Book Review, Harry Ritter

Harry R. Ritter

This volume, conceived as one of several commentaries on the Historischer Atlas von Wien (appearing in installments since 1981), is a careful survey of franchise laws, voting procedures, and election results for the city of Vienna from the beginnings of popular politics in 1848 to the establishment of the Dollfuss dictatorship.


From Habsburg To Hitler To Haider: The Peculiarities Of Austrian History, Harry Ritter Oct 2014

From Habsburg To Hitler To Haider: The Peculiarities Of Austrian History, Harry Ritter

Harry R. Ritter

In broad overview, the defining feature of Austrian history since 1866 has been dramatic and - since 1918 - sometimes wrenching change.* A greater contrast between the country's serene, touristic image and the real historical experiences of its people can scarcely be imagined. Other regions - Poland, the former Yugoslavia, the former Soviet Union - endured, to be sure, greater human extremes and far greater total misery in our century. Sadly, the plight of these nations often occurred at the hands of Austrian-bred officials and soldiers, from Hitler, Eichmann, Globocnik, and Kaltenbrunner on down.' Yet if other countries suffered more, few, in such ...


Hermann Neubacher And Austrian Anschluss Movement, 1918-40, Harry Ritter Oct 2014

Hermann Neubacher And Austrian Anschluss Movement, 1918-40, Harry Ritter

Harry R. Ritter

The Anschluss problem was one of the most vexing legacies of nineteenth-century nationalism and the peace settlement of 1919. Seen in broad perspective, the Anschluss movement belongs to the final chapter in the history ofthe idea o Grossdeutschland, a dream born in 1848 and shared after 1867 by German-Austrians of the most varied cultural backgrounds and political opinions. Support for Ger? man union intensified following the collapse of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1918, but was frustrated by the restrictions placed upon union by the treaties of Versailles and Saint-Germain. After 1919 sympathy for Anschluss transcended party lines in the infant ...


The ''Long Shadow'' Of The State: Austrian Social History In The 20th Century, 1890-1990 - German - Book Review, Harry Ritter Oct 2014

The ''Long Shadow'' Of The State: Austrian Social History In The 20th Century, 1890-1990 - German - Book Review, Harry Ritter

Harry R. Ritter

Ernst Hanisch's new survey of Austrian Zeitgeschichte is one of the first volumes to appear in Ueberreuter Verlag's projected ten volume history of Austria from ancient times to the present, edited by Herwig Wolfram. If the other contributions equal this work in quality, the series will be a brilliant success. Hanisch's book will be a touchstone for all future efforts to synthesize and extract meaning from Austria's turbulent twentieth century experience.


Vienna In The Age Of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, And Private Life - Book Review, Harry Ritter Oct 2014

Vienna In The Age Of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, And Private Life - Book Review, Harry Ritter

Harry R. Ritter

Liberal parties fared poorly in the politics of late Habsburg Austria, yet Deborah Coen argues that nineteenth-century Austro-German liberalism should be imagined in a context larger than lost elections. We must recognize liberalism’s importance in the realms of sensibility, lifestyle, science, pedagogy, and leisure. In refreshing ways, Coen’s book revises the half-truths of Carl Schorske’s picture of Austrian liberalism as a father’s credo overwhelmed after 1880 by rebellious oedipal sons, anti-Semitism, and aesthetic modernisms. Although acknowledging elitist and utopian aspects of the liberal ethos, Coen depicts liberal strategies for navigating pre-1914 change with pronounced sympathy and ...


Thinking About The Gym: Greek Ideals, Newtonian Bodies, And Exercise In Early Eighteenth-Century England, Robert K. Batchelor Oct 2014

Thinking About The Gym: Greek Ideals, Newtonian Bodies, And Exercise In Early Eighteenth-Century England, Robert K. Batchelor

Robert K. Batchelor

Revival of Greek ideas about exercise in the British and Irish Enlightenment by doctors led to a shift in understandings about the independent mind by establishing a relation between bodily and mental health. By the late 1730s, interest shifted away from mind and body and towards the sentiments and passions, which marked gender distinctions and held together national communities. Gilbert West’s writing about the Olympics in the 1740s indicated the difficulty in resolving tensions about exercise and sport as producing aristocratic distinction and violent passions as against their encouragement of healthy minds and civic virtue in the nation.


Inscrutable Inscriptions: Reading Recipes In The Livre Fort Excellent De Cuysine, Timothy Tomasik Sep 2014

Inscrutable Inscriptions: Reading Recipes In The Livre Fort Excellent De Cuysine, Timothy Tomasik

Timothy J. Tomasik

No abstract provided.


Review Of Entering A Clerical Career At The Roman Curia, 1458–1471 By Kirsi Salonen And Jusi Hanska, Brian Maxson Sep 2014

Review Of Entering A Clerical Career At The Roman Curia, 1458–1471 By Kirsi Salonen And Jusi Hanska, Brian Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Renaissance Of Empire In Early Modern Europe, Brian Maxson Sep 2014

Review Of The Renaissance Of Empire In Early Modern Europe, Brian Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

This work offers a panoramic sweep of the use of Roman Imperial Iconographies and literary traditions from the 14th through 17th centuries.


Panel Presentation For German Society Of America 2014: World War I Pamphlets At The Penn Libraries, Rebecca A. Stuhr Sep 2014

Panel Presentation For German Society Of America 2014: World War I Pamphlets At The Penn Libraries, Rebecca A. Stuhr

Rebecca A Stuhr

Power point presentation: Demonstrates the variety of pamphlets digitized from the Penn Libraries Collection and how to identify and access them.


The U.S Constitution Vs. The Weimar Constitution: Why Democracy Failed In Post-War Germany., Jennifer Wright, Kevin Dorth Sep 2014

The U.S Constitution Vs. The Weimar Constitution: Why Democracy Failed In Post-War Germany., Jennifer Wright, Kevin Dorth

Jennifer Wright Joe

This presentation outlined the differences between the Weimar Constitution of post-WWI Germany to that of the United States and explored the reasons the Weimar Constitution failed.


The Dutch Black Legend, Carmen Nocentelli Aug 2014

The Dutch Black Legend, Carmen Nocentelli

Carmen Nocentelli

English “Hollandophobia” is usually understood as a function or reflection of the rivalries that characterized Anglo-Dutch relations during the seventeenth century. Working against such a circumscribed understanding, this essay contends that Hollandophobia is best thought of as a “Dutch Black Legend”—that is, as a deliberate repetition of the Hispanophobic topoi known as the Spanish Black Legend. Only by acknowledging the intimate relationship between these two phenomena can we make sense of Hollandophobia’s peculiar features while discerning how this discourse helped construct what the English took to be proper Europeanness.


The “Boast Of Antiquity”: Pulpit Politics Across The Atlantic Archipelago During The Revolution Of 1688, Newton Key Aug 2014

The “Boast Of Antiquity”: Pulpit Politics Across The Atlantic Archipelago During The Revolution Of 1688, Newton Key

Newton Key

John Locke and many others noted the vibrant political commentary from the pulpit during the Glorious Revolution. Preachers from the full confessional spectrum in England, and especially in Scotland, Ireland, and the colonies, used occasional or state sermons to explain contemporary upheavals from the perspective of God’s law, Natural law, and Civil law. Most surprising is the latter, clerical reference to civil history and ancient origins, which preachers used to answer contemporary questions of conquest and allegiance. Clergy revisited the origins and constitutional roots of the Britons, Anglo-Saxons, Scots, and Irish, and deployed histories of legendary kings and imaginary ...


Love Your Enemy? Reflections At The Centenary Of World War I, Denis Kaiser Aug 2014

Love Your Enemy? Reflections At The Centenary Of World War I, Denis Kaiser

Denis Kaiser

No abstract provided.


World War I Military Portraits (Digital Collection), Rose Fortier, Maria Cunningham Jul 2014

World War I Military Portraits (Digital Collection), Rose Fortier, Maria Cunningham

Rose Fortier

World War I Military Portraits is comprised of more than 32,000 photographs, typewritten volumes, and service records. The items were complied from collections of the American War Mothers Milwaukee County Chapter and the Milwaukee County Council of Defense. These items contain a wealth of genealogical information and provide a candid look into soldiers' ideas and perceptions of the First World War.

The World War I Military Portraits digital collection brings online access to one of the library's most highly used research collections. The current digital collection represents the majority of the service records but is continuously growing, so ...


Jul 2014

Michael F. Graham

No abstract provided.


Jul 2014

Michael F. Graham

No abstract provided.


Jul 2014

Michael F. Graham

No abstract provided.


Jul 2014

Michael F. Graham

No abstract provided.


Jul 2014

Michael F. Graham

No abstract provided.


Jul 2014

Michael F. Graham

No abstract provided.