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Undergraduate Honors Theses

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Full-Text Articles in European History

Terra Nullius And The Svalbard Question: Exploring An Anomaly In International Law, Luke H. Campopiano May 2020

Terra Nullius And The Svalbard Question: Exploring An Anomaly In International Law, Luke H. Campopiano

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This honors thesis explores the usage of terra nullius in the context of the negotiations concerning sovereignty over the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard. Previous scholarship has emphasized the Svalbard Commission’s solution of Norwegian sovereignty, while largely ignoring the many intriguing suggestions at the time for divided or limited sovereignty in the archipelago. Intimately linked to these legal roads-not-taken is terra nullius, a Latin legal term that means “no man’s land.” This thesis will focus on the differing uses of terra nullius by legal scholars, diplomats, explorers, scientists, and corporate lobbyists with the aim of providing a comprehensive understanding ...


In The Cathedral Of The Devil: Young Witches Of Navarre, 1608-1614, Olivia Louise Vande Woude May 2020

In The Cathedral Of The Devil: Young Witches Of Navarre, 1608-1614, Olivia Louise Vande Woude

Undergraduate Honors Theses

A witch-hunt in Spain's northern kingdom of Navarre that occurred between 1608 and 1612, and which was overseen by the Spanish Inquisition, was one of the most famous witch persecutions in European history. In the early nineteenth century, Napoleon's troops burned down the inquisition tribunal that handled this witch persecution, and modern scholars consequently believed that the witches' voices were lost to history. Those scholars did not realize that a number of the witches' statements survived Napoleon and are currently held in Madrid's National Historical Archive. The witches' declarations were made not only by adult men and ...


Schieß, Bruder: Turkish-German Rap And Threatening Masculinity, Manasi Deorah May 2020

Schieß, Bruder: Turkish-German Rap And Threatening Masculinity, Manasi Deorah

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This work is composed of three major parts: Part 1 will focus on how cultural production is an arena for power negotiation, the politics of rap as a medium, the rise of the Turkish German rap tradition, a history of policing culture in Germany, and how what is subversive and what is ideal give contour to the euromasculine paradigm. Part 2 will look at how historical orientalism and beliefs about men of color influenced German law, ideas of miscegenation, sexuality and protection of White women from the threat of Brown men, the history and impacts of Turkish migration to Germany ...


The Roadmap: Exploring T.S. Eliot’S The Waste Land With World War One Literature, Matthew Bennett May 2020

The Roadmap: Exploring T.S. Eliot’S The Waste Land With World War One Literature, Matthew Bennett

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Through careful analysis paired with poetry, war memoirs, and novels from the same period, one can break down T.S. Eliot’s The Waste Land to recognize the impact of The Great War on the world's modern memory while pondering the possibility of memory as a tool to overcome trauma.


Resurrecting The Women Of The Waste Land, Angela Rose Granados West May 2020

Resurrecting The Women Of The Waste Land, Angela Rose Granados West

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis argues that T.S. Eliot's The Waste Land is Eliot's version of a modern fertility ritual with women as the principal drivers of the narrative. Women show both the depth of desolation that spiritual bankruptcy brings, but ironically contain within them the hope and possibility for redemption. Through figures such as the Sybil, Madame Sosostris, Lil, Philomela, and Ganga, Eliot shows the full range of emotion and possibilities to be found in The Waste Land. Ultimately, women are the catalysts in the poem - they make up the steps of the fertility rituals set out by Jessie ...


Debatable Deeds, Indisputable Identity: Negotiated Structural Violence And Honor Culture Of The Anglo-Scottish Borderers, Nina Willms May 2020

Debatable Deeds, Indisputable Identity: Negotiated Structural Violence And Honor Culture Of The Anglo-Scottish Borderers, Nina Willms

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis demonstrates the existence of an Anglo-Scottish border society whose collective understanding of violence contrasted with two remote Crown governments’ attempts to impose power. Many scholars have struggled with viewing the border as a coherent society not only because of mistaken assumptions of ‘national’ identities in early modern Britain, but also because of the prevalence of violence on the border. However, by studying the Crowns and the borderlands on an equal footing, new explanations for the violence of this space highlight the complexity of the border. Rather than being fully divisive, this space facilitated both friendly and violent cross-border ...


Worthy Widows, Feckless Fathers, And Innocent Babes: Experiences Of Poverty In Early Industrial England, Emma Diduch May 2020

Worthy Widows, Feckless Fathers, And Innocent Babes: Experiences Of Poverty In Early Industrial England, Emma Diduch

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The administration of the English poor laws did not happen in a vacuum, and decisions made by overseers, clerks, and trustees not only meant life or death for paupers in their parishes, but were also open to contest, negotiation, and response from the working classes themselves. On the national stage, politicians and pamphleteers observed rising poor rates and changing economic and social structures and determined that the poor laws were to blame for demoralizing large swathes of the workforce; in local arenas, parishes struggled to apply this developing ideology of poverty when confronted with the practical effects of industrialization. Late ...


The Rise And Fall Of ‘New Ulster’: Northern Irish Politics In Flux, 1963-1969, Aaron Higgins Apr 2020

The Rise And Fall Of ‘New Ulster’: Northern Irish Politics In Flux, 1963-1969, Aaron Higgins

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores the political agenda of Terence O’Neill, Northern Ireland’s fourth Prime Minister, who served from 1963-1969. Since the creation of the Northern Irish government in 1921, the ruling Unionist Party held a stagnant monopoly over regional political life. This de facto one-party state induced mass desire for systematic reform by the 1960s. In 1963, O’Neill emerged to take up this cause. Many previous studies of the O’Neill Ministry have taken only cursory glances at the Premier’s policy program. While many such scholarly works have homed in on his tepid community relations platform, these ...


Jumping Through Hoops: The Rise And Demise Of The Hoop Petticoat In The Eighteenth Century, Charlotte Engel Apr 2019

Jumping Through Hoops: The Rise And Demise Of The Hoop Petticoat In The Eighteenth Century, Charlotte Engel

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis looks at eighteenth-century hooped petticoats and society's attitudes towards them in the hope of learning more about what made these garments so popular. It examines their change over time, satirical commentary on these garments, and who was wearing them throughout society.


A Return To Camelot?: British Identity, The Masculine Ideal, And The Romanticization Of The Royal Flying Corps Image, Abby S. Whitlock Apr 2019

A Return To Camelot?: British Identity, The Masculine Ideal, And The Romanticization Of The Royal Flying Corps Image, Abby S. Whitlock

Undergraduate Honors Theses

My research focuses on the intersection between gender, social identity, and memory in the British military during the First World War. Focusing on the Royal Flying Corps, I explore how the image of the Royal Flying Corps stemmed from three primary avenues: Britain’s pre-war infatuation with aviation, the anonymous nature of industrial warfare in the trenches impacting public morale, and targeted recruitment tactics and medical examination criteria. These three avenues directly correlated with the British upper class perception of the ideal “masculine man”, whose characteristics of chivalry, obedience, courage, and emotional strength were directly projected onto RFC servicemen. Through ...


"The Celebrated Madame Campan": Educating Republican Mothers À La Française In Nineteenth-Century America, Lydia Heaton Apr 2019

"The Celebrated Madame Campan": Educating Republican Mothers À La Française In Nineteenth-Century America, Lydia Heaton

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Marie Antoinette’s former lady-in-waiting and founder of an internationally acclaimed boarding school for girls, Madame Campan (1752-1822) taught both Napoleon Bonaparte’s stepdaughter and President James Monroe’s eldest daughter. She also published a popular memoir of Marie Antoinette’s life and several educational tracts. While Campan has been largely forgotten today, she is more closely connected to the development of American ideas about female education and republican motherhood than has yet been represented in the historiographical record. The French headmistress carefully crafted an educational system that proved to be influential on the development of American institutional education for ...


Reassessing The Neustadt As A Site Of Outstanding Cultural Value, Sophie Higgerson Apr 2019

Reassessing The Neustadt As A Site Of Outstanding Cultural Value, Sophie Higgerson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores the logic of preservation behind the extension of Strasbourg's World Heritage Site to include the Neustadt, a development built by the German administration between 1870 and 1916. Divided into three sections focusing on the Neustadt master plan, the Orangerie/Conseil des XV neighborhood, and the Grande Percée, the paper reframes the interchange of French and German planning practices in the late 19th and early 20th century.


From Fallen Women To Founding Mothers: How Petty Criminals Became Pioneers On The Australian Frontier 1788-1828, Katherine Spencer May 2018

From Fallen Women To Founding Mothers: How Petty Criminals Became Pioneers On The Australian Frontier 1788-1828, Katherine Spencer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Historians have often portrayed female convicts transported to the Australian colonies as victims of circumstance, exploited by Britain's outdated legal system, colonial authorities, and even their male counterparts. This research paper will seek to move away from the victimhood narrative that plagues the historical record of convict women and instead analyze female convict agency. Contrary to the current research on the subject, convict women in the Australian penal colonies had agency to improve their lives given their unique circumstances. Despite poor conditions, discrimination, and their image as unredeemable “fallen women” among English society, convict women were resourceful, resilient, and ...


Maritime Governance: How State Capacity Impacts Piracy And Sea Lane Security, Yuito Ishikawa Apr 2018

Maritime Governance: How State Capacity Impacts Piracy And Sea Lane Security, Yuito Ishikawa

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Maritime piracy varies from place to place and from age to age. This thesis aims to explain the variation of piracy across time and space by exploring the capability of establishing maritime governance against piracy. The spatial variation in the number of piratical attacks is explained by calculating the state capacity for governing the surrounding seas called Sea Power Index. The thesis argues that pirates particularly target waters near a state with “medium” levels of sea power because such states are not capable of enforcing strict regulations on piracy but can provide enough infrastructure and economy for pirates to have ...


Linguistic Feminism & The Body In 20th-Century French Feminist Texts, Lauren Hammett Apr 2018

Linguistic Feminism & The Body In 20th-Century French Feminist Texts, Lauren Hammett

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines the use of linguistic feminism and references to the body in 20th-century French feminist texts, and particularly in the work of Luce Irigaray. This involves an investigation into the nature of French feminism and the validity of the accusations of essentialism that have been leveled against it by many critics. The thesis argues for French feminists' place in feminist scholarship and for an anti-essentialist, more figurative reading of their discussions of the body, in addition to examining their discussions of language, including écriture féminine. Finally, the implications of French feminist ideology for feminism today, as well as ...


Defining Ambiguous: Lesbianism And The Vampire In “Christabel” And Carmilla, Holly E. Reynolds May 2017

Defining Ambiguous: Lesbianism And The Vampire In “Christabel” And Carmilla, Holly E. Reynolds

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Within vampire fiction, there exists a common narrative of a wide-eyed, innocent victim being pursued and then corrupted by a mysterious figure. At first glance, Samuel Taylor Coleridge's poem "Christabel" (1816) and Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's novella Carmilla (1872) seem to adhere to this narrative. Both works feature young women, Christabel in "Christabel" and Laura in Carmilla, being pursued by vampires: specifically, female vampires. However, it can be argued that the young women in Coleridge's and Le Fanu's works are not victims; rather, they are liberated agents acting independently in their sexual lives. An analysis of ...


Scattered Prizes: Colonial Fantasies And The Material Body In The English Renaissance Blazon, Aidan J. Selmer May 2017

Scattered Prizes: Colonial Fantasies And The Material Body In The English Renaissance Blazon, Aidan J. Selmer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper attempts to draw connections between instances when English Renaissance poets use descriptive language tinged by colonial imaginings within a popular contemporary poetic device, the Petrarchan blazon. In the process, Aidan Selmer explores new ways to read selections from Edmund Spenser, Sir Philip Sidney, William Shakespeare, Sir Walter Ralegh, Sir John Davies, and John Donne, within the context of each poet's real and fictional roles in the early imperial and colonial projects of Early Modern England. What emerges is a thoughtful, complex conversation between several influential writers who recognize the materialistic (and misogynistic) politics inherent within the blazon ...


Anne Boleyn: Living A Thousand Lives Forever, Amanda S. Nicholson May 2017

Anne Boleyn: Living A Thousand Lives Forever, Amanda S. Nicholson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Writers and historians from earlier centuries imagined Anne Boleyn as a villain; a forward and evil woman intent on destroying Henry VII and his image. Modern accounts have been more accommodating, offering that she was misunderstood due to the constraints of the times. In an attempt to discover the historical Anne, I will be comparing and contrasting how she has been perceived in fiction and non-fiction literature, and will examine how the perception of Anne has shifted through time.


Recreating Richard Iii: The Power Of Tudor Propaganda, Heather Alexander May 2016

Recreating Richard Iii: The Power Of Tudor Propaganda, Heather Alexander

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Because it signified the violent transition from the Plantagenet to Tudor dynasty, the death of King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth’s Field was a monumental event. After five centuries, his skeleton was rediscovered by an archaeological team at a site, formerly the location of the Greyfriars Priory Church. The presentation uses the forensic evidence to examine the extent to which the perceived image of Richard III is the result of Tudor propaganda.


Theobald Wolfe Tone As A Politician And Diplomat, Abigail Clancy Trevor May 2016

Theobald Wolfe Tone As A Politician And Diplomat, Abigail Clancy Trevor

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Theobald Wolfe Tone was one of the leaders of the Irish Rebellion of 1798. He and his allies worked initially for moderate reform and later to establish Ireland as an independent republic free from English rule. Tone devoted the latter part of his career to negotiations with the French government to acquire a military force to assist in Ireland’s liberation. While the French did eventually agree, the rebellion was unsuccessful. Tone documented his life in a series of personal and public writings, which have been studied by historians since the nineteenth century. For much of this time, scholars have ...


Thinking Through The Monarchy In Sixth-Century Visigothic Spain, Cade Meinel Apr 2016

Thinking Through The Monarchy In Sixth-Century Visigothic Spain, Cade Meinel

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper uses a comparison of the laws of the Visigothic Code to the events of the sixth century to investigate the continuity that the concepts surrounding the Visigothic monarchy, such as negotiated sovereignty and religious and ethnic identities, provided within the Visigothic kingdom in Spain. It first establishes the theoretical framework for the monarchy found in the law before exploring how these ideas influenced and were in turn affected by the events of the sixth century. It moves through the century starting with King Theodoric the Great and the Ostrogoth influence and ends with the kings Liuvigild and Recarred ...


Molded From Clay: The Portrayal Of Jews Through The Golem In Yudel Rosenberg’S The Golem And The Wondrous Deeds Of The Maharal Of Prague And Gustav Meyrink’S Der Golem, Reynolds Nelson Hahamovitch Apr 2016

Molded From Clay: The Portrayal Of Jews Through The Golem In Yudel Rosenberg’S The Golem And The Wondrous Deeds Of The Maharal Of Prague And Gustav Meyrink’S Der Golem, Reynolds Nelson Hahamovitch

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines and compares Yudel Rosenberg’s The Golem and the Wondrous Deeds of the Maharal (1909) and Gustav Meyrink’s Der Golem (1915). These texts brought monumental changes to the Golem legend and brought the creature for the first time into popular modern literature. This thesis pays particular attention to how Rosenberg and Meyrink bind the Golem legend to the portrayal of the Jew in contemporary Jewish and non-Jewish discourses. I conclude my discussion of these two novels by examining them in light of the Finis Ghetto program, an urban renewal program which almost completely destroyed Prague’s ...


Group Discipleship And Individual Spirituality: Challenging Models Of False Sanctity In Early Modern Italy And Spain, Mary Andino Apr 2016

Group Discipleship And Individual Spirituality: Challenging Models Of False Sanctity In Early Modern Italy And Spain, Mary Andino

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This honors thesis examines men and women tried by the Inquisition in Italy and Spain for the crime of false sanctity, or feigning holiness. This paper relies on these trials to explore discipleship, confession, personal spirituality, and visionary experience in early modern Europe.


“The Bedroom And The Barnyard: Zoomorphic Lust Through Territory, Procedure, And Shelter In ‘The Miller’S Tale’” & Haunchebones, Danielle N. Byington May 2015

“The Bedroom And The Barnyard: Zoomorphic Lust Through Territory, Procedure, And Shelter In ‘The Miller’S Tale’” & Haunchebones, Danielle N. Byington

Undergraduate Honors Theses

“The Bedroom and the Barnyard: Zoomorphic Lust Through Territory, Procedure, and Shelter in ‘The Miller’s Tale’” is an academic endeavor that takes Chaucer’s zoomorphic metaphors and similes and analyzes them in a sense that reveals the chaos of what is human and what is animal tendency. The academic work is expressed in the adjunct creative project, Haunchebones, a 10-minute drama that echoes the tale and its zoomorphic influences, while presenting the content in a stylized play influenced by Theatre of the Absurd and artwork from the medieval and early renaissance period.


Das Gestell And Human Autonomy: On Andrew Feenberg's Interpretation Of Martin Heidegger, Zachary Peck May 2015

Das Gestell And Human Autonomy: On Andrew Feenberg's Interpretation Of Martin Heidegger, Zachary Peck

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In my thesis, I examine the relationship between modern technology and human autonomy from the philosophical perspective of Martin Heidegger. He argues that the essence of modern technology is the Gestell. Often translated as ‘enframing,’ the Gestell is a mode of revealing, or understanding, being, in which all beings are revealed as, or understood as, raw materials. By revealing all beings as raw materials, we eventually understand ourselves as raw materials. I argue that this undermines human autonomy, but, unlike Andrew Feenberg, I do not believe this process is irreversible from Heidegger’s perspective. I articulate the meaning of the ...


Disaster And Discourse: Reactions To The 1906 Courrières Colliery Mine Disaster, Jacob Abrams May 2015

Disaster And Discourse: Reactions To The 1906 Courrières Colliery Mine Disaster, Jacob Abrams

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The 1906 Courrières Colliery Mine Disaster is the worst industrial catastrophe ever to have occurred in Europe. Yet, there is little scholarship available on the subject. This thesis examines reactions to the disaster from French coalminers, the French government, and international groups, states, and organizations. What is revealed is the importance of the event to understanding the historical relationships between work and protest, the French state and the labor movement, and the construction of international disaster relief and motivations for charity and giving.


Narrativity In French Depictions Of The Crusades, Sydney Morgan Weaver May 2015

Narrativity In French Depictions Of The Crusades, Sydney Morgan Weaver

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis studies the use of narrative, as exemplified by the theories of Hayden White, in the histories of the Crusades that have been written by French authors. It looks at three primary authors: William of Tyre, Louis Maimbourg, and J.J. Lemoine, as products of their time and authors of a history.


Bouts Of Brain Fever: Female Rebellion And The Dubiety Of Illness In Victorian Fiction, Stephanie R. Mason May 2015

Bouts Of Brain Fever: Female Rebellion And The Dubiety Of Illness In Victorian Fiction, Stephanie R. Mason

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In several Victorian novels, a character becomes incapacitated—and bedridden—for a period of time due to an elusive ailment known as brain fever; these mental alterations usually occur in female characters after an unexpected event or a stress-ridden situation. However, the sources of and meanings behind these fits of brain fever are limited to generic descriptions (if the author provides any explanation at all). This apparently intentional absence of information suggests that the illnesses act as symbols, alluding to or attempting to understand relevant social issues of the time. Through an in-depth study of Elizabeth Gaskell’s Mary Barton ...


Taming Of Monsters: The Postdramatic Case For Copenhagen, Shaan Y. Sharma May 2015

Taming Of Monsters: The Postdramatic Case For Copenhagen, Shaan Y. Sharma

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Analysis of Michael Frayn's manipulation of perspective in his works, the implications of a postdramatic interpretation of Copenhagen, the production process of the show, and reflections on the performance.


Of Myth And Memory: Collective Memory In The French World War Ii Museum, Elisabeth S. Bloxam May 2015

Of Myth And Memory: Collective Memory In The French World War Ii Museum, Elisabeth S. Bloxam

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines the complex mechanics of collective memory in France through a study of museums dedicated to World War II. Through a chronological analysis of museums that have emerged over the past seventy years, I endeavor to connect the evolution of the French war museum to the creation, propagation and ultimate disintegration of the ‘Resistance Myth,’ a national wartime narrative propagated by the French government in the postwar period. This study concludes with an analysis of the current status of the WWII museum as an educative and commemorative institution that presents the Resistance in a restructured though not entirely ...