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Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in European History

Assarting And Governmental Development In Twelfth-Century England: A Study Of The Pipe Roll Evidence Concerning Illegal Land Clearance, 1154-1189 , Kevin Dale Hill Jan 2002

Assarting And Governmental Development In Twelfth-Century England: A Study Of The Pipe Roll Evidence Concerning Illegal Land Clearance, 1154-1189 , Kevin Dale Hill

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

From the time human beings began cultivating crops, the quest for fertile crop land has been a prime objective. Since antiquity, farmers expanded their fields by clearing trees within or along the edges of neighboring forests. Likewise, as the population of Europe grew during the medieval period, the expansion of arable land was an important activity. In England, much of the land was cleared in a piecemeal fashion, via the assarts of both small and large landholders. Land clearance was an economically and environmentally important activity for all levels of society, yet historians, including agricultural historians, have largely ignored the ...


David Ii, King Of Scotland (1329-1371): A Political Biography , Bruce Robert Homann Jan 2001

David Ii, King Of Scotland (1329-1371): A Political Biography , Bruce Robert Homann

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This work examines the life and reign of David II, King of Scotland from 1329 to 1371. Whenever possible, original source material was used. Using charter and chronicle evidence, an itinerary for David II has been developed as well as an accounting of the major points of his reign. A detailed examination of David's life and activities has revealed heretofore unknown aspects of his career, including more frequent trips to Scotland, and an interpretation of his accomplishments and a brief discussion of his sudden death.


Images Of Women In Eighteenth Century English Chapbooks, From Banal Bickering To Fragile Females , Katherine Barber Fromm Jan 2000

Images Of Women In Eighteenth Century English Chapbooks, From Banal Bickering To Fragile Females , Katherine Barber Fromm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Eighteenth-century English chapbooks, an under-examined historical source, provide a rich panoply of images presented for popular consumption in cheap, ephemeral books. As part of popular culture, this humble literature changed over the course of the century. Of interest here are the images presented to women during this most significant century of chapbooks. Those of earlier decades retold traditional fairy tales and legends and reprinted jest books. In addition, there is a recurring strand of bickering and humorous exchanges between men and women. Ballads that depicted conjugal and marital relationships often found their way into chapbooks, and other chapbooks borrowed from ...


Lodestone And Earth: The Study Of Magnetism And Terrestrial Magnetism In Great Britain, C 1750-1830 , Robinson Mclaughry Yost Jan 1997

Lodestone And Earth: The Study Of Magnetism And Terrestrial Magnetism In Great Britain, C 1750-1830 , Robinson Mclaughry Yost

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation investigates a neglected area in the history of the physical sciences--the history of the study of magnetism. Examining the study of magnetism and terrestrial magnetism in Great Britain from the 1750s to the 1830s allows for discussing the changing motives, methods, and results of magnetic and geomagnetic studies. The changes in magnetic studies are comparable to dramatic transformations in other areas of experimental physics, including the studies of heat, light, and electricity;With the publication of De Magnete, William Gilbert intimately linked the earth's magnetism to magnetism by arguing the earth was a giant magnet. Though subsequent ...


The Effects Of The Black Death On The Lower Gentry And Offices Of Coroner And Verderer In Fourteenth-Century England, Kevin Christopher Delange Jan 1997

The Effects Of The Black Death On The Lower Gentry And Offices Of Coroner And Verderer In Fourteenth-Century England, Kevin Christopher Delange

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Evidence put forth by John Hatcher in Plague Population and the English Economy, and by Rosemary Horrox, editor of The Black Death, shows that in the years of 1348-49, 1361, 1369,1375, and 1390-93 plagues of varying strengths struck England. By examining the Calendar of the Close Rolls, the death rates of coroners and verderers during these outbreaks can be determined. This in turn allows a death rate to be obtained for the county gentry from which these officials were drawn. The plagues of the latter fourteenth century also had an effect of the offices of coroner and verderer themselves ...


A Frightful, But Not Necessarily Fatal, Madness: Rabies In Eighteenth-Century England And English North America , John Douglas Blaisdell Jan 1995

A Frightful, But Not Necessarily Fatal, Madness: Rabies In Eighteenth-Century England And English North America , John Douglas Blaisdell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the numerous medical beliefs and attitudes toward rabies in eighteenth-century England and English North America. It also attempts to explain the reasons behind some of these beliefs;The beliefs as to causation generally change with the changes in medical theories. As the established medical profession moves away from the beliefs in disease as a result of general body dysfunction and toward disease as a result of the dysfunction of one or more of the organs of the body the beliefs about rabies change accordingly. Rabies was no longer seen as a result of the dysfunction of the ...


Science, Practice And Politics: German Agricultural Experiment Stations In The Nineteenth Century , Mark Russell Finlay Jan 1992

Science, Practice And Politics: German Agricultural Experiment Stations In The Nineteenth Century , Mark Russell Finlay

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the origins, scientific research, and impact of German agricultural experiment stations in the nineteenth century. At the time, German experiment stations held a commanding status in chemistry and life sciences research, German agricultural scientists established themselves an important scientific community, and German stations contributed to their nation's economic and industrial prominence;The dissertation emphasizes conflicts among the stations' three major constituencies. Profit-minded agriculturists were among the first to promote agricultural science. Generally speaking, they expected agricultural science to serve their immediate and practical interests, though they also employed a rhetoric of economic development and national ...