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Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in European History

An Interdisciplinary Review Of The Crowd At Eighteenth Century Hangings In England, Susan Renee Stockdale Jan 2007

An Interdisciplinary Review Of The Crowd At Eighteenth Century Hangings In England, Susan Renee Stockdale

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This is an interdisciplinary study of the crowds at eighteenth century hangings in England. The three disciplines involved are sociology, psychology and history. The first two disciplines are combined in the first chapter which provides an overview of psychosocial research on crowd behavior and shows that these theories have evolved from initial theories which hypothesized that an individual loses his autonomy and becomes subject to the collective mind to more recent theories which hypothesize that an individual's behavior in a crowd is consistent with an existing norm which the individual uses as a model for his behavior in that ...


Assarting And Governmental Development In Twelfth-Century England: A Study Of The Pipe Roll Evidence Concerning Illegal Land Clearance, 1154-1189 , Kevin Dale Hill Jan 2002

Assarting And Governmental Development In Twelfth-Century England: A Study Of The Pipe Roll Evidence Concerning Illegal Land Clearance, 1154-1189 , Kevin Dale Hill

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

From the time human beings began cultivating crops, the quest for fertile crop land has been a prime objective. Since antiquity, farmers expanded their fields by clearing trees within or along the edges of neighboring forests. Likewise, as the population of Europe grew during the medieval period, the expansion of arable land was an important activity. In England, much of the land was cleared in a piecemeal fashion, via the assarts of both small and large landholders. Land clearance was an economically and environmentally important activity for all levels of society, yet historians, including agricultural historians, have largely ignored the ...


David Ii, King Of Scotland (1329-1371): A Political Biography , Bruce Robert Homann Jan 2001

David Ii, King Of Scotland (1329-1371): A Political Biography , Bruce Robert Homann

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This work examines the life and reign of David II, King of Scotland from 1329 to 1371. Whenever possible, original source material was used. Using charter and chronicle evidence, an itinerary for David II has been developed as well as an accounting of the major points of his reign. A detailed examination of David's life and activities has revealed heretofore unknown aspects of his career, including more frequent trips to Scotland, and an interpretation of his accomplishments and a brief discussion of his sudden death.


Images Of Women In Eighteenth Century English Chapbooks, From Banal Bickering To Fragile Females , Katherine Barber Fromm Jan 2000

Images Of Women In Eighteenth Century English Chapbooks, From Banal Bickering To Fragile Females , Katherine Barber Fromm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Eighteenth-century English chapbooks, an under-examined historical source, provide a rich panoply of images presented for popular consumption in cheap, ephemeral books. As part of popular culture, this humble literature changed over the course of the century. Of interest here are the images presented to women during this most significant century of chapbooks. Those of earlier decades retold traditional fairy tales and legends and reprinted jest books. In addition, there is a recurring strand of bickering and humorous exchanges between men and women. Ballads that depicted conjugal and marital relationships often found their way into chapbooks, and other chapbooks borrowed from ...


Early Modern English Understanding Of Islam Through The 1649 Alcoran Of Mahomet, Lemiya M. Almas Jan 1999

Early Modern English Understanding Of Islam Through The 1649 Alcoran Of Mahomet, Lemiya M. Almas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In search of sources that dealt with Islam in the 16th and 17thc I came across Samuel Chew's The Crescent and the Rose. Chew's book is best likened to a catalog where he manages to list a great number of works written prior to and during Early Modern England that dealt primarily with Islam. Of the thousands of sources that Chew listed one was of particular interest to me, namely the first English translation of the Koran in 1649. With the help of my major professor and the staff in the microform room at Parks Library, I was ...


Lodestone And Earth: The Study Of Magnetism And Terrestrial Magnetism In Great Britain, C 1750-1830 , Robinson Mclaughry Yost Jan 1997

Lodestone And Earth: The Study Of Magnetism And Terrestrial Magnetism In Great Britain, C 1750-1830 , Robinson Mclaughry Yost

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation investigates a neglected area in the history of the physical sciences--the history of the study of magnetism. Examining the study of magnetism and terrestrial magnetism in Great Britain from the 1750s to the 1830s allows for discussing the changing motives, methods, and results of magnetic and geomagnetic studies. The changes in magnetic studies are comparable to dramatic transformations in other areas of experimental physics, including the studies of heat, light, and electricity;With the publication of De Magnete, William Gilbert intimately linked the earth's magnetism to magnetism by arguing the earth was a giant magnet. Though subsequent ...


The Effects Of The Black Death On The Lower Gentry And Offices Of Coroner And Verderer In Fourteenth-Century England, Kevin Christopher Delange Jan 1997

The Effects Of The Black Death On The Lower Gentry And Offices Of Coroner And Verderer In Fourteenth-Century England, Kevin Christopher Delange

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Evidence put forth by John Hatcher in Plague Population and the English Economy, and by Rosemary Horrox, editor of The Black Death, shows that in the years of 1348-49, 1361, 1369,1375, and 1390-93 plagues of varying strengths struck England. By examining the Calendar of the Close Rolls, the death rates of coroners and verderers during these outbreaks can be determined. This in turn allows a death rate to be obtained for the county gentry from which these officials were drawn. The plagues of the latter fourteenth century also had an effect of the offices of coroner and verderer themselves ...


A Frightful, But Not Necessarily Fatal, Madness: Rabies In Eighteenth-Century England And English North America , John Douglas Blaisdell Jan 1995

A Frightful, But Not Necessarily Fatal, Madness: Rabies In Eighteenth-Century England And English North America , John Douglas Blaisdell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the numerous medical beliefs and attitudes toward rabies in eighteenth-century England and English North America. It also attempts to explain the reasons behind some of these beliefs;The beliefs as to causation generally change with the changes in medical theories. As the established medical profession moves away from the beliefs in disease as a result of general body dysfunction and toward disease as a result of the dysfunction of one or more of the organs of the body the beliefs about rabies change accordingly. Rabies was no longer seen as a result of the dysfunction of the ...


The Labor Movement Of Salt Miners In Wieliczka , Anna Partin Jan 1993

The Labor Movement Of Salt Miners In Wieliczka , Anna Partin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study analyzes various components of the labor movement during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in one of the oldest industrial centers in Poland. The formation and development of the miners' movement are examined with relation to political parties, the labor market, and the mining community. The research also examines the growth of class consciousness with relation to the intellectual ideology of the socialist party and the miners' community. Finally, the study investigates the miners' demands such as wages, better working conditions, and retirement benefits with relation to the changing market. The labor movement is explained in terms of ...


Science, Practice And Politics: German Agricultural Experiment Stations In The Nineteenth Century , Mark Russell Finlay Jan 1992

Science, Practice And Politics: German Agricultural Experiment Stations In The Nineteenth Century , Mark Russell Finlay

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the origins, scientific research, and impact of German agricultural experiment stations in the nineteenth century. At the time, German experiment stations held a commanding status in chemistry and life sciences research, German agricultural scientists established themselves an important scientific community, and German stations contributed to their nation's economic and industrial prominence;The dissertation emphasizes conflicts among the stations' three major constituencies. Profit-minded agriculturists were among the first to promote agricultural science. Generally speaking, they expected agricultural science to serve their immediate and practical interests, though they also employed a rhetoric of economic development and national ...


The Question Of Authorship Of Christine De Pisan's War Manual, Le Livre Des Fais D'Armes Et De Chevalerie, Melissa A. Biederman Jan 1991

The Question Of Authorship Of Christine De Pisan's War Manual, Le Livre Des Fais D'Armes Et De Chevalerie, Melissa A. Biederman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The works of Christine de Pizan and their treatment over the centuries since her death serve as an excellent example of the changing nature of criticism and how critical approaches to literature are adapted to suit the needs of different ages. This appears to have been the case in the critical history of Christine's war manual, Le livre des fais d'armes et de chevalerie or, in Caxton's English, The Book of the Faytes of Armes and Chivalrye.


Amish Agriculture In Iowa: A Preliminary Investigation, Rhonda Lou Yoder Jan 1990

Amish Agriculture In Iowa: A Preliminary Investigation, Rhonda Lou Yoder

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.