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Full-Text Articles in European History

Rivers Of Blood And Money: The Herero Genocide In German Southwest Africa, Thomas Burden Jan 2017

Rivers Of Blood And Money: The Herero Genocide In German Southwest Africa, Thomas Burden

The Student Researcher: A Phi Alpha Theta Publication

The history of African colonialism is filled with stories of atrocity perpetrated under the guise of cultural or racial superiority. The death of 32,000 civilians in British concentration camps during the Second Boer War, and the horrors perpetrated in the Belgian Congo are only two examples of the effects of European imperialism in Africa.1 When the Herero people rebelled against the German colonial government in 1904, the Schutztruppe and colonial officials responded with a brutality that mirrored their fellow European colonizers.2 However, unlike the other European powers, Imperial Germany cast their conflict with the Herero in terms ...


The Committee Of Union And Progress And World War I, Ella Shipp Jan 2017

The Committee Of Union And Progress And World War I, Ella Shipp

The Student Researcher: A Phi Alpha Theta Publication

The Committee of Union and Progress (CUP), which was born out of the Young Turks (founded in 1889), had the stated goal of restoring the 1876 Constitution and Parliament, and was inspired by Young Ottomans such as Namik Kemal.1 However, the group also had a strong streak of nationalism and Social Darwinism influenced by strands of European thought. It became increasingly dominated by rigid thinking and unexperienced young officers who ultimately formed a triumvirate and brought the Ottoman Empire into WWI on the side of the Germans. (first paragraph)


Bethlehem Chapel: How A Place Can Be Reinterpreted By Government, Maya Lemaster Nov 2016

Bethlehem Chapel: How A Place Can Be Reinterpreted By Government, Maya Lemaster

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

An important source of legitimacy for all types of government is the creation of or building up of a sense of nationhood for the citizens of the state. This can be achieved in many ways, including through the use of physical nationalist symbols. In my paper, I address this topic by exploring how the Communist government of Czechoslovakia reinterpreted and changed the traditional meaning of the historical Bethlehem Chapel in Prague in order to fit their own ideology. I found that the Communist government emphasized the communal aspects of the Hussite movement and ignored religious associations. My research is primarily ...


The Student Researcher 2016 (Title Page, Preface, Table Of Contents), Selena Sanderfer Faculty Advisor Jan 2016

The Student Researcher 2016 (Title Page, Preface, Table Of Contents), Selena Sanderfer Faculty Advisor

The Student Researcher: A Phi Alpha Theta Publication

No abstract provided.


"Future City In The Heroic Past: Rome, Romans, And Roman Landscapes In Aeneid 6–8", Eric Kondratieff Dec 2014

"Future City In The Heroic Past: Rome, Romans, And Roman Landscapes In Aeneid 6–8", Eric Kondratieff

History Faculty Publications

From the Intro: “Arms and the Man I sing…” So Vergil begins his epic tale of Aeneas, who overcomes tremendous obstacles to find and establish a new home for his wandering band of Trojan refugees. Were it metrically possible, Vergil could have begun with “Cities and the Man I sing,” for Aeneas’ quest for a new home involves encounters with cities of all types: ancient and new, great and small, real and unreal. These include Dido’s Carthaginian boomtown (1.419–494), Helenus’ humble neo-Troy (3.349–353) and Latinus’ lofty citadel (7.149–192). Of course, central to his ...


The Broad, Toiling Masses In All The Continents: Anticolonial Activists And The Atlantic Charter, Mark Reeves May 2014

The Broad, Toiling Masses In All The Continents: Anticolonial Activists And The Atlantic Charter, Mark Reeves

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The 1941 Atlantic Charter’s references to self-determination galvanized anticolonial nationalists during the Second World War. These activists used the principles enumerated in the Atlantic Charter to frame their demands. This thesis examines three cases in the broader global context during the war, from vastly different colonial and wartime situations: British-ruled India, French-ruled Syria, and the U.S.- ruled Philippines. Across these different situations, anticolonial nationalists used the Atlantic Charter in an attempt to legitimate their own projects. This thesis shows that the elite nationalist movements examined here used a common rhetoric from the Charter, but in variable ways. Each ...


The Student Researcher Volume 1 (Full Publication), Selena Sanderfer Faculty Advisor Jan 2014

The Student Researcher Volume 1 (Full Publication), Selena Sanderfer Faculty Advisor

The Student Researcher: A Phi Alpha Theta Publication

No abstract provided.


Rhetoric, Rights, And Pragmatism In The Germanies: Enlightenment Reform In Eighteenth-Century Prussia And Bavaria, Benjamin T. Harris Jan 2014

Rhetoric, Rights, And Pragmatism In The Germanies: Enlightenment Reform In Eighteenth-Century Prussia And Bavaria, Benjamin T. Harris

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

This project highlights the nature of Enlightenment reform in 18th-century Germany, particularly in the Kingdom of Prussia and the Electorate of Bavaria under Frederick II and Maximilian III Joseph. Both of these rulers launch similar reforms under the guise of enlightened absolutism and enlightenment rhetoric with very different results, each catering to the specific needs of their respective principalities. Reform is offered along the lines of compulsory education, codification, humanitarian legal reform, and religious toleration, all in the spirit of the Enlightenment. However, when the extent and details of these reforms are examined, it can be demonstrated that ...


Collections & Connections, Jennifer Wilson Jan 2013

Collections & Connections, Jennifer Wilson

Collections & Connections

This is the Fall 2013-Winter 2014 issue of the biannual newsletter of the Western Kentucky University Libraries. It headlines WKU Manuscript/Folklife Archives Coordinator Jonathan Jeffrey's collection of the remembrances of JFK's visit to Bowling Green in 1960 and an excerpt from Ann Denes Wagner's recollection of her father Nick Denes, head coach at Western Kentucky State during the 1960s. Other major events featured in this issue include the Libraries' co-sponsorship of the International Film Series, its participation in the university's homecoming activities, its continued effort in offering the Far Away Places speaker series and the ...


All This Is Your World: Soviet Tourism At Home And Abroad After Stalin, Marko Dumančić Jul 2012

All This Is Your World: Soviet Tourism At Home And Abroad After Stalin, Marko Dumančić

History Faculty Publications

Book Review in Nationalities Papers The Journal of Nationalism and Ethnicity


Warren, Sir George (Sc 3), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2012

Warren, Sir George (Sc 3), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3. Lease of 55 acres of land in Surrey County, England for 14 years to William Rodgers.


African Agency In The Rally Of French Equatorial Africa, August-November 1940, Mark Reeves May 2012

African Agency In The Rally Of French Equatorial Africa, August-November 1940, Mark Reeves

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

From August to November 1940, the territories of French Equatorial Africa rallied to Charles de Gaulle’s self-proclaimed Free French government in London, rather than the Vichy government set up after the German defeat of France in June. While this episode concerns European actions in European-ruled colonies, African actors pervade the story, especially as soldiers. Africans constituted the indirect audience of all the rallies by living in the territories whose policies were affected. Africans served as actors in the role of soldiers. As soldiers, African actors exhibited agency both in actions taken during operations and by their presence in the ...


From Priest's Whore To Pastor's Wife: Clerical Marriage And The Process Of Reform In The Early German Reformation, Marjorie Elizabeth Plummer Jan 2012

From Priest's Whore To Pastor's Wife: Clerical Marriage And The Process Of Reform In The Early German Reformation, Marjorie Elizabeth Plummer

History Faculty Book Gallery

On 13 June 1525, Martin Luther married Katharina von Bora, a former nun, in a private ceremony officiated by city preacher Johann Bugenhagen. Whilst Luther was not the first former monk or Reformer to marry, his marriage immediately became one of the iconic episodes of the Protestant Reformation. From that point on, the marital status of clergy would be a pivotal dividing line between the Catholic and Protestant churches. Tackling the early stages of this divide, this book provides a fresh assessment of clerical marriage in the first half of the sixteenth century, when the debates were undecided and the ...


Promoting Unity Through Propaganda: How The British Government Utilized Posters During The Second World War, Elizabeth Tate Goins Dec 2011

Promoting Unity Through Propaganda: How The British Government Utilized Posters During The Second World War, Elizabeth Tate Goins

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Comprised of four separate countries, the United Kingdom is a state unlike any other. England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland all have distinct identities, which has been a cause for discord throughout British history. However, during the Second World War the Ministry of Information, under the guidance of the Conservative government and Prime Minister Winston Churchill, launched a poster-based propaganda campaign aimed towards unifying the UK under a common national self-identity. By emphasizing shared qualities such as resilience, pragmatism, humor, patriotism and even the concept of unity itself, the Ministry of Information fostered a sense of national self-identity with the ...


The Great Men Of Christendom: The Failure Of The Third Crusade, Justin Lee Mathews Dec 2011

The Great Men Of Christendom: The Failure Of The Third Crusade, Justin Lee Mathews

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

This thesis is a study of the reasons for the failure of the Third Crusade to achieve its stated objectives, despite the many advantages with which the venture began. It is proposed herein that the Third Crusade—and by extension all of the previous and subsequent Crusades—were destined to fail because of structural disadvantages which plagued the expeditions to the Holy Land. The Christians in the Holy Land were not selfsufficient, and they depended on an extensive amount of aid from Europe for their existence, but the Christians of Europe had their own goals and concerns which did not ...


Kleijnen, Maria Jozefina, 1926-2010 (Mss 353), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Feb 2011

Kleijnen, Maria Jozefina, 1926-2010 (Mss 353), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 353. Correspondence of Maria Jozefina "Mia" Kleijnen and her family in the Netherlands with the Grise family of Bowling Green, Kentucky. She writes of family matters, conditions in the Netherlands following World War II, and of Dutch life and customs. Also included are letters to the Grises from other European correspondents.


Young Men's Christian Association (Y.M.C.A.) - Rennes, France (Mss 312), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Mar 2010

Young Men's Christian Association (Y.M.C.A.) - Rennes, France (Mss 312), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 312. Guest book of the American YMCA kept at Rennes, France, February-August 1919. Includes soldiers' names, military units, home towns and remarks. Also includes 1918 postcard showing typical YMCA post.


The Much Married Michael Kramer’: Evangelical Clergy And Bigamy In Ernestine Saxony, 1522-1542, Marjorie Elizabeth Plummer Jan 2009

The Much Married Michael Kramer’: Evangelical Clergy And Bigamy In Ernestine Saxony, 1522-1542, Marjorie Elizabeth Plummer

History Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Smith, Rhonda L. (Sc 1666), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2008

Smith, Rhonda L. (Sc 1666), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1666. Paper titled "Death on the Rails" written by Rhonda L. Smith for a history class at Western Kentucky University. Relays the World War I story of how members of the 113th Engineer Battalion and the 138th Field Artillery, which included many Kentuckians, were killed in a rail accident in France.


Logan, Anne (Sc 1637), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2008

Logan, Anne (Sc 1637), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1637. Letter from Anne Logan, Frankfort, Germany, to her family detailing a furlough to London during which time she was entertained by Eleanor Roosevelt and attended the unveiling of a statue of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Grosvenor Square.


Art As Propaganda In Revolutionary America And France: A Comparative Analysis, Megan Blair Apr 2008

Art As Propaganda In Revolutionary America And France: A Comparative Analysis, Megan Blair

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Historians should not limit themselves to studying political, economical, and social aspects of the American and French Revolutions, but should observe cultural factors, such as art, as well. Though wary of art as potentially corrupting, revolutionaries in both cultures employed it as propaganda, though focusing on different genres. In America, where formal art had not advanced either technically or in popularity, artistic propaganda was primarily exhibited through political cartoons, though a few examples of propagandistic portraiture do exist. Here, tradesmen, not trained artists, produced art. Contrarily, while there was an equally productive culture of political cartooning and pornography in France ...


The Wehrmarcht: Soldiers And Germans During The Second World War, Neil Varble Dec 2007

The Wehrmarcht: Soldiers And Germans During The Second World War, Neil Varble

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The German Army, also known as the Wehrmacht, fought a brutal war on the Eastern Front during the Second World War. These soldiers, under the command of military officials of the Nazi state, vowed to destroy Bolshevism and Jewish populations. By examining letters from soldiers to family members on the German home front as well as letters from families to the men on the front lines, a better understanding of the motivations of war is revealed. Letters of these men and family members present insight into a vast area of research in German twentieth century history. An estimated 20 to ...


Clerical Marriage And Territorial Reformation In Ernestine Saxony And The Diocese Of Merseburg In 1522-1524., Marjorie Elizabeth Plummer Jan 2007

Clerical Marriage And Territorial Reformation In Ernestine Saxony And The Diocese Of Merseburg In 1522-1524., Marjorie Elizabeth Plummer

History Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Column And Coinage Of C. Duilius: Innovations In Iconography In Large And Small Media In The Middle Republic, Eric Kondratieff Jan 2004

The Column And Coinage Of C. Duilius: Innovations In Iconography In Large And Small Media In The Middle Republic, Eric Kondratieff

History Faculty Publications

"[From the conclusion]: This discussion presents a linked series of hypotheses, each one suggested in its turn by evidence relating directly to C. Duilius (cos. 260), and contextualized by near-contemporary precedents wherever possible, or relevant-seeming analogues from slightly later periods. Taken together, these hypotheses support a plausible scenario in which the elogium on Duilius’ rostral column may be read not only as an account of a cunning and audacious commander whose pioneering efforts in naval warfare destroyed the myth of Carthaginian supremacy at sea, but also as an encomium on a generous benefactor to Rome’s citizenry. The inscription’s ...


Schmitt, Kimberly Anne (Fa 84), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Nov 2001

Schmitt, Kimberly Anne (Fa 84), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid and full-text scan of paper (Click on “Additional Files” below) for Folklife Archives Project 84 titled “A Life History of Mania Ritter” which includes interviews conducted by Schmitt with John and Mania Ritter. Mania Ritter discusses her Russian heritage, her experiences in French boarding schools and her life in France during World War II. Includes indexes, interviews on cassette tapes, transcriptions, as well as a paper describing a portion of the interviews. The interviews have been digitized and are in the WKU Sound Archives. The transcripts

are also located in TopSCHOLAR.


Ua35/11 Student Honors Research Bulletin, Wku Honors Program Jan 1997

Ua35/11 Student Honors Research Bulletin, Wku Honors Program

WKU Archives Records

The WKU Student Honors Research Bulletin is dedicated to scholarly involvement and student research. These papers are representative of work done by students from throughout the university.

  • Bullington, Brittany. A History of the Piano Girl and Her Accomplishments: Women and Music in Nineteenth-Century England
  • Ellis, Joseph. The Howl of the Mob: Adapting to Violence in Somalia
  • Farrar, Mary. Expectations of Family Physicians: Perceptions of the Doctor and Patient
  • Freeman, Tracy. Martha Gellhorn: The Hemingway Years
  • Guillory, Anne. The Flemish Mare: Anne of Cleves
  • Jordan, Pat. Marketing a Deadly Addiction to Youths
  • Marx, Sarah. Comic Books: Carnage in Living Color
  • May ...


Revolution Of Reforms: The Kingdom Of Bavaria In The Napoleonic Era, 1799-1815, Scott Anderson Dec 1995

Revolution Of Reforms: The Kingdom Of Bavaria In The Napoleonic Era, 1799-1815, Scott Anderson

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

For many years, scholarship covering the Napoleonic satellite kingdoms has centered on the overriding presence of Napoleon Bonaparte without looking a great deal at the kingdoms that supported him. Since the recent publication of Stuart Woolf's Napoleon's Integration of Europe the focus of study on these satellite kingdoms will change. Bavaria's history in particular needs to be examined, especially since a clear study will reveal much of Bavaria's modernization during these years was already underway before Napoleon assimilated it into his empire. However, much of that progressive policy would not have been enacted without Napoleon's ...


Women Writers In Revolution: Feminism In Germaine De Staël And Ding Ling, Sara Powell May 1994

Women Writers In Revolution: Feminism In Germaine De Staël And Ding Ling, Sara Powell

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

In this essay, the concern is feminism in the writings of the two revolutionary women, Germaine de Stael, who lived and wrote during the French revolutionary era, and Ding Ling, who lived and wrote during the Chinese Communist revolutionary era. The main theme of the essay is to determine whether the feminism in their work is of a similar nature despite the vast differences in the times and places in which they each lived. Concomitantly, the theme is also an attempt to discover through such similarities if feminism is of a universal nature. Through biographical sketches and analysis of selected ...


Ua35/11 Student Honors Research Bulletin, Wku Honors Program Jan 1993

Ua35/11 Student Honors Research Bulletin, Wku Honors Program

WKU Archives Records

The WKU Student Honors Research Bulletin is dedicated to scholarly involvement and student research. These papers are representative of work done by students from throughout the university.

  • Anderson, R. Scott. Anglo-Italian Relations During the Unification of Italy, 1859-1860
  • Clark, Anne. Can Extra Fat Make Healthier Hogs? The Effects of Dietary alpha-Linolenic Acid on Antibody Production in Swine Following Stimulation by Red Blood Cells and by Pasteurella Multocida (Serotype A)
  • Gottfried, Victoria. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A New Look at an Old Problem
  • Halbert, Christy. The Stereotype of the Female Athlete
  • Hannah, Kathleen. Innocence and Corruption in Nathaniel Hawthorne's The ...


Ua11/1 On Campus, Vol. 1, No. 13, Wku University Relations Sep 1991

Ua11/1 On Campus, Vol. 1, No. 13, Wku University Relations

WKU Archives Records

On Campus newsletter featuring articles about faculty, staff and events at Western Kentucky University. Regular features are:

  • College News
  • Sponsored Programs
  • Hot off the Press
  • Personnel File

This issue includes articles:

  • Fifth Women's Studies Conference Opens
  • Hardin Planetarium Show Features Sun's Children
  • President Thomas Meredith Appointed to Constitutional Improvement Policy Council
  • WKU to Begin Reaccreditation Process
  • Students Raise $48,715 First Week of Alumni Fund Student Phonathon
  • Phillips, Hugh. Russia's Coup; A Historical Perspective
  • Esion, Sheila. Jim Wayne Miller's Writing Takes New Shape
  • Threads of Compassion: Fabric Art Exhibit by Penny Sisto Opens Tomorrow
  • Shuttle May ...