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Selected Works

2008

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Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in European History

International Terrorism:Role ,Responsibility And Operation Of Media Channles, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Nov 2008

International Terrorism:Role ,Responsibility And Operation Of Media Channles, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

"Terrorism" is a term that cannot be given a stable defintion. Or rather, it can, but to do so forstalls any attempt to examine the major feature of its relation to television in the contemporary world. As the central public arena for organising ways of picturing and talking about social and political life, TV plays a pivotal role in the contest between competing defintions, accounts and explanations of terrorism. Which term is used in any particular context is inextricably tied to judgemements about the legitimacy of the action in question and of the political system against which it is directed ...


Liberdade, Ética E Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2008

Liberdade, Ética E Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Further than Ethics concieved as mere obedience, Republican Ethics expresses the idea of duty for freedom and Liberty. After Law concieved as only duty and imperative norms from power to the subjects, there is the possibility of a fraternal law, in new patterns. This article explores several ways in a new ethics and a new law paradigms, after the objective Roman Law and the subjective modern Law.


The Crusades, Timothy Tomasik Oct 2008

The Crusades, Timothy Tomasik

Timothy J. Tomasik

No abstract provided.


Yugoslavia In 1968: Hopes, Crisis, Disappointment, Nick Miller Oct 2008

Yugoslavia In 1968: Hopes, Crisis, Disappointment, Nick Miller

Nick Miller

No abstract provided.


Cultural Gifts In Florentine Diplomacy, Brian Maxson Sep 2008

Cultural Gifts In Florentine Diplomacy, Brian Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

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The Blasphemies Of Thomas Aikenhead: Boundaries Of Belief On The Eve Of The Enlightenment, Michael Graham Aug 2008

The Blasphemies Of Thomas Aikenhead: Boundaries Of Belief On The Eve Of The Enlightenment, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

This is the first modern book-length study of the case of Thomas Aikenhead, the sometime University of Edinburgh student who in 1697 earned the unfortunate distinction of being the last person executed for blasphemy in Britain. Taking a micro-historical approach, Michael Graham uses the Aikenhead case to open a window into the world of Edinburgh, Scotland and Britain in its transition from the confessional era of the Reformation and the covenants, which placed high emphasis on the defence of orthodox belief, to the polite, literary world of the Enlightenment, of which Edinburgh would become a major centre. Graham traces the ...


Kirk In Danger: Presbyterian Political Divinity In Two Eras, Michael Graham Jun 2008

Kirk In Danger: Presbyterian Political Divinity In Two Eras, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

Recent decades have witnessed the fragmentation of Reformation studies, with high-level research confined within specific geographical, confessional or chronological boundaries. By bringing together scholars working on a wide variety of topics, this volume counteracts this centrifugal trend and provides a broad perspective on the impact of the European reformation. The essays present new research from historians of politics, of the church and of belief. Their geographical scope ranges from Scotland and England via France and Germany to Transylvania and their chronological span from the 1520s to the 1690s Considering the impact of the Reformation on political culture and examining the ...


Silence In America Textbooks, Gerd Korman May 2008

Silence In America Textbooks, Gerd Korman

Gerd Korman

[Excerpt] Although more than two decades separate us from the time when the Allied forces revealed the depth and dimensions of the Nazi horror, America’s textbook-writing historians still do not understand the demands the death camps place on each of them as scholar and as educator of the young in our public schools and universities. They continue to write in the tradition that prepared no one for the catastrophe, a tradition that still prevents us from attempting to assess and understand what happened; for with precious few exceptions they write of the years before 1945 as if the 1930 ...


Iraq And The Challenge Of Counterinsurgency, Thomas Mockaitis Dec 2007

Iraq And The Challenge Of Counterinsurgency, Thomas Mockaitis

Thomas R Mockaitis

This book situates the Iraq War within its regional context and the history of US counterinsurgency campaigns. It argues that after a failed attempt to take a conventional approach to an unconventional conflict, the US military developed an effective counterinsurgency strategy.


From Heads Of Household To Heads Of State: The Preaccession Households Of Mary And Elizabeth Tudor 1516-1558, Jeri Mcintosh Dec 2007

From Heads Of Household To Heads Of State: The Preaccession Households Of Mary And Elizabeth Tudor 1516-1558, Jeri Mcintosh

Jeri L McINTOSH

No abstract provided.


Costumed Words: Humanism, Diplomacy, And The Cultural Gift In The Italian Renaissance, Brian Maxson Dec 2007

Costumed Words: Humanism, Diplomacy, And The Cultural Gift In The Italian Renaissance, Brian Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

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The "New" Terrorism: Myths And Reality, Thomas Mockaitis Dec 2007

The "New" Terrorism: Myths And Reality, Thomas Mockaitis

Thomas R Mockaitis

The book examins contemporary terrorism within its historical context to discern continuities and change in terrorist activities and ideology. It rejects the idea of a "global war on terrorism" in favor of a long struggle to reduce terrorist threats while eliminating the root causes of terrorism.


Vincentian Education: A Survey Of Its History, John E. Rybolt Dec 2007

Vincentian Education: A Survey Of Its History, John E. Rybolt

John E Rybolt

St. Vincent de Paul did not specifically include works of education among the purposes of the Congregation of the Mission. Nevertheless he worked in many ways to foster the education of people and priests. His confreres continued this commitment to seminaries and other schools, particularly in overseas missions. Their quality was highly regarded. A review of Vincentian universities follows, together with an assessment of changes after the Second Vatican Council. These helped the Congregation to focus on St. Vincent's goal of service of the poor.


Two Unpublished Texts Concerning The Distribution Of The Vincentian Common Rules, 1658, John E. Rybolt Dec 2007

Two Unpublished Texts Concerning The Distribution Of The Vincentian Common Rules, 1658, John E. Rybolt

John E Rybolt

St. Vincent de Paul distributed the Common Rules for the Congregation of the Mission in 1658: in Latin for the priests, and in French for the others. Two brief unpublished texts, one in Italian and the other in Spanish, are from eyewitnesses to these events. These texts are transcribed, translated, and explained.


The Primitive Common Rules Of The Congregation Of The Mission, John E. Rybolt Dec 2007

The Primitive Common Rules Of The Congregation Of The Mission, John E. Rybolt

John E Rybolt

The earliest Common Rules of the Congregation of the Mission, written by St. Vincent de Paul, have long been unrecognized. They are here published for the first time, in French and English, together with an explanation. These primitive rules are compared with the published rules of 1658.


'No Right To Judge': Feminism And The Judiciary In Third Republic France, Sara L. Kimble Dec 2007

'No Right To Judge': Feminism And The Judiciary In Third Republic France, Sara L. Kimble

Sara L Kimble

No abstract provided.


A Threat To Decency: “Degenerate Art” In Nazi Germany, Ann Taylor Dec 2007

A Threat To Decency: “Degenerate Art” In Nazi Germany, Ann Taylor

Ann Connolly

As Europeans colonized the rest of the world between the 15th and 19th centuries, they encountered cultures and civilizations distinctly different from their own. These cultures were usually seen as “primitive,” “barbaric,” or “savage.” They tended to be either romanticized or demonized by the Europeans, but regardless of how these foreign cultures were portrayed, there was an unquestionable fascination with them. Over time, with the development of theories about genetics, evolution, psychology, and the rise of modern science in general, members of non-European cultures acquired the labels of “animals,” “degenerates,” and “sub-humans,” among others. The early 20th century saw the ...


Human And Fundamental Rights And Duties In Portuguese Constitution. Some Reflections, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2007

Human And Fundamental Rights And Duties In Portuguese Constitution. Some Reflections, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

The Portuguese Constitution (1976) came after a period of 48 years of authoritarianism and a closed society, in which some happy few enjoyed great privileges while the great majority of people were charged with heavy duties So, by a very understandable "law of human nature", the constituent law givers could not reasonably impose constitutionally many obligations, in an autonomous way. As rights and duties are the twin sides of the same coin, the juridical formulation under the sign of rights also implies obligations, related to those same rights. This is kinder and more pleasant to do by a liberating Constitution...


El Derecho Natural, Historia E Ideologia, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2007

El Derecho Natural, Historia E Ideologia, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Intentemos retomar algunos hilos sueltos de discursos dispersos y con una nueva mirada analítica, procuremos ver una realidad sutil y huidiza: ese derecho natural que parece silencioso en nuestros días, y más silencioso aún en los discursos psitacistas: tanto en los pomposos como en los pseudo-rigurosos.


Princípio Republicano E Virtudes Republicanas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2007

Princípio Republicano E Virtudes Republicanas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

O presente artigo procura unir traços de aparente heterodoxia, recuperando, porém, paradigmas e tópicos que não são novos. Com efeito, nem as virtudes, nem a república, nem sequer a felicidade são novidades. O que talvez seja novo (new again) é o espírito de buscar outra vez as raízes, as fontes, para um intento de renovação do ambiente juspolítico. Somos naturalmente favorável a uma Constituição principial e valorativa, como a nossa. Mas parece-nos que há nela lugar a Virtudes (que já existem nela), e que a descoberta das Virtudes nas Constituições, e, logo, no Direito, é, afinal, um ovo de Colombo ...


Da Constituição Antiga À Constituição Moderna. República E Virtude, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2007

Da Constituição Antiga À Constituição Moderna. República E Virtude, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Virtude e República necessariamente têm de levar-nos à Antiguidade: desde logo porque a primeira “começa” com a helénica "areté". Logo, é preciso ir, antes de mais, à Grécia Antiga, e especialmente ao legado ateniense. “Directly or indirectly, Athenian democracy as an extraordinary experiment in social history thus stimulates our own thinking about crucial issues of our own democracy and society, incomparably more complex though they are. The point is precisely that the ancients help us focus on the essentials" - como afirma Kurt A. Raaflaub.


Uma Filosofia Constitucional Comum (Luso-Brasileira), Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2007

Uma Filosofia Constitucional Comum (Luso-Brasileira), Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Onde melhor se pode aquilatar de uma filosofia constitucional? Além do cunho da constitução, que já vimos ser liberal na fórmula política (porque moderna ecodificada) e social na social, cultural e económica, o que mais exprime uma filosofia constitucional é a ética constitucional, e, antes de mais, são os valores. A Constituição cidadão brasileira e a Constituição portuguesa de 1976 comungam, em grande medida, dos meus valores de liberdade, igualdade, justiça, e outros, progressivos e de cidadania.


Review Of Il Capitolo Di San Lorenzo Nel Quattrocento, Brian Maxson Dec 2007

Review Of Il Capitolo Di San Lorenzo Nel Quattrocento, Brian Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

Paolo Viti's edited collection In Capitolo di San Lorenzo nel Quattrocento offers twenty one meticulously researched articles focused on biographical and cultural studies of the fifteenth-century canons at San Lorenzo in Florence. According to the books introduction, the goal of the studies is to make a "new contribution to the knowledge of the history of the Laurenzian Basilica and of its canons of the fifteenth century in the fuller and more complex panoramic of the history of the Florentine Church" (ix). The book achieves this goal by offering a wealth of new information about individuals prominent in the chapter ...


Review Of La Sfortuna Di Jacopo Piccinino: Storia Dei Bracceschi In Italia 1423-1465, Brian Maxson Dec 2007

Review Of La Sfortuna Di Jacopo Piccinino: Storia Dei Bracceschi In Italia 1423-1465, Brian Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

Serena Ferente argues that the military and political leader Jacopo Piccinino was at the head of several groups who were on the outside of the Italian League after the mid- 1450s. In this role, Jacopo Piccinino was the last condottiere both to command a base across Italy and to propagate the old filo-French allegiances of several groups in opposition to the hardening of the Italian state system. Ferente bases her claims on an impressive array of contemporary and early modern literary sources combined with a deep knowledge of fifteenth-century diplomatic documents.