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European History Commons

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Selected Works

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Articles 1 - 30 of 674

Full-Text Articles in European History

English Justices And Roman Jurists: The Civilian Learning Behind England's First Case Law, Thomas J. Mcsweeney Sep 2019

English Justices And Roman Jurists: The Civilian Learning Behind England's First Case Law, Thomas J. Mcsweeney

Thomas J. McSweeney

Article looks at a historical problem—the first use of case law by English royal justices in the thirteenth century—and makes it a starting point for thinking about the ways legal reasoning works in the modern common law. In the first Part of the Article, I show that, at its origin, the English justices’ use of decided cases as a source of law was inspired by the work civil and canon law scholars were doing with written authorities in the medieval universities. In an attempt to make the case that English law was on par with civil law and ...


Pyrrhonism Or Academic Skepticism? Friedrich Wilhelm Bierling’S ‘Reasonable Doubt’ In The Commentatio De Pyrrhonismo Historico (1724), Anton Matytsin Sep 2019

Pyrrhonism Or Academic Skepticism? Friedrich Wilhelm Bierling’S ‘Reasonable Doubt’ In The Commentatio De Pyrrhonismo Historico (1724), Anton Matytsin

Anton Matytsin

No abstract provided.


From The Trenches: Cross-Campus Digital History Collaboration, Amy E. Lucadamo, Ian A. Isherwood, R.C. Miessler, Jenna Fleming, Meghan E. O'Donnell Jul 2019

From The Trenches: Cross-Campus Digital History Collaboration, Amy E. Lucadamo, Ian A. Isherwood, R.C. Miessler, Jenna Fleming, Meghan E. O'Donnell

R.C. Miessler

In September 2015, our team launched The First World War Letters of H.J.C. Peirs (www.jackpeirs.org), a digital history initiative built on collaboration between faculty, students, and library staff. The project is founded on amazing primary source material, but with limited financial support and little dedicated staff time. We leveraged the creativity and hard work of our team members to build a website that is maintained by students and enhanced whenever possible with features and commentary from faculty and staff. Members of #TeamPeirs discussed the evolution of the project, the nature of our collaboration, and the intersection ...


Running Wires: Digital History In The Classroom And The Field, Ian A. Isherwood, Amy E. Lucadamo, R.C. Miessler Jul 2019

Running Wires: Digital History In The Classroom And The Field, Ian A. Isherwood, Amy E. Lucadamo, R.C. Miessler

R.C. Miessler

The First World War Letters of H.J.C. Peirs is a digital history project that publishes the letters of a British World War I officer 100 years to the day they were written. By telling the story of one person, we have aimed to humanize a dehumanizing war and supported the effort to commemorate the centennial of the conflict. While the project was conceived with pedagogy in mind, it has grown beyond the letters and crossed boundaries: from the analog to the digital, from the classroom to the public, and from the archives to the field.


Ptolemaic Elephants In Iii Maccabees And The Social Stratification Of The Kingdom Of Kush, Leslie Sam May 2019

Ptolemaic Elephants In Iii Maccabees And The Social Stratification Of The Kingdom Of Kush, Leslie Sam

Leslie Sam

Trade helped to catapult early societies from hunter gatherers – living in small communities of friends and family – to living in sprawling urban environments of ideas and exchange. Socialization and the exchange of ideas – and war—molded our modern times into what it is now. Ancient Nubia found itself in a conundrum that would test their resolve. Ptolemaic-ran Egypt was at their border, forcing themselves in as conquerors, unapologetic towards the millennia old culture that contributed much to their society. With a truce made between the Greeks and Meroe, trade was inevitably was enacted between the two power houses, helping to ...


A Jewish Agent In Eighteenth-Century Paris: Israël Bernard De Valabrègue, Ronald Schechter Apr 2019

A Jewish Agent In Eighteenth-Century Paris: Israël Bernard De Valabrègue, Ronald Schechter

Ronald Schechter

No abstract provided.


Mendoza The Jew: Boxing, Manliness And Nationalism, Ronald Schechter, Liz Clarke Apr 2019

Mendoza The Jew: Boxing, Manliness And Nationalism, Ronald Schechter, Liz Clarke

Ronald Schechter

Inspired by the resounding success of Abina and the Important Men (OUP, 2011), Mendoza the Jewcombines a graphic history with primary documentation and contextual information to explore issues of nationalism, identity, culture, and historical methodology through the life story of Daniel Mendoza. Mendoza was a poor Sephardic Jew from East London who became the boxing champion of Britain in 1789. As a Jew with limited means and a foreign-sounding name, Mendoza was an unlikely symbol of what many Britons considered to be their very own "national" sport. Whereas their adversaries across the Channel reputedly settled private quarrels by dueling ...


Crossing Boundaries: The Significance Of French Jewish History, Ronald Schechter Apr 2019

Crossing Boundaries: The Significance Of French Jewish History, Ronald Schechter

Ronald Schechter

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Whether Victorian England Shares Central Tenets Of Modern Rape Culture, Emily Murray Apr 2019

An Analysis Of Whether Victorian England Shares Central Tenets Of Modern Rape Culture, Emily Murray

Emily Murray

This work observes examples of sexual objectification and victim blaming from both the modern and Victorian eras to analyze whether Victorian England can possibly be described as a rape culture.


Competing Proposals For The Regeneration Of The Jews, Ronald Schechter Apr 2019

Competing Proposals For The Regeneration Of The Jews, Ronald Schechter

Ronald Schechter

No abstract provided.


Terror, Vengeance And Martyrdom In The French Revolution: The Case Of The Shades, Ronald Schechter Apr 2019

Terror, Vengeance And Martyrdom In The French Revolution: The Case Of The Shades, Ronald Schechter

Ronald Schechter

In recent years, terrorism has become closely associated with martyrdom in the minds of many terrorists and in the view of nations around the world. In Islam, martyrdom is mostly conceived as "bearing witness" to faith and God. Martyrdom is also central to the Christian tradition, not only in the form of Christ's Passion or saints faced with persecution and death, but in the duty to lead a good and charitable life. In both religions, the association of religious martyrdom with political terror has a long and difficult history. The essays of this volume illuminate this history--following, for example ...


The French Revolution: The Essential Readings, Ronald Schechter Apr 2019

The French Revolution: The Essential Readings, Ronald Schechter

Ronald Schechter

This book presents ten selections from the most important scholarship on the French Revolution over the past quarter century, introduced and contextualized for student readers.

Historians typically categorize the historiography of the French Revolution according to each author's approval or disapproval of the Revolution, political agenda (for example Marxist, liberal, conservative, or feminist), or methodology (for example social, political, or cultural history). This book demonstrates the inadequacy of these categories of analysis for a nuanced understanding of the Revolution and emphasizes the surprising connections between historians typically seen simply as opponents in a debate. In its thorough introduction, The ...


Gothic Thermidor: The Bals Des Victimes, The Fantastic, And The Production Of Historical Knowledge In Post-Terror France, Ronald Schechter Apr 2019

Gothic Thermidor: The Bals Des Victimes, The Fantastic, And The Production Of Historical Knowledge In Post-Terror France, Ronald Schechter

Ronald Schechter

No abstract provided.


Bartered Bodies: Medieval Pilgrims And The Tissue Of Faith, George D. Greenia Mar 2019

Bartered Bodies: Medieval Pilgrims And The Tissue Of Faith, George D. Greenia

George Greenia

In ‘The Bartered Body,’ George Greenia disentangles the complex desires and experiences of religious travellers of the High Middle Ages who knew the spiritual usefulness of their vulnerable flesh. The bodily remains of the saints housed in pilgrim shrines were not just remnants of a redeemed past, but open portals for spiritual exchange with the living body of the visiting pilgrim.


Santiago De Compostela, George Greenia Mar 2019

Santiago De Compostela, George Greenia

George Greenia

This collaborative literary history of Europe, the first yet attempted, unfolds through ten sequences of places linked by trade, travel, topography, language, pilgrimage, alliance, disease, and artistic exchange. The period covered, 1348-1418, provides deep context for understanding current developments in Europe, particularly as initiated by the destruction and disasters of World War II. We begin with the greatest of all European catastrophes: the 1348 bubonic plague, which killed one person in three. Literary cultures helped speed recovery from this unprecedented "ground zero" experience, providing solace, distraction, and new ideals to live by. Questions of where Europe begins and ends, then ...


Augustine On Rhetoric And Flourishing - Handout.Pdf, Jon P. Radwan Mar 2019

Augustine On Rhetoric And Flourishing - Handout.Pdf, Jon P. Radwan

Jon P. Radwan

"Lust and Love at Work: Rhetoric and Human Flourishing according to Augustine" - presented to LCC International University, Klaipeda Lithuania, 3/5/19.


He Is Depending On You: Militarism, Martyrdom, And The Appeal To Manliness In The Case Of France’S ‘Croix De Feu’, 1931-1940., Geoff Read Jan 2019

He Is Depending On You: Militarism, Martyrdom, And The Appeal To Manliness In The Case Of France’S ‘Croix De Feu’, 1931-1940., Geoff Read

Geoff Read

This article examines the masculine discourse of the Croix de Feu, France’s largest political formation in the late 1930s, against the examples of the republican conservative parties – the Fédération Républicaine, the Alliance Démocratique, and the Parti Démocrate Populaire – as well the Socialist and Communist left. The author argues, based on the François de La Rocque papers, the movement’s newspaper, Le Flambeau, the archives of key political figures, as well as the other parties’ presses, that while the Croix de Feu’s preferred masculinity was similar to that found on the republican right in many regards, the movement, borrowing ...


"Politics, Money, And Distrust: French-American Alliances In The International Campaign For Women’S Equal Rights, 1925–1930.”, Sara L. Kimble Dec 2018

"Politics, Money, And Distrust: French-American Alliances In The International Campaign For Women’S Equal Rights, 1925–1930.”, Sara L. Kimble

Sara L Kimble

No abstract provided.


Umsl Faculty Expertise Dec 2018

Umsl Faculty Expertise

Minsoo Kang

Research Capabilities: Automation; East Asian History; Eighteenth-century History; European History; Global History; Korean History; Nineteenth-century History; Literary History; and Science Fiction


Book Review Of The “Commentaries” Of Pope Pius Ii (1458–1464) And The Crisis Of The Fifteenth-Century Papacy, Brian Jeffrey Maxson Aug 2018

Book Review Of The “Commentaries” Of Pope Pius Ii (1458–1464) And The Crisis Of The Fifteenth-Century Papacy, Brian Jeffrey Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

The “Commentaries” of Pope Pius II (1458–1464) and the Crisis of the Fifteenth-Century Papacy. Emily O’Brien. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2015. xiv + 336 pp. $65.


Book Review Of The Mapping Of Power In Renaissance Italy, Brian Jeffrey Maxson Aug 2018

Book Review Of The Mapping Of Power In Renaissance Italy, Brian Jeffrey Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

Review of The Mapping of Power in Renaissance Italy by Mark Rosen.


Book Review Of Merchant Writers: Florentine Memoirs From The Middle Ages And Renaissance, Brian Jeffrey Maxson Aug 2018

Book Review Of Merchant Writers: Florentine Memoirs From The Middle Ages And Renaissance, Brian Jeffrey Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

Review of Merchant Writers: Florentine Memoirs from the Middle Ages and Renaissance by Vittore Branca


Book Review Of A New Sense Of The Past: The Scholarship Of Biono Flavio, Brian Jeffrey Maxson Aug 2018

Book Review Of A New Sense Of The Past: The Scholarship Of Biono Flavio, Brian Jeffrey Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

Review of Mazzocco, Angelo, and Marc Laureys, eds. A New Sense of the Past: The Scholarship of Biondo Flavio (1392–1463). Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2016. pp. 288. ISBN: 9789462700482 (paperback).


Moses Mendelssohn's Approach To Jewish Integration In Light Of His Reconciliation Of Traditional Judaism And Enlightenment Rationalism, Robert J. Clark Aug 2018

Moses Mendelssohn's Approach To Jewish Integration In Light Of His Reconciliation Of Traditional Judaism And Enlightenment Rationalism, Robert J. Clark

Robert Clark, Ph.D.

Prior to the eighteenth century, European Jews lived in separate communal structures at the discretion of their host countries.1 A very few found places of influence and wealth as "court Jews" and lived as aristocrats, but their acceptance in society was limited, subject to official approval, and came at a price.2 There had always been opportunities for Jews to integrate into European society, albeit not without complication, via assimilation and conversion.3 But the ability to enter the social order as Jews and find a place to belong without rejecting their heritage and religion proved elusive. The emergence ...


New Wine In Old Kings: British Wine Bottle Names And The Old Testament, Steven W. Holloway Jun 2018

New Wine In Old Kings: British Wine Bottle Names And The Old Testament, Steven W. Holloway

Steven W Holloway

No abstract provided.


Assur Is King Of Persia: Illustrations Of The Book Of Esther In Some Nineteenth-Century Sources, Steven W. Holloway Jun 2018

Assur Is King Of Persia: Illustrations Of The Book Of Esther In Some Nineteenth-Century Sources, Steven W. Holloway

Steven W Holloway

The marriage of archaeological referencing and picture Bibles in the nineteenth century resulted in an astonishing variety of guises worn by the court of Ahasuerus in Esther. Following the exhibition of Neo-Assyrian sculpture in the British Museum and the wide circulation of such images in various John Murray publications, British illustrators like Henry Anelay defaulted to Assyrian models for kings and rulers in the Old Testament, including the principal actors in Esther, even though authentic Achaemenid Persian art had been available for illustrative pastiche for decades. This curious adoptive choice echoed British national pride in its splendid British Museum collection ...


Serbia Under The Swastika: A World War Ii Occupation, Nick Miller Dec 2017

Serbia Under The Swastika: A World War Ii Occupation, Nick Miller

Nick Miller

Alexander Prusin's Serbia under the Swastika is a systematic analysis of German occupation and administration of Serbia during World War II, providing nuanced discussions of the people, events, and processes that gave the period meaning. It is based on an impressive array of archival materials and a thorough reading of secondary literature in Serbian, German, Russian, Slovene, French, and English (and perhaps more) languages. It is concise, convincing, and well-written, all in all an excellent book.


Syllabus Cpo 3103 (Rvbb): Politics Of Western Europe (Summer B 2018) Dec 2017

Syllabus Cpo 3103 (Rvbb): Politics Of Western Europe (Summer B 2018)

Dr. Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


Exclusion And Inclusion In The Legal Professions: Negotiating Gender In Central Europe, 1887-1945, Sara L. Kimble, Marion Rowekamp Dec 2017

Exclusion And Inclusion In The Legal Professions: Negotiating Gender In Central Europe, 1887-1945, Sara L. Kimble, Marion Rowekamp

Sara L Kimble

No abstract provided.


Charles R. Foy Review Of Michael J. Jarvis, “In The Eye Of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, And The Maritime Atlantic World,” In Common-Place 10:4 (July 2010) (Www.Common-Place.Org)., Charles R. Foy Nov 2017

Charles R. Foy Review Of Michael J. Jarvis, “In The Eye Of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, And The Maritime Atlantic World,” In Common-Place 10:4 (July 2010) (Www.Common-Place.Org)., Charles R. Foy

Charles Foy

In his comprehensive study of colonial Bermuda Jarvis places Bermuda in "the eye of trade," i.e., the center of the Anglo-American Atlantic. He proceeds to use this new perspective to explore six key characteristics of Bermudian life: its transition from a tobacco society to a maritime society; the island’s unique system of slavery; the emphasis placed on kinship connections and communal activities; Bermudian exploitation of the Atlantic’s natural resources; the effect of Bermuda’s maritime economy on its residents; and the impact of the American Revolution on Bermudian society. With their maritime skills, unique slave system and ...