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Articles 1 - 30 of 55

Full-Text Articles in European History

What We Expected From National Socialism: Hermann Rauschning And Danzig's Lnterwar Radical Right (1918-1942), Nima Lane Jan 2019

What We Expected From National Socialism: Hermann Rauschning And Danzig's Lnterwar Radical Right (1918-1942), Nima Lane

Masters Theses

This project uses Dr. Hermann Rauschning as a case study to analyze the transformation of the German intellectual right, stretching from his early career in the Weimar Era to the post-1945 era. Rather than offer a purely narrative biography, this study uses the figure of Rauschning to examine the fate of the German right from the Kaisserreich to the aftermath of World War II. Rauschning, born in 1887, was both a political and intellectual figure. However, these aspects of Hermann Rauschning are not necessarily separate. Although some historians see Hermann Rauschning as unique, I argue that he is in fact ...


Review Of "Greek Texts And Armenian Traditions: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Trends In Classics - Supplementary Volumes, 39", Lee Patterson Jul 2017

Review Of "Greek Texts And Armenian Traditions: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Trends In Classics - Supplementary Volumes, 39", Lee Patterson

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

No abstract provided.


Incarcerated Transported And Bound: Deference, Resistance, And Assimilation, Constructing Community Among Transported Convicts From Britain To The Chesapeake 1739-1776, Michael Bradley Apr 2017

Incarcerated Transported And Bound: Deference, Resistance, And Assimilation, Constructing Community Among Transported Convicts From Britain To The Chesapeake 1739-1776, Michael Bradley

2017 Awards for Excellence in Student Research and Creative Activity – Documents

From June 8, 1744, through July 9, 1745, Ordinary’s Accounts of London’s condemned reported on a series of individuals who met a swift demise at the end of a rope at Tyburn Square, London’s execution site. Out of the countless that were hanged, the lives of ten criminals who formed an interconnected community are illuminated. They were a subset of a larger network of at least thirty criminals who engaged in thefts, robberies, prostitution, fencing of goods, and overindulgence of intoxicating spirits across London.


Minority Religions In The Sasanian Empire: Suppression, Integration And Relations With Rome, Lee Patterson Jan 2017

Minority Religions In The Sasanian Empire: Suppression, Integration And Relations With Rome, Lee Patterson

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

Gauging the importance of religion to the exercise of political will inthe Sasanian world requires enormous care. It is all too easy to takethe Great Kings at their word as they championed the doctrines ofZoroastrianism in their political pronouncements, especially as someof them also persecuted Christianity. Whether or not such sentimentswere genuine, a closer analysis of the evidence suggests a more pragmaticroyal use of religion. The political realities on the groundwere more often the deciding factor in how the kings related to thereligious sectors of Sasanian society. This state of affairs sometimesset the kings against the Zoroastrian clerics, whose agendas ...


Review Of "Rome In The East: The Transformation Of An Empire. Second Edition", Lee Patterson Jan 2017

Review Of "Rome In The East: The Transformation Of An Empire. Second Edition", Lee Patterson

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

No abstract provided.


Incarcerated, Transported And Bound: Constructing Community Among Transported Convicts From Britain To The Chesapeake, 1739-1776, Michael I. Bradley Jan 2017

Incarcerated, Transported And Bound: Constructing Community Among Transported Convicts From Britain To The Chesapeake, 1739-1776, Michael I. Bradley

Masters Theses

"Incarcerated, Transported, and Bound: Constructing Community among Convicts Transported from London to the Chesapeake, 1739-1776" explores the movement, migration, the malleability of identities, and development of communal ties among transported convicts. This thesis utilizes information on more than 3000 convicts brought to the colonial Chesapeake region. Precise details are currently available for more than two hundred transported convicts. In many cases the convicts can be followed from their birthplace to London to their trial and imprisonment, continuing to their transportation to the Americas, their new lives in the Chesapeake, and, in some cases, their flight and return to Great Britain ...


The Royal Navy's Employment Of Black Mariners And Maritime Workers, 1754-1783, Charles Foy Jan 2016

The Royal Navy's Employment Of Black Mariners And Maritime Workers, 1754-1783, Charles Foy

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

The Royal Navy has been portrayed as an institution that embodied liberty, regularlyemploying and relying upon blacks to keep its vessels afloat and to implement Britain'sblue water policy. Despite the critical role black naval seamen played, their employmentwas shaped more by regional practices than by Admiralty edicts. The result was that blackswere often treated inequitably. Black seamen had less access to pension benefits andwere not promoted in the same numbers as working-class white seamen. In England andNew York, blacks were largely kept out of royal dockyards and received less favourablecompensation than whites. In contrast, while blacks were employed in ...


Butchered Bones, Carved Stones: Hunting And Social Change In Late Saxon England, Shawn Hale Jan 2016

Butchered Bones, Carved Stones: Hunting And Social Change In Late Saxon England, Shawn Hale

Masters Theses

Textual, archaeological, and art historical evidence all point to a significant reorganization of Anglo-Saxon society in the tenth and eleventh centuries. Changes in landownership, the development of proto-urban centers, the growth of merchant and artisan classes, as well as the proliferation of occupations associated with royal and regional administration, collectively altered the Anglo-Saxon social order. This radical reorganization benefitted some groups of individuals and threatened others with decreased social standing. Established elites and the nouvuae riche utilized exclusionary measures to counter any degree of social mobility provided by economic and political changes.

Shifting hunting practices and perceptions are particularly emblematic ...


Royal Bastards And Mistresses: The Shadow Courts Of Restoration England, John Bays Jan 2015

Royal Bastards And Mistresses: The Shadow Courts Of Restoration England, John Bays

Student Honors Theses

Charles II returned to England in 1660 accompanied by a “natural son” from a mistress. And within a decade he had new mistresses and more natural or illegitimate children. This thesis attempts to look at the political and cultural roles of these royal mistresses and bastards at the Restoration court of Charles II. It also examines how Charles II used the mistresses and bastards and how some of them used the royal court to their own advantage. Rather than focusing on the personalities of this mistress or that son, however, this thesis focuses on their roles and functions in a ...


Bibliography Of Occasional Or State Sermons Across The Atlantic Archipelago, Published 1685–1711, Newton Key Apr 2014

Bibliography Of Occasional Or State Sermons Across The Atlantic Archipelago, Published 1685–1711, Newton Key

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

This bibliography includes all State sermons preached and printed in Dublin (including Irish Protestants in London), Edinburgh, and Boston, 1688-1694, and a large sample of sermons printed in London, 1688-1692. Includes a representative sample of sermons before all Anglophone auditories from the entire period, including sermons printed in Dublin, Edinburgh, and Boston 1700-1711, for comparison. As used and cited in Newton Key, “The ‘Boast of Antiquity’: Pulpit Politics Across the Atlantic Archipelago during the Revolution of 1688,” Church History, forthcoming, Sept. 2014.


Seventeenth-Century Perceptions Of The Henrician Reformation In Print Culture, Clare W. Smith Apr 2013

Seventeenth-Century Perceptions Of The Henrician Reformation In Print Culture, Clare W. Smith

Student Honors Theses

In 1533, Henry VIII’s desire for a male heir led to a break with Rome, and the establishment of a Church of England. The changes in the 1630s, not merely replacing the pope with the English monarch as head of the Church, but also distributing the Bible in English of the Monasteries, became known as the Henrician Reformation. Henry calmed down the pace of reform during the last phase of his reign from 1539. Many of the evangelicals he had once supported were now being persecuted, and the Church of England was returning to many Catholic practices. Yet, Henry ...


Caracalla's Armenia, Lee Patterson Jan 2013

Caracalla's Armenia, Lee Patterson

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

We are hard pressed to understand the events of Caracalla's Parthian war, including the role Armenia played in the conflict, because of gross inadequacies in our sources. A careful analysis suggests that Caracalla intended to annex Armenia but never saw the project through. His intentions can be gauged by his treatment of Edessa, for whose annexation the evidence is more solid. Caracalla was trying to secure his rear, from Osrhoene to Armenia, in preparation for a full-scale Parthian war. Because the goal of stabilizing Armenia proved elusive, given local hostilities, Caracalla had to scale back his plans.


Caracalla's Armenia, Lee E. Patterson Jan 2013

Caracalla's Armenia, Lee E. Patterson

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

We are hard pressed to understand the events of Caracalla's Parthian war, including the role Armenia played in the conflict, because of gross inadequacies in our sources. A careful analysis suggests that Caracalla intended to annex Armenia but never saw the project through. His intentions can be gauged by his treatment of Edessa, for whose annexation the evidence is more solid. Caracalla was trying to secure his rear, from Osrhoene to Armenia, in preparation for a full-scale Parthian war. Because the goal of stabilizing Armenia proved elusive, given local hostilities, Caracalla had to scale back his plans.


"Sewing A Safety Net: Scarborough's Maritime Community, 1747-1765", Charles Foy Jun 2012

"Sewing A Safety Net: Scarborough's Maritime Community, 1747-1765", Charles Foy

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

From 1747 to 1765 Scarborough created a safety net to keep its maritime dependents from becoming impoverished. A web of kinship connections that permitted sailors to move between land and sea as well as between maritime roles as they aged; the employment of maritime servants; the extensive hiring of elderly seamen; the use of the Seamen’s Sixpence after legislative reform in 1747 to develop locally operated seamen’s hospitals for the benefit of sailors and their families; and strong community support of the hospitals worked together to provide a social safety net that was, by eighteenth century standards, robust ...


A Dark Place Of The Earth: London And The Roots Of Urban Gothic, Terri Strong Jan 2012

A Dark Place Of The Earth: London And The Roots Of Urban Gothic, Terri Strong

Honors Theses

In the late Victorian era a new type of novel appeared. Dark and creepy, filled with supernatural creatures and twisted, sometimes violent plots, it resembled its Gothic predecessor of 200 years earlier. Building on the standard elements of the Gothic novel, this new fiction pierced the heart of the city. As the new genre brought the terror of Gothic fiction from isolated castles into the streets, it found its first home in the fog-shrouded city at the center of the Victorian age. Urban Gothic was rooted firmly in the soil of London.


‘Unkle Sommerset's’ Freedom: Liberty In England For Black Sailors, Charles R. Foy May 2011

‘Unkle Sommerset's’ Freedom: Liberty In England For Black Sailors, Charles R. Foy

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

With his 1772 decree in Somerset v. Steuart that slavery was ‘so odious that nothing can be suffered to support it [in England] but positive law’, Lord Mansfield altered the legal landscape regarding black rights in England. While earlier judicial decisions had implied that slaves who came to England were free, prior to the Somerset decision there was no judicial consensus on the issue. The Somerset decision did not decree that slavery was illegal in England. Yet many blacks believed it ‘emancipated’ any slave who reached the shores of England. This understanding, combined with the British military welcoming runaways into ...


Charles R. Foy Review Of Michael J. Jarvis, “In The Eye Of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, And The Maritime Atlantic World,” In Common-Place 10:4 (July 2010) (Www.Common-Place.Org)., Charles R. Foy Jul 2010

Charles R. Foy Review Of Michael J. Jarvis, “In The Eye Of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, And The Maritime Atlantic World,” In Common-Place 10:4 (July 2010) (Www.Common-Place.Org)., Charles R. Foy

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

In his comprehensive study of colonial Bermuda Jarvis places Bermuda in "the eye of trade," i.e., the center of the Anglo-American Atlantic. He proceeds to use this new perspective to explore six key characteristics of Bermudian life: its transition from a tobacco society to a maritime society; the island’s unique system of slavery; the emphasis placed on kinship connections and communal activities; Bermudian exploitation of the Atlantic’s natural resources; the effect of Bermuda’s maritime economy on its residents; and the impact of the American Revolution on Bermudian society. With their maritime skills, unique slave system and ...


Shipboard Insurrections, The British Government And Anglo-American Society In The Early 18th Century, James Buckwalter Apr 2010

Shipboard Insurrections, The British Government And Anglo-American Society In The Early 18th Century, James Buckwalter

2010 Awards for Excellence in Student Research & Creative Activity - Documents

Captain Francis Messervy, first time captain on the slave ship Ferrers and perhaps overly ecstatic after his most recent successes at sea, maneuvered unprotected below deck to inspect his newly purchased Africans. As he lurched further down into the Ferrers, Messervy would have seen sailors whose duty it was to guard against insurrection and the three hundred or more Africans he had recently purchased following a war between two neighboring polities near Cetre-Crue. What Messervy perceived as good fortune, fellow captain William Snelgrave saw as cause for concern, noting that controlling "many Negroes of one Town and Language" had its ...


Christopher Columbus Revised: A Case Book And Lesson Plan, Maegan Walsh Apr 2010

Christopher Columbus Revised: A Case Book And Lesson Plan, Maegan Walsh

2010 Awards for Excellence in Student Research & Creative Activity - Documents

This casebook consists of ten primary sources and two secondary sources that have each been summarized, cited, and annotated. The unit plan is a constructive approach to teaching about Christopher Columbus with the use of primary sources. The unit plan consists of five lesson plans that utilize the primary and secondary sources - found in the casebook afore mentioned - to teach the subject areas: math, science, reading, and social studies. Pieces of work can be found at http://0-sites.google.com.library.simmons.edu/site/ccrevised/.


Shipboard Insurrections, The British Government And Anglo-American Society In The Early 18th Century, James Buckwalter Jan 2010

Shipboard Insurrections, The British Government And Anglo-American Society In The Early 18th Century, James Buckwalter

Honors Theses

Captain Francis Messervy, first time captain on the slave ship Ferrers and perhaps overly ecstatic after his most recent successes at sea, maneuvered unprotected below deck to inspect his newly purchased Africans. As he lurched further down into the Ferrers, Messervy would have seen sailors whose duty it was to guard against insurrection and the three hundred or more Africans he had recently purchased following a war between two neighboring polities near Cetre-Crue. What Messervy perceived as good fortune, fellow captain William Snelgrave saw as cause for concern, noting that controlling "many Negroes of one Town and Language" had its ...


Murder, Denunciation And Criminal Policing In Weimar Berlin, Sace Elder Jan 2006

Murder, Denunciation And Criminal Policing In Weimar Berlin, Sace Elder

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

In the years since 1989, there has been a wealth of scholarly research into role of denunciation in supporting Germany’s two twentieth-century authoritarian regimes. The shocking revelation after the collapse of East German communism and the opening of the Stasi archives that hundreds of thousands of GDR citizens had served as ‘informal collaborators’ with the secret police seemed to help explain how a relatively small police organization managed to create a culture of terror and conformity. By focusing on the cooperation of ordinary citizens with policing institutions in the surveillance of public and private behaviors, scholars of Nazi Germany ...


Murder, Denunciation And Criminal Policing In Weimar Berlin, Sace E. Elder Jan 2006

Murder, Denunciation And Criminal Policing In Weimar Berlin, Sace E. Elder

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

In the years since 1989, there has been a wealth of scholarly research into role of denunciation in supporting Germany’s two twentieth-century authoritarian regimes. The shocking revelation after the collapse of East German communism and the opening of the Stasi archives that hundreds of thousands of GDR citizens had served as ‘informal collaborators’ with the secret police seemed to help explain how a relatively small police organization managed to create a culture of terror and conformity. By focusing on the cooperation of ordinary citizens with policing institutions in the surveillance of public and private behaviors, scholars of Nazi Germany ...


Metropolitan Puritans And The Varieties Of Godly Reform In Monmouth, Newton Key, Joseph Ward Dec 2005

Metropolitan Puritans And The Varieties Of Godly Reform In Monmouth, Newton Key, Joseph Ward

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

Oliver Cromwell's opening speech to the Assembly of Saints (BarebonesParliament) on 4 July 1653 has been singled out as 'the high-water markof radicalism' because his millenarian and reformist language revealed theinfluence of London-based Fifth Monarchists. 1 But Cromwell began hisspeech not with biblical references but with 'that case ofWales, which Imust confess for my own part I set myself upon, if I should inform youwhat discountenance that business of the poor people of God there had' bythe Rump's refusal to renew the Propagation Act 'to the discountenancingof the honest people there', despite the seemingly obvious proof 'thatGod kindles ...


Sling: “Richter Der Letzten Instanz”, Sace Elder Jan 2004

Sling: “Richter Der Letzten Instanz”, Sace Elder

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

In the 1920s courtroom reportage became an important journalistic genre in the 1920s as leftist and liberal reporters filed into the halls of justice and analyzed what they saw and heard there in order to expose the injustices of a judicial system that had not embraced the liberal republic. Paul Schlesinger, who wrote under the pseudonym Sling, along with his colleagues Carl von Ossietzky, Kurt Tucholsky, Gabrielle Tiergit wrote of the sensational and the mundane, the political and the everyday cases, all of which provided the basis for social commentary and political criticism. Some have argued that the eagerness of ...


Sling: “Richter Der Letzten Instanz”, Sace E. Elder Jan 2004

Sling: “Richter Der Letzten Instanz”, Sace E. Elder

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

In the 1920s courtroom reportage became an important journalistic genre in the 1920s as leftist and liberal reporters filed into the halls of justice and analyzed what they saw and heard there in order to expose the injustices of a judicial system that had not embraced the liberal republic. Paul Schlesinger, who wrote under the pseudonym Sling, along with his colleagues Carl von Ossietzky, Kurt Tucholsky, Gabrielle Tiergit wrote of the sensational and the mundane, the political and the everyday cases, all of which provided the basis for social commentary and political criticism. Some have argued that the eagerness of ...


Saxo Grammaticus: History And The Rise Of National Identity In Medieval Denmark, Christopher L. Bailey Jan 2002

Saxo Grammaticus: History And The Rise Of National Identity In Medieval Denmark, Christopher L. Bailey

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


The Autumn Celebrations Of The Ritual Calendar Year In The Later-Stuart Period, Alexander James Dove Jan 1997

The Autumn Celebrations Of The Ritual Calendar Year In The Later-Stuart Period, Alexander James Dove

Masters Theses

This thesis discusses the patterns in the celebrations of the autumn ritual calendar of the later-Stuart period. It focuses on the annual celebrations of the Gunpowder Treason and Plot (5th of November) and the Anniversary of the Accession of Queen Elizabeth (17th of November). For comparison, the Lord Mayor's Show (29th of October) is studied. The central theme of this thesis is to distinguish between the customs and traditions of the two dominant cultures of the later-Stuart period: elite and non-elite.

This thesis is broken down into three chapters. The first chapter discusses the November celebrations of the later-Stuart ...


James Tyrrell, John Locke, And Robert Filmer: Ideas On Property In Late Seventeenth Century England, Christopher Chatlos Strangeman Jan 1997

James Tyrrell, John Locke, And Robert Filmer: Ideas On Property In Late Seventeenth Century England, Christopher Chatlos Strangeman

Masters Theses

In this thesis, I examine the political theories of Sir Robert Filmer, John Locke, and James Tyrrell and, in turn, compare their respective conceptions of property which are at the foundation of their political theories. This political debate about property must be set amongst the political circumstances of the exclusion crisis. Arising from the Whig-Tory division, which arose in part from the Popish Plot, Filmer, Locke, and Tyrrell reveal the ideas of the parties they represented. Locke and Tyrrell, as Whig representatives, refuted the patriarchal theory of Filmer's Patriarcha, representative of the Tory party. In refuting Filmer, Locke and ...


The Localism Of The County Feast In Late-Stuart Political Culture, Newton Key Jan 1996

The Localism Of The County Feast In Late-Stuart Political Culture, Newton Key

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

On 29 June 1678, Huntingdonshire natives residing in or visiting London had the opportunityto witness a glittering entertainment, The Huntington Divertisement, or, an Enterlude For the Generall Entertainment at the County-Feast, held at Merchant-Taylors Hall. On 27 March 1690, Yorkshire natives, also feasting in Merchant Tailors Hall, were treated to a triumphant song by Thomas D'Urfey and Henry Purcell. These elaborate pieces, presented a dozen years apart and admittedly unrepresentative of the sermons, processions, and huzzas that graced usual natives feasts, are nonetheless worth analyzing for the issues and rhetoric that the artists and their patrons thought relevant. By ...


The Localism Of The County Feast In Late-Stuart Political Culture, Newton E. Key Jan 1996

The Localism Of The County Feast In Late-Stuart Political Culture, Newton E. Key

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

On 29 June 1678, Huntingdonshire natives residing in or visiting London had the opportunityto witness a glittering entertainment, The Huntington Divertisement, or, an Enterlude For the Generall Entertainment at the County-Feast, held at Merchant-Taylors Hall. On 27 March 1690, Yorkshire natives, also feasting in Merchant Tailors Hall, were treated to a triumphant song by Thomas D'Urfey and Henry Purcell. These elaborate pieces, presented a dozen years apart and admittedly unrepresentative of the sermons, processions, and huzzas that graced usual natives feasts, are nonetheless worth analyzing for the issues and rhetoric that the artists and their patrons thought relevant. By ...