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History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in European History

Pox Britannica: Smallpox Inoculation In Britain, 1721-1830, Deborah Christian Brunton Jan 1990

Pox Britannica: Smallpox Inoculation In Britain, 1721-1830, Deborah Christian Brunton

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Inoculation has an important place in the history of medicine: not only was it the first form of preventive medicine but its history spans the so-called eighteenth century 'medical revolution'. A study of the myriad of pamphlets, books and articles on the controversial practice casts new light on these fundamental changes in the medical profession and medical practice. Whereas historians have associated the abandonment of old humoural theories and individualised therapy in favour of standardised techniques with the emergence of new institutions in the second half of the century, inoculation suggests that changes began as early as the 1720s. Though ...


Railroads And Aspects Of Social Change In Senegal, 1878-1933, Paul Edward Pheffer Jan 1975

Railroads And Aspects Of Social Change In Senegal, 1878-1933, Paul Edward Pheffer

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

In a dissertation, or any research subject for that matter, there are generally both narrow and broader queries that can be pursued on a given theme. The narrow theme in this case concerns the "motives for French railroad-building in Senegal." Unfortunately, despite prolonged searches through archival sources available in Senegal, it soon became obvious that there were simply too many missing particulars to be able to complete this story well. Even while searching out the missing information gaps for the narrow theme, however, it also proved possible to gather abundant material for the broader theme of the social impact of ...