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Full-Text Articles in European History

“My Written Books Of Surgery In The Englishe Tonge”: The London Company Of Barber-Surgeons And The Lylye Of Medicynes, Erin Connelly Jan 2019

“My Written Books Of Surgery In The Englishe Tonge”: The London Company Of Barber-Surgeons And The Lylye Of Medicynes, Erin Connelly

Manuscript Studies

The Middle English Lylye of Medicynes is an early fifteenth-century translation of Bernard of Gordon’s Latin Lilium medicinae (completed in 1305). The Lylye is contained in Oxford Bodleian Library MS. Ashmole 1505 as a sole text. Although there are many extant witnesses in Latin, there are no other known Middle English copies. The Lylye contains thousands of medicinal ingredients, including 360 individual recipes identified with Rx, with accompanying guidelines for diagnosis and prognosis. Although the text does contain some medical theory and etiology (based on thought from Arabic medicine, specifically Ibn Sīnā, and Antiquity, predominantly Galen and Hippocrates), its ...


The First Quarter Century Of European Printing, Paul Needham Mar 2013

The First Quarter Century Of European Printing, Paul Needham

A.S.W. Rosenbach Lectures in Bibliography

The University of Pennsylvania Libraries A.S.W. Rosenbach Lectures in Bibliography for 2013:

Monday, March 18, 2013: "The 1450s: Bookmaking Inventions." Total time: 1:29:39. Welcome: David N. McKnight (00:01); Introduction: William Noel (05:12); Lecture: Paul Needham (07:00).

March 19, 2013: "The 1460s: Slow Diaspora." Total time: 01:35:48. Introduction: David N. McKnight (00:01); Lecture: Paul Needham (07:50); Question and Answer (01:25:00).

March 21, 2013: 1470-1475: "The Sowing of Printing Shops." Total time: 01:24:53. Introduction: David N. McKnight (00:01); Lecture: Paul Needham (01:52); Question and Answer ...


Review Of Mary Pickering, Auguste Comte: An Intellectual Biography, Vols 2 And 3, John Tresch Sep 2011

Review Of Mary Pickering, Auguste Comte: An Intellectual Biography, Vols 2 And 3, John Tresch

Departmental Papers (HSS)

No abstract provided.


Civilizing Women: British Crusades In Colonial Sudan, Heather J. Sharkey Jul 2008

Civilizing Women: British Crusades In Colonial Sudan, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


Jewish Medicine And Science, David B. Ruderman Jan 2000

Jewish Medicine And Science, David B. Ruderman

Departmental Papers (History)

It is difficult to speak about Jewish involvement in the medicine and science during the Renaissance and beyond without reference to Jewish traditions of medical and scientific activity in the ancient and medieval periods. Perceiving themselves as proud heirs of such medieval luminaries as the physician Moses Maimonides (1135-1204), the astrologer Abraham ibn Ezra (1089-1164), and the astronomer Levi ben Gershom (Gersonides; 1288-1344), as well as the biblical Abraham, Solomon, and the ancient rabbis, Jewish thinkers living in early modern Europe continued to believe that the study of nature was a supreme religious ideal and that the roots of magic ...


Jewish Preaching And The Language Of Science: The Sermons Of Azariah Figo, David B. Ruderman Jan 1992

Jewish Preaching And The Language Of Science: The Sermons Of Azariah Figo, David B. Ruderman

Departmental Papers (History)

The age in which the preachers of the Italian ghettos delivered their sermons was also the great age of scientific discovery in Europe. Far removed both geographically and culturally from the cramped but ornate synagogues of Venice, Ferrara, or Mantua, Galileo peered through his famous telescope, Vesalius performed his revolutionary anatomical experiments, and Bacon and Descartes reflected deeply on the new methods of fathoming the natural world from their own distinctive perspectives. Beyond the walls ostensibly separating Jews from the social and cultural life of their Christian contemporaries, a revolution was taking place in astronomy, in physics, and in the ...


Pox Britannica: Smallpox Inoculation In Britain, 1721-1830, Deborah Christian Brunton Jan 1990

Pox Britannica: Smallpox Inoculation In Britain, 1721-1830, Deborah Christian Brunton

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Inoculation has an important place in the history of medicine: not only was it the first form of preventive medicine but its history spans the so-called eighteenth century 'medical revolution'. A study of the myriad of pamphlets, books and articles on the controversial practice casts new light on these fundamental changes in the medical profession and medical practice. Whereas historians have associated the abandonment of old humoural theories and individualised therapy in favour of standardised techniques with the emergence of new institutions in the second half of the century, inoculation suggests that changes began as early as the 1720s. Though ...


Railroads And Aspects Of Social Change In Senegal, 1878-1933, Paul Edward Pheffer Jan 1975

Railroads And Aspects Of Social Change In Senegal, 1878-1933, Paul Edward Pheffer

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

In a dissertation, or any research subject for that matter, there are generally both narrow and broader queries that can be pursued on a given theme. The narrow theme in this case concerns the "motives for French railroad-building in Senegal." Unfortunately, despite prolonged searches through archival sources available in Senegal, it soon became obvious that there were simply too many missing particulars to be able to complete this story well. Even while searching out the missing information gaps for the narrow theme, however, it also proved possible to gather abundant material for the broader theme of the social impact of ...