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Articles 691 - 720 of 2000

Full-Text Articles in Other History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology

History Through A Coin: Valerian, Dido, And The Founding Of Carthage, Jack Miller, Brittany Piwowar Nov 2013

History Through A Coin: Valerian, Dido, And The Founding Of Carthage, Jack Miller, Brittany Piwowar

Featured Research

The coin dating from 270 AD depicts on its obverse side the Roman Emperor Valerian, the first Emperor to be captured as a prisoner of war. On the reverse side is a unique scene of the goddess Dido sacrificing at the Temple of Hercules before setting off to found Carthage from Tyre, the city in which the coin was minted. Like all individually minted coins, this piece is very unique and may be a re-strike of a previously issued coin.


Coinage During The Bar Kochba Rebellion, Jonathan Allen, Robbie Robles Nov 2013

Coinage During The Bar Kochba Rebellion, Jonathan Allen, Robbie Robles

Featured Research

This is a coin that Jews used during the Bar Kochba Rebellion, The dates of the
Bar Kochba are from 132-135 A.D. The rebellion was started in response to the
rule of Emperor Hadrian, who was insensitive to Jewish Traditions and started
banning Jewish religious practices. In response, Jews began minting their own
coins to honor their religious rituals and the leaders of the rebellion.


Late Hasmonean Coinage: A Snapshot Of Alexander Jannaeus's Rule, Timothy Schaefer, Christopher Huang Nov 2013

Late Hasmonean Coinage: A Snapshot Of Alexander Jannaeus's Rule, Timothy Schaefer, Christopher Huang

Featured Research

Like other late Hasmonean rulers, Alexander walked the line between outright Hellenization and traditional Judaism. He did this to please other powerful rulers while keeping his power over his domestic people. We can see this clash of Hebrew and Greek influences in his coinage.


The Use Of Propaganda On An Augustan Denarius, Jens Ibsen, Melissa Miller Nov 2013

The Use Of Propaganda On An Augustan Denarius, Jens Ibsen, Melissa Miller

Featured Research

This coin is a silver denarius minted in Lugdunum (now Lyon), most likely under the reign of Augustus, the first emperor of Rome. There are factors which point to a possibility of the coin being a restitution issue minted under either Trajan or Hadrian, such as its pristine condition, which implies a lack of use, and the similarity of symbols employed on this denarius and denarii of Trajan’s era. The coin is a prime example of Augustus’ use of propaganda inserted into Roman daily life to sell the idea of empire to a Roman people who ardently defended a ...


The Abstract Text: Adinkra Symbolism As A Narrative In Drawing, Sherae Rimpsey Oct 2013

The Abstract Text: Adinkra Symbolism As A Narrative In Drawing, Sherae Rimpsey

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Objectives:

i. Discuss the history of Adinkra textiles and its processes.

ii. Establish the origin and significance of Adinkra symbols.

iii. Situate the Adinkra symbols within Abstraction and examine its narrative potential as a non-discursive mode of communication in drawing.

iv. Create iconography to be in dialog with Adinkra symbols as part of a constructed narrative.

Methodology: I utilized the three key principles of methodological research – participation, observation, and interview in order to have direct experience with Adinkra cloth processes. I felt that this was necessary in order to effectively make sense of and analyze Adinkra symbols. I interviewed several ...


Apocalyptic Beauty, Brian T. Scalise Aug 2013

Apocalyptic Beauty, Brian T. Scalise

Eleutheria

A potent and formative text for a theological aesthetics faithful to the God revealed in the Scriptures is the Apocalypse of John (Revelation). An apocalyptic viewpoint is beautiful inasmuch as it observes the whole from within the part of time/space and inasmuch as the apocalyptic vision provides considerable unity of diverse theological themes with various expansions and enhancements, hence mimicking the very function of theological beauty to communicate the whole (God) in the part (here, in space-time). This essay traces major themes throughout Scripture, utilizing inter-textual interpretation en route, and seeks to clarify the Book of Revelation's role ...


Baye Fadioul Niang: A Brief Biography Of An Ebeniste In Senegal, Katie J. Niang May 2013

Baye Fadioul Niang: A Brief Biography Of An Ebeniste In Senegal, Katie J. Niang

Interior Design: Student Creative Activity

Baye Fadioul Niang described himself as a traditional European designer of wood furniture, doors, and trim. In 1945, at age 22, Fadioul began designing furniture as an apprentice in the state labor department of Kaolack. He settled in Dakar, where Fadioul not only designed and constructed furniture, but was a popular informal educator in the business. His furniture shop became a center for education in Menuserie and Ebenisterie, which is the art of furniture making. In 2005 Fadioul retired from furniture making because of deteriorating eyesight.

Includes photos taken in February 2013 in Dakar, Senegal.


Ten Years After Iraq: Archaeology, Archaeologists, And U.S. Foreign Relations, Morag Kersel, Christina Luke May 2013

Ten Years After Iraq: Archaeology, Archaeologists, And U.S. Foreign Relations, Morag Kersel, Christina Luke

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


How Good Is Gold? Recognition Of The Golden Rectangle, Rebecca A. Eydt Apr 2013

How Good Is Gold? Recognition Of The Golden Rectangle, Rebecca A. Eydt

Senior Theses and Projects

The Golden Proportion is the place where a line is divided in such a way that the ratio of the length of the shorter segment to the longer segment is equal to the ratio of the longer segment to the length of the whole line. It has been claimed by artists, architects, and aestheticians that the Golden Section is the most aesthetically pleasing division of a line, and that the Golden Rectangle is the most aesthetically pleasing of all rectangles. Although there is experimental support for these claims, it is not unequivocal. Many studies have been on preference for the ...


Danger In Deviance: Colonial Imagery And The Power Of Indigenous Female Sexuality In New Spain, Mariel Frechette Apr 2013

Danger In Deviance: Colonial Imagery And The Power Of Indigenous Female Sexuality In New Spain, Mariel Frechette

Scripps Senior Theses

The primary objective of this work is to understand the importance of the indigenous, female body in early New Spain through the study of visual media from the first two centuries of colonization: specifically looking at illustrations from Book 10 (of 15) in the Florentine Codex and images of indigenous Christian wedding ceremonies such as the painted folding screen Indian Wedding and a Flying Pole (c.1690). I argue through visual, theoretical and historical analysis that regulating indigenous female sexuality was a critical component to in the creation of colonial New Spain and that imagery played an essential role in ...


Survey Of Historic Jewish Monuments In Poland, Revised Edition, Samuel D. Gruber, Phyllis Myers Jan 2013

Survey Of Historic Jewish Monuments In Poland, Revised Edition, Samuel D. Gruber, Phyllis Myers

Samuel D. Gruber, Ph.D.

1995 report to the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad on historic Jewish sites in Poland. Includes information on the history of Judaism in Poland, as well as the history and current conditions of synagogues and cemeteries.


Survey Of Historic Jewish Monuments In The Czech Republic, Samuel D. Gruber, Phyllis Myers Jan 2013

Survey Of Historic Jewish Monuments In The Czech Republic, Samuel D. Gruber, Phyllis Myers

Samuel D. Gruber, Ph.D.

1994 report to the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad on historic Jewish monuments in the Czech Republic. Includes information on the history of Judaism in Poland, as well as information on the history and conditions of synagogues, cemeteries, ghettoes, jewish quarters, and other sites related to Jewish heritage. There are also notes on Czech preservation laws and destroyed synagogues.


Polish Influence On American Synagogue Architecture, Samuel D. Gruber Jan 2013

Polish Influence On American Synagogue Architecture, Samuel D. Gruber

Samuel D. Gruber, Ph.D.

Hundreds of thousands of Jews from Poland came to America after 1880. Many built synagogues with details recalling synagogues in their homeland. Immigrant artisans brought motifs and methods of Poland. Many of these synagogues were small, so the relationship to Polish art was on the inside in the painted and carved decoration. Established architects also had access to Polish synagogues as sources. With publication of the Jewish Encyclopedia (1901-06) images of Polish synagogues, such as the Warsaw’s Tlomackie Street Synagogue, became part of many Jewish libraries. More Polish influence came in the 1950s. Most architects were building modern synagogues ...


Autonomous Underwater Vehicles As Tools For Deep-Submergence Archaeology, Christopher N. Roman, Ian Roderick Mather Jan 2013

Autonomous Underwater Vehicles As Tools For Deep-Submergence Archaeology, Christopher N. Roman, Ian Roderick Mather

Christopher N. Roman

Marine archaeology beyond the capabilities of scuba divers is a technologically enabled field. The tool suite includes ship-based systems such as towed side-scan sonars and remotely operated vehicles, and more recently free-swimming autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs). Each of these platforms has various imaging and mapping capabilities appropriate for specific scales and tasks. Broadly speaking, AUVs are becoming effective tools for locating, identifying, and surveying archaeological sites. This paper discusses the role of AUVs in this suite of tools, outlines some specific design criteria necessary to maximize their utility in the field, and presents directions for future developments. Results are presented ...


文物研究文集 Relic Curation Project Anthology : China In The Imperial Age, Loretta Eumie Kim, Kai Yiu Lau Jan 2013

文物研究文集 Relic Curation Project Anthology : China In The Imperial Age, Loretta Eumie Kim, Kai Yiu Lau

Book Gallery

This anthology is a compilation of students' work of the course on "China in the Imperial Age" during the Spring 2013 semester (HIST/CHSH 1105) --From HKBU Library Catalogue.


Ibn Khaldun, Syed Farid Alatas Jan 2013

Ibn Khaldun, Syed Farid Alatas

farid alatas

Ibn Khaldun was one of the most remarkable Muslim scholars of the pre-modern period. He founded an entirely new science that he called the science of human society (ciim ai-ijtimac ai-insan~ or human social organization (ciim al- cumran ai-bashan). It had little impact on the development of Muslim thought for several centuries but greatly impressed European thinkers from the nineteenth century on, some of whom regarded Ibn I


Sound As Artifact, Jeff Benjamin Jan 2013

Sound As Artifact, Jeff Benjamin

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

A distinguishing feature of the discipline of archaeology is its reliance upon sensory dependant investigation. As perceived by all of the senses, the felt environment is a unique area of archaeological knowledge.

It is generally accepted that the emergence of industrial processes in the recent past has been accompanied by unprecedented sonic extremes. The work of environmental historians has provided ample evidence that the introduction of much of this unwanted sound, or "noise" was an area of contestation. More recent research in the history of sound has called for more nuanced distinctions than the noisy/quiet dichotomy. Acoustic archaeology tends ...


A Regional Study Of Finger Flutings In 12 Paleolithic Caves, Leslie Van Gelder Jan 2013

A Regional Study Of Finger Flutings In 12 Paleolithic Caves, Leslie Van Gelder

2010-2016 Archived Posters

Finger flutings were lines drawn with fingers and hands in caves during the Upper Paleolithic (10-40,000 B.P.). They contain a wealth of forensic evidence about who created cave art. This study examined 12 caves in Northern Spain. Findings included new sites, presence of children, and new knowledge on social interaction.


Preliminary Comments On Dog Interments From Archeological Sites In Northeast Texas: Folklore And Archeology, Jesse Todd Jan 2013

Preliminary Comments On Dog Interments From Archeological Sites In Northeast Texas: Folklore And Archeology, Jesse Todd

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Dogs have been associated with humans for thousands of years, and dog interments—either associated with human interments or as separate interments—also have an antiquity of thousands of years. This brief paper will summarize dog burials in a worldwide context, and then focus on the folklore, ethnology, and archeology of dogs among the Caddo. The information for the dog in Caddo culture will be summarized from George A. Dorsey’s Traditions of the Caddo and John R. Swanton’s Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians. Then, dog interments from northeast Texas will be listed ...


Analysis Of The Ceramic Sherds From Area C At The Ware Acres Site (41gg31), Gregg County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Robert Z. Selden Jr., Bo Nelson Jan 2013

Analysis Of The Ceramic Sherds From Area C At The Ware Acres Site (41gg31), Gregg County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Robert Z. Selden Jr., Bo Nelson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Ware Acres site (410031) was discovered by Buddy Calvin Jones in 1951 on an alluvial terrace of Grace Creek, a southern-flowing tributary to the Sabine River in the southwestern part of the city of Longview, Texas. The site is best known for Jones' discovery and excavation of an eighteenth century Caddo burial with an abundance of European trade goods. However, Jones also investigated other parts of the site, which contained extensive Caddo habitation deposits, especially one area at the southern part of the site that had Late Caddo Titus phase midden deposits and remnants of house structures. A large ...


The Siren Site And The Long Transition From Archaic To Late Prehistoric Lifeways On The Eastern Edwards Plateau Of Central Texas, Stephen M. Carpenter, Kevin A. Miller, Mary Jo Galindo, Brett A. Houk, Charles D. Frederick, Mercedes C. Cody, John Lowe, Ken Lawrence, Kevin Hanselka, Abby Peyton, Karen R. Adams, Leslie L. Bush, Linda Scott Cummings, Masahiro Kamiya, Walter E. Klippel, Dawn M. Marshall, Susan C. Mulholland, Timothy E. Riley, Laura Short, Jennifer A. Synstelein, Chad Yost Jan 2013

The Siren Site And The Long Transition From Archaic To Late Prehistoric Lifeways On The Eastern Edwards Plateau Of Central Texas, Stephen M. Carpenter, Kevin A. Miller, Mary Jo Galindo, Brett A. Houk, Charles D. Frederick, Mercedes C. Cody, John Lowe, Ken Lawrence, Kevin Hanselka, Abby Peyton, Karen R. Adams, Leslie L. Bush, Linda Scott Cummings, Masahiro Kamiya, Walter E. Klippel, Dawn M. Marshall, Susan C. Mulholland, Timothy E. Riley, Laura Short, Jennifer A. Synstelein, Chad Yost

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

On behalf of the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted testing and data recovery investigations at the Siren site (41WM1126), a prehistoric multi-component site in the Interstate Highway 35 right-of-way along the South Fork of the San Gabriel River in Williamson County, Texas. The work was done to fulfill TxDOT’s compliance obligations under the National Historic Preservation Act and the Antiquities Code of Texas. The testing investigations were conducted under Antiquities Permit 3834, and the subsequent data recovery was under Permit 3938. Kevin Miller served as Principal Investigator on both permits. Though the site extends ...


Long View (41rb112): Data Recovery Of Two Plains Village Period Components In Roberts County, Texas, Volume 2, J. Michael Quigg, Paul M. Matchen, Charles D. Frederick, Robert A. Ricklis Jan 2013

Long View (41rb112): Data Recovery Of Two Plains Village Period Components In Roberts County, Texas, Volume 2, J. Michael Quigg, Paul M. Matchen, Charles D. Frederick, Robert A. Ricklis

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This archeological data recovery investigation in Roberts County in the northeastern panhandle of Texas was necessitated by the proposed widening of State Highway 70 (CSJ: 0490-04-037) by the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), Amarillo District. This proposed highway rehabilitation program will directly impact a roughly 10 meter (m, 30 ft.) wide north-south section of prehistoric site 41RB112, the Long View site. This site consists of two horizontally distinct Plains Village period occupations shallowly buried along a linear interfluvial ridge between two small tributary creeks to the Canadian River in the midslope of this broad, dissected valley.

This site was initially ...


The Linebarger Site On Dry Creek, Camp County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2013

The Linebarger Site On Dry Creek, Camp County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Linebarger site (41CP493) is an ancestral Caddo site on Dry Creek in Camp County, not far upstream from the Tuck Carpenter site and large Late Caddo Titus phase cemetery. At least four ancestral Caddo burials are known to have been excavated at the Linebarger site in the 1960s, and Perttula documented two vessels and a large chipped biface from burial contexts in the Tommy Johns collection. The Robert L. Turner. Jr. surface collection came from an unspecified habitation area at the site.

The first documented vessel was a small inverted rim carinated bowl with a typologically unidentified engraved motif ...


Analysis Of A Collection Of Early Caddo Artifacts From The Davis-Mcpeek Mound Site (41ur4/99), Upshur County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2013

Analysis Of A Collection Of Early Caddo Artifacts From The Davis-Mcpeek Mound Site (41ur4/99), Upshur County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Davis-McPeek site (41UR4/99) is an Early Caddo (ca. A.D. 900-1200) mound and associated village on an alluvial terrace along Little Cypress Creek, in western Upshur County in East Texas. The site, with one known mound, has been known since the early 1930s, and in the early 1960s Buddy Jones conducted archaeological investigations in the mound. A small collection of ancestral Caddo artifacts from that work are curated at the Gregg County Historical Museum (GCHM, Longview, Texas), and this article provides an analysis of this collection.


Changing Lifeways Along The Guadalupe Basin In South Texas: The Results Of National Register Testing Of A Stratified Multicomponent Prehistoric Site, 41dw277, Dewitt County, Texas, Mindy Bonine, Rachel Feit, Antonio E. Padilla, Robert Howells, Leslie L. Bush Jan 2013

Changing Lifeways Along The Guadalupe Basin In South Texas: The Results Of National Register Testing Of A Stratified Multicomponent Prehistoric Site, 41dw277, Dewitt County, Texas, Mindy Bonine, Rachel Feit, Antonio E. Padilla, Robert Howells, Leslie L. Bush

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

AmaTerra Environmental (formerly Ecological Communications Corporation [EComm]) conducted archeological National Register eligibility testing at Site 41DW277 in December 2009. The site is located in the proposed right-of-way (ROW) for a new bridge along US 183 over the Guadalupe River, DeWitt County, Texas. Site 41DW277 was documented in 2009 by James Abbott and Allen Bettis of the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) and at the time of survey it was thought to be potentially eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) or as a State Archeological Landmark (SAL). Due to expected impacts resulting from the proposed bridge ...


Two Middle Caddo Period Habitation Sites And Cemeteries In The Sabine River Basin, Gregg County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Bo Nelson Jan 2013

Two Middle Caddo Period Habitation Sites And Cemeteries In The Sabine River Basin, Gregg County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Bo Nelson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This publications concerns the reporting of 1963-1964 archaeological investigations conducted by Buddy Calvin Jones at 41GG5 and the Joe Smith site (41GG50) in the Sabine River basin in the East Texas Pineywoods (Figure 1). Both of the sites are Middle Caddo period (ca. A.D. 1200-1450) settlements and small cemeteries situated on southern-flowing tributaries of the Sabine River, namely Grace Creek (41GG5) and Hawkins Creek (41GG50).


The Caddo Nation Begins To Reassemble, 1840-1851, Jim Tiller Jan 2013

The Caddo Nation Begins To Reassemble, 1840-1851, Jim Tiller

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In July 1835 the Caddo Nation, which at the time was comprised of approximately 500 individuals, sold their Louisiana homeland to the United States and returned to their villages in eastern Harrison County, Texas where they remained until the opening of the Republic of Texas Land Offices in February 1838. At that point, deluged by squatters and Republic surveyors, the Caddo abandoned their villages and migrated to the prairies of frontier Texas. Approximately one-third of the tribe (some 165 individuals) under Chief Tsauninot returned to Shreveport in late September 1838 to collect the annuity for that year as called for ...


The Mcminn Ranch Site (41cp72) In The Dry Creek Valley, Camp County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2013

The Mcminn Ranch Site (41cp72) In The Dry Creek Valley, Camp County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The McMinn Ranch site (41CP72) is a small (less than an acre) prehistoric site on an alluvial terrace along the north side of the lower reaches of Dry Creek, an important eastward-flowing tributary to Big Cypress Creek. In addition to a cluster of several Late Caddo Titus phase settlements and small cemeteries in this part of the valley, there are Middle and Late Caddo settlements and a large Titus phase cemetery at the nearby Harold Williams site (41CP10) as well as a large Titus phase community cemetery at the Tuck Carpenter site (41CP5). This article is a discussion of the ...


The Sam D. Carpenter Bottom Site (41cp495) In The Big Cypress Creek Basin, Camp County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Leeanna Schniebs Jan 2013

The Sam D. Carpenter Bottom Site (41cp495) In The Big Cypress Creek Basin, Camp County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Leeanna Schniebs

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Robert L. Turner, Jr. obtained a surface collection of ancestral Caddo material culture remains from the Sam D. Carpenter Bottom site (41CP495) an unknown number of years ago. With records provided by Turner, Bo Nelson has recently recorded the site, and provided the artifacts from the surface collection for analysis.

The Sam D. Carpenter Bottom site (41CP495) is situated on a broad and cleared alluvial fan (280 feet amsl) in the Big Cypress Creek valley, with the Prairie Creek valley not far to the south and the Dry Creek valley not far to the north. There are short, intermittent tributaries ...


Temporal Dynamics Of East Texas Caddo Sites With 10 Or More Radiocarbon Dates, Robert Z. Selden Jr., Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2013

Temporal Dynamics Of East Texas Caddo Sites With 10 Or More Radiocarbon Dates, Robert Z. Selden Jr., Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This article represents supplementary data highlighting the specifics of date combination and the subsequent production of summed probability distribution samples for Caddo sites in East Texas. All radiocarbon (14C) dates employed in this effort were collected from research and cultural resource management (CRM) reports and publications, synthesized, then recalibrated in version 4.1.7 of OxCal using IntCal09.

The raw sample of Caddo 14C dates (n=889, with a standard deviation of 58) exceeds the minimum number of dates-750 suggested by Michczynska and Pazdur and 500 by Williams - but the combined sample (n=407, with a standard deviation of 53 ...