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Full-Text Articles in Other History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology

The American Philosophical Society Protocols For The Treatment Of Indigenous Materials, Timothy B. Powell Dec 2014

The American Philosophical Society Protocols For The Treatment Of Indigenous Materials, Timothy B. Powell

Departmental Papers (Religious Studies)

The APS Protocols have played an important role in helping the Society build stronger ties to the indigenous communities whose cultural materials are housed in the library. Beginning in 2008, the APS implemented a Digital Knowledge Sharing (DKS) initiative that established partnerships with four indigenous communities in the United States and Canada. The DKS program brought teams of Native American elders, teachers, and scholars to the APS. The teams selected materials for digitization that would strengthen ongoing language preservation and cultural revitalization projects in their communities. During the course of this process, indigenous community members helpfully identified archival materials considered ...


Review Of Peter A.J. Attema And Günter Schörner, Comparative Issues In The Archaeology Of The Roman Rural Landscape: Site Classification Between Survey, Excavation And Historical Categories, Kimberly Bowes Jan 2014

Review Of Peter A.J. Attema And Günter Schörner, Comparative Issues In The Archaeology Of The Roman Rural Landscape: Site Classification Between Survey, Excavation And Historical Categories, Kimberly Bowes

Departmental Papers (Classical Studies)

This fine volume is a natural successor to the two fundamental Mediterranean field survey collections: Extracting Meaning from Ploughsoil Assemblages (R. Francovich, H. Patterson, and G. Barker, eds. [Oxford 2000]) and Side by Side Survey (S. Alcock and J. Cherry, eds. [Oxford 2004]). Its best essays illustrate the advances in both methodology and theory that have characterized landscape archaeology over the decade since those fundamental volumes were published. The volume takes up the problem of classification, that is, the interpretative and evidentiary basis by which surface survey material is functionally classified. Both intentionally and tacitly, the volume also illustrates the ...


Modeling The Mechanics Of Temple Production In The Middle Kingdom: An Investigation Of The Shena Of Divine Offerings Adjacent To The Mortuary Temple Of Senwosret Iii At Abydos, Egypt, Vanessa E. Smith Aug 2010

Modeling The Mechanics Of Temple Production In The Middle Kingdom: An Investigation Of The Shena Of Divine Offerings Adjacent To The Mortuary Temple Of Senwosret Iii At Abydos, Egypt, Vanessa E. Smith

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

During the Middle Kingdom, the term Sna or shena, was used by the ancient Egyptians to denote a food production area, primarily of bread and beer, which was attached to religious institutions. As a production area, the shena represented a place of pivotal importance in the economic structure of the Egyptian temple as a producer of divine offerings, wages and pensions for temple personnel, and as a taxpayer to the Egyptian state. In theory, every temple would have had a shena to provide for its cultic and economic needs. Although there are thousands of temples identified archaeologically from ancient Egypt ...


The "Crisis" Of The Late Third Millennium B.C: Ecofactual And Artificial Evidence From Umm El-Marra And The Jabbul Plain, Glenn M. Schwartz, Naomi F. Miller Jan 2007

The "Crisis" Of The Late Third Millennium B.C: Ecofactual And Artificial Evidence From Umm El-Marra And The Jabbul Plain, Glenn M. Schwartz, Naomi F. Miller

University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology Papers

This article presents a reading of the data of Umm el-Marra (plain Jabbul, western Syria), relating to the transition from the Bronze Age and Middle Bronze Age may contribute to the identification of a crisis during this period. Results of analyzes archaeobotanical, published for the first time, are also discussed. In Umm el-Marra, social, economic and cultural changes coincide with a change in material culture during the transition BA - BM; in some cases, it seems plausible to associate these changes to a crisis by crossing the complex local companies, but other interpretations are also possible. Among these, it is possible ...


The Philosophy Of The Face And 20th Century Literature And Art, Bernard J. Rhie Jan 2005

The Philosophy Of The Face And 20th Century Literature And Art, Bernard J. Rhie

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation explores the importance of the human face in modern literature, philosophy, and art. "Meaning is a physiognomy," wrote Wittgenstein--quite literally, if somewhat cryptically--in the Philosophical Investigations. My project takes this remark seriously and begins, in chapters one and two, by reading Wittgenstein's discussion of aspect-seeing alongside recent work in cognitive science and the philosophy of mind in order to explain how we perceive mentality in the appearance of a human face. I then trace the surprising ways in which our ability to understand facial expressions informs not only the way we understand language, but also other minds ...


The Tutankhamun Burnt Group From Gurob, Egypt: Bases For The Absolute Chronology Of Lh Iii A And B, Martha Rhoads Bell Jan 1991

The Tutankhamun Burnt Group From Gurob, Egypt: Bases For The Absolute Chronology Of Lh Iii A And B, Martha Rhoads Bell

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

In 1888-1890 W. Flinders Petrie excavated the kôm of Gurob, at the entrance to Egypt's Fayum depression. He discovered a number of so-called "burnt groups": pits filled with layers of ash and smashed objects. These included Egyptian glass, stone, faience and pottery vessels, toilette articles, and jewellery, as well as Mycenaean Greek vases, mostly stirrup jars of LH III A and B style. Occasionally items with Egyptian royal names were also found, such as the two faience beads from the Tutankhamun Group. Petrie took these to indicate that all the objects in the associated group should be contemporary with ...