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Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

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Full-Text Articles in Other History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology

National Register Of Historic Places Eligibility Testing Of Site 41le326 Lee County, Texas, Andrea Stahman, Candace Wallace, Linda Ellis, Chris Heiligenstein Jan 2010

National Register Of Historic Places Eligibility Testing Of Site 41le326 Lee County, Texas, Andrea Stahman, Candace Wallace, Linda Ellis, Chris Heiligenstein

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Between March 5 and 12, 2007, PBS&J conducted National Register of Historic Places eligibility testing at site 41LE326, under contract to the Texas Department of Transportation Environmental Affairs Division (TxDOT ENV) (CSJ No. 0211-03-032). This investigation was conducted in advance of proposed improvements to U.S. Highway 77 in central Lee County, Texas, under regulations of the National Historic Preservation Act, as amended (16 USC §470 et seq.) and the Antiquities Code of Texas (Title 9, chapter 191, Texas Natural Resource Code). Site 41LE326 is a prehistoric campsite that was initially recorded by PBS&J in October 2006 during ...


Testing And Data Recovery Excavations At 41bu51, Burleson County, Texas, Cory J. Broehm, Jennifer K. Mcwilliams, Ross C. Fields, Karl W. Kibler Jan 2010

Testing And Data Recovery Excavations At 41bu51, Burleson County, Texas, Cory J. Broehm, Jennifer K. Mcwilliams, Ross C. Fields, Karl W. Kibler

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Prewitt and Associates, Inc. (PAI), conducted archeological testing and data recovery excavations at prehistoric site 41BU51 in Burleson County, Texas, for the Texas Department of Transportation, Environmental Affairs Division, in three phases of investigation. The first phase of testing, conducted in Spring 2003, resulted in the discovery of a single human burial as well as diagnostic artifacts ranging from the Archaic period through the Late Prehistoric period. A second phase of testing was conducted to search for additional burials in January 2004. This work resulted in the discovery of three additional burials and two isolated human bones. Finally, data recovery ...


Cuatro Vientos: A Reconsideration Of Seven Prehistoric Sites In The Lower Rio Grande Plains Of South Texas, Steve Carpenter, Michael Chavez, Kevin A. Miller, S. Christopher Caran Jan 2010

Cuatro Vientos: A Reconsideration Of Seven Prehistoric Sites In The Lower Rio Grande Plains Of South Texas, Steve Carpenter, Michael Chavez, Kevin A. Miller, S. Christopher Caran

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

With this report, Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) begins a reconsideration of approaches to the evaluation and treatment of those areas where surface lithic scatters are the main constituent of the archeological record. The reconsideration was inspired by the Cuatro Vientos project in Laredo, Webb County, Texas. The project and the ideas surrounding it developed slowly. The ideas continued to evolve through discussion between SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) and TxDOT as additional work on the project occurred. Because this project proceeded in an idiosyncratic fashion, some words of explanation might be helpful. The following discussion provides an account of how ...


Intensive Cultural Resources Survey Of The Proposed Wurzbach Parkway Extension Project From Blanco Road To Wetmore Road, Bexar County, Texas, Mary Jo Galindo, Kevin A. Miller Jan 2010

Intensive Cultural Resources Survey Of The Proposed Wurzbach Parkway Extension Project From Blanco Road To Wetmore Road, Bexar County, Texas, Mary Jo Galindo, Kevin A. Miller

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted an intensive cultural resources survey on behalf of the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), of the proposed Wurzbach Parkway Extension Project in San Antonio, Texas. TxDOT proposes to extend the existing Wurzbach Parkway approximately 5.3 miles between Farm-to-Market Road (FM) 2696 (Blanco Road) and Wetmore Road. The undertaking involves the new construction of a four-lane divided roadway within an approximately 250-foot right-of-way (ROW) that is state-owned property. Overall, the Area of Potential Effects (APE) is 27,984 feet long, 250 feet wide, and maximally 10 feet deep. Additionally, the APE covers roughly 51.77 ...


National Register Testing Of Site 41bt427, Burnet County, Texas, Clayton M. Tinsley, Tiffany Osburn Jan 2010

National Register Testing Of Site 41bt427, Burnet County, Texas, Clayton M. Tinsley, Tiffany Osburn

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Between October 1 and October 19, 2007, archeologists from Geo-Marine, Inc., conducted National Register of Historic Places eligibility testing at site 41BT427 in Burnet County, Texas, under contract to the Texas Department of Transportation, Environmental Affairs Division. This prehistoric site was originally recorded by PBS&J during a cultural resources survey for a proposed bridge replacement project at the North Rocky Creek crossing of FM 963 (CSJ 1198-02-017). During that investigation, the site was initially identified by a series of three trenches located on the northeastern quadrant of the right-of-way. Three small, burned rock features were originally recorded in two ...


Cultural Resource Assessment And Archival Research For The Proposed Galveston-Bolivar Causeway Galveston County, Texas, Amy Borgens, Doug Jones, Dan Hudson Jan 2009

Cultural Resource Assessment And Archival Research For The Proposed Galveston-Bolivar Causeway Galveston County, Texas, Amy Borgens, Doug Jones, Dan Hudson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In 2008, following a cultural resources remote-sensing survey for the Proposed Galveston-Bolivar Causeway Project, PBS&J was contracted by the Texas Department of Transportation to perform three studies as supplements to the original investigation. These studies comprised a hydraulic probing investigation at the Old Port Bolivar slip in the area of a charted historic shipwreck; a review of historic maps and aerial photography of the Area of Potential Effect (APE); and an assessment of a collection of abandoned hulks at the northwestern tip of Bolivar Peninsula. All three studies were completed between June and August 2008.

The hydraulic probing investigation at the Old Port Bolivar slip located the remains of a potential submerged shipwreck site measuring approximately 40 x 11 feet at a depth of 17–18 feet below the water surface. PBS&J also examined over 40 historic maps from the collections of the National Archives in Washington, D.C. The investigation of historic maps isolated at least 12 shipwrecks within the APE. Historic Tobin aerial photos of the APE acquired by PBS&J were limited to the sets available from 1930 and 1956. One shipwreck anomaly discovered during the 2007 Galveston-Bolivar Causeway remote-sensing survey was captured in the 1956 aerial. The incomplete coverage area of the 1930 photography prevented a review of other known targets. An investigation of the abandoned hulks at Bolivar Peninsula determined that 16 barges are arranged in three primary groups. These barges have either ferrous or wooden hulls; most of the hulks are submerged. Research ...


Archeological Testing At 41tr170, Along The Clear Fork Of The Trinity River, Tarrant County, Texas, Christopher Lintz, Stephen A. Hall, Timothy G. Baugh, Tiffany Osburn Jan 2008

Archeological Testing At 41tr170, Along The Clear Fork Of The Trinity River, Tarrant County, Texas, Christopher Lintz, Stephen A. Hall, Timothy G. Baugh, Tiffany Osburn

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Archeologists from Geo-Marine, Inc., were subcontracted through Prewitt and Associates, Inc., of Austin to conduct National Register of Historic Places evaluative testing at archeological site 41TR170, located in Tarrant County, Texas. This work (Geo-Marine project number 30353.06.02) was conducted for the Environmental Affairs Division of the Texas Department of Transportation under contract/work authorization 57524SA006. The archeological remains are located on and in the alluvial terrace of the Clear Fork of the Trinity River, within the proposed 130-meter-wide right-of-way of State Highway 121 in southwestern Fort Worth. The work was conducted to comply with Section 106 of the ...


Archeological Testing And Evaluation Of The Western Portion Of 41cv1310, Fort Hood, Coryell County, Texas, Gemma Mehalchick Jan 2008

Archeological Testing And Evaluation Of The Western Portion Of 41cv1310, Fort Hood, Coryell County, Texas, Gemma Mehalchick

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Prewitt and Associates, Inc., completed an evaluation of the western portion of Subarea C at 41CV1310 on the Fort Hood Military Reservation in June and July 2007. The work was conducted for the Texas Department of Transportation in conjunction with the proposed Northeast Copperas Cove Bypass in southern Coryell County. Fieldwork included a resurvey of the area and hand excavation of shovel tests and test units. Maximum dimensions of the tested landform, a small segment of Holocene terrace (T) adjacent to 1 House Creek, are 65x40 m, or 2,600 m2. Excavations yielded only sparse prehistoric cultural remains in questionable ...


Significance Testing Of Site 41ss164, San Saba County, Texas, Mindy L. Bonine, Michael R. Chavez, Charles Frederick Jan 2008

Significance Testing Of Site 41ss164, San Saba County, Texas, Mindy L. Bonine, Michael R. Chavez, Charles Frederick

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted significance testing excavations at site 41SS164, San Saba County, Texas on behalf of the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT). The tested portion of the site is in TxDOT’s right-of-way (ROW) of County Road (CR) 228 on the eastern bank of Richland Springs Creek, a tributary of the San Saba River. SWCA performed the investigations under General Services Contract #575XXSA007, Work Authorization #575 21 SA007, and Texas Antiquities Permit 4156. The final report was written under General Services Contract #577XXSA002, Work Authorization #577 05 SA002.

In the course of the investigations, SWCA conducted backhoe trenching ...


Indigent Care In Texas: A Study Of Poor Farms And Outdoor Relief, Martha Doty Freeman Jan 2008

Indigent Care In Texas: A Study Of Poor Farms And Outdoor Relief, Martha Doty Freeman

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Indigent Care in Texas: A Study of Poor Farms and Outdoor Relief was prepared by Prewitt & Associates, Inc., for the Archeological Studies Program, Environmental Affairs Division, Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), as one of a series of investigations concerning pauper cemeteries and poor farms. The investigations are an outgrowth of planning for road improvements to Interstate Highway 35 between Belton and Temple that has been ongoing since 2002. The purpose of this most recent investigation has been to provide context for properties associated with pauper care in Texas and to present the findings of a preliminary field investigation of one ...


The Varga Site: A Multicomponent, Stratified Campsite In The Canyonlands Of Edwards County, Texas, J. Michael Quigg, Jeffrey D. Owens, Paul M. Matchen, Grant D. Smith, Robert A. Ricklis, Mercedes C. Cody, Charles D. Frederick Jan 2008

The Varga Site: A Multicomponent, Stratified Campsite In The Canyonlands Of Edwards County, Texas, J. Michael Quigg, Jeffrey D. Owens, Paul M. Matchen, Grant D. Smith, Robert A. Ricklis, Mercedes C. Cody, Charles D. Frederick

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Data recovery excavations at the Varga Site were conducted in two phases during 2002 by archeologists from the Cultural Resources Department of TRC Environmental Corporation’s (TRC’s) Austin office under contract to Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) Scientific Service Contract No. 572XXSA004. This mitigation program was necessitated by the proposed reconstruction of the crossing of a Ranch to Market Road over Hackberry Creek, immediately south of the site in northeastern Edwards County. These archeological investigations were conducted as part of the responsibilities of TxDOT under existing federal and state legislation for the protection of cultural resources.

Geoarcheological trenching and ...


National Register Testing At 41lt307, On Cr 153 At The Navasota River, Limestone County, Texas, Timothy B. Griffith, Ross C. Fields Jan 2007

National Register Testing At 41lt307, On Cr 153 At The Navasota River, Limestone County, Texas, Timothy B. Griffith, Ross C. Fields

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Archeological test excavations at 41LT307 were completed by Prewitt and Associates, Inc., in 2005 in conjunction with Texas Department of Transportation road improvements on County Road 153 in northwestern Limestone County. The site is situated on the active floodplain in Holocene alluvium adjacent to the Navasota River. Excavations revealed sparse lithic artifacts and no cultural features. No organic remains were recovered, and the age of the cultural occupation is unknown. The portion of 41LT307 inside the new right of way is considered ineligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places or designation as a State Archeological Landmark. All ...


The Homestead Of James Taylor White Ii: Historical, Archaeological, And Geophysical Investigations At Two Proposed Safety Rest Areas, Interstate Highway (Ih) 10, Chambers County, Texas, Jennifer A. Kelly, Richard A. Weinstein, Joanne Ryan, Bryan S. Haley Jan 2007

The Homestead Of James Taylor White Ii: Historical, Archaeological, And Geophysical Investigations At Two Proposed Safety Rest Areas, Interstate Highway (Ih) 10, Chambers County, Texas, Jennifer A. Kelly, Richard A. Weinstein, Joanne Ryan, Bryan S. Haley

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Personnel from Coastal Environments, Inc. (CEI), Moore Archeological Consulting, Inc. (MAC), and the University of Mississippi conducted archaeological and geophysical investigations at the locations of two proposed safety rest areas on opposite sides of Interstate Highway (IH) 10 in Chambers County, Texas. The research was carried out from late August 2006 until late February 2007, under contract to the Environmental Affairs Division of the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT). MAC archaeologists had previously examined the two rest area tracts in 2001. Their research indicated that the north tract contained a late-nineteenth- through early-twentieth-century cemetery, identified as the Broussard Cemetery site ...


Archeological Testing Of The Engstrand Well 41wm1157, In Williamson County, Texas, Bradford Jones, Rachel Feit Jan 2007

Archeological Testing Of The Engstrand Well 41wm1157, In Williamson County, Texas, Bradford Jones, Rachel Feit

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Under TAC Permit 4347 Hicks & Company undertook archival research and National Register eligibility archeological testing of a historic limestone well (Site 41WM1157) in the US 79 right-of-way in Williamson County, Texas under Texas Antiquities Permit Number 4347. The project was sponsored by the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), for regulatory and management purposes under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) and the Antiquities Code of Texas (13 TAC 26). Archival research was conducted in order to establish the history of ownership and land use for the property. Research revealed that the well was likely built during the ...


Archeological Investigations And National Register Testing At 41cv1636, Coryell County, Texas, John E. Dockall, Jennifer K. Mcwilliams, Karl W. Kibler Jan 2007

Archeological Investigations And National Register Testing At 41cv1636, Coryell County, Texas, John E. Dockall, Jennifer K. Mcwilliams, Karl W. Kibler

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Prewitt and Associates, Inc. (PAI), conducted archeological testing of 41CV1636 for the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), Environmental Affairs Division, under Contract No. 575XXSA006 (Work Authorization No. 57530SA006) and Texas Antiquities Permit No. 3980 from the Texas Historical Commission. Site 41CV1636 is situated in northwestern Coryell County, approximately 13 km east of Evant, Texas. The site was located during an archeological survey for a proposed roadway widening project along U.S. Highway 84. Proposed design plans required an additional 5 m of new right of way that would directly impact 41CV1636. Site 41CV1636 is a prehistoric site buried in Holocene ...


Spanish Colonial Documents Pertaining To Mission Santa Cruz De San Saba (41mn23), Menard County, Texas, Mariah F. Wade, Jennifer K. Mcwilliams, Douglas K. Boyd Jan 2007

Spanish Colonial Documents Pertaining To Mission Santa Cruz De San Saba (41mn23), Menard County, Texas, Mariah F. Wade, Jennifer K. Mcwilliams, Douglas K. Boyd

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) is widening a 5-mile-long section of FM 2092 west of Menard in Menard County, Texas. The highway passes immediately south of the site of the Mission Santa Cruz de San Sabá (41MN23). Built in 1757 and destroyed in 1758, the mission is a time capsule of Spanish colonial archeology in the northern frontier of New Spain, along with the related Presidio de las Amarillas (41MN1, popularly known as Presidio San Sabá), which was occupied from 1757 to 1768. The presidio location has long been known, but researchers did not rediscover the mission site until ...


Significance Testing Of Site 41km225, Kimble County, Texas, Mindy Bonine, Michael Chavez, Laura Acuna Jan 2007

Significance Testing Of Site 41km225, Kimble County, Texas, Mindy Bonine, Michael Chavez, Laura Acuna

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted significance testing excavations at site 41KM225, ᆳᆳᆳᆳᆳᆳᆳᆳᆳᆳᆳᆳᆳᆳᆳᆳᆳᆳᆳtion of the site is in TxDOT’s right-of-way (ROW) of Farm-to-Market (FM) 2169 on the northern bank of Johnson Fork, a tributary of the Llano River. SWCA performed the investigations under General Services Contract No. 575XXSA007, Work Authorization No. 575 20 SA007, and Texas Antiquities Permit 4183. The final report was written under Work Authorization No. 575 25 SA007.

In the course of the investigations, SWCA conducted shovel testing, hand excavations, special sampling, and other documentation at the project area. The site is located in the walls of ...


National Register Testing At 41sv153, Somervell County, Texas, Timothy B. Griffith, Douglas K. Boyd Jan 2006

National Register Testing At 41sv153, Somervell County, Texas, Timothy B. Griffith, Douglas K. Boyd

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Archeological test excavations at 41SV153 were completed by Prewitt and Associates, Inc., in 2004 in conjunction with Texas Department of Transportation road improvements on State Highway 144 in eastern Somervell County. The site is situated in Holocene alluvial deposits adjacent to Squaw Creek, a tributary of the Brazos River. Excavations revealed sparse lithic artifacts, scattered burned rocks, and displaced burned rock features. No organic remains were recovered, and the age of the cultural occupations is not known. The portion of 41SV153 within the proposed construction easement is considered not eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places or ...


Data Recovery Excavations At The J. B. White Site (41mm341), Milam County, Texas, E. Frances Gadus, Ross C. Fields, Karl W. Kibler Jan 2006

Data Recovery Excavations At The J. B. White Site (41mm341), Milam County, Texas, E. Frances Gadus, Ross C. Fields, Karl W. Kibler

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In summer and fall 2002, personnel with Prewitt and Associates, Inc., undertook data recovery excavations at prehistoric site 41MM341 for the Texas Department of Transportation, Environmental Affairs Division, to address the requirements of Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act and the Texas Antiquities Code. Site 41MM341 is in central Milam County, Texas, just southeast of the town of Cameron, on a low rise in the modern floodplain of the Little River. The excavations were necessitated by the planned replacement of the State Highway 36 bridge spanning the Little River floodplain, which will directly affect the archeological deposits at ...


Excavation Of 41fy58, Fayette County, Texas, John E. Keller Jan 1974

Excavation Of 41fy58, Fayette County, Texas, John E. Keller

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The site 41FY58 was discovered on U.S. 71 in eastern Fayette County and reported in 1973 by the survey archaeologist of the Texas Highway Department. Surface indications were highly encouraging and the site was recommended for extensive investigation.