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Full-Text Articles in Other History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology

A Rediscovery Of Caddo Heritage: The W. T. Scott Collection At The American Museum Of Natural History, Robert Cast, Timothy K. Perttula, Bobby Gonzalez, Bo Nelson Jan 2005

A Rediscovery Of Caddo Heritage: The W. T. Scott Collection At The American Museum Of Natural History, Robert Cast, Timothy K. Perttula, Bobby Gonzalez, Bo Nelson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Back in August 1997, the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma had submitted a Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) claim for a cranium that had been obtained by the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) in New York City in 1877. Very little information was known about these remains, other than it had been obtained "as a purchase/gift" to the museum by Charles C, Jones Jr. and was "found in a mound" somewhere near the "Shreveport vicinity" in Caddo or Bossier Parish, Louisiana. "Based on the presence of artificial cranial deformation," the museum dated these human remains to ...


The Indian Springs #2 Site(41bw512): A Late 18th Century Kadahadacho Settlement In Northeast Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2005

The Indian Springs #2 Site(41bw512): A Late 18th Century Kadahadacho Settlement In Northeast Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Indian Springs #2 site (41BW512) is on a high alluvial terrace or bluff edge (330 ft. amsl), overlooking the Red River floodplain and Hubbard Slough, an old channel of the river. The current channel of the river is ca. 1.6 km north of the site.

The site appears to be a late 18th century Kadohadacho settlement with a small cemetery, although there is evidence in the collections known to have come from it that it was also occupied in Archaic and Early Caddo times (ca. A.D. 900-1200) as well as in the early to mid-19'h century ...


Views Of The Hatchel Site (41bw3) During The 1938-1939 Wpa Excavations, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2005

Views Of The Hatchel Site (41bw3) During The 1938-1939 Wpa Excavations, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Hatchel site (41BW3) is a major prehistoric and protohistoric Caddo village and mound center on the Red River in Bowie County, Texas. The site was occupied by the Caddo from at least A.D. 1040 to the late 17 century. The earliest end of this age range is based on 2-sigma calibrated ages from radiocarbon dates recently obtained in the village areas.

In 1691, A Spanish expedition led by Don Domingo Teran de los Rios explored the Red River area, and a detailed map was drawn of a Nasoni Caddo village that depicted a templo or temple mound at ...


The Rainbow Site, An Unusual Syrup Mill In Gregg County, Texas, S. Alan Skinner Jan 2005

The Rainbow Site, An Unusual Syrup Mill In Gregg County, Texas, S. Alan Skinner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Rainbow site is a historic archaeological site that was recorded during a cultural resources survey of a proposed Wal-Mart SuperCenter site in Longview, Texas. It was first interpreted as the location of an illegal whiskey still, but testing revealed that the furnace had been part of a sugar cane syrup mill. The early 1900s furnace is unusual when compared to other reported furnaces in that the firebox had been constructed below the original ground level and the flue/pan area had walls that were barely 1.5 ft. above the surrounding ground, whereas most furnaces were constructed on level ...


Archeological Investigations At Mission Espíritu Santo (41gd1), Goliad County, Texas, Kristi M. Ulrich, Antonia L. Figueroa, Jennifer L. Thompson, Anne A. Fox, Johanna M. Hunziker, Steve A. Tomka, Cynthia M. Muñoz Jan 2005

Archeological Investigations At Mission Espíritu Santo (41gd1), Goliad County, Texas, Kristi M. Ulrich, Antonia L. Figueroa, Jennifer L. Thompson, Anne A. Fox, Johanna M. Hunziker, Steve A. Tomka, Cynthia M. Muñoz

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Excavations were carried out at Mission Nuestra Señora del Espíritu Santo de Zuñiga (41GD1) in November of 2004 and February of 2005 by the Center for Archaeological Research of The University of Texas at San Antonio under contract with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. The work was conducted in advance of the planned construction of a French drain system. Shovel tests, 1-x-1-meter test units, and controlled backhoe trenches were used to explore areas that would be impacted by the proposed drainage system along the northern walls of the chapel and museum (granary) and across the center of the courtyard ...


Intensive Pedestrian Survey Of Selected Areas Within Mcallister Park, San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Antonia L. Figueroa, Joseph M. Thompson Jan 2005

Intensive Pedestrian Survey Of Selected Areas Within Mcallister Park, San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Antonia L. Figueroa, Joseph M. Thompson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Between September 19 and 22, 2005 the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted a 100 percent intensive pedestrian survey within McAllister Park for the Parks and Recreation Department of the City of San Antonio. The survey was followed by an interview with Mr. Marvin Klar, a long-time resident of San Antonio and former owner of much of the land that is now part of McAllister Park. The Parks and Recreation Department is planning a series of improvements to existing facilities and the construction of new facilities within the boundaries of McAllister Park ...


Bossier Tribes, Caddo In North Louisiana's Pineywoods, Jon L. Gibson Jan 2005

Bossier Tribes, Caddo In North Louisiana's Pineywoods, Jon L. Gibson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Clarence Webb (1948) christened Bossier more than a half century ago. Its namesake was the northwestern Louisiana parish where several Bossier sites were located, but it could just as easily been named after Webster, Claiborne, Harrison, Columbia, or other political subdivisions in northwestern Louisiana, southwestern Arkansas, or eastern Texas where its distinctive pottery was found. This is Caddo country, linguistically and ethnically. Bossier is the issue of Caddoan cultural tradition, a culmination of agents, practices, and histories that transpired in the Red River valley and adjoining Pineywoods hills between ca. A.D. 1300 and 1500.

Bossier is best known for ...


The Pine Saddle Site (3pl1080) In The Ouachita Mountains, Polk County, Arkansas, Timothy K. Perttula, Bo Nelson Jan 2005

The Pine Saddle Site (3pl1080) In The Ouachita Mountains, Polk County, Arkansas, Timothy K. Perttula, Bo Nelson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Novaculite was procured and knapped by aboriginal Indian populations living in southwestern Arkansas for thousands of years, and there are numerous prehistoric novaculite quarries in the Ouachita Mountains. In Late Archaic times. this desirable material was widely traded and exchanged with other groups to the south, east, and west, particularly with the peoples living at the Poverty Point site and environs in the lower Mississippi valley in northern Louisiana. Later groups such as the Caddo also made considerable use of this material, since it was in their traditional homelands, and many habitation sites and mound centers in the region contain ...


Cavanaugh: A Late Prehistoric Platform Mound In Western Arkansas, Gregory Vogel Jan 2005

Cavanaugh: A Late Prehistoric Platform Mound In Western Arkansas, Gregory Vogel

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Cavanaugh Mound (3SB3, also known as Etter's Mound, Jones Mound, Site Zeta, and occasionally misspelled Cavenaugh) is a largely intact Late Prehistoric platform mound on the Arkansas River just east of the Oklahoma border, about 14 km from the Spiro Mounds complex. The site is situated on a high terrace above the Arkansas River as it runs between the Ouachita Mountains to the south and the Ozarks to the north. The Poteau River enters the Arkansas River floodplain just west of Cavanaugh, creating one of the widest stretches of bottomland in the region. The area immediately around Cavanaugh Mound ...


Mapping A Novaculite Quarry In Hot Springs National Park, Mary Beth D. Trubitt Jan 2005

Mapping A Novaculite Quarry In Hot Springs National Park, Mary Beth D. Trubitt

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Novaculite quarries in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas and Oklahoma were created through largescale extraction of lithic raw materials, used for stone tools by Caddos and other Native Americans over the past 11,000 years and in recent centuries by Euro-Americans for whetstones. Quarry sites are characterized by surface features like large pits. trenches, battered boulders, and debris piles. This article summarizes the results of an Arkansas Archeological Survey research project that described and mapped surface features at one site (3GA22J to provide a better understanding of the problems and potential of documenting novaculite quarries.


Archeological Testing And Monitoring Of The Proposed Roma Visitor Complex, City Of Roma, Starr County, Texas, Barbara A. Meissner, Kristi Miller Ulrich, José E. Zapata, Steve A. Tomka Jan 2005

Archeological Testing And Monitoring Of The Proposed Roma Visitor Complex, City Of Roma, Starr County, Texas, Barbara A. Meissner, Kristi Miller Ulrich, José E. Zapata, Steve A. Tomka

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In February and March 2003, staff from the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted archeological testing and monitoring within the boundaries of the National Historic Landmark District of Roma, Texas. This work was conducted in partial fulfillment of the requirement of the Programmatic Agreement of the Statewide Transportation Enhancement Program, Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, and the Texas Antiquities Code. The archeological services were conducted under contract with Kell Muñoz Architects of San Antonio and in coordination with the City of Roma and the Pharr District of the Texas ...


Phase I Archaeological Survey Of A 10-Acre Habitat For Humanity Tract In Laredo, Webb County, Texas, Bruce K. Moses, Russell D. Greaves, Charles S. Smith Jan 2005

Phase I Archaeological Survey Of A 10-Acre Habitat For Humanity Tract In Laredo, Webb County, Texas, Bruce K. Moses, Russell D. Greaves, Charles S. Smith

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

On December 7, 2004, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) conducted a Phase I intensive pedestrian archaeological survey of a 10-acre portion of Tract 4 in the Las Blancas Subdivision located near Laredo in Webb County, Texas, for Habitat for Humanity of Laredo. The proposed development consists of the construction of low-income housing within this parcel.

Twenty shovel tests were excavated along 20-meter transects and in areas considered to have high or moderate probability of buried cultural materials. In addition, two backhoe trenches were excavated in alluvial deposits along the eastern margin of the project area overlooking Blancas Creek. The ...


Archaeological Survey And Archival Research Of The Naegelin Tract (41bx1600) In San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Jennifer L. Thompson, Antonia L. Figueroa Jan 2005

Archaeological Survey And Archival Research Of The Naegelin Tract (41bx1600) In San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Jennifer L. Thompson, Antonia L. Figueroa

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

On December 2 and 3, 2004, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) conducted a Phase I survey of the 108-acre Naegelin Tract in northwest Bexar County, Texas, for Raba-Kistner Consultants, Inc. The proposed development consists of extending De Zavala Road through the southern portion of the tract and Kyle Seale Road through the eastern margin of the tract. Drainage easements are planned to cross through the center of the property and also along the northern and eastern margins of the tract.

Thirty-six shovel tests were excavated along 30-meter transects and in areas considered to have high or moderate probability of ...


Intensive Pedestrain Survey Of Three Tracts To Be Impacted By The Planned Expansion Of The San Antonio International Airport, Bexar County, Texas, Antonia L. Figueroa, Jennifer L. Thompson Jan 2005

Intensive Pedestrain Survey Of Three Tracts To Be Impacted By The Planned Expansion Of The San Antonio International Airport, Bexar County, Texas, Antonia L. Figueroa, Jennifer L. Thompson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During the months of March and April 2005, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted a 100 percent intensive pedestrian survey of three tracts of land (totaling 210 acres) for Adams Environmental, Inc. The project area is located within the boundaries of the San Antonio International Airport and the tracts are owned by the City of San Antonio Department of Aviation. The tracts represent the planned locations for the expansion of two runways and land development adjacent to them. The goal of the archaeological survey was to identify and document all prehistoric ...


Archeological Testing Associated With Thestabilization Of The Convento At Mission San Juan Capistrano (41bx5), San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Karla J. Córdova, Antonia L. Figueroa, Kristi M. Ulrich, Johanna M. Hunziker Jan 2005

Archeological Testing Associated With Thestabilization Of The Convento At Mission San Juan Capistrano (41bx5), San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Karla J. Córdova, Antonia L. Figueroa, Kristi M. Ulrich, Johanna M. Hunziker

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In January and April, 2005, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted test excavations at Mission San Juan Capistrano (41BX5) for the San Antonio Missions National Historical Park of the National Park Service. The site is located approximately eight miles south of downtown San Antonio on the left bank of the San Antonio River.

The purpose of the excavations was to provide information on the nature and content of the subsurface deposits in preparation for a major stabilization campaign around the convento at Mission San Juan that will result in the installation ...


Pedestrian Survey And Nrhp Eligibility Testing Of Sites Within A Proposed Detention Facility In Webb County, Texas, Karla J. Córdova, Antonia L. Figueroa, Russell D. Greaves, Bruce K. Moses, Steve A. Tomka Jan 2005

Pedestrian Survey And Nrhp Eligibility Testing Of Sites Within A Proposed Detention Facility In Webb County, Texas, Karla J. Córdova, Antonia L. Figueroa, Russell D. Greaves, Bruce K. Moses, Steve A. Tomka

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio was contracted by MACTEC Engineering & Consulting, Inc. (hereafter, MACTEC) to perform Phase I archaeological survey and Phase II testing prior to the construction of a detention facility in Webb County, Texas. Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) requires federal agencies to take into consideration the effects of proposed undertakings on cultural resources within the Area of Potential Effect (APE). While the proposed undertaking is being developed by The GEO Group, Inc. on privately owned property and is funded by private resources, the anticipated ...


An Archaeological Survey Of 307 Acres At Camp Swift, Bastrop County, Texas: 2003, David L. Nickels, Antonio Padilla, James E. Barrera, C. Britt Bousman Jan 2005

An Archaeological Survey Of 307 Acres At Camp Swift, Bastrop County, Texas: 2003, David L. Nickels, Antonio Padilla, James E. Barrera, C. Britt Bousman

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This report documents an archaeological survey of 307 acres at Camp Swift, in north-central Bastrop County, Texas. Camp Swift is owned by the Texas Army National Guard office of Adjutant General (hereinafter referred to as AGTX). A total of 11 previously unrecorded sites were documented during this project


Caddo Archives And Economies, Paul S. Marceaux Jan 2005

Caddo Archives And Economies, Paul S. Marceaux

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This article is a discussion of archival research on contact through historic period (ca. A.D. 1519 to 18th century) Caddo groups in eastern Texas and west central Louisiana. First, I describe general objectives for current and long-term research on the Caddo Indians, followed by the central issues the article will address. A brief summary of protohistoric and historic events, actors, and sources will be followed by methodological considerations, as well as a discussion of Caddo economies, concluding with some reflections on Caddo archives and economies. This article explores the complex and interrelated economies of Native American and European populations ...


Casanas, Hidalgo, And Espinosa: A Spanish Leaming Curve, Mariah F. Wade Jan 2005

Casanas, Hidalgo, And Espinosa: A Spanish Leaming Curve, Mariah F. Wade

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In 1690, Alonso de Leon arrived in East Texas to establish two missions among the Asinai. He was accompanied by Fr. Fontcuberta, Fr. Casanas, Fr. Bordoy, Fr. Massanet, and Brother Antonio. Fr. Massanet returned to Mexico to inform the Viceroy about the trip, and came back to East Texas with Teran de Los Rios in August 1691. Fr. Fontcuberta died in February 1691 of an epidemic that, according to Fr. Casanas, killed about 3,000 natives in the area. Fr. Casanas who died in New Mexico in 1696, left us the first intimate view of the Caddoan-speaking groups in East ...


Note On A Possible Chipped Stone Grubbing Tool From Upshur County, Texas, Christopher Lintz, Floyd Largent Jan 2005

Note On A Possible Chipped Stone Grubbing Tool From Upshur County, Texas, Christopher Lintz, Floyd Largent

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During the period August 6-27, and November 18-20, 2003, archeologists from Geo-Marine Inc. (GMI), of Plano, Texas, conducted a pedestrian survey of a 51.5 km-long corridor for the proposed Southside Regional Water System in Marion, Harrison, Upshur, and Gregg counties, Texas. The proposed waterline is intended to draw water from Lake O The Pines in the Big Cypress drainage system and distribute it to various communities in both the Big Cypress and Little Cypress Creek basins in the aforementioned counties. Specifically, the pipeline will benefit the communities of Ore City, Old Diana, Diana, and James before the pipeline crosses ...


The M. W. Burks Site (41wd52): A Late Caddo Hamlet In Wood County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Bob D. Skiles, Bonnie C. Yates Jan 2005

The M. W. Burks Site (41wd52): A Late Caddo Hamlet In Wood County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Bob D. Skiles, Bonnie C. Yates

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

While attempting to locate and evaluate prehistoric Caddo archaeological sites in the Dry Creek watershed, Wood County, Texas, that had been originally recorded by A. T. Jackson and M. M. Reese in 1930, the M. W. Burks site (41WD52) was discovered by James E. Bruseth and Bob D. Skiles in June 1977. The site is in the Forest Hill community, about 5 km north of Quitman, Texas, in the East Texas Pineywoods and Gulf Coastal Plain. It is on a small rise in the uplands overlooking a small intermittent drainage that is an unnamed tributary of Little Dry Creek.

The ...


Archaeological Investigations At 41an115, Ed Furman, Clyde Amick Jan 2005

Archaeological Investigations At 41an115, Ed Furman, Clyde Amick

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

41AN115 is located in the northwestern part of Anderson County, Texas, on a western terrace of Town Creek approximately nine miles from the Trinity River. It is a multi-component prehistoric occupation, and the artifacts found here indicate it has been used from Late Paleoindian to Woodland period times. The late Paleoindian occupation is represented by Dalton and San Patrice dart points; the Archaic occupations are marked by Bell, Bulverde, and Yarbrough dart points; while the Woodland period occupation includes Gary points and sandy paste pottery. The site was used intermittently over thousands of years as a hunting camp and later ...


Test Excavations And Monitoring At 41bx1598 A Multicomponent Historic Site In Bexar County, Texas, Antonia L. Figueroa, Raymond P. Mauldin Jan 2005

Test Excavations And Monitoring At 41bx1598 A Multicomponent Historic Site In Bexar County, Texas, Antonia L. Figueroa, Raymond P. Mauldin

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

From September through December of 2003, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) at The University of Texas at San Antonio performed archaeological testing and monitoring at site 41BX1598, the location for the proposed San Fernando Community Center. The site is adjacent to Military Plaza in downtown San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas. The work performed by CAR was done under contract with the San Antonio Archdiocese, and was conducted in accordance with and under the jurisdiction of the City Preservation Ordinance (Article VI, Historic Preservation and Urban Design, City of San Antonio, Unified Development Code). Dr. Steve Tomka served as the ...


Test Excavations At 41bl1214, Bell County, Texas: State Highway 95 Bridge Replacement At The Little River, Timothy B. Griffith, Karl W. Kibler Jan 2005

Test Excavations At 41bl1214, Bell County, Texas: State Highway 95 Bridge Replacement At The Little River, Timothy B. Griffith, Karl W. Kibler

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In February and March 2004, Prewitt and Associates, Inc. (PAI), performed archeological test excavations at site 41BL1214 to determine its eligibility for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. This investigation was conducted within the existing and proposed right of way of the State Highway 95 bridge project at the Little River in Bell County for the Texas Department of Transportation. The site is situated on a flood terrace on the south bank of the Little River. In all, 18 m3 were excavated during testing. Excavations yielded artifacts, features, and other cultural materials associated with Late Archaic and ...


Archaeological Testing At The Selma Stagecoach Stop And Post Office (41bx1409), Bexar County, Texas, David L. Nickels, José E. Zapata Jan 2005

Archaeological Testing At The Selma Stagecoach Stop And Post Office (41bx1409), Bexar County, Texas, David L. Nickels, José E. Zapata

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio contracted with the City of Selma, Texas—under Texas Antiquities Committee Permit No. 2395—for the purpose of conducting limited shovel testing and test excavations at the Selma Stagecoach Stop/Post Office. The building is to be restored to serve as one element of a planned historic park. Shovel testing was conducted in May 2000 on a 8,250 square foot area (766.4 m2) surrounding the stagecoach stop structure. The purpose of the shovel tests was to assess the presence of intact archaeological deposits below ...