Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Other American Studies

1998

Articles 1 - 19 of 19

Full-Text Articles in Other History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology

Lake Sam Rayburn Archaeological Site Inventory And Monitoring Project, Velicia Hubbard Jan 1998

Lake Sam Rayburn Archaeological Site Inventory And Monitoring Project, Velicia Hubbard

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In January 1995, the East Texas Archeological Society (ETAS), the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (COE), the U.S. Forest Service (USFS), and the Texas Historical Commission (THC) agreed to cooperate in a partnership project to inventory and monitor archaeological sites along the Lake Sam Rayburn shoreline. A Letter of Intent (LOI-095-02) was formulated and signed, stating that:

the participants are mutually interested in fostering integrated problem solving among heritage resource managers regarding historic preservation issues, with special emphasis on training and information sharing. The Forest Service [and the COE] will gain additional information on the condition and location ...


Caddo Ceramics From The Middle Caddoan Period Knight's Bluff Site (41cs14), Cass County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 1998

Caddo Ceramics From The Middle Caddoan Period Knight's Bluff Site (41cs14), Cass County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During 1997 investigations by the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory associated with the placement of a utility sewer line trench at the Knight's Bluff site (41CS14), and the relocation of the prehistoric midden/cemetery at the site, a wide assortment of Caddo ceramics was found. The sample of ceramics includes 651 vessel sherds (including 240 decorated sherds), three pipe sherds, and five pieces of burned clay. With the exception of nine sherds from the camp sewer line trench area, the remainder of the ceramic assemblage is from in and immediately around the midden/cemetery area located near the bluff edge ...


Obsidian Artifacts From The Ozark Area, Don R. Dickson Jan 1998

Obsidian Artifacts From The Ozark Area, Don R. Dickson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In a paper presented at the Ozark Prehistory II session at the Society for American Archaeology meeting in New Orleans in 1996, the author stated that available evidence suggested two possible movements of Plains oriented peoples into the Ozark area during prehistoric times. The first of these was during the Late Archaic, and is reflected in quantities of Hanna, Duncan, and McKean bifaces being found in western Ozark sites. All of these types were named by Wheeler for examples recovered from Late Archaic sites in Wyoming. Although Perino suggests that the northeastern Oklahoma examples are only similar and should be ...


Research Notes: Conch Shell Cups And Black Drink, Jesse Todd Jan 1998

Research Notes: Conch Shell Cups And Black Drink, Jesse Todd

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Conch shell cups appear during Caddoan times as part of trade with other Mississippian groups.


Archaeological Investigations At 34wg220: A Prehistoric Occupation In The Arkansas River Valley Of Eastern Oklahoma, Robert Bartlett Jan 1998

Archaeological Investigations At 34wg220: A Prehistoric Occupation In The Arkansas River Valley Of Eastern Oklahoma, Robert Bartlett

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In January and February of 1997, the Oklahoma Department of Transportation (ODOT) conducted archaeological work at site 34WG220 within right-of-way for a project involving realignment of SH-72 just south of Coweta, Wagoner County, Oklahoma. The site investigation consisted of the monitoring of trench excavation as well as controlled machine stripping. A few prehistoric artifacts, none of which are diagnostic, were found during the investigation. However, two cultural features were discovered during the monitoring of the trench excavation. The features were investigated by hand excavation of a 1 x 2 test unit.


Preliminary Report On The James Bayou Survey: A Search For Sha-Childni-Ni (1795-1840), Claude Mccrocklin Jan 1998

Preliminary Report On The James Bayou Survey: A Search For Sha-Childni-Ni (1795-1840), Claude Mccrocklin

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This is a preliminary report on an archaeological survey of the James Bayou area of Marion County, Texas that started in February, 1998 and is still continuing. The primary goal of the survey was to find the location of the large 1795-1840 Caddo Indian village called by them Sha-Childn-Ni (Timber Hill). Historical research and two early maps of 1811 and 1841 clearly show the village on the south side of James Bayou. The sites found prove that both maps are right. This is a report on Sites 2 and 3 of the four sites found to date. [Ed note: A ...


Caddo Lake Archaeology: Phase I Of Archaeological Investigations Along Harrison Bayou, Harrison County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Daniel J. Prikryl, Bo Nelson, Sergio A. Iruegas Jan 1998

Caddo Lake Archaeology: Phase I Of Archaeological Investigations Along Harrison Bayou, Harrison County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Daniel J. Prikryl, Bo Nelson, Sergio A. Iruegas

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

An important part of the mission of the Caddo Lake Institute, Inc. and its Caddo Lake Scholars Program is the preservation and protection of the unique and irreplaceable cultural heritage of Caddo Lake and its bioregion, the Big Cypress Bayou watershed. The archaeology team of the Scholars Program is meeting these objectives with the initiation of the Harrison Bayou project by:

(a) offering archaeological education and training of teachers, students, and potential mentors,

(b) through fieldwork and research, identifying, assessing, and designating archaeological, historical, and cultural resources of the Caddo Lake bioregion, and

( c) formulating and implementing strategies for protecting ...


A Keno Trailed Vessel From The Spoonbill Site In Wood County, Texas, Mark Walters Jan 1998

A Keno Trailed Vessel From The Spoonbill Site In Wood County, Texas, Mark Walters

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

A Keno Trailed vessel was discovered by J. A. Walters in 1967 at the Spoonbill Caddo site (41WD109) on the east side of Caney Creek in Wood County, Texas. The site is on a terrace 0.75 miles from Caney Creek, and 0.5 miles east of Crane Lake, a natural lake in the Caney Creek floodplain. The Spoonbill site was later investigated by Southern Methodist University archaeologists in 1 CJ79, prior to the creation of Lake Fork Reservoir. During construction of the reservoir, the portion of the site excavated by Mr. Walters was destroyed by new road construction.

Mr ...


Not With A Bang, But A Whimper: The End Of The Archaic In Northeast Texas, Maynard B. Cliff Jan 1998

Not With A Bang, But A Whimper: The End Of The Archaic In Northeast Texas, Maynard B. Cliff

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Archaic period in Northeast Texas lasted for thousands of years and, if this length of time can be taken as any indication, it was as an extremely successful adaptation to the Holocene environment of North America. Accepting this view, however, begs the question: "why and how did the Archaic period come to an end?"

This paper uses the term "Archaic" to describe a "way of life" (see Story 1990:211), and in this sense, the Archaic period in eastern North America may be seen as a "tradition," characterized by small, band-level societies, marked by an economy based on "hunting ...


Why We Don't Know Much About The Archaic Period In Northeast Texas, Ross C. Fields Jan 1998

Why We Don't Know Much About The Archaic Period In Northeast Texas, Ross C. Fields

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

While there have been a few studies in recent years that have offered some interesting ideas about the lifeways of the Native Americans that occupied Northeast Texas during Archaic ยท times, most of what we know (or think we know) about the subject is based on limited data, and much of that data really is not of very good quality. For example, we think that Archaic peoples were nomadic hunter-gatherers who roamed the landscape, staying in one spot only for a few weeks or less until they had collected all the hickory nuts or hunted all the deer they could find ...


The Archaic Period In East Texas And Surrounding Areas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 1998

The Archaic Period In East Texas And Surrounding Areas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

It is a tradition of the East Texas Archeological Conference to focus the afternoon portion of the meeting on a particular archeological theme or topic, and ask archaeologists active in the field to come talk at the Conference on these specific themes or topics and then participate in a panel discussion. We have done that with panels on site protection efforts in 1993, the origins of mound-building in the Caddoan area in 1994, the Paleoindian archaeological record in 1995, and the Caddoan people and missions in 1996.


Historic European Trade Goods From The Willis Place #2 (41bw147) Site In Bowie County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Jay C. Blaine Jan 1998

Historic European Trade Goods From The Willis Place #2 (41bw147) Site In Bowie County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Jay C. Blaine

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In this paper we report on possible historic European trade materials found at the Willis Place #2 site (41BW147), an aboriginal site along the Red River a few miles west of Texarkana, Texas. The possible trade materials were recovered in the 1970s by the landowner, Mr. Julian Cranfill, from a ''fire pit" (or hearth?) exposed during plowing of a natural levee a short distance from the current channel of the river.


Radiocarbon And Oxidizable Carbon Ratio Dates From Archaeological Sites In East Texas, Part Ii, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 1998

Radiocarbon And Oxidizable Carbon Ratio Dates From Archaeological Sites In East Texas, Part Ii, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This paper presents a second compilation of recently obtained radiocarbon and oxidizable carbon ratio dates obtained from archaeological sites in East Texas. An analysis of the age ranges in the more than 585 dates from East Texas archaeological sites indicate that most pertain to prehistoric and protohistoric Caddoan Indian occupations, particularly the Early (A.D. 1000-1200) and Middle Caddoan (A.D. 1200-1400) periods when prehistoric Caddoan settlements were widely distributed throughout the region.


Reconstruction Of The Part Vegetation On The Headwaters Of The Piney Creek Watershed In Houston And Trinity Counties, Texas, Velicia R. Hubbard, David H. Jurney Jan 1998

Reconstruction Of The Part Vegetation On The Headwaters Of The Piney Creek Watershed In Houston And Trinity Counties, Texas, Velicia R. Hubbard, David H. Jurney

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The National Forests and Grasslands of Texas began a project in 1994 for ecosystem management involving multiple disciplines in an holistic approach to resource inventories. We first began with an intensive archival study of the forest acquisition files and the General Land Office (GLO) files in an effort to identify the western limits of the longleaf pine at the time of initial Anglo-American settlement ca. 1850. Vegetation information was gleaned from this work along with an understanding of the historical occupation of the area, aided by plotting this information onto USGS 7.5' maps overlain by the historic Tobin landownership ...


Decorated Caddoan Ceramics From Two Sites On The Elm Fork Of The Trinity River, Dallas County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 1998

Decorated Caddoan Ceramics From Two Sites On The Elm Fork Of The Trinity River, Dallas County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Caddoan pottery is widely distributed as items of trade and exchange across the northern and eastern parts of the state of Texas (and indeed in several other states outside Texas), although specific information on the amounts and/or kinds of Caddoan pottery actually recovered in such non-Caddoan archaeological contexts is still quite spotty. Over the last several years, l have been compiling this ceramic information where it is available (i.e., in the published literature, from unpublished papers, and in the collections of avocational archaeologists) as part of a broader study of prehistoric Caddoan interaction and trade with neighboring groups ...


Archaeological Investigations At The Redwine Site (41sm193), Smith County, Texas, Mark Walters, Patti Haskins, David H. Jurney, S. Eileen Goldborer, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 1998

Archaeological Investigations At The Redwine Site (41sm193), Smith County, Texas, Mark Walters, Patti Haskins, David H. Jurney, S. Eileen Goldborer, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Redwine site (41SM193) is a probable Middle Caddoan habitation site located on an upland terrace (Figure I) on the headwaters of Auburn Creek, a small tributary of the Sabine River in central Smith County; the Angelina River drainage basin begins about 1.5 km to the south of the site. Auburn Creek is about 100 meters to the north of the site. The Sabine River lies approximately 24 km to the north. Soils on the Redwine site are Bowie fine sandy loam.

The site was discovered in the early 1960s by Sam Whlteside an avocational archaeologist who lived in ...


The Potential Applications Of Optical Dating To The Sandy Uplands Of East Texas And Northwest Louisiana, Charles D. Frederick, Mark D. Bateman Jan 1998

The Potential Applications Of Optical Dating To The Sandy Uplands Of East Texas And Northwest Louisiana, Charles D. Frederick, Mark D. Bateman

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The fine, sandy soils of East Texas and Northwest Louisiana have been the source of archaeological debate for some time. This discourse concerns the mode of burial of cultural material in the easily eroded soils and the mechanics of recent (Holocene) landform evolution. Because these deposits are typically well-drained, organic matter does not preserve well, thus hindering the dating of the geomorphic events that figure prominently in their development and the prehistoric occupations which lie buried throughout uplands of this region. A relatively new dating technique, optical dating, has much to offer this region and the archaeological community as it ...


Por Las Espaldas Se Nos Van Entrando Con Silencio: Fr. Hidalgo's Letter To The Viceroy, Mariah F. Wade Jan 1998

Por Las Espaldas Se Nos Van Entrando Con Silencio: Fr. Hidalgo's Letter To The Viceroy, Mariah F. Wade

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The translation of historical documents is essential to the practices of archaeology and ethnohistory. The present translation presents the complete text of a letter written by Fray Francisco Hidalgo to the Viceroy of New Spain on November 4, 1716. This translation strives for accuracy and adds contextual information to enhance the value of the document. Fray Hidalgo's letter exemplifies how Spanish officials acquired information about the French and the various Native groups, and how they viewed their interrelationships, actions, and customs. It confirms that Fr. Hidalgo did write two letters to the French officials in Louisiana, includes important floral ...


Reflections On The Early Ceramic Period And The Terminal Archaic In South Central East Texas, James E. Corbin Jan 1998

Reflections On The Early Ceramic Period And The Terminal Archaic In South Central East Texas, James E. Corbin

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The most significant shift in cultural adaptation in eastern Texas is generally attributed to the Caddoan cultures. Consequently, considerably more archaeology has been focused on the period from ca. A.D. 800-1750 than to the preceding 1000 years of culture change and adaptation. During this period, ceramics and the bow and arrow were incorporated into the subsistence tool kit of the indigenous Archaic cultures of the region. Demographic shifts on the landscape suggest that these societies were exploiting and/or settling on a different and/or greater range of environmental niches than the previous or subsequent societies. The archaeological record ...