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Other American Studies

1997

Articles 1 - 20 of 20

Full-Text Articles in Other History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology

Notes On Caddoan Vessels Collected From The Mosquito Island Site (41ag66), Lake Sam Rayburn, Tom Middlebrook Jan 1997

Notes On Caddoan Vessels Collected From The Mosquito Island Site (41ag66), Lake Sam Rayburn, Tom Middlebrook

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This paper documents four Caddoan ceramic vessels from the Mosquito Island site (4IAG66) at Lake Sam Rayburn. The vessels were obtained from the site by two individuals who violated the provisions of the Archeological Resources Protection Act (ARPA), and were arrested on the site while in the act of disturbing the archaeological site. They were subsequently convicted under ARPA for their illegal actions.


The Caddoan Occupation Of The Attoyac And Angelina River Basins In The Middle Caddoan Period, Tom Middlebrook Jan 1997

The Caddoan Occupation Of The Attoyac And Angelina River Basins In The Middle Caddoan Period, Tom Middlebrook

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Angelina River basin, including the drainage of its largest tributary, the Attoyac Bayou, encompasses all of Nacogdoches County and portions of Cherokee, Rusk, Angelina, San Augustine, Shelby, and Sabine counties in deep East Texas. Archaeological studies in the region that have illuminated our understanding of Caddoan developments have been meager and spotty at best.

There is no archaeological evidence in the Angelina River basin of extensive Caddoan occupation during the Early Caddoan period (ca. A.D. 1000-1200). Jelks presented the results of the largest archaeological project conducted in the area in his dissertation dealing with the archaeology of the ...


The Development Of The Burial Mound Tradition In The Caddo Area, Frank F. Schambach Jan 1997

The Development Of The Burial Mound Tradition In The Caddo Area, Frank F. Schambach

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This is a significantly revised version of a paper I presented at the 1994 East Texas Archeological Conference in Tyler, Texas. The gist of that paper was that the origins of the burial mound tradition in the Caddo area can be traced, not to the Coles Creek culture in the Lower Mississippi Valley as the conventional wisdom would have it, but to an independent Fourche Maline mound building tradition that developed in and around the Red River Valley beginning about 100 B.C.2 I still think that there was an independent Fourche Maline mound building tradition and I still ...


Limited Testing At The Bob Turbeville Site (41wd382), Wood County, Texas, Eric A. Schroeder Jan 1997

Limited Testing At The Bob Turbeville Site (41wd382), Wood County, Texas, Eric A. Schroeder

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Bob Turbeville site (41WD382) is an Early to Middle Caddoan period occupation on the upper Sabine River, likely a small farmstead or hamlet containing a trash midden and possible house areas. Previous work at the site had identified a human burial with associated grave goods. Radiocarbon analysis suggests that the occupation of the site dates to around A.D. 1165 to 1290.

Work at the Turbeville site was conducted in October 1995 by Paul Price Associates, Inc. under the auspices of the Antiquities Code of Texas in association with a proposed expansion of the existing wastewater treatment facilities at ...


A Study In Frustration: Analysis Of Human Remains Removed From The Coker Mound Site (41cs1), Sharon Mccormick Derrick Jan 1997

A Study In Frustration: Analysis Of Human Remains Removed From The Coker Mound Site (41cs1), Sharon Mccormick Derrick

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Human skeletal remains were removed from the Coker Mound site (41CS1) by unidentified excavators sometime immediately prior to the Texas Archeological Society (TAS) meetings of 1995. Mike Turner, a Steward in the Office of the State Archeologists' Texas Archeological Steward Network and a founding member of the Friends of Northeast Texas Archaeology, was able to retrieve a cranium, mandible; and six cervical vertebrae from this collection for a brief period, bringing them to the TAS meetings. It was his dedication that provided the opportunity for these remains to be studied.


Construction Damages A Prehistoric Caddo Indian Archaeological Site At The City Of Gilmer's Proposed Lake Gilmer, Upshur County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Bo Nelson Jan 1997

Construction Damages A Prehistoric Caddo Indian Archaeological Site At The City Of Gilmer's Proposed Lake Gilmer, Upshur County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Bo Nelson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In March 1996, the archaeological work being conducted at the proposed Lake Gilmer was called to a halt by the archaeological contractor (Horizon Environmental Services of Austin, Texas) and the City of Gilmer long before the required archaeological mitigation of important prehistoric Caddo sites had been completed. The reasons are still somewhat obscure.

After a delay of more than 1.5 years in the completion of the archaeological investigations at the proposed Lake Gilmer, a federal and state-permitted reservoir in Northeast Texas, the Division of Antiquities Protection at the Texas Historical Commission has taken up the task of completing the ...


Extractive Strategies At Peoria Quarry, Ottowa County, Oklahoma, Don Dickson Jan 1997

Extractive Strategies At Peoria Quarry, Ottowa County, Oklahoma, Don Dickson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Peoria Quarry complex was first recognized as representing prehistoric activities by geologist Walter P Jenny in 1891. Jenny, who was studying the zinc and lead mines in southwestern Missouri and adjacent areas, made collections from the Peoria extractive area and submitted these specimens along with an introductory letter to Mr. G. K Gilbert of the United States Geological Survey. The latter contacted William H. Holmes, who visited the location in late October of that year (Holmes 1894:7-8). Prior to the evaluation of Jenny, the site was referred to as "old Spanish mines" because the local populace could not ...


Index To The First Five Years (1993-1997) Of The Journal Of Northeast Texas Archaeology, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 1997

Index To The First Five Years (1993-1997) Of The Journal Of Northeast Texas Archaeology, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

With considerable help and assistance along the way, the Friends of Northeast Texas Archaeology have been able to successfully publish over the last five years (1993-1997) a journal of archaeological research concerning the prehistory and history of Northeast Texas. During 1993, the publication was entitled Notes on Northeast Texas Archaeology, as our intention was simply to publish an occasional journal of papers and book reviews. When it became apparent (in part through the efforts of the East Texas Archeological Conference, which also began in 1993) that there were many worthy papers on Northeast Texas archaeology that warranted publication, the title ...


Radiocarbon And Oxidizable Carbon Ratio Dates From The Camp Joy Mound (41ur144) In Northeast Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Mike Turner, Bo Nelson Jan 1997

Radiocarbon And Oxidizable Carbon Ratio Dates From The Camp Joy Mound (41ur144) In Northeast Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Mike Turner, Bo Nelson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Camp Joy Mound (41UR144) is a looted Caddo mound on property owned by the U.S. Anny Corps of Engineers, Fort Worth District, at Lake o' the Pines. Although only a small number of artifacts have been found in the mound deposits - principally a few brushed sherds - it appears to be a Late Caddoan period construction with two mound platforms, separated by extensive charcoal lenses from one ( or more) burned Caddoan structure e~posed in a larger looters trench. To ascertain the age of the burned Caddoan structure that stood on the main mound platform, we obtained two charcoal ...


Book Review "Don't Know Much About Caddo Archeology, Don't Know Much .... ", Timothy K. Perttula Jan 1997

Book Review "Don't Know Much About Caddo Archeology, Don't Know Much .... ", Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In an otherwise interesting and recently published book by Judith Nies entitled Native American History, there is an extremely wide-of-the-mark discussion of the Spiro site which I would like to share with the readers of Caddoan Archeology. The inaccuracy of the presentation conveys all too well, unfortunately, how little is still known about Caddoan archeology, and about the Caddo peoples, among the general public and the general reader.


41hss74, The Coleman Farm Site On Starkey Creek, Timothy K. Perttula, Bo Nelson Jan 1997

41hss74, The Coleman Farm Site On Starkey Creek, Timothy K. Perttula, Bo Nelson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Recent archaeological research on the Middle Caddoan period in Northeast Texas has made it abundantly clear that Middle Caddoan archaeological sites are much more common in the region than previously thought. Furthermore, with additional archaeological investigations, some radiocarbon dates, and a different perspectives on the regional archaeological record, a number of sites in the Sabine River drainage that used to be considered of Late Caddoan age are now more properly seen to be part of an intensive Middle Caddoan settlement of much of the basin. Truly, a broader and more complete view of the important Middle Caddoan period (ca. A ...


The Archaeology Of The Middle Caddoan Period In The Middle Red River Valley Of Northeast Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 1997

The Archaeology Of The Middle Caddoan Period In The Middle Red River Valley Of Northeast Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Middle Caddoan period sites (estimated to date from ca. A.D. 1100-1300/1350; in the Middle Red River Valley of Northeast Texas appear to have cultural affiliation with the Sanders phase/focus originally recognized by Krieger. Sanders phase components are distributed in the Middle Red, Kiamichi, and Upper Sabine River basins of Southeast Oklahoma and Northeast Texas. In the Middle Red River valley, key components include the A.C. Mackin (41LR36), Fasken (41RR14), Roitsch (41RR16; previously known as the Sam Kaufman site), Holdeman (41RR11), Sanders (41LR2), and Harling (41FNI) sites.

Middle Caddoan period settlements along the Middle Red River include ...


Middle Caddoan Period Archaeology In The Upper Sulphur River Basin, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 1997

Middle Caddoan Period Archaeology In The Upper Sulphur River Basin, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Middle Caddoan period archaeological sites in the upper Sulphur River basin are rare, by contrast with the lower Sulphur River area, and probably the best-known site of this age in the upper part of the basin is the Hurricane Hill site (41HP106). The site is located on a high upland landform, at the Cooper Lake dam, overlooking the wide valley of the South Sulphur River.

The Hurricane Hill Middle Caddoan component occurs mainly on the South Rise, a natural sand-covered rise on the crest of the uplands. However, at least one burial and several pit features associated with the component ...


Some Observations On Four Probable Middle Caddo Period Cemeteries In Camp And Upshur Counties, Northeast Texas, Robert L. Turner Jan 1997

Some Observations On Four Probable Middle Caddo Period Cemeteries In Camp And Upshur Counties, Northeast Texas, Robert L. Turner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In this paper, I discuss probable Middle Caddo period ceramic vessels and other artifacts from cemeteries at the Rumsey (41CP3), Harold Williams (41CP10), Graydon Adkins #1 (41UR21), and Graydon Adkins#2 (41UR17) sites in Camp and Upshur counties.


The Middle Caddoan Period In The Big Cypress Creek Drainage Basin, Bo Nelson, Mike Turner Jan 1997

The Middle Caddoan Period In The Big Cypress Creek Drainage Basin, Bo Nelson, Mike Turner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Middle Caddoan period in the Big Cypress Creek drainage basin has been based upon a synthesis of Thurmond's (1990) archaeological overview of the basin. Thurmond defines a transitional Caddoan period (dating ca. A.D. 1300-1400) from 14 sites that have ceramic assemblages combining Early Caddoan and Late Caddoan stylistic attributes. A review of these sites, along with additional information from recent archaeological investigations, suggests that the Middle Caddoan period in the Big Cypress Creek basin has an evolving cultural diversity that extends over a longer period of time, fitting well with Story's definition of the period as ...


Book Review: Exploring Ancient Native America: An Archaeological Guide, By David Hurst Thomas, 1994. Macmillan, New York, Xxii + 314 Pp., Maps, Photographs., Timothy K. Perttula Jan 1997

Book Review: Exploring Ancient Native America: An Archaeological Guide, By David Hurst Thomas, 1994. Macmillan, New York, Xxii + 314 Pp., Maps, Photographs., Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This book on the sites, museums, and archaeological programs across the United States and Canada by David Hurst Thomas should be of great interest to the avocational and professional archaeological community. In the volume, he takes the reader on a guided tour of North American archaeology, focusing on places that "encourage visitation, provide interpretation, and can ensure adequate protection for both the visitor and for the surviving archaeological record." In return, his only request is for the help of the public in "protecting that past for others to enjoy as well." Throughout the text, he balances his views of archaeology ...


The Caddoan Archaeology Of The Sabine River Basin During The Middle Caddoan Period, Timothy K. Perttula, J. Brett Cruse Jan 1997

The Caddoan Archaeology Of The Sabine River Basin During The Middle Caddoan Period, Timothy K. Perttula, J. Brett Cruse

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Compared to the earlier and later parts of the prehistoric Caddoan archaeological record in Northeast Texas, archaeologists do not know much about the Middle Caddoan period (ca. A.D. 1200-1400) in the Sabine River basin. During the last few years, however, new archaeological information on settlements, subsistence, and the diverse material culture record suggest that the era was a time of significant cultural change for Caddoan peoples living in the upper and middle Sabine River basin.


A Radiocarbon Date From The Coker Mound (41cs1), Timothy K. Perttula, Mike Turner, Bo Nelson Jan 1997

A Radiocarbon Date From The Coker Mound (41cs1), Timothy K. Perttula, Mike Turner, Bo Nelson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Coker Mound (41CS1) on the Sulphur River is one of the more poorly known Caddoan mound sites in Northeast Texas. Recorded and tested by the University of Texas in 1932, the work done then at a conical mound at the site did not clearly establish either the function of the mound, its age, or its cultural affiliations with other prehistoric Caddoan groups in the region.


The Middle Caddoan Period In The Lower Sulphur River Area, Maynard B. Cliff Jan 1997

The Middle Caddoan Period In The Lower Sulphur River Area, Maynard B. Cliff

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

For purposes of this review, the Lower Sulphur River in Texas includes the area of the Sulphur River basin from the Arkansas border to the eastern edge of Titus County, and encompasses the area of what is today Wright Patman Lake and the White Oak Creek Wildlife Management Area. Traditionally, the Lower Sulphur River area has been tied to cultural constructs defined in the Red River basin, to the north and east. In his ambitious overview of the Caddoan Culture Area, Don Wyckoff generally placed the Lower Sulphur River area with the cultures of the Great Bend. As defined by ...


The Middle Caddoan Period In East Texas: A Summary Of The Findings Of The East Texas Caddoan Research Group, Tom Middlebrook, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 1997

The Middle Caddoan Period In East Texas: A Summary Of The Findings Of The East Texas Caddoan Research Group, Tom Middlebrook, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The second meeting of the East Texas Caddoan Research Group (ETCRG) met in San Antonio on October 27, 1996, to consider the archaeology of the Middle Caddoan period in East Texas. The meeting was arranged as a three hour symposium held in conjunction with the annual meeting of the Texas Archeological Society.

The meeting's format involved the informal presentation by several ETCRG members of major research findings along thematic lines for each of several river basins in the region. The presenters distributed handouts to participants and mixed their comments with slides, photographs, and the hands-on examination of a few ...