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Other American Studies

1995

Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Other History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology

Historical Processes And The Political Organization Of The Hasinai Caddo Indians, Daniel A. Hickerson Jan 1995

Historical Processes And The Political Organization Of The Hasinai Caddo Indians, Daniel A. Hickerson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Recent archaeological and ethnohistoric research has begun to reveal the extent of the depopulation that took place among Native American societies as a result of epidemic diseases that were introduced, in some cases, even before direct continuous interaction with Europeans. The research of Henry Dobyns on native demographic trends in Florida has been particularly influential on recent views of Native American demographic decline. While somewhat controversial, the findings of Dobyns and others have stimulated further research focusing on other areas of North America, including the Caddoan region.


Archeological Investigations Of The Caddo Lake Scholars Program At Caddo Lake State Park, Harrison County, Texas, 1993-1995, Bob D. Skiles, Timothy K. Perttula, Bo Nelson, Mike Turner Jan 1995

Archeological Investigations Of The Caddo Lake Scholars Program At Caddo Lake State Park, Harrison County, Texas, 1993-1995, Bob D. Skiles, Timothy K. Perttula, Bo Nelson, Mike Turner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Archeological investigations between 1993-1995 at Caddo State Park, reported herein, represent the initial efforts of the Caddo Lake Institute's archeology team to conduct an education/training program, as well as to begin the process of identifying important archeological and historical resources in the Caddo Lake Basin. The archeology team will undertake several archeological projects in 1995-1996 in the Caddo Lake bioregion, particularly in the RAMSAR Treaty lands (Caddo Lake Wildlife Management Area) and on adjoining tracts of private land. Students and mentors from the consortium of Caddo Lake Scholars Program universities and schools are invited to participate in our ...


Caddoan Archeological And Historical Workshop For The Caddo Tribe Of Oklahoma In Support Of Their Native American Graves Protection And Repatriation Act Grant, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 1995

Caddoan Archeological And Historical Workshop For The Caddo Tribe Of Oklahoma In Support Of Their Native American Graves Protection And Repatriation Act Grant, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

As part of the Native American Graves Protection Act (NAGPRA) grant recently received by the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma, the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma requested that a professional archeologist (Timothy K. Perttula) conduct an ambitious three-day hands-on archeological and historical training session for tribal members, particularly members of the Caddo Repatriation Committee, in February 1995. The focus of the training session is to familiarize members of the Caddo Tribe in the identification of Caddo material culture (ceramics and lithics, as well as other types of artifacts found on habitation sites and in burial contexts), in learning the locations and ...


Collected Papers On Caddoan Archaeology In The Upper Sabine River Basin, Northeastern Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 1995

Collected Papers On Caddoan Archaeology In The Upper Sabine River Basin, Northeastern Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This Special Publication of the Friends of Northeast Texas Archaeology presents a series of papers written and published between 1983-1994 on various aspects of the archaeology of the Upper Sabine River basin in Northeast Texas (Figure 1). Their particular focus is on the lifeways and material culture of the Caddoan peoples who permanently settled in the basin between about A.D. 700-800 (if not earlier) and the mid- 1700s.

This part of Northeast Texas has a highly significant and diverse archaeological record, one that has intrigued professional and a vocational archaeologists alike for at least 75 years (e.g., Pearce ...


Prehistoric Lithic Procurement Sites: A Vanishing Resource, Don R. Dickson Jan 1995

Prehistoric Lithic Procurement Sites: A Vanishing Resource, Don R. Dickson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Unfortunately, many archeologists are unaware of the rapidity with which these lithic procurement sites are being destroyed. Since many of them are located in areas not usually associated with prehistoric sites, such as on elevated ridges or in mountain settings often far from water, they are not monitored regularly by archeologists and often eliminated or damaged without scientific notice of such damage. For example, when I visited the Peoria Quarry in 1992 to obtain samples of the raw material, I discovered that over 90 percent of the site had been destroyed by leveling the ground for several houses. Later, in ...


A Probable Spiroan Entrepot In The Red River Valley In Northeast Texas, Frank Schambach Jan 1995

A Probable Spiroan Entrepot In The Red River Valley In Northeast Texas, Frank Schambach

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In 1931, twenty-one graves at an obscure site on the edge of the Eastern Woodlands yielded an astonishing concentration of Mississippian prestige goods:

4 conch shell cups 21 shell gorgets 5,500 shell beads ca. 200 Olivella beads 26 freshwater pearl beads 2 copper-stained siltstone earspools 2 polished sandstone elbow pipes l negative-painted bottle 2 Mississippi Valley-style "bean pots"

In 1933, larger concentrations of similar goods were found at Spiro. But Sanders was 150 mountainous miles from Spiro (Figure l) and the domestic assemblages at both sites were unknown, so Sanders was not considered a Spiroan site. In 1946, Krieger ...


Southwestern Pottery And Turquoise In Northeastern Texas, David H. Jurney, William Young Jan 1995

Southwestern Pottery And Turquoise In Northeastern Texas, David H. Jurney, William Young

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Rare and often questionable occurrences of southwestern pottery and turquoise artifacts have been reported in northeastern Texas. These artifacts may mark major interaction networks. Both southwestern pottery and turquoise artifacts have been found at the Sanders site, which is located in the core distribution of these "erratics."


Preliminary Report On A Stratified Late Archaic-Woodland Era Rockshelter In Rogers County, Oklahoma, Robert W. Jobson Jr., Frank Winchell, A. E. Picarella, Kiven C. Hill Jan 1995

Preliminary Report On A Stratified Late Archaic-Woodland Era Rockshelter In Rogers County, Oklahoma, Robert W. Jobson Jr., Frank Winchell, A. E. Picarella, Kiven C. Hill

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In northeastern Oklahoma, very little is known about the transition from the Late Archaic to the Woodland period (Wyckoff and Brooks, 1983: 55). To date, most of the archeological evidence documenting this time period has been derived from sites with mixed or otherwise uncertain components. In this report, we present a preliminary description of a small rockshelter, 34RO252, which has a Late Archaic deposit stratigraphically below a Woodland era cultural deposit. These two deposits are unmixed, discrete, and are physically separated by an apparently sterile clay soil horizon. It is anticipated that the stratified cultural deposits at this site will ...


Recent Work At 34pa341 In The Brushy-Peaceable Watershed, Don R. Dickson Jan 1995

Recent Work At 34pa341 In The Brushy-Peaceable Watershed, Don R. Dickson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In October 1993, Historic Preservation Associates (HPA) conducted Phase II assessments at several sites in SCS Impoundments 26 and 29 in the Brushy-Peaceable watershed, Pittsburg County, Oklahoma. Timothy C. Klinger acted as principal investigator; field director was Don R. Dickson. Most sites had been seriously disturbed by rodent activity and recent erosion. 34PS341, however, was located on a high terrace of Gardner Creek, did not seem to be as disturbed, and appeared to possibly represent a single Caddoan occupation.

In April 1994, the HPA team excavated an additional 14 1x1 m units in the northeastern part of the site, an ...


An Early Ceramic Period Pit Feature At The Swan Lake Site (16bo11), Bossier Parish, Lousiana, Jeffery S. Girard Jan 1995

An Early Ceramic Period Pit Feature At The Swan Lake Site (16bo11), Bossier Parish, Lousiana, Jeffery S. Girard

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

A pit feature containing Tchefuncte-like pottery, a Gary point, and fauna) remains recently was investigated at the Swan Lake Site (168011) located near Willow Chute Bayou in the Red River floodplain of eastern Bossier Parish. Three charcoal samples from the pit yielded radiocarbon ages of 2020 + /-60 B. P., 1830+/-70 B.P., and 1690+/-80 B.P. making this the earliest well-dated context in northwestern Louisiana containing ceramics.

The most conspicuous feature at the site is a mound, now approximately 2.5 m high and about 25 min diameter. Clarence Webb first recorded the site, but only made a ...


Archaeological Investigations At The Marshall Powdermill And Arsenal (41hs17), Confederate States Of America 1864-1865, Harrison County, Texas, Thomas E. Speir, David H. Jurney Jan 1995

Archaeological Investigations At The Marshall Powdermill And Arsenal (41hs17), Confederate States Of America 1864-1865, Harrison County, Texas, Thomas E. Speir, David H. Jurney

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Northeast Texas Archeological Society (NETAS), in conjunction with the East Texas, Dallas, and Tarrant County Archeological Societies has completed a year-long project at the Marshall Powder Mill, 41HS17, Harrison County, Texas. The Marshall Powder Mill manufactured gunpowder, small arms and cannon, and refurbished weaponry. It is one of several arsenals that served the Trans-Mississippi Department of the Confederate States of America, and was among the last in operation from 1864 to 1865. None have been thoroughly investigated archaeologically, thereby ignoring a major aspect of the Confederacy's war effort and an important industrial enterprise.


Evidence Of Resource Procurement And Manufacturing Techniques In Caddoan Ceramic Assemblages From The Sabine, Cypress, And Sulphur River Drainage Basins, Rusk And Titus Counties, Texas, Kathryn Reese-Taylor Jan 1995

Evidence Of Resource Procurement And Manufacturing Techniques In Caddoan Ceramic Assemblages From The Sabine, Cypress, And Sulphur River Drainage Basins, Rusk And Titus Counties, Texas, Kathryn Reese-Taylor

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Texas Utilities Services and Espey, Huston & Associates, Inc. have conducted ongoing archaeological investigations of cultural resources in Northeast Texas for the past 15 years. As a part of these studies, prehistoric Caddoan ceramic assemblages were recovered from 13 sites in three distinct drainage basins: three sites from the Sabine River drainage; three sites from the Cypress Creek drainage; and seven sites from the Sulphur River drainage. Recent research on the ceramic collections has emphasized variability in surface treatment, vessel form, and paste composition by means of a detailed attribute analysis and petrographic examination of a sample of the Caddoan sherds.

This paper focuses on the paste composition of a sherd sample selected to undergo petrographic analysis. The sample contains representatives among the sherds of the major tempering agents identified during a macroscopic examination of the pastes. The initial goal of the analyses was establishment of ...