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Other American Studies

1994

Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Other History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology

The Original Distribution Of Bois D'Arc. Part I: Texas, David H. Jurney Jan 1994

The Original Distribution Of Bois D'Arc. Part I: Texas, David H. Jurney

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Early historical explorations of the American frontier discuss many tree species and their uses, yet rarely mention bois d'arc (Maclura pomifera). Several important early expeditions sent by President Thomas Jefferson into the southwestern frontier provide the first evidence for the natural and culturally influenced range of the species. Bois d 'arc was important in the trade of Native Americans, specifically used for bow wood.

As early as 1804, John Sibley and Merriwether Lewis reported to President Jefferson about bois d 'arc, drawing on information derived from transplanted saplings and reporting that the source was ca. 300 miles away (i ...


Rowland Clark And Dan Holdeman Site Human Skeletal Remains, Carol J. Loveland Jan 1994

Rowland Clark And Dan Holdeman Site Human Skeletal Remains, Carol J. Loveland

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Rowland Clark site was occupied by Caddoan Indian groups from approximately A.D. 1300-1600+. Twenty one of the 39 burials recovered during the Museum of the Red River excavations were assigned to the earliest McCurtain phase occupation (ca. A.D. 1300-1450); 14 burials were ascribed to a later McCurtain occupation between ca. A.D. 1450 and 1600; four burials belonged to the final McCurtain occupation (ca. A.D. 1600+) of the site. Since infants and children were buried under house floors rather than in the cemetery area associated with each time period, their interment does not necessarily follow the ...


Book Review: A Naturalist In Indian Territory: The Journals Of S. W. Woodhouse, Barbara Keener Jan 1994

Book Review: A Naturalist In Indian Territory: The Journals Of S. W. Woodhouse, Barbara Keener

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Samuel Washington Woodhouse, a Philadelphia physician and avid ornithologist, was appointed surgeon-naturalist of two expeditions to survey the Creek-Cherokee boundary in Indian Territory. The Creek boundary expedition that Woodhouse was asked to join was a Corps of Topographical Engineers survey party sent to survey and mark the northern and western boundaries of the Creek Indian lands in Indian Territory to comply with the requirements of the Creek Treaty of 1845. The usual purpose of these surveys was to map the land, describe its topography, and learn about its native inhabitants. Later objectives were to establish roads and to set boundaries ...


Archaeological Research At The Rowland Clark Site (41rr77), Red River County, Texas, Gegory Perino Jan 1994

Archaeological Research At The Rowland Clark Site (41rr77), Red River County, Texas, Gegory Perino

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Rowland Clark site is located in Red River County, Texas, on a prehistoric river channel of the Red River that has been intersected by a more recent channel of the river. It is approximately 16 km south of the Arnold Roitsch or Sam Kaufman (41RR16) site. The site had small Coles Creek and Early Caddoan period occupations, but the major occupation was of a McCurtain phase group of the Late Caddoan period. I

The site has been in the Clark family for more than a century. The land the site is on is the property of Mr. Rowland Clark ...


Human Skeletal Remains From The Tyson Site (41sy92), Helen D. Dockall Jan 1994

Human Skeletal Remains From The Tyson Site (41sy92), Helen D. Dockall

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During the 1993 field season at the Tyson site (41SY92), conducted by the East Texas and Northeast Texas Archaeological societies, two burial features were uncovered. These features contained the skeletal remains of three Caddo subadults, ranging in age from birth to one to two years. Burial 1 yielded the partial skeleton of a child less than two years old, as well as elements of a second, slightly younger, child. Burial 2 produced the remains of a well-preserved infant. This article describes the excavation and osteology protocols, a description of taphonomic conditions, inventory of these burials, demography, size of the subadults ...


A Update Of Archaeological Investigations At The Tyson Site (41sy92), Tom Middlebrook Jan 1994

A Update Of Archaeological Investigations At The Tyson Site (41sy92), Tom Middlebrook

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In recent years, much of the research concerning prehistoric and historic Caddoan lifeways has focused on socio-political organization and community structure. Models have been proposed to predict the character of the archaeological record based on European observations of Caddo an life during the 17th-19th centuries. A brief review of these models is warranted to provide the necessary background for interpreting the results of recent archaeological work at an interesting 15th century site in Deep East Texas.

Story and Creel have developed an integrative model to describe Hasinai Caddo "settlement patterns, socio-political organization, and intergroup interactions" based on ethnographic and archaeological ...


Caddoan Archaeology In The Little Cypress Creek Valley: Recent Investigation At The Griffin Mound Site (41ur142), Upshur County, Texas, Bo Nelson, Timothy K. Perttula, Mike Turner Jan 1994

Caddoan Archaeology In The Little Cypress Creek Valley: Recent Investigation At The Griffin Mound Site (41ur142), Upshur County, Texas, Bo Nelson, Timothy K. Perttula, Mike Turner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

As part of the long-term study of the prehistoric archaeology of the Caddo peoples in Northeast Texas, we are currently focusing our investigations on the Little Cypress Creek valley in Upshur County. Although poorly known archaeologically, background research conducted to date, discussions with landowners, and selected survey-limited testing efforts over the last few years indicates that there are extensive Archaic and Caddoan archaeological remains preserved in the Little Cypress Creek valley. Caddoan period archaeologi cal sites (ca. A.O. 800-1600) are particularly common. The investigations of one of the more significant Caddoan sites found to date in the valley, the ...


Book Reviews, Ann M. Early, Heidi Vaughn Jan 1994

Book Reviews, Ann M. Early, Heidi Vaughn

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Abandonment of Settlements and Regions: Ethnoarchaeological and Archaeological Approaches, edited by Catherine M. Cameron and Steve A. Tomka. Cambridge University Press. 1993.

The Ouachita Mountains: A Guide for Fishermen, Hunters, and Travelers, by Milton D. Rafferty and John C. Catau. Norman: The University of Oklahoma Press. 1991. 308 pages, notes, references, index.


Analysis Of Rowland Clark Site Corn, Leonard Blake Jan 1994

Analysis Of Rowland Clark Site Corn, Leonard Blake

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The carbonized com from the Rowland Clark site, Red River County, Texas was received from Gregory Perino, then of the Museum of the Red River, in March 1982. The analysis of the com is presented by feature, with remarks on the cobs as appropriate. Table 1 presents a summary by feature of the com cob analysis, while Table 2 compares the com from Rowland Clark with samples of com cobs from other well-studied Caddoan sites.


The Rowland Clark (41rr77) Site, Red River County, Texas : Editor's Introduction, Gegory Perino, Leonard Blake, Carol J. Loveland Jan 1994

The Rowland Clark (41rr77) Site, Red River County, Texas : Editor's Introduction, Gegory Perino, Leonard Blake, Carol J. Loveland

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Rowland Clark (41RR77) and Dan Holdeman (41RR11) archaeological sites were excavated in the late 1970s and early 1980s by Gregory Perino of the Museum of Red River in Idabel, Oklahoma. Manuscripts on those investigations were prepared by Perino shortly after the conclusion of the work, but these were never published, remaining instead on file at the Museum of the Red River.