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2016

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Articles 1 - 30 of 92

Full-Text Articles in Ancient, Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Art and Architecture

Editor's Introduction To "Legal Worlds And Legal Encounters" -- Open Access, Elizabeth Lambourn Dec 2016

Editor's Introduction To "Legal Worlds And Legal Encounters" -- Open Access, Elizabeth Lambourn

The Medieval Globe

This introduction presents and draws together the articles and themes featured in this special issue of The Medieval Globe, “Legal Worlds and Legal Encounters.”


Mutilation And The Law In Early Medieval Europe And India: A Comparative Study -- Open Access, Patricia E. Skinner Dec 2016

Mutilation And The Law In Early Medieval Europe And India: A Comparative Study -- Open Access, Patricia E. Skinner

The Medieval Globe

This essay examines the similarities and differences between legal and other precepts outlining corporal punishment in ancient and medieval Indian and early medieval European laws. Responding to Susan Reynolds’s call for such comparisons, it begins by outlining the challenges in doing so. Primarily, the fragmented political landscape of both regions, where multiple rulers and spheres of authority existed side-by-side, make a direct comparison complex. Moreover, the time slippage between what scholarship understands to be the “early medieval” period in each region needs to be taken into account, particularly given the persistence of some provisions and the adapatation or abandonment ...


The Medieval Globe 2.2 (2016) Dec 2016

The Medieval Globe 2.2 (2016)

The Medieval Globe

No abstract provided.


The Future Of Aztec Law, Jerome A. Offner Dec 2016

The Future Of Aztec Law, Jerome A. Offner

The Medieval Globe

This article models a methodology for recovering the substance and nature of the Aztec legal tradition by interrogating reports of precontact indigenous behavior in the works of early colonial ethnographers, as well as in pictorial manuscripts and their accompanying oral performances. It calls for a new, richly recontextualized approach to the study of a medieval civilization whose sophisticated legal and jurisprudential practices have been fundamentally obscured by a long process of decontextualization and the anachronistic applications of modern Western paradigms.


Land And Tenure In Early Colonial Peru: Individualizing The Sapci, "That Which Is Common To All", Susan E. Ramirez Dec 2016

Land And Tenure In Early Colonial Peru: Individualizing The Sapci, "That Which Is Common To All", Susan E. Ramirez

The Medieval Globe

This article compares and contrasts pre-Columbian indigenous customary law regarding land possession and use with the legal norms and concepts gradually imposed and implemented by the Spanish colonial state in the Viceroyalty of Peru in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Natives accepted oral histories of possession going back as many as ten generations as proof of a claim to land. Indigenous custom also provided that a family could claim as much land as it could use for as long as it could use it: labor established rights of possession and use. The Spanish introduced the concept of private property ...


The Edict Of King Gälawdéwos Against The Illegal Slave Trade In Christians: Ethiopia, 1548 -- Featured Source, Habtamu M. Tegegne Dec 2016

The Edict Of King Gälawdéwos Against The Illegal Slave Trade In Christians: Ethiopia, 1548 -- Featured Source, Habtamu M. Tegegne

The Medieval Globe

This study explores the relationship between documentary-legal prescriptions of slavery and actual practice in late medieval Ethiopia. It does so in light of a newly discovered edict against the enslavement of freeborn Christians and the commercial sale of Christians to non-Christian owners, issued in 1548 by King Gälawdéwos. It demonstrates that this edict emerged from a dramatic and violent encounter between the neighboring Sultanate of Adal, which was supported by Muslim powers, and the Christian kingdom of Ethiopia, which had the support of expanding European powers in the region. The edict was therefore issued to reaffirm and clarify the principles ...


Common Threads: A Reappraisal Of Medieval European Sumptuary Law, Laurel Wilson Dec 2016

Common Threads: A Reappraisal Of Medieval European Sumptuary Law, Laurel Wilson

The Medieval Globe

Medieval sumptuary law has been receiving renewed scholarly attention in recent decades. But sumptuary laws, despite their ubiquity, have rarely been considered comprehensively and comparatively. This essay calls attention to this problem and suggests a number of topics for investigation, with specific reference to the first phase of European sumptuary legislation in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. It argues that comparative study demonstrates that this chronology closely parallels the development of the so-called “Western fashion system” and that the ubiquity of sketchy or nonexistent enforcement is evidence for the symbolic importance of sumptuary legislation, rather than its instrumentality. Comparison across ...


Toward A History Of Documents In Medieval India: The Encounter Of Scholasticism And Regional Law In The Smṛticandrikā, Donald R. Davis Jr. Dec 2016

Toward A History Of Documents In Medieval India: The Encounter Of Scholasticism And Regional Law In The Smṛticandrikā, Donald R. Davis Jr.

The Medieval Globe

In order to understand the legal use and significance of documents in medieval India, we need to start from the contemporaneous legal categories found in the Sanskrit scholastic corpus called dharmaśāstra. By comparing these categories with actual historical documents and inscriptions, we gain better insight into the encounter of pan-Indian legal discourse in Sanskrit and regional laws in vernacular languages. The points of congruence and transgression in this encounter will facilitate a nuanced history of documents and their use beyond unhelpfully broad categories of written and oral. A new translation of one major scholastic discussion of documents is presented as ...


Chinese Porcelain And The Material Taxonomies Of Medieval Rabbinic Law: Encounters With Disruptive Substances In Twelfth-Century Yemen, Elizabeth Lambourn, Phillip I. Ackerman-Lieberman Dec 2016

Chinese Porcelain And The Material Taxonomies Of Medieval Rabbinic Law: Encounters With Disruptive Substances In Twelfth-Century Yemen, Elizabeth Lambourn, Phillip I. Ackerman-Lieberman

The Medieval Globe

This article focuses on a set of legal questions about ṣīnī vessels (literally, “Chinese” vessels) sent from the Jewish community in Aden to Fustat (Old Cairo) in the mid-1130s CE and now preserved among the Cairo Geniza holdings in Cambridge University Library. This is the earliest dated and localized query about the status of ṣīnī vessels with respect to the Jewish law of vessels used for food consumption. Our analysis of these queries suggests that their phrasing and timing can be linked to the contemporaneous appearance in the Yemen of a new type of Chinese ceramic ware, qingbai, which confounded ...


Blending Myth And Reality: Maritime Portugal And Renaissance Portraits Of The Royal Court, Barbara Von Barghahn Oct 2016

Blending Myth And Reality: Maritime Portugal And Renaissance Portraits Of The Royal Court, Barbara Von Barghahn

Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective

Historians have long recognized the singular nautical achievements of sixteenth-century Portugal. The Renaissance age of navigation was characterized by intrepid Portuguese mariners who charted unknown waters in double or triple-masted caravels. Vasco da Gama opened a route around Africa to India in 1497. Pedro Álvares Cabral in 1500 basically steered the same course to South Asia, but deviated on his return to set anchor off the coast of Brazil, the “Land of the True Cross.” Fernão Magalhães’s ship “Victoria” managed to circumnavigate the earth between 1519 and 1521. These Portuguese voyagers substantially changed the medieval world picture. Their maritime ...


Sophocles' Electra As Agent Of Metatheatricality Apr 2016

Sophocles' Electra As Agent Of Metatheatricality

Discentes

No abstract provided.


An Alliterative Translation Of The Odyssey Book A: Lines 1-10 Apr 2016

An Alliterative Translation Of The Odyssey Book A: Lines 1-10

Discentes

No abstract provided.


Animus After Actium? Antony, Augustus, And Damnatio Memoriae Apr 2016

Animus After Actium? Antony, Augustus, And Damnatio Memoriae

Discentes

No abstract provided.


Delphi And Discord Apr 2016

Delphi And Discord

Discentes

No abstract provided.


A Rhetorical Redemption: Dido In The Classroom From Late Antiquity To The Fifteenth Century Apr 2016

A Rhetorical Redemption: Dido In The Classroom From Late Antiquity To The Fifteenth Century

Discentes

No abstract provided.


Poetry Praising Poetry: An Examination Of Alcuin's Better-Known Poems Apr 2016

Poetry Praising Poetry: An Examination Of Alcuin's Better-Known Poems

Discentes

No abstract provided.


Faculty Interview With Rita Copeland Apr 2016

Faculty Interview With Rita Copeland

Discentes

No abstract provided.


From The Editors Apr 2016

From The Editors

Discentes

No abstract provided.


Discentes Vol. 4 No. 2 Apr 2016

Discentes Vol. 4 No. 2

Discentes

No abstract provided.


Interdisciplinary Faculty Spotlight With Lauren Ristvet Apr 2016

Interdisciplinary Faculty Spotlight With Lauren Ristvet

Discentes

No abstract provided.


The Forum Romanum: A Kaleidoscopic Analysis Apr 2016

The Forum Romanum: A Kaleidoscopic Analysis

Discentes

No abstract provided.


The Case Of Ataraxia And Apraxia In The Development Of Skeptic Thought Apr 2016

The Case Of Ataraxia And Apraxia In The Development Of Skeptic Thought

Discentes

No abstract provided.


Summer Stint In The Soil Apr 2016

Summer Stint In The Soil

Discentes

No abstract provided.


Catullus: The Lesbia Cycle Apr 2016

Catullus: The Lesbia Cycle

Discentes

No abstract provided.


Not The Best Part, But Something Else: Virgil, Augustine, And The Platonist Perils Of Poetry Apr 2016

Not The Best Part, But Something Else: Virgil, Augustine, And The Platonist Perils Of Poetry

Discentes

No abstract provided.


Faculty Interview With Thomas F. Tartaron Apr 2016

Faculty Interview With Thomas F. Tartaron

Discentes

No abstract provided.


From The Editors Apr 2016

From The Editors

Discentes

No abstract provided.


Discentes Vol. 4 No. 1 Apr 2016

Discentes Vol. 4 No. 1

Discentes

No abstract provided.


Faculty Interview With Julie Nishimura-Jensen Apr 2016

Faculty Interview With Julie Nishimura-Jensen

Discentes

No abstract provided.


“Though Both Not Equal, As Their Sex Not Equal Seemed”: The Role Of Gender In Epic Teleology In The Iliad And Paradise Lost Apr 2016

“Though Both Not Equal, As Their Sex Not Equal Seemed”: The Role Of Gender In Epic Teleology In The Iliad And Paradise Lost

Discentes

No abstract provided.