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Full-Text Articles in Ancient, Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Art and Architecture

Children Shouldn't Play With Dead Things, Sarah Adcock Aug 2019

Children Shouldn't Play With Dead Things, Sarah Adcock

Graduate School of Art Theses

I view my creative process as alchemy, the transformation of materials through experimentation. I use wax as a material that transcends its historical use as a sculptural process for casting and instead, use it for its transmutable qualities to inform content. Because of its plasticity and duality as fragile and resilient, wax is symbolically submissive and assertive. By applying heat, wax can be molded and formed into new shapes. Once it cools, wax reverts back to its natural state; solid and impermeable. I use objects to explore desires of origin and life. Transitional objects, the first “me not me” possession ...


In Present Past: Sun Tunnels And The Historic Reconstruction Of Vision, Patrice M. Capobianchi May 2019

In Present Past: Sun Tunnels And The Historic Reconstruction Of Vision, Patrice M. Capobianchi

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

The following study investigates how Nancy Holt’s Sun Tunnels makes effective use of time and land to reprogram the modern viewer’s eye. By utilizing sculpture that is reminiscent of pre-historic observatories as an observational framing device against the landscape topography, the artwork succeeds in presenting a historic reconstruction of vision.


Landscape Of Portraiture: The Process Of Assimilation And Reconciliation In Search Of Identity Of The Eighteenth Century England, Aram Park May 2019

Landscape Of Portraiture: The Process Of Assimilation And Reconciliation In Search Of Identity Of The Eighteenth Century England, Aram Park

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This thesis examines the use of landscape paintings embedded within English conversation pieces of the eighteenth century with an emphasis on the art works of Arthur Devis and Johan Zoffany, exploring the way they influenced the development of an English school of painting during this century.


Disruption And Recovery In The Work Of Botticelli And Piero Di Cosimo, Ellen G. Birger May 2019

Disruption And Recovery In The Work Of Botticelli And Piero Di Cosimo, Ellen G. Birger

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

Florence underwent major destabilization during the 1490s, creating an extremely stressful time for its citizens. Chief amongst these events were the death of Lorenzo dei Medici and the ascendance, then demise, of the charismatic preacher Girolamo Savonarola. The impact on the work of Botticelli and Piero di Cosimo is evaluated.


The Impossible Tasks, Rachel Kalman May 2019

The Impossible Tasks, Rachel Kalman

Graduate School of Art Theses

In this thesis I unpack the still life genre and its relation to my painting practice, examining the ways in which banal objects project influence and disrupt the notion of a linear, narrative history. Through the contextual lenses of close observation, propagandistic agendas, and the transgressive history of pattern, I explore the inherent contradiction contained within still life painting; working to balance an empathic respect for objects, as such, with my deeply seated desire to metaphorically interpret and empower visual imagery. I am fascinated by the impossible tasks we ask of weak, inanimate, decorative objects and work to generate still ...


Through The Eye And Into My Heart: Scenes Of Embrace In Morgan Ms M.245 And The Tactile Responses They Provoked, Zoe A. Coyle Jan 2019

Through The Eye And Into My Heart: Scenes Of Embrace In Morgan Ms M.245 And The Tactile Responses They Provoked, Zoe A. Coyle

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This thesis examines representations of embrace in a Roman de la rose (Morgan Library, M.245). Emphasis is on the reader’s tactile interaction with the manuscript as an object, and the notion of romances as sites for a distinctly physical reading practice, in which miniatures would be kissed, rubbed, or pierced.


The Wild Beasts, Peter Cochrane Jan 2019

The Wild Beasts, Peter Cochrane

Theses and Dissertations

The Wild Beasts springs from my desire to thank my ever-expanding queer chosen family and mentors for their strength. Working through the often violent and othering aspects of the lens and photographic histories I create floral portraits responding to each person’s being and our relationship. Using the 19th century, 8x10 large format view camera—the same used by colonialists and ethnographers to “capture” the divinity of Nature—I erect each as a traditional still life studio setup at the threshold between the natural world and that constructed by humans. These environments speak both to the character of each friend ...


Myth, Power, And The Other: The Shared Rhetoric Of Empire Between The Classical Mediterranean And Victorian Britain, Cara Redalen Jan 2019

Myth, Power, And The Other: The Shared Rhetoric Of Empire Between The Classical Mediterranean And Victorian Britain, Cara Redalen

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis traces the continuity of rhetoric concerning empire from ancient Greece, to Rome, and to Victorian Britain. Through examining theory, literature, and visual arts, this thesis will unpack both ancient and Victorian forms of representation and rhetoric. It charts the development of these forms of representation across centuries, exposing a persistence of thought and ultimately arguing for the force of this rhetorical tradition for defining societal status and bolstering imperial power. The thesis is divided into two main areas of focus: The Creation of the Other and Myth. The Creation of the Other section examines literature to demonstrate how ...


Botticelli's Dancing Angels: Shaping Space In The Celestial Realm, Ariel Gillian Raine Manwiller Jan 2019

Botticelli's Dancing Angels: Shaping Space In The Celestial Realm, Ariel Gillian Raine Manwiller

Senior Projects Spring 2019

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Languages and Literature of Bard College.


The History And Signification Of The Navicella Mosaic At St. Peter's Basilica, Rome., Eston Dillon Adams Dec 2018

The History And Signification Of The Navicella Mosaic At St. Peter's Basilica, Rome., Eston Dillon Adams

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Navicella mosaic is most famously an artwork created by Giotto di Bondone. Evidence for the appearance and dating of this giant mural is discussed in this dissertation with the conclusion that it was made in 1298 and its composition is best recorded in a Parri Spinelli drawing preserved in the Musée Condé in Chantilly, France. It was admired by untold numbers of worshipers who visited the grand Constantinian basilica of Old St. Peter’s in the Vatican in Rome. The Navicella was located on the façade of Santa Maria in the Towers, an important chapel as well as the ...


The Spatial Agency Of The Catacombs: An Analysis Of The Interventions Of Damasus I (305-384), Natalie A. Hall Aug 2018

The Spatial Agency Of The Catacombs: An Analysis Of The Interventions Of Damasus I (305-384), Natalie A. Hall

Theses and Dissertations

Damasus I (305-384) ascended to the office of the Bishop of Rome after a bitter and bloody battle with Ursinus in 366 CE. The violence was a culmination of doctrinal squabbles and power contests which erupted in the Roman church over the course of the fourth century. Damasus engaged in a substantial program of physical renovation and enlargement of martyr sites and personally penned numerous epigrams both extolling the virtue of the honored dead and the patronage of the bishopric. Scholarship related to Damasus and his works is typically narrowly focused, considering motive(s) for his actions, his use of ...


Treehouses: Civilizing The Wildness Of Men And Nature, Courtney Mckinney May 2018

Treehouses: Civilizing The Wildness Of Men And Nature, Courtney Mckinney

English Undergraduate Distinction Projects

In this paper, I explore how treehouses operate symbolically in tandem with culture. Through an analysis of British and American print culture, I argue that the treehouse building project became bound to boyhood at the turn of the twentieth century as the naturalist movement spread and youth organizations embraced treehouses as part of their vision for the development of boys. Parents and youth leaders intend for treehouse projects to build self-reliance, independence, imagination, and courage in their boys. Congruously, this activity associated with a child’s personal growth takes place in an actual growing organism. I analyze how treehouses juxtapose ...


Misassembled Monsters, Jenn Brown May 2018

Misassembled Monsters, Jenn Brown

Graduate School of Art Theses

This thesis is a narrative of personal and material history. Through my work in painting, sculpture, and installation, I seek to share my story of emotional armoring in an attempt to connect to an audience. In my work, I look to my personal memories of growing up in a small, midwestern town and armoring myself with emotional barriers against its social construct of “normalcy.” Inspired by Medieval suits of armor and the characteristics of Goth culture throughout history, I employ my work to present the stage of a theatrical battleground. Creating each of my pieces is a fight for the ...


Comparative Study On Urban And Suburban Art Education, Estevan Jose Puerto Jr May 2018

Comparative Study On Urban And Suburban Art Education, Estevan Jose Puerto Jr

Multidisciplinary Studies Theses

Comparative Study on Urban and Suburban Art Education

Summary

The thesis on a “Comparative Study of Urban vs. Suburban Art Education” will be a discussion on the history of fine arts curriculum. Showing the historical evolution of fine art instruction in Europe, and how it is significant for visual arts in the history of human civilization. The thesis will provide a timeline of people and events showing the development of Art Education in the United States of America. Exploring what legislation involving public and private institutions helped enact change in Education for the visual arts. How art teachers over the ...


The Significance Of Cloth In The Narrative Of The Life Of Christ As Represented In Dieric Bouts' "Life Of Christ Altarpiece", Mary-Margaret Mcleod Pilling Apr 2018

The Significance Of Cloth In The Narrative Of The Life Of Christ As Represented In Dieric Bouts' "Life Of Christ Altarpiece", Mary-Margaret Mcleod Pilling

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores the materialistic importance of cloth in the life of Jesus Christ and relates it to the disassembled Life of Christ Altarpiece painted by the Renaissance artist Dieric Bouts. References to cloth in the scriptural accounts of Christ’s life support the claim that there is deep theological significance to fabric. The medium of each of the paintings that comprised the altarpiece is a flax linen canvas, which, combined with the references to cloth throughout the compositions, parallels these references to cloth in the scriptures. The entire artwork serves as a metaphor for the Eucharist resting on linen ...


The Knights Templar’S Economic Empire And The Images That Supported It, Laura Remien Woldt Apr 2018

The Knights Templar’S Economic Empire And The Images That Supported It, Laura Remien Woldt

Senior Theses

Today the Knights Templar are known through a swirl of history and conspiracy. The Order of the Temple grew far beyond its original purpose, to reclaim the Holy Land and to protect pilgrims, becoming a banking, financial, and trade giant. The Knights Templars built innovative financial systems, along with a network of monasteries and churches, not only to support the crusades in the Holy Land, but to build, expand, and maintain their empire through the re-working of traditional European art forms to create a particular image of power and piety for both their patrons and enemies.


Gothic Ecclesiastical Architecture Of Northern France: Where Art Meets Economics, Celia R. Woldt Apr 2018

Gothic Ecclesiastical Architecture Of Northern France: Where Art Meets Economics, Celia R. Woldt

Senior Theses

Gothic cathedrals were financed in many ways and their building could take centuries to complete. The process was long and arduous costing enormous sums of money over a sustained period of time. Their construction depleted both capital and skilled labor from the surrounding areas spurring both the donors and workers to be represented in the cathedral. The materials used to build these massive structures drew greatly on the region and dictated their architectural form. When the donors, religious figures, aristocracy, and workers are represented it validates the sacrifices they made towards building the cathedral as well as showing their social ...


Roger Ii, King Of Heaven And Earth: An Iconological And Architectural Analysis Of The Cappella Palatina In The Context Of Medieval Sicily, Mathilde Sauquet Apr 2018

Roger Ii, King Of Heaven And Earth: An Iconological And Architectural Analysis Of The Cappella Palatina In The Context Of Medieval Sicily, Mathilde Sauquet

Senior Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


Bloomsbury's Byzantium And The Writing Of Modern Art, Elizabeth Sarah Berkowitz Feb 2018

Bloomsbury's Byzantium And The Writing Of Modern Art, Elizabeth Sarah Berkowitz

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

“Bloomsbury’s Byzantium and the Writing of Modern Art” examines the role of Byzantine art in Bloomsbury art critics Roger Fry’s and Clive Bell’s narratives of aesthetic Modernism. Fry, in his pre-World War I and interwar writings and teachings on art, and Bell, in seminal texts such as Art (1914), have been branded by art historiography as the prime movers in a Formalist, teleological narrative of Modern art still prevalent in textbooks today. Fry’s and Bell’s ideas were later adopted by important Modernist authors and cultural figures, such as Alfred H. Barr, Jr., first director of ...


Sofonisba Anguissola And Her Early Teachers, Lily Chin Jan 2018

Sofonisba Anguissola And Her Early Teachers, Lily Chin

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This thesis explores the career of the Cremonese-born Italian Renaissance woman artist Sofonisba Anguissola (c. 1532-1625) and her training under her teachers Bernardino Campi (c. 1522-1591) and Bernardino Gatti (c. 1495-1576) during the years c. 1546-1549 (Campi) and c. 1549-1552 (Gatti).


East Meets West: A Comparative Study On The Origin Of Landscape Depiction, Conghao Tian Jan 2018

East Meets West: A Comparative Study On The Origin Of Landscape Depiction, Conghao Tian

Senior Projects Spring 2018

This project examines the origin and evolution of landscape depictions from both Eastern and Western traditions, covering from Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD) to Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127) in China, and from Roman antiquity to early Renaissance in Europe. Landscape depiction from each time period is examined. With the help of detailed visual analysis and overviews of religious ideology, the study reaches the conclusion that in both traditions, landscape depiction reaches its maturity both in terms of pictorial techniques and the ability to convey spirituality by the early Renaissance (11th century in China and 15th century in Italy). The project ...


The "Whys" Of The Grand Cameo: A Holistic Approach To Understanding The Piece, Its Origins And Its Context, Constantine Prince Sidamon-Eristoff Jan 2018

The "Whys" Of The Grand Cameo: A Holistic Approach To Understanding The Piece, Its Origins And Its Context, Constantine Prince Sidamon-Eristoff

MA Theses

The Grand Cameo for France is the largest cameo surviving from antiquity. Scholars have debated who is portrayed on the stone and what its scene means for centuries, often, although not always, limiting their interpretations to this narrow area and typically only discussing other causes in passing. This pattern can and should be broken, allowing the stone to be what all objects truly are: windows to the lives that that objects have lived, just as all physical things are; evidence of an experience part of the world went though, whose meanings have and continue to be part of a wider ...


A Shifting Devotion: Vision And Performance In Rogier Van Der Weyden's Deposition, Victoria Lauren Richthofen Jan 2018

A Shifting Devotion: Vision And Performance In Rogier Van Der Weyden's Deposition, Victoria Lauren Richthofen

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this thesis, I use primary sources to illustrate the religious climate surrounding the creation of Rogier van der Weyden’s masterwork, The Descent from the Cross (before 1433), also called the Deposition. In particular, I focus on the written works of Saint Bridget of Sweden and Thomas à Kempis to contextualize the altarpiece. I use St. Bridget’s writings to give a sense of the extra-canonical spirituality of the early modern era, as well as to illustrate the long tradition of expounding upon the relatively short passages found in the Bible for key events in the Christian worldview, particularly ...


The Presentation Of The Chasuble To San Ildefonso: An Exploration Of Its Origins, Nikolyn Garner Jan 2018

The Presentation Of The Chasuble To San Ildefonso: An Exploration Of Its Origins, Nikolyn Garner

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

The Presentation of the Chasuble to San Ildefonso is a 15th-century Spanish altarpiece panel that has been part of the Montana Museum of Art and Culture’s permanent collection since 1957. However, it was donated with little information about the artist who created it, the circumstances of its commission, the area of Spain where it originated, or its provenance from the time of its creation to the time of its donation to the University of Montana. Without research into these questions, this unique piece has not been exhibited as often as it deserves. I have explored these questions ...


Marsilio Ficino's Astral Psychology: The Inner Cosmos Of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese On The Astronomical Ceiling Fresco Of Sala Del Mappamondo At Caprarola, Renata R. Nagy Jan 2018

Marsilio Ficino's Astral Psychology: The Inner Cosmos Of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese On The Astronomical Ceiling Fresco Of Sala Del Mappamondo At Caprarola, Renata R. Nagy

Honors Undergraduate Theses

This thesis intends to explore the relationship between the Neoplatonist doctrines of the Renaissance philosopher, Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499), and astrological images in the Renaissance. The astrological ceiling fresco located in the Room of Maps in the Villa Farnese at Caprarola is in the center of the argument, which I analyze based on the metaphysical works of Ficino, the Platonic Theology (1482) and the Three Books on Life (1492). Authors have examined the fresco decoration and Ficinian philosophy individually, but never together. This study is the first to recognize Ficino's influence on Renaissance astrological images in its entirety.The present ...


The Music Lesson: An Analysis Of Two Works From Dutch Seventeenth Century, Valory Hight Jan 2018

The Music Lesson: An Analysis Of Two Works From Dutch Seventeenth Century, Valory Hight

Senior Projects Spring 2018

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Arts of Bard College.


Gentile Da Fabriano's Adoration Of The Magi: Iconographic Influences Of Decorative Arts From The Islamic World, Ruby Brooke Jan 2018

Gentile Da Fabriano's Adoration Of The Magi: Iconographic Influences Of Decorative Arts From The Islamic World, Ruby Brooke

Senior Projects Spring 2018

This project is an exploration of Islamic influences on the Adoration of the Magi (1423) by Gentile da Fabriano. The use of pseudo-inscriptions and Eastern textiles in the painting are central to the investigation of the work. I discuss the contact between the Republic of Florence and Muslim regions and the role of trade, crusades, and political contact on the arts of Quattrocento Florence. I analyze the extent of patron's contributions to the iconography in the altarpiece and the social and political implications of the piece.


Claude Iii Audran: Ornemaniste Of The Rococo Style, Barbara Laux Sep 2017

Claude Iii Audran: Ornemaniste Of The Rococo Style, Barbara Laux

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The ornemaniste Claude III Audran worked over the course of some forty years to delight elite aristocrats, including Louis XIV, by creating cutting-edge arabesque designs with motifs drawn from popular culture. He became a maître in the Académie de Saint-Luc. He chose not to become a member of the Académie royale de peinture et sculpture, but he subcontracted work to Académie artists and achieved unparalleled status as a master of his craft. Despite the longevity of his successful career, previous scholarship has only examined a handful of individual projects and the arc of his career has never been fully examined ...


Testimonies Of Violence: Images Of Franciscan Martyrs In The Provinces Of New Spain, Emmanuel Ortega Jul 2017

Testimonies Of Violence: Images Of Franciscan Martyrs In The Provinces Of New Spain, Emmanuel Ortega

Art & Art History ETDs

In the middle of the eighteenth century, Franciscan martyr portraits became popular in monastic spaces of the Spanish viceroyalties of central Mexico. To visually construct the meritorious life of these martyrs, artists drew inspiration from hagiographic chronicles that described various Native rebellions, which featured the graphic depiction of the gruesome deaths of friars. The prospect of martyrdom enticed novices to follow in their footsteps in service to God, but also to the Crown, whose presence in the northern territories of New Spain intensified during the period of the Bourbon reforms. In my dissertation I explore this propagandistic approach to martyr ...


The Shrine System: Votive Culture And Cult Sculpture, Enshrining Space In 11th To 13th Century France, Kristen N. Racaniello May 2017

The Shrine System: Votive Culture And Cult Sculpture, Enshrining Space In 11th To 13th Century France, Kristen N. Racaniello

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

Possible relationships between northern and southern French shrines are examined in this paper through case studies of the shrines at Chartres and Conques. The materiality of cult statues and votive objects, the body as performative tool, and institutional motivations are considered for their bearing on the shrine as a system.