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Full-Text Articles in Ancient, Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Art and Architecture

Oberlin's Sierra Leone Saltcellar: Documenting A Bicultural Dialogue, Kathy Curnow Dec 1990

Oberlin's Sierra Leone Saltcellar: Documenting A Bicultural Dialogue, Kathy Curnow

Kathy Curnow

Oberlin College's Allen Art Museum owns an ivory saltcellar made by a West African artist for a Portuguese client in the late 15th or early 16th century in Sierra Leone. The artist had to consider what foreign and local features to include in this export piece; it conforms in shape to European cups or chalices and depicts some Portuguese, but also includes what appears to be a local motif of dogs confronting snakes. The facial style is decidedly local, resembling the prognathous faces of contemporaneous stone sculptures. The saltcellar is topped with an image of the kneeling Virgin Mary ...


Alien Or Accepted? African Perspectives On The Western 'Other' In 15th And 16th Century Art, Kathy Curnow Dec 1989

Alien Or Accepted? African Perspectives On The Western 'Other' In 15th And 16th Century Art, Kathy Curnow

Kathy Curnow

The visual record of Africa's interaction with the West is proving to be a rich source of information concerning the changing natures of ethnographic perception. Post-contact imagery reflects shifting attitudes shaped by political, economic and historical events and trends. Examination of an individual artist's treatment of "the other" and his departure from or conformation with prevailing cultural attitudes can reveal a range of responses and interpretations of the outsider as enemy, a part of daily life, or a being with religious or prestige associations. This article compares ivory carvers' attitudes towards late 15th/early 16th-century Portuguese travelers to ...