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Animal Studies Journal 2017 6 (1): Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Notes On Contributors, Melissa Boyde Jan 2017

Animal Studies Journal 2017 6 (1): Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Notes On Contributors, Melissa Boyde

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2017 6 (1): Cover Page, Table of Contents, Notes on Contributors and Editorial.


Provocations From The Field - Extinction, Encountering And The Exigencies Of Forgetting, Rick De Vos Jan 2017

Provocations From The Field - Extinction, Encountering And The Exigencies Of Forgetting, Rick De Vos

Animal Studies Journal

Stories of species extinction interpellate and legitimate each other, accumulating, in a discrete and synchronous order, a coherent history of extinction that allows them to be utilised in scientific and historical discourses as authoritative signs. These stories also translate and inscribe social and cultural encounters, however, where groups of different human and nonhuman animals interacted and made sense of these interactions. Great auks, for example, possess stories that exceed the overdetermining official account of their extinction, having endured for at least one hundred thousand years learning and passing on the skills to live and flourish in the North Atlantic, co-existing ...


Selecting Candidates For De-Extinction And Resurrection: Mammoths, Lenin’S Tomb And Neo-Eurasianism, Henrietta Mondry Jan 2017

Selecting Candidates For De-Extinction And Resurrection: Mammoths, Lenin’S Tomb And Neo-Eurasianism, Henrietta Mondry

Animal Studies Journal

My paper explores links between the human and animal candidates for resurrection and deextinction and focuses on the aspect of nationalist agenda in application to both species. I explore the intersection between the scientific and symbolic agendas in the resurrection and de-extinction discourse. I interpret the ideological underpinnings of the current developments in the woolly mammoth de-extinction in the Russian Federation in parallel to the theme of resurrection of historically-important personalities in contemporary Russian fiction of magical historicist bent. My particular focus is on the role of Neo- Eurasianist thinking in the choice of the candidates for resurrection and de-extinction ...


The Unnaturalness Objection To De-Extinction: A Critical Evaluation, Carolyn Mason Jan 2017

The Unnaturalness Objection To De-Extinction: A Critical Evaluation, Carolyn Mason

Animal Studies Journal

De-extinction of species has been criticised for being unnatural, as have the techniques that might be used to accomplish de-extinction. This objection of unnaturalness will be dismissed by those who claim that everything that humans do is natural, by those who claim that naturalness is a social construct, and by those who argue that ethical concerns arising from considerations of unnaturalness rest on a failure properly to distinguish facts from values. However, none of these criticisms of the objection of unnaturalness is convincing, for reasons I will explain in this paper. The objection of unnaturalness might be motivated by concerns ...


On The Authenticity Of De-Extinct Organisms, And The Genesis Argument, Douglas Campbell Jan 2017

On The Authenticity Of De-Extinct Organisms, And The Genesis Argument, Douglas Campbell

Animal Studies Journal

Are the methods of synthetic biology capable of recreating authentic living members of an extinct species? An analogy with the restoration of destroyed natural landscapes suggests not. The restored version of a natural landscape will typically lack much of the aesthetic value of the original landscape because of the different historical processes that created it – processes that involved human intentions and actions, rather than natural forces acting over millennia. By the same token, it would appear that synthetically recreated versions of extinct natural organisms will also be less aesthetically valuable than the originals; that they will be, in some strong ...


Making Sense? Visual Cultures Of De-Extinction And The Anthropocentric Archive, Rosie Ibbotson Jan 2017

Making Sense? Visual Cultures Of De-Extinction And The Anthropocentric Archive, Rosie Ibbotson

Animal Studies Journal

This article examines the operations of visual representations within discourses advocating deextinction. Images have significant agency within these debates, yet their roles, and the assumptions they naturalise, have not been critiqued. Demonstrating the affective, triumphant and subversive potentials of these representations, this article then turns to the implications of relying on images made by and for humans within the expressly multispecies space of de-extinction. Discourses around de-extinction tend to place undue weight not just on how candidate species look(ed), but on how they appear to human eyes after the mediating processes of representation, and the notion of recreating a ...


We Are Not Equals: Socio-Cognitive Dimensions Of Lion/Human Relationships, Marcus Baynes-Rock, Elizabeth Marshall Thomas Jan 2017

We Are Not Equals: Socio-Cognitive Dimensions Of Lion/Human Relationships, Marcus Baynes-Rock, Elizabeth Marshall Thomas

Animal Studies Journal

This article documents a peaceful, albeit tense relationship between Ju/’hoan and lions in the Nyae Nyae region of the Kalahari during the 1950s.1 Unlike contexts where lions kill livestock and people and are persecuted in return, the Ju/’hoan and lions of the Nyae Nyae shared waterholes without conflict. The recorded and oral histories, and cultural traditions of the Ju/’hoan suggest that this peaceful relationship had evolved over centuries. Lions were recognised as powerful creatures but unlike hyenas and leopards in the region, they were not killers of humans. Lions were seen as social superiors, and addressed ...


Painting With Horses Towards Interspecies Response-Ability: Non-Human Charisma As Material Affect, Madeleine Boyd Jan 2017

Painting With Horses Towards Interspecies Response-Ability: Non-Human Charisma As Material Affect, Madeleine Boyd

Animal Studies Journal

Leading up to the 2014 Melbourne Cup three communication modes were employed by unrelated horse welfare activists to raise awareness of cruelty in the racing industry. The intention to increase empathy with horses ties together these efforts, which are characterised as written, visual and immersive. This paper uses the lens of Jamie Lorimer’s three types of non-human charisma to consider the potential for each communication mode to achieve the goal of change towards interspecies response-ability. Charisma is considered in this paper to be a form of material-affect within new materialism that offers a more complex tool for analysis than ...


The Australian Animal Use Industry Rejects Anthropomorphism, But Relies On Questionable Science To Block Animal Welfare Improvements, Malcolm Caulfield Jan 2017

The Australian Animal Use Industry Rejects Anthropomorphism, But Relies On Questionable Science To Block Animal Welfare Improvements, Malcolm Caulfield

Animal Studies Journal

Public interest in and concern for the welfare of farm animals is increasing. This has been reflected in changes by food retailers and others whereby products are sourced from suppliers which keep animals in improved conditions. Examples include bans on eggs from hens kept in battery cages, or on pork from pregnant sows kept in sow stalls. Those who use farm animals for profit have sought to resist consumer and public pressure for change, arguing that people’s views are based more on emotion than science. This paper presents a review of the way in which those responsible for developing ...


[Review] Robert Garner And Siobhan O’Sullivan (Eds). The Political Turn In Animal Ethics. Rowman And Littlefield, 2016., Will Kymlicka Jan 2017

[Review] Robert Garner And Siobhan O’Sullivan (Eds). The Political Turn In Animal Ethics. Rowman And Littlefield, 2016., Will Kymlicka

Animal Studies Journal

In the 40 years since Peter Singer’s Animal Liberation, philosophers have developed a rich and sophisticated literature on the ethics of how we treat animals. Much of this literature has implicitly assumed that our ethical duties to animals are a matter of public responsibility, not merely personal ethics. While modern societies operate with a division of moral labour – leaving some ethical responsibilities to individuals while others fall upon the state – animal ethicists have typically assumed that our most important ethical responsibilities to animals are indeed a legitimate matter for public regulation and state law.


Animal Studies Journal 2017 6 (2): Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Notes On Contributors, Melissa Boyde Jan 2017

Animal Studies Journal 2017 6 (2): Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Notes On Contributors, Melissa Boyde

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2017 6 (1): Cover Page, Table of Contents, Editorial and Notes on Contributors.


Introduction: Interrogating Captive Freedom: The Possibilities And Limits Of Animal Sanctuaries, Elan Abrell Jan 2017

Introduction: Interrogating Captive Freedom: The Possibilities And Limits Of Animal Sanctuaries, Elan Abrell

Animal Studies Journal

In the last few decades, animal sanctuaries have proliferated around the world as advocates for animals have sought to save them from a wide array of contexts in which they are exploited, harmed, or killed by human actions. Sanctuaries take different forms and employ different approaches to animal care, varying in accordance to the kinds of species they save and the arenas of human animal-use they challenge. A non-exhaustive list of kinds of animal sanctuaries includes sanctuaries for farmed animal (rescued from agricultural contexts), ‘exotic’ animals (such as elephants or big cats, often rescued from being kept as pets or ...


A Guide For Modern Sanctuaries With Examples From A Captive Chimpanzee Sanctuary, Amy Fultz Jan 2017

A Guide For Modern Sanctuaries With Examples From A Captive Chimpanzee Sanctuary, Amy Fultz

Animal Studies Journal

As the need for animal sanctuaries continues to grow, and the numbers of species being housed increases, there is a desire from both current and future sanctuaries for guidance. Guidance from those with experience in the sanctuary, ethics, and animal welfare communities is important and helpful to the founders of new sanctuaries as well as current sanctuaries that may struggle with their identity. I will discuss some of the many definitions of sanctuary, and encourage organizations to consider which definition is the best fit for them. The ethos and philosophy a sanctuary embraces are likely to guide best practices, and ...


Money For Monkeys, And More: Ensuring Sanctuary Retirement Of Nonhuman Primates, Erika Fleury Jan 2017

Money For Monkeys, And More: Ensuring Sanctuary Retirement Of Nonhuman Primates, Erika Fleury

Animal Studies Journal

Reputable animal sanctuaries have existed for decades, yet it is only in more recent years that their work has been validated by the oversight of accreditation bodies and sanctuary coalitions. Through these relationships, sanctuaries are able to differentiate themselves from roadside zoos and private owners. Sanctuaries exist solely to provide enriched lifetime care to animals retired or rescued from exploitation or mistreatment, and thus their missions and facility management differ greatly from those of zoos, farms, circuses and other for-profit, entertainment, research and educational institutions. Primate sanctuaries specifically are more in demand than ever before due to the mass exodus ...


Settler Sanctuaries And The Stoat-Free State, Anna Boswell Jan 2017

Settler Sanctuaries And The Stoat-Free State, Anna Boswell

Animal Studies Journal

Aotearoa/New Zealand has forged a contemporary international identity as a leader in the establishment and management of animal sanctuaries. This article treats Aotearoa/New Zealand as a ‘typically exceptional’ or ‘exceptionally typical’ example, seeking to unravel the deeper settler colonial investment in sanctuary as concept and practice. It is especially interested in what animal sanctuaries in Aotearoa/New Zealand might look like from the perspective of the stoat (Mustela erminea), and why such a perspective might matter. Acclimatised by Europeans from the 1880s onwards to help secure agronomic settlement, and more recently named as a so-called ‘animal pest’ to ...


What Is An Animal Sanctuary? Evidence From Applied Linguistics, Sabrina Fusari Jan 2017

What Is An Animal Sanctuary? Evidence From Applied Linguistics, Sabrina Fusari

Animal Studies Journal

This paper addresses the meaning of the word ‘sanctuary’ from the point of view of its usage in English, as it emerges from dictionary and corpus sources, in contexts related to nonhuman animals. Specific attention is paid to the semantic prosody (Louw; Stewart) and semantic preference (Sinclair ‘The Search’) of this word, as well as to the relationship between ‘sanctuaries’ and other semantically related lexical items that identify places where nonhuman animals are confined and/or protected (e.g. nature reserves, national parks, animal shelters, zoos). Firstly, the paper provides a general overview of the main theoretical issues behind the ...


Captive Wildlife At A Crossroads – Sanctuaries, Accreditation, And Humane-Washing, Delcianna J. Winders Jan 2017

Captive Wildlife At A Crossroads – Sanctuaries, Accreditation, And Humane-Washing, Delcianna J. Winders

Animal Studies Journal

We are living through a pivotal moment for captive wild animals in the United States, with increased attention to their wellbeing and major changes by businesses as a result. At the same time, a desire to get up close with wild animals persists and may even be on the rise. These two concurrent phenomena are resulting in a plethora of deceptive claims. Through ‘humane-washing’ – using unregulated terms like ‘sanctuary’ and participating in misleading accreditation programs – captive wildlife facilities are profiting from making consumers feel better. After detailing this state of affairs, this article raises important questions, the answers to which ...


Condors In A Cage, Camila Cossío Jan 2017

Condors In A Cage, Camila Cossío

Animal Studies Journal

Annie was carried away by a 13,000-lb. elephant during a Circo Hermanos Salamanca performance in Mexico City. Anabella La Bella was a Namibian-born orphaned elephant who had been auctioned off, transported from Southern Africa to the Mexican Valley as special, oversized cargo, and forced to perform among the dirt and the lights and the ¡Órale! of Mexico City. During the Circo Hermanos Salamanca performance, Annie and her sister tried, with exceeding effort, to seem calm as the trapeze artists swung themselves in the air, floating above them with no apparent sense of mortality. Annie remembered the scene in Batman ...


[Performance Review] Species Blindness: Is There A Role For A Quoll?, Peta Tait Jan 2017

[Performance Review] Species Blindness: Is There A Role For A Quoll?, Peta Tait

Animal Studies Journal

There is an anomaly in responses to some live performance that features animal identities and the human effort to provide sanctuary and protect endangered species. The animals might be central to its purpose and yet receive a perfunctory acknowledgement in reviews or not be mentioned. Reviews reflect audience responses and I first noticed this effect in reviews of Jenny Kemp’s Kitten in 2010 which was strongly concerned with issues of animal survival. I have been noting examples since. One recent example is provided by Hannie Rayson’s Extinction, whereby the tiger quoll seems to be dismissed as a plot ...


A Practice Theory Framework For Understanding Vegan Transition, Richard Twine Jan 2017

A Practice Theory Framework For Understanding Vegan Transition, Richard Twine

Animal Studies Journal

A shift in the social norm of meat consumption is a transition that is repeatedly called for in climate change policy discourse. Yet this rarely sets out practically how such reduction might be achieved and, surprisingly, has yet to look to vegans as a knowledge resource. In drawing upon interview data with 40 UK vegans this article outlines an initial framework toward the greater normalisation of plant-based eating via attentiveness to the elements of vegan practice. These vegan narratives illustrate how the practice is already working for a small section of the UK population. In adopting a practice theory approach ...


[Review] Annie Potts (Ed). Meat Culture, Carol Gigliotti Jan 2017

[Review] Annie Potts (Ed). Meat Culture, Carol Gigliotti

Animal Studies Journal

Annie Potts has curated a particularly strong and essential group of perspectives on ‘meat culture,’ described here as a coherent framework within which exist ‘a wide range of domains of production and consumption of animals.’ Meat Culture distinguishes itself in its clearheaded focus on the centrality of the misery and slaughter of animals without which the culture of eating meat would not exist.


[Review] Ann-Sofie Lönngren. Following The Animal: Power, Agency, And Human-Animal Transformations In Modern, Northern-European Literature, Henrietta Mondry Jan 2017

[Review] Ann-Sofie Lönngren. Following The Animal: Power, Agency, And Human-Animal Transformations In Modern, Northern-European Literature, Henrietta Mondry

Animal Studies Journal

This timely book deals with the theme of human-animal transformations in modern literature from Europe’s northernmost part, all of which are structured by power and agency in relation to the Western tradition’s human/animal divide. The figure of transformation simultaneously contains subversive and conservative potential because the transformation can be voluntary and liberating or forced, oppressive and degrading. This means that human-animal transformation in literature is about agency, change and politics. The purpose of the book is to bring out the tension between the anthropocentric and more-thananthropocentric worlds imbedded in the figure of human-animal transformation.


[Review] Dinesh Wadiwel. The War Against Animals, Philip Armstrong Jan 2017

[Review] Dinesh Wadiwel. The War Against Animals, Philip Armstrong

Animal Studies Journal

Are humans at war with nonhuman animals, either literally or metaphorically? What might it mean for human-animal studies – and for human-animal relations – to say so? Responding to these questions with considerable eloquence and by drawing upon a wide range of references – including 19thcentury theories of war, Continental theory, actor-network theory, and animal rights philosophy – Dinesh Wadiwel produces an argument that surprises, provokes and enlightens.


[Review] Peta Tait. Fighting Nature: Travelling Menageries, Animal Acts And War Shows. Sydney University Press, 2016., Nigel Rothfels Jan 2017

[Review] Peta Tait. Fighting Nature: Travelling Menageries, Animal Acts And War Shows. Sydney University Press, 2016., Nigel Rothfels

Animal Studies Journal

On October 23, 1903, William Temple Hornaday, the director of the New York Zoological Park, wrote to a Mr C. L. Williams, then responsible for ‘Hagenbeck’s Animal Show,’ which was touring the United States. At the time, the show was to be seen at the Grand Opera House in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, but it was missing one of its star performers, the famous lion-tiger hybrid ‘Prince’ who had been part of the show for over a decade, making his debut in the United States as part of Hagenbeck’s exhibit at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893 ...


Captive Wildlife Sanctuaries: Definition, Ethical Considerations And Public Perception, Catherine Doyle Jan 2017

Captive Wildlife Sanctuaries: Definition, Ethical Considerations And Public Perception, Catherine Doyle

Animal Studies Journal

In its truest form, the modern captive wildlife sanctuary offers a lifelong home in a more natural environment for wild animals living in captivity. Tigers, lions, elephants, bears, chimpanzees and other animals are provided relative freedom and autonomy after years spent in zoos, circuses, laboratories, or private menageries. These sanctuaries provide specialized habitats in which wild animals can express more species-specific behaviors and experience a higher quality of life. Though they share some practical issues of caretaking with other forms of captivity – as well as many ethical problems – important distinctions separate them. Research suggests that public attitudes are moving toward ...


Duties To Socialise With Domesticated Animals: Farmed Animal Sanctuaries As Frontiers Of Friendship, Guy Scotton Jan 2017

Duties To Socialise With Domesticated Animals: Farmed Animal Sanctuaries As Frontiers Of Friendship, Guy Scotton

Animal Studies Journal

I argue that humans have a duty to socialise with domesticated animals, especially members of farmed animal species: to make efforts to include them in our social lives in circumstances that make friendships possible. Put another way, domesticated animals have a claim to opportunities to befriend humans, in addition to (and constrained by) a basic welfare-related right to socialise with members of their own and other species. This is because i) domesticated animals are in a currently unjust scheme of social cooperation with, and dependence upon, humans; and ii) ongoing human moral attention and ‘social capital’, of which personal friendships ...