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2006

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Articles 1 - 30 of 113

Full-Text Articles in Comparative Literature

翻译操控论:从严复和鲁迅的翻译理论相关的例句实践看意识形态作用, Fengliang Mu Dec 2006

翻译操控论:从严复和鲁迅的翻译理论相关的例句实践看意识形态作用, Fengliang Mu

Theses & Dissertations

翻译行为一直伴随人类活动。翻译理论却往往是“一堆意见”。翻译操控论正是这样一个值得争论的命题。

本文以翻译研究的语言学转向、文化转向和史学转向为背景,以赫曼斯的翻译操控论为理论架构,研究翻译过程中的意识形态作用,以便于理解翻译过程中的译者主体作用或操控行为。

本文拾起严复和鲁迅的老话题,是希望每次阅读都创造出不同于以往的历史主义的关怀和方法,以便在现在和历史的对话中加深对过去的理解,从中演绎出新意,进而服务于将来。在翻译实践中,严复和鲁迅实施两种截然 不同的翻译操控。本文通过具体的文本比对和译界传统的追溯研究,解读多元因素作用下的翻译实践,回答了前人(例如梁实秋)尚未解决的鲁迅硬译的缘由,贯穿了翻译的操控历史和历史在操控中进化的主题,同时也疏理了操控阵营的理论要点。赫曼斯所代表的操控学派缘起于具有激进倾向的因素作用研究,同时又强调中立描述的稳健立场。这为该派开展翻译规范研究和尝试普遍适用的理论假设提供了转机。鉴于意识形态缺乏恒定值,造成特殊性的普遍存在和普遍性的假想性质,操控学派中的因素论锐气渐弱,规范研究却力度渐强。籍此,本文在以下几个方面做了积极的论证。一、意识形态有若干特征,其关键特征是一时之态。理解意识形态的这种动态变化有利于减少意识形态的一时失态,促进意识形态的相互宽容和相互借鉴。二、本文将翻译操控论施诸严复和鲁迅的个案,界定了“信、达、雅”的“游移性、不确 定性、隐喻性、延异性”,从而揭示了“信、达、雅”变量的可选性、指导翻译实践的方向性和译者自主把握尺度的灵活性。三、在翻译操控论形成之前就有翻译的操控实践。只是在翻译中,操控乏力有碍交流,操控过度就超出了翻译范畴,操控适当才能有利于思想交流。本文指出,译员不操控等于不作为,不利于文本的认知、解读和阐释。查翻译操控论的未来走向,规范研究将促使翻译操控论转变激进立场,或者至少可以由规范研究来把握操控的信度和效度。


The Birth Of Sacrifice: Iconographic Metaphors For Spiritual Rebirth In Master Matthias' Isenheim Altarpiece, Katherine Lena Anderson Dec 2006

The Birth Of Sacrifice: Iconographic Metaphors For Spiritual Rebirth In Master Matthias' Isenheim Altarpiece, Katherine Lena Anderson

Theses and Dissertations

While little is known concerning the events surrounding the commission of the Isenheim Altarpiece or of the artist known to us as Master Matthias Grünewald, much can be ascertained about the message of the Altarpiece through careful study of the socio-historical-religious context from which the work was commissioned and iconographic analysis of the images portrayed by Master Matthias. This thesis explores iconographic metaphors for birth and sacrifice, metaphors which work to create a theological dialogue about Christian redemption within the nine painted panels and the underlying sculpture that makes up the Isenheim Altarpiece. First, we will address the panels in ...


Globalization And Christopher Columbus In The Americas, Elise Bartosik-Vélez Dec 2006

Globalization And Christopher Columbus In The Americas, Elise Bartosik-Vélez

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In "Globalization and Christopher Columbus in the Americas," Elise Bartosik-Vélez considers the responses of scholars working in colonial and early modern studies to recent exponential increases in the transnationalization of capital and the resulting changes in the role of the nation-state. The case of Christopher Columbus and his appropriation by US-American nationalists during the early modern period is particularly instructive with regard to this discussion because Columbus exemplifies not only the drive to globalization of early modern European colonialism, but also the limits of nation-centric thinking in understanding the intersections and overlappings between empire and nation. Columbus in the Americas ...


Media, Communication, And The Relevance Of Caragiale's Work Today, Cristian Stamatoiu Dec 2006

Media, Communication, And The Relevance Of Caragiale's Work Today, Cristian Stamatoiu

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Cristian Stamatoiu discusses in his paper "Media, Communication, and the Relevance of Caragiale's Work Today" media structures in the corpus of Romanian writer and thinker Ion Luca Caragiale (1852-1912). Stamatoiu argues that in addition to the artistic sophistication of his work, Caragiale anticipated the impact of new media revolution and its forms as an imitation of "pathological situations" of public discourse and communication per se. Caragiale is, therefore, a writer of surprisingly up-to-date relevance today because, despite his air of the belle époque, in his grotesque farces and in his short stories we discover mental structures found in and ...


Language In Modern African Drama, Isaiah Ilo Dec 2006

Language In Modern African Drama, Isaiah Ilo

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his paper "Language in Modern African Drama" Isaiah Ilo proposes alternative criteria for language choice in modern African drama. The two most influential constructs on the language question are Fanon's essentialism that rejects Western languages as instruments of subjugation and Achebe's hybrid approach which entails subversion of the foreign languages by infusing them with African verbal characteristics. The constructs, which emphasise indigenised language and content, stem from the idea that consciousness of the colonial experience should determine language choice and usage in post-colonial African literary creativity. In building a case for a post-indiginist aesthetic, Ilo argues that ...


His/Tory And Its Vicissitudes In Álvarez's In The Time Of The Butterflies And Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale, Luz Angélica Kirschner Dec 2006

His/Tory And Its Vicissitudes In Álvarez's In The Time Of The Butterflies And Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale, Luz Angélica Kirschner

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her paper "His/tory and Its Vicissitudes in Álvarez's In the Time of the Butterflies and Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale" Luz Angélica Kirschner argues that in Julia Álvarez's In the Time of the Bautterflies and in Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale, although with certain limitations and differences in their approaches, in a complementary way, their texts exemplify, as Joan Wallace Scott suggested, the need to consider gender "a useful category of historical analysis" to overturn the monological and well-organized version of official history that, in the process of history writing, has tended to ...


Portrayal Of Mathematicians In Fictional Works, Daniel Dotson Dec 2006

Portrayal Of Mathematicians In Fictional Works, Daniel Dotson

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Portrayal of Mathematicians in Fictional Works," Daniel Dotson explores how people with mathematical abilities -- including mathematicians, mathematics teachers, mathematically-inclined youths, cryptographers, and more -- are portrayed in novels, films, television programs, and a play. A summary table of the characters gives a short description of each of them, the title of the work in which they appeared, and the format of the work. Characters were analyzed to see if they possessed any of ten personality traits: obsessive, having major mental health problems, withdrawn, brave, timid, socially inept, arrogant, uses math to escape reality, out of touch, and stubborn ...


The Politics Of Recognition And Comparative Literature: New Works By Dale And Yu, Bol, Owen, And Peterson, Alexander C.Y. Huang Dec 2006

The Politics Of Recognition And Comparative Literature: New Works By Dale And Yu, Bol, Owen, And Peterson, Alexander C.Y. Huang

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Once Upon A Time In A Single-Parent Family: Father And Daughter Relationships In Disney's The Little Mermaid And Beauty And The Beast, Ashli A. Sharp Dec 2006

Once Upon A Time In A Single-Parent Family: Father And Daughter Relationships In Disney's The Little Mermaid And Beauty And The Beast, Ashli A. Sharp

Theses and Dissertations

Fairy tales are adapted to fit the needs of each generation, reflecting the unique challenges of that society. In the 1980s and 1990s of the United States, issues of what constituted a family circulated as divorce increased and fatherhood was debated. At this time, Disney released two animated films featuring a father and daughter: The Little Mermaid and Beauty and the Beast. Both films are adaptations of fairy tales, and they incorporate changes that specifically reflect concerns of the United States in the late-twentieth century. In the original narrative of "The Little Mermaid" the heroine is primarily raised by her ...


San Francesco D'Assisi E Santa Caterina Da Siena. La Loro Influenza Sulla Letteratura, La Cultura, La Religione E L'Arte Italiana Dei Primordi, Ann-Frances Hamill Dec 2006

San Francesco D'Assisi E Santa Caterina Da Siena. La Loro Influenza Sulla Letteratura, La Cultura, La Religione E L'Arte Italiana Dei Primordi, Ann-Frances Hamill

Master's Theses, Dissertations, Graduate Research and Major Papers Overview

Examines the works and thoughts of two Italian saints: Saint Francis of Assisi (1181-1226) and Saint Catherine of Siena (1347-1380). Explores the common ideological denominator in the works of these major figures and analyzes their impact on Italian society and culture.


Willa Cather: Male Roles And Self-Definition In My Antonia, The Professor's House, And "Neighbor Rosicky", Kristina Anne Everton Nov 2006

Willa Cather: Male Roles And Self-Definition In My Antonia, The Professor's House, And "Neighbor Rosicky", Kristina Anne Everton

Theses and Dissertations

Gender roles are a tool used by society to set acceptable boundaries and ideals upon the sexes, and during the early part of the twentieth century in America those gender boundaries began to blur. As a result of the 19th Amendment, men must have felt their decreasing importance because women were no longer solely dependent upon them, and gender roles shifted as woman began to occupy territory that was traditionally held by men. The “New Woman" entered the workforce, and refused to accept traditional female gender conventions. In response to the “New Woman," Theodore Roosevelt and other leading males sought ...


"Inferno" By Charles Bowden, Scott Abbott Oct 2006

"Inferno" By Charles Bowden, Scott Abbott

Scott Abbott

No abstract provided.


Review : Female Identity In Contemporary Zimbabwean Fiction By Katrin Berndt., Ann Elizabeth Willey Oct 2006

Review : Female Identity In Contemporary Zimbabwean Fiction By Katrin Berndt., Ann Elizabeth Willey

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Abstractions Come Home: A Review Of "Interstices," By Laurelyn Whitt And "Sound Weave," By Theta Naught And Alex Caldiero, Scott Abbott Sep 2006

Abstractions Come Home: A Review Of "Interstices," By Laurelyn Whitt And "Sound Weave," By Theta Naught And Alex Caldiero, Scott Abbott

Scott Abbott

No abstract provided.


An Unpublished Letter Of Lord Byron To Lady Caroline Lamb, Paul Douglass Sep 2006

An Unpublished Letter Of Lord Byron To Lady Caroline Lamb, Paul Douglass

Faculty Publications

Lord Byron took a highly ambivalent attitude toward female authorship, and yet his poetry, letters, and journals exhibit many proofs of the power of women's language and perceptions. He responded to, borrowed from, and adapted parts of the works of Maria Edgeworth, Harriet Lee, Madame de Stael, Mary Shelley, Elizabeth lnchbald, Hannah Cowley, Joanna Baillie, Lady Caroline Lamb, Mary Robmson, and Charlotte Dacre. The influence of women writers on his career may also be seen in the development of the female (and male) characters in his narrative poetry and drama. This essay focuses on the influence upon Byron of ...


An Unpublished Letter Of Lord Byron To Lady Caroline Lamb, Paul Douglass Sep 2006

An Unpublished Letter Of Lord Byron To Lady Caroline Lamb, Paul Douglass

Paul Douglass

Lord Byron took a highly ambivalent attitude toward female authorship, and yet his poetry, letters, and journals exhibit many proofs of the power of women's language and perceptions. He responded to, borrowed from, and adapted parts of the works of Maria Edgeworth, Harriet Lee, Madame de Stael, Mary Shelley, Elizabeth lnchbald, Hannah Cowley, Joanna Baillie, Lady Caroline Lamb, Mary Robmson, and Charlotte Dacre. The influence of women writers on his career may also be seen in the development of the female (and male) characters in his narrative poetry and drama. This essay focuses on the influence upon Byron of ...


Gender Identities In The Contemporary Slovene Novel, Alojzija Zupan Sosic Sep 2006

Gender Identities In The Contemporary Slovene Novel, Alojzija Zupan Sosic

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article, "Gender Identities in the Contemporary Slovene Novel," Alojzija Zupan Sosic argues that perspectives of sexual identity have become prominent topics. Based on her library and publication research, Zupan Sosic proposes that in the period of 1990–2005 the Slovene novel is illuminated by a development of the personal or intimate story. In this development, changes of sexual identity evolve through the binary system of the heterosexual matrix whereby issues of sexual minorities remain. Important innovation in the Slovene novel include aspects connected to an identity formation determined by sexual identity where perhaps the most significant innovation is ...


Subverting Literary Allusions In Eliot And Özdamar, Walter Rankin Sep 2006

Subverting Literary Allusions In Eliot And Özdamar, Walter Rankin

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his paper, "Subverting Literary Allusions in Eliot and Özdamar," Walter Rankin explores the opposing ways allusion can be used in the works of major and minority authors. While Eliot is a canonized author whose The Waste Land is characterized by allusions to Eastern and Western works supplemented with his own comprehensive endnotes, Özdamar is a Turkish-German author whose A Cleaning Woman's Career subjects Western literary and historical figures -- including Medea, Hamlet and Ophelia, Nathan the Wise, Julius Ceasar, an Hitler and Eva Braun -- to the interpretive powers of a Turkish cleaning woman working as a guest worker (Fremdarbeiterin ...


A Bakhtinian Perspective On Feminist Lesbian Crime Writing, Sarah Posman Sep 2006

A Bakhtinian Perspective On Feminist Lesbian Crime Writing, Sarah Posman

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her paper, "A Bakhtinian Perspective on Feminist Lesbian Crime Writing," Sarah Posman discusses how the Bakhtinian concepts "ethos" and "chronotope" add to the discussion of feminist lesbian crime writing. She sets out from a Bakhtinian typology of action stories and situates recent crime writing as a curious mixture of mission stories and transformation stories. Focusing on the innovative potential of feminist lesbian crime writing, Posman explores how such stories tackle the iconically masculine and heterosexual conventions of the detective story and manage to balance tradition and subversion successfully. Posman infuses her analysis with issues central to feminism and queer ...


A Survey Of Bosnian, Croatian, And Serbian Poetry In English Translation In The U.S. And Canada, Snezana Zabic, Paula Kamenish Sep 2006

A Survey Of Bosnian, Croatian, And Serbian Poetry In English Translation In The U.S. And Canada, Snezana Zabic, Paula Kamenish

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In their paper "A Survey of Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian Poetry in English Translation in the U.S. and Canada," Snezana Zabic and Paula Kamenish present a survey of book-length collections and anthologies of Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian poetry in English translation published in the U.S. and in Canada. Zabic and Kamenish argue that it is necessary to determine which factors are advantegous for the survival of poetry originating in "minor" languages and transmitted to the United States and Canada. Zabic and Kamenish propose three elements that have ensured a marginal but persistent presence of South Slavic poetry in ...


Derrida's Deconstruction And The Rhetoric Of Proper Genres In Leonardo And Lessing, Shun-Liang Chao Sep 2006

Derrida's Deconstruction And The Rhetoric Of Proper Genres In Leonardo And Lessing, Shun-Liang Chao

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his paper, "Derrida's Deconstruction and the Rhetoric of Proper Genres in Leonardo and Lessing," Shun-liang Chao draws on Derrida's discourse of logocentrism to illuminate the "exorbitant" threads of metaphysical thought in Leonardo's and Lessing's texts on the comparison of poetry and painting. Both Leonardo and Lessing seek to subordinate one of the two sister arts to the other by constructing, respectively, the first, fixed principle of the proper genre and by drawing rigid borders between what is proper and what is improper. Leonardo privileges painting over poetry owing to the power of visiblity; on the ...


The Old Story Teller As A John The Baptist-Figure In Demille's Samson And Delilah, Anton Karl Kozlovic Sep 2006

The Old Story Teller As A John The Baptist-Figure In Demille's Samson And Delilah, Anton Karl Kozlovic

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his paper, "The Old Story Teller as a John the Baptist-figure in DeMille's Samson and Delilah," Anton Karl Kozlovic argues that DeMille is a pop culture professional, an unsung auteur, and the father of the US-American biblical epic whose production and direction of Samson and Delilah (1949) is a masterful exercise in sacred subtext construction. In the public's eyes, Samson is a saintly hero, but scripturally speaking, he is notoriously bad as the last of the twelve judges overseeing the downward spiral of Israel's religio-political disintegration. DeMille, as Hollywood’s leading cinematic lay preacher, enhanced deliberately ...


Contested (Post)Coloniality And Taiwan Culture: A Review Article Of New Work By Yip And Ching, Alexander C.Y. Huang Sep 2006

Contested (Post)Coloniality And Taiwan Culture: A Review Article Of New Work By Yip And Ching, Alexander C.Y. Huang

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Mormon Civilization And Its Schizophrenic Discontents "The Open Curtain" Brian Evenson, Scott Abbott Aug 2006

Mormon Civilization And Its Schizophrenic Discontents "The Open Curtain" Brian Evenson, Scott Abbott

Scott Abbott

No abstract provided.


Juveniles In Early Modern Jewish-Italian Communities Between Family Control And Kabbalistic Piety, Roni Weinstein Aug 2006

Juveniles In Early Modern Jewish-Italian Communities Between Family Control And Kabbalistic Piety, Roni Weinstein

Early Modern Workshop: Resources in Jewish History

The presentation discusses conceptions of childhood, youth, and marriage in Italian Jewish Culture.

The text reproduced is an excerpt from a mid-seventeenth century work by Pinhas Baruch Monselice.

Click here to view a video


“A Tragic Farce: Revolutionary Women In Elizabeth Inchbald’S The Massacre And European Drama.” European Romantic Review 17.3 (Summer 2006): 275-88., Wendy Nielsen Aug 2006

“A Tragic Farce: Revolutionary Women In Elizabeth Inchbald’S The Massacre And European Drama.” European Romantic Review 17.3 (Summer 2006): 275-88., Wendy Nielsen

Department of English Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

This essay examines Elizabeth Inchbald’s treatment of French Revolutionary women and relationship to European drama in order to appreciate the implications of tragic writing for British women playwrights. Focusing on Inchbald’s connections to French culture and English theater in late 1792 and early 1793 elucidates the self‐censoring and generic conventions of her only tragedy, The Massacre. Events in France like the September Massacres unsettled Burkean notions of femininity and raised the possibility of female violence. This mixing of traditional gender characteristics resembles discourse about Inchbald’s dramas as neither tragic, comic, nor tragicomic. The genre of tragic ...


Lord Byron’S Feminist Canon: Notes Toward Its Construction, Paul Douglass Aug 2006

Lord Byron’S Feminist Canon: Notes Toward Its Construction, Paul Douglass

Faculty Publications

Lord Byron took a highly ambivalent attitude toward female authorship, and yet his poetry, letters, and journals exhibit many proofs of the power of women’s language and perceptions. He responded to, borrowed from, and adapted parts of the works of Maria Edgeworth, Harriet Lee, Madame de Staël, Mary Shelley, Elizabeth Inchbald, Hannah Cowley, Joanna Baillie, Lady Caroline Lamb, Mary Robinson, and Charlotte Dacre. The influence of women writers on his career may also be seen in the development of the female (and male) characters in his narrative poetry and drama. This essay focuses on the influence upon Byron of ...


Lord Byron’S Feminist Canon: Notes Toward Its Construction, Paul Douglass Aug 2006

Lord Byron’S Feminist Canon: Notes Toward Its Construction, Paul Douglass

Paul Douglass

Lord Byron took a highly ambivalent attitude toward female authorship, and yet his poetry, letters, and journals exhibit many proofs of the power of women’s language and perceptions. He responded to, borrowed from, and adapted parts of the works of Maria Edgeworth, Harriet Lee, Madame de Staël, Mary Shelley, Elizabeth Inchbald, Hannah Cowley, Joanna Baillie, Lady Caroline Lamb, Mary Robinson, and Charlotte Dacre. The influence of women writers on his career may also be seen in the development of the female (and male) characters in his narrative poetry and drama. This essay focuses on the influence upon Byron of ...


Animism In Whitman: "Multitudes" Of Interpretations?, Rachelle Helene Woodbury Jul 2006

Animism In Whitman: "Multitudes" Of Interpretations?, Rachelle Helene Woodbury

Theses and Dissertations

Walt Whitman used animistic techniques in his poetry and prose, specifically "Song of the Redwood Tree," "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking," and Specimen Days. The term animism can be traced to the Latin root of the word, anime, which connotes a "soul" or "vitality." So, when one is talking about animistic techniques, one is speaking of the (metaphoric or realistic) ensoulment of natural objects. In the wake of a growing global crisis modern scholarship has begun reexamining the implications of this belief; often it introduces ambiguities into an otherwise comfortable relationship of unquestioned human domination. In Specimen Days, Whitman ...


... Y No Se Lo Tragó La Tierra: A Bilingual Analysis In Terms Of Mikhail Bakhtin’S “Discourse In The Novel”, Haroldo Fontaine Jun 2006

... Y No Se Lo Tragó La Tierra: A Bilingual Analysis In Terms Of Mikhail Bakhtin’S “Discourse In The Novel”, Haroldo Fontaine

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This sketch is an attempt to illustrate how we can imagine Anzaldúa's "new mestiza" consciousness with the help of Mikhail Bakhtin's theory and Tomás Rivera's bildungsroman set in the Texas/Mexico border. More specifically, I attempt to position this effort between Bakhtin's sense of "ideological becoming" and Anzaldúa's "mestiza consciousness" by arguing that Tomás Rivera's novel dramatizes the process from the former to the latter--a reflection of his ability to be on "both shores at once" (Anzaldúa, 1987, p. 79). Allowing Anzaldúa, Bakhtin, and Rivera to cross-pollinate is to begin to theorize a dialogical ...