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European Languages and Societies

2013

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Articles 1 - 30 of 133

Full-Text Articles in Comparative Literature

Ethical Criticism And Literary Studies: A Book Review Article About Nie's Work, Biwu Shang Dec 2013

Ethical Criticism And Literary Studies: A Book Review Article About Nie's Work, Biwu Shang

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


African Literatures And Border Issues, Chimdi Maduagwu Dec 2013

African Literatures And Border Issues, Chimdi Maduagwu

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "African Literatures and Border Issues" Chimdi Maduagwu posits that borders or boundaries are constructions which have social and symbolic implications and that they are also relevant in a variety of social processes versus class stratification. Modern Africa is a political construction from European colonialism and what we have today as countries of Africa were closely knit nation states (which colonialists identified as tribes) who had their distinct features. However, the advent of colonialism tore into the original nation state structure based on given ethnic relationships and in its place constructed sovereign states or countries, which only considered ...


New Technologies And Teaching Comparative Literature, Graciela Boruszko Dec 2013

New Technologies And Teaching Comparative Literature, Graciela Boruszko

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "New Technologies and Teaching Comparative Literature" Graciela Boruszko discusses the use of new technologies in literary studies curricula. Innovative processes are becoming fundamental components of our educational systems as students challenge faculty to immerse themselves in their rapidly changing world. Learning in the twenty-first century is assisted by various information technologies because the networked information economy made possible by the Internet allows students to access a rich array of online resources including community based and collaborative knowledge exchange systems. Current students are "digital natives" grown up using a variety of digital platforms. Students multitask and process information ...


Transcultural Literature And Contemporary World Literature(S), Arianna Dagnino Dec 2013

Transcultural Literature And Contemporary World Literature(S), Arianna Dagnino

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "Transcultural Literature and Contemporary World Literature(s)" Arianna Dagnino argues that within the emerging field of transcultural literary studies and despite the inevitable issues raised by categorization, we may classify transcultural literature within the wider domain of world literature(s). Dagnino presents a brief overview of the growing importance of a transcultural perspective in the fields of (comparative) cultural studies and literary studies and proceeds by outlining the main contours of transcultural literary theory and its main differences in respect to (im)migrant and postcolonial literary theories. Further, Dagnino analyzes the contemporary understanding of the field of ...


World Literatures, Comparative Literature, And Glocal Cosmopolitanism, Paolo Bartoloni Dec 2013

World Literatures, Comparative Literature, And Glocal Cosmopolitanism, Paolo Bartoloni

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "World Literatures, Comparative Literature, and Glocal Cosmopolitanism" Paolo Bartoloni reflects on the topos of the crisis of literature and the humanities. An urge to question the status and the relevance of literature; to investigate the relation between literature and literary studies; and the location of literature within the context of a transforming world has emerged in the last three decades. Assuming that a bond exists between literature and the world, what is its nature? Is it possible to take an interest in literature without knowing its potential relevance or its world? These questions are related to the ...


Worlding Literatures Between Dialogue And Hegemony, Marko Juvan Dec 2013

Worlding Literatures Between Dialogue And Hegemony, Marko Juvan

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Worlding Literatures between Dialogue and Hegemony" Marko Juvan claims that during its late capitalist renaissance, the Goethean idea of Weltliteratur is interpreted either in terms of intercultural dialogism or hegemony embodied in the asymmetrical structure of the world literary system. Launching the concept of Weltliteratur during the emergence of the early industrial globalization, Goethe initiated a long-lasting transnational meta-discourse that influenced the development of transnational literary practices. In his aristocratic, cosmopolitan humanism, Goethe expected world literature to open up an equal dialogue between civilizations and languages encouraging cross-national networking of the educated elite. However, his notion of ...


World Humanism(S), The Divine Comedy, Lao She's "灵的文学与佛教" ("Literature Of The Soul And Buddhism"), And Gao's Soul Mountain, Letizia Fusini Dec 2013

World Humanism(S), The Divine Comedy, Lao She's "灵的文学与佛教" ("Literature Of The Soul And Buddhism"), And Gao's Soul Mountain, Letizia Fusini

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "World Humanism(s), the Divine Comedy, Lao She's "灵的文学与佛" ("Literature of the Soul and Buddhism"), and Gao's Soul Mountain" Letizia Fusini analyzes the Lao She's and Xingjian Gao's conceptions of literature as an activity concerning the realm of the spirit. Fusini utilizes Dante's Divine Comedy for comparison between the literary ideals pursued by the two Chinese writers and regards Lao She's and Gao's humanist and non-political approach underlying their respective notions. Considering Lao She's call for the emergence of a "Chinese Dante" (1941), Fusini contends that China might ...


From Cultural Third-Worldism To The Literary World-System, Jernej Habjan Dec 2013

From Cultural Third-Worldism To The Literary World-System, Jernej Habjan

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "From Cultural Third-Worldism to the Literary World-System" Jernej Habjan links the debate on Franco Moretti's distant reading to the debate on Fredric Jameson's "third world culture." In and around this debate, Aijaz Ahmad both critiqued close reading and rejected Jameson's "Third-Worldism." What Jameson's and Ahmad's interventions into literary theory meant at the end of the real-socialist alternative and what Moretti's meant at the end of the US-American alternative to real-socialism, a synoptic reading of all three interventions might help achieve at the end of what seemed the European alternative to the ...


Precarious Cosmopolitanism In O'Neill's Netherland And Mpe's Welcome To Our Hillbrow, Pier Paolo Frassinelli, David Watson Dec 2013

Precarious Cosmopolitanism In O'Neill's Netherland And Mpe's Welcome To Our Hillbrow, Pier Paolo Frassinelli, David Watson

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In their article "Precarious Cosmopolitanism in O'Neill's Netherland and Mpe's Welcome to Our Hillbrow" Pier Paolo Frassinelli and David Watson propose a comparative reading of two twenty-first century novels in light of recent debates on cosmopolitanism and precarity. They examine cosmopolitan articulations within a novel dealing with immigrant communities in post-9/11 New York and within a text narrating life in the metropolis of Johannesburg. Both Netherland and Welcome to Our Hillbrow are preoccupied with economic and political precarity in cosmopolitan cities and offer a rich inventory of forms of cosmopolitan desire rooted in modes of life ...


Introduction To New Work About World Literatures, Graciela Boruszko, Steven Tötösy De Zepetnek Dec 2013

Introduction To New Work About World Literatures, Graciela Boruszko, Steven Tötösy De Zepetnek

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


National Literatures As Intimate Expression And The Problem Of Teaching World Literatures, Kette Thomas Dec 2013

National Literatures As Intimate Expression And The Problem Of Teaching World Literatures, Kette Thomas

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "National Literatures as Intimate Expression and the Problem of Teaching World Literatures" Kette Thomas analyzes the fundamental tension embedded in the discourse on teaching world literatures. Thomas focuses on models which contextualize the problem around the subject of allegiance either to the reader or the author rather than the commonly limited geographical, national, and politically defined complex. Focus on the reader or author is often made at the expense of the "other," but it is the tension and communication between them that offers possibilities for the development of the discipline of comparative literature (against Eurocentrism and the ...


Translation, Cross-Cultural Interpretation, And World Literatures, Qingben Li, Jinghua Guo Dec 2013

Translation, Cross-Cultural Interpretation, And World Literatures, Qingben Li, Jinghua Guo

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In their article "Translation, Cross-cultural interpretation, and World Literatures" Qingben Li and Jinghua Guo discuss how to make what is national literature become part of world literatures and posit that there are at least two ways by this can be done: translation and cross-cultural interpretation. Translation covers not only the conversion of language, but also the selection and variation of culture. In the context of modern Chinese literature, cross-cultural interpretation often emerges in the form of applying Western theories to explain Chinese texts in order to facilitate appreciation by Western audiences and to support the need of the internationalization of ...


Poetry And The Ethics Of Global Citizenship, Monique-Adelle Callahan Dec 2013

Poetry And The Ethics Of Global Citizenship, Monique-Adelle Callahan

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "Poetry and the Ethics of Global Citizenship" Monique-Adelle Callahan argues that the recent work of poets Jorie Graham and Yusef Komunyakaa suggests the emergence of an archetypal poet who transgresses boundaries of place and time through measured wandering amongst cultures and histories. Graham and Komunyakaa offer a poetic discourse on the relationship between poetry and citizenship in an increasingly global world. Through a close reading of excerpts from Graham's 2012 Place and Komunyakaa's 2011 The Chameleon Couch, Callahan uses the paradigm of the poet-as-prophet to articulate the position of the poet vis-à-vis the geopolitical spaces ...


March's Poetry And National Identity In Nineteenth-Century Catalonia, Alice E. Popowich Dec 2013

March's Poetry And National Identity In Nineteenth-Century Catalonia, Alice E. Popowich

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "March's Poetry and National Identity in Nineteenth-century Catalonia" Alice E. Popowich investigates the role Ausiàs March's (1397-1459) oeuvre played in the creation of a distinct national identity of nineteenth-century Catalonia. The sociopolitical implications of renaixença and the romantic notion of Volksgeist are employed to situate renewed interest in March's poetry, while the study of reprints from the period allow reflections on the manipulation of March's celebrity in order to move political agendas forward in the establishment of the identity and culture of Catalonia. Popowich postulates that March's poetry influenced nineteenth-century literary rhetoric ...


A Survey Of Twentieth-Century Literary Theory And Criticism In Chinese, Xiaoming Chen, Anfeng Sheng Dec 2013

A Survey Of Twentieth-Century Literary Theory And Criticism In Chinese, Xiaoming Chen, Anfeng Sheng

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In their article "A Survey of Twentieth-century Literary Theory and Criticism in Chinese" Xiaoming Chen and Anfeng Sheng survey Chinese-language scholarship that for the reason of the East-West divide is less known in the West. Although heavily influenced by both Western and Soviet Marxist thought, twentieth-century Chinese literary theorization and criticism produced much incisive scholarship based on the vast knowledge existing in Chinese culture and literary scholarship. Chen and Sheng survey pioneering works by numerous Chinese literary theorists and critics who have been influential in their own time and exerted persistent modeling influences until today and the article is meant ...


Comparative Literature In Chinese: A Survey Of Books Published 2000-2013, Miaomiao Wang Dec 2013

Comparative Literature In Chinese: A Survey Of Books Published 2000-2013, Miaomiao Wang

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


On Some Worlds Of World Literature(S): A Book Review Article On Ďurišin's, Casanova's, And Damrosch's Work, Anton Pokrivčák Dec 2013

On Some Worlds Of World Literature(S): A Book Review Article On Ďurišin's, Casanova's, And Damrosch's Work, Anton Pokrivčák

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Introduction To New Work In Comparative Literature In Europe, Lucia Boldrini, Marina Grishakova, Matthew Reynolds Dec 2013

Introduction To New Work In Comparative Literature In Europe, Lucia Boldrini, Marina Grishakova, Matthew Reynolds

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Positive Uncertainty And The Ethos Of Comparative Literature, Brigitte Le Juez Dec 2013

Positive Uncertainty And The Ethos Of Comparative Literature, Brigitte Le Juez

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "Positive Uncertainty and the Ethos of Comparative Literature" Brigitte Le Juez examines the continuous difficulty comparatists have with the lack of definition of the discipline and explores possible new avenues for tackling the problem. Le Juez argues that "uncertainty" recognized as a tenet of comparative literature should not be unheeded, but embraced in order to shift the focus from the idea that comparative objects and methods are the defining elements of the discipline and envisage them as the aims and results of an ethos. Le Juez posits that when "indiscipline" and "serendipity" are added to the notion ...


Comparative Literature, (Comparative) Cultural Studies, Aesthetic Education, And The Humanities, Sonja Stojmenska-Elzeser Dec 2013

Comparative Literature, (Comparative) Cultural Studies, Aesthetic Education, And The Humanities, Sonja Stojmenska-Elzeser

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "Comparative Literature, (Comparative) Cultural Studies, Aesthetic Education, and the Humanities" Sonja Stojmenska-Elzeser discusses comparative literature in the context of cultural studies and aesthetic education. Her starting point is the complexity of comparative literature as an academic discipline propelled by intellectual curiosity for what lies across the barriers which stand in the way of understanding and enjoying creative acts of all kinds everywhere and at all times. Literary and artistic investigations which focus on aesthetic values lead us towards general aesthetics, analyses which situate the arts and literature in context with little regard for aesthetic criteria take us ...


Geomancing Dib's Transcultural Expression In Translation, Madeleine Campbell Dec 2013

Geomancing Dib's Transcultural Expression In Translation, Madeleine Campbell

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "Geomancing Dib's Transcultural Expression in Translation" Madeleine Campbell analyses Mohammed Dib's treatment of symbols and mythologies from Judeo-Christian and Islamic traditions. Campbell contextualizes lexical, syntactic, and intertextual elements in Dib's texts with reference to Oriental schemas including the pre-Islamic Mu'allaqāt, The Conference of the Birds by Farīd ud-Dīn Attār and elements of Sufi symbolism. Further, Campbell examines how these elements serve to develop a liminal yet multilingual "reference system" within the framework of the French language. Dib's poetic aesthetic goes beyond surrealism in the intensity of its ontological enquiry and appears to ...


Comparativist Imagology And The Phenomenon Of Strangeness, Małgorzata Świderska Dec 2013

Comparativist Imagology And The Phenomenon Of Strangeness, Małgorzata Świderska

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "Comparativist Imagology and the Phenomenon of Strangeness" Małgorzata Świderska presents an imagological-hermeneutic conception of the interpretation of national, ethnic, and/or (inter)cultural strangeness in literary works. Świderska develops her concept of comparativist imagology from the work of Paul Ricoeur's concept of multiple étrangeté and from the work of Jean-Marc Moura. Świderska applies her conceptualization of comparativist imagology to Heimito von Doderer's "Divertimento No I" and Das letzte Abenteuer. Ein Ritter-Roman.


The Paradox Of Testimony And First-Person Plural Narration In Jensen's We, The Drowned, Divya Dwivedi, Henrik Skov Nielsen Dec 2013

The Paradox Of Testimony And First-Person Plural Narration In Jensen's We, The Drowned, Divya Dwivedi, Henrik Skov Nielsen

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In their article "The Paradox of Testimony and First-Person Plural Narration in Jensen's We, the Drowned" Divya Dwivedi and Henrik Skov Nielsen posit that the analysis of narratives of limit-experiences provides insight into literature's relation with the formation of community and subjectivity. Testimonies such as Primo Levi's If This Is a Man and other narratives of survivors of concentration camps, especially the Muselmänner, focus on aspects of community. Dwivedi and Nielsen discuss how in Carsten Jensen's novel We, the Drowned group identity, intersubjectivity, and the possibility for and mode of testimony about traumatic events are narrated ...


Monomedial Hybridization In Contemporary Poetry, Jan Baetens Dec 2013

Monomedial Hybridization In Contemporary Poetry, Jan Baetens

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Monomedial Hybridization in Contemporary Poetry" Jan Baetens argues that the debate on hybridization tends to overemphasize the blurring of boundaries between signs and sign types in all possible forms: combination of types within a given work (multimodal "image-texts," comics and photo-novels, sound poetry, etc.), adaptation and remediation of one sign type by another one (filmic adaptations of novels or novelizations of films, for instance), and, more generally, the simultaneous elaboration of works in various media (the phenomenon that Jenkins called "convergence" or trans-media storytelling). While all these hybridizations have become mainstream today, if we take into account ...


Literary Aspects In New Media Art Works, Narvika Bovcon Dec 2013

Literary Aspects In New Media Art Works, Narvika Bovcon

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "Literary Aspects in New Media Art Works" Narvika Bovcon discusses examples of new media literature in the works of new media artists Jaka Železnikar and Srečo Dragan. While Železnikar is primarily a net artist who authors new media poetry and online linguistic interventions, the literary segments in Dragan's work are based in conceptual art and video art and he uses them to initiate a happening. Bovcon argues that studies of new media literature — of those works which require a readerly perception — should take time and attempt to capture the general flavor of such works which can ...


Multilingual Bibliography Of New Work In Comparative Literature In Europe 2007-2014, Marina Grishakova, Lucia Boldrini, Matthew Reynolds Dec 2013

Multilingual Bibliography Of New Work In Comparative Literature In Europe 2007-2014, Marina Grishakova, Lucia Boldrini, Matthew Reynolds

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Introduction To World Literatures From The Nineteenth To The Twenty-First Century, Marko Juvan Dec 2013

Introduction To World Literatures From The Nineteenth To The Twenty-First Century, Marko Juvan

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Greek, Latin, And The Origins Of "World Literature", Alexander Beecroft Dec 2013

Greek, Latin, And The Origins Of "World Literature", Alexander Beecroft

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Greek, Latin, and the Origins of 'World Literature'" Alexander Beecroft argues that while it is hardly new that the models of contemporary comparative and world literature(s) are Eurocentric in their origins and structures, the precise nature of Eurocentrism is less discussed. Beecroft argues that far from representing (as Goethe had wished) the end of national literature, the era of comparative and world literatures has, from its beginnings, been structured specifically around the notion of "national literatures." Beecroft explores the national basis for the study of comparative and world literatures in the nineteenth century with particular attention ...


World Literatures In Temporal Perspective, David Damrosch Dec 2013

World Literatures In Temporal Perspective, David Damrosch

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "World Literatures in Temporal Perspective" David Damrosch discusses the vexed problem of how to shape a literary history into definable and meaningful periods without simply projecting old Western patterns onto new ages and distant areas of the world. This problem becomes acute when one seeks to create a genuinely global literary history. Damrosch surveys some early periodizations according to patterns of infancy, growth, maturity, and decline, and discusses the often unrealized persistence of biblical and classical models in modern accounts of the literary histories of Egypt, Mesoamerica, and India.


On World Literatures, Comparative Literature, And (Comparative) Cultural Studies, Ning Wang Dec 2013

On World Literatures, Comparative Literature, And (Comparative) Cultural Studies, Ning Wang

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "On World Literatures, Comparative Literature, and (Comparative) Cultural Studies" Ning Wang argues that cultural studies is characterized by being opposed to (elite) literary studies not only because it points to popular or non-elite literature, but also because it challenges the discipline of comparative literature. On the other hand, (comparative) cultural studies complements literary studies in that it contributes a great deal to the reconstruction of a sort of new comparative literature. Wang illustrates how some of the representative Anglo-American comparatists are now doing cultural criticism while still engaging in comparative literature and they paved the way for ...