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Full-Text Articles in Chinese Studies

Review Of: The Phonology Of Standard Chinese, Edward J. Vajda Jun 2003

Review Of: The Phonology Of Standard Chinese, Edward J. Vajda

Modern & Classical Languages

San Duanmu's eclectic, clearly written approach to the sound pattern of Standard Chinese (or putonghua, China's official lingua franca used by hundreds of millions) could easily serve as an undergraduate text, yet his presentation is rich in theoretical proposals. Explanations are based on a variety of perspectives, from traditional views of the phoneme to feature geometry and optimality theory (OT), each concisely introduced so that the discussion is easy to follow, even for the novice. The result is a flowing, integrated approach that addresses-and solves-some of the thorniest perennial problems in Chinese phonology.


About Chinese Names, Sheau-Yueh J. Chao Jun 2003

About Chinese Names, Sheau-Yueh J. Chao

Publications and Research

In traditional Chinese society, the family (Chia) and the clan (tsu) play an indispensable role in establishing and sustaining the prevailing value system, in molding the life of individuals and in shaping a community's social relations into an orderly and stable pattern. This article includes the study of several important topics about the Chinese names. It details the significance of Chinese names and introduces the types of Chinese names and their meanings, followed by the historical development of surnames, clan names, and generation names. The article concludes with a statistical analysis of Chinese surname rankings and population in the ...


Researching Your Asian Roots For Chinese Americans, Sheau-Yueh J. Chao Feb 2003

Researching Your Asian Roots For Chinese Americans, Sheau-Yueh J. Chao

Publications and Research

This article was revised from the author's invited lecture presented at the American Librarians Association Annual Conference of the Reference and User Services (RUSA) Meeting in the Local History Section in San Francisco, June 2001. It includes an introduction to the history of Chinese surnames, types and functions of Chinese genealogical records, problems in Chinese genealogical research, and how to conduct a typical Chinese-American genealogical research with examples for further research.


Chinese Women Unbound: An Analysis Of Women's Emancipation In China, Karilyn Moeller Jan 2003

Chinese Women Unbound: An Analysis Of Women's Emancipation In China, Karilyn Moeller

Inquiry: The University of Arkansas Undergraduate Research Journal

"Chinese Women Unbound" gives a brief historical background of the status of women in China and presents a well documented history of the evolutionary process of Chinese women's emancipation-from the first missionary school for girls in the 1840s, to the first females admitted to Beijing University in the late 1920s, the marriage law of 1950, and the divorce rate in the 1990s, among other events. The paper also discusses Chinese women's involvement in the 1911-1912 revolution, the Communist revolution, and the modernization of Chinese economy. In narrating this evolutionary process, Moeller analyses the various forces behind the changes ...


盤瓠神話, 魯嘉恩 Jan 2003

盤瓠神話, 魯嘉恩

2002-2003

《盤瓠》內容講述一隻稱為「盤瓠」的犬,為某國大王殺敵,於是大王按承諾將屬於自己的女子嫁與盤瓠,盤瓠就帶女子到山上居住,並且繁衍後矞,漸漸成為一族人。本文將探討此則神話的內容隨不同版本所產生的變化,以及其顯示出的原始文化與神精。而盤瓠神話流傳於中國西南少數民族之間,盤瓠成為了這 些少數民族的圖騰,本文將解釋圖騰崇拜的特徵,以及這些少數民族對盤瓠崇拜所作相應的風俗習慣。


盤瓠神話, 陳偉倫 Jan 2003

盤瓠神話, 陳偉倫

2002-2003

槃瓠,又稱盤瓠或盤護。這一名稱,最早見於東漢應劭《風俗通義》:「高辛之犬槃瓠,討滅犬戎,高辛以女妻之,封槃瓠氏。」《槃瓠》這個故事與《蚕馬》 極之相似,亦是中國神話中極重要的故事之一,在此篇章中我們可以得到一個圖騰文化、民族的起源、歷史、人類學以至民族文化等極其珍貴的資料。


養龍人師門(也斯《養龍人師門》), 李藹怡 Jan 2003

養龍人師門(也斯《養龍人師門》), 李藹怡

2002-2003

《 養龍人師門 》 是也斯的短篇小說集 ,本小說集出版於一九七九年,一共收錄短篇小說十六篇。這十六篇小說分兩輯,第一輯是寫實的作品:《第一天》、《船上》、《鯊魚》、《家》、《斷耳的兔子》、《熱浪》、《破碎》、《鞋子》、《病孩子》、《波光》等九篇。第二輯是魔幻寫實手法為主的作品:《李大嬸的袋錶》、《蟻》、《玉杯》、《修理匠》、《雜技的故事》、《養龍人師門》。還有一篇後記《影印機與 神話》。作者說:「第一輯的小說有明顯的香港的背景……第二輯的小說,在外貌上看來完全是非寫 實的,但事實上還是當時對現實的反應 ,促使我寫下這些不現實的東西 。 」

《養龍人師門》的材料,散見於《繹史》、《史記》、《左傳》、《列仙傳》, 而也斯在自己小說裡則以《養龍人師門》是根據《列仙傳》上面所載的傳說寫成 的。不過,也斯依據不僅是《列仙傳》的記載,而是以袁珂《中國古代神話》裡有關孔甲養龍的故事作藍本。袁珂的《中國古代神話》二六六頁至二六八頁裡, 袁珂把散見於各書的資料加以合整理,使師門與孔甲的故事有了連貫的、有組織的面貌。


女詩人之死(鍾玲《生死冤家》), 何曉善, 陳純子 Jan 2003

女詩人之死(鍾玲《生死冤家》), 何曉善, 陳純子

2002-2003

詩人歐陽潔秋是本文主角,她是水仙子人物,她病態地自戀,最後因過份地戀上自己的肖像而尋死。文起講她在美國唸英文碩士時認識了一隻藍鳥。她常與藍鳥對話,這為下文的幻想境界埋下伏筆。文中一開始便說她精挑細選了一件底胸線衣與男同學司馬約會,約會裡盡顯她如何鄙視司馬。她跟司馬告別後,就回 家與藍鳥聊天,不久便與猶太藉人安迪去了一個不正經的派對,在那裡有人吸大 麻、有人擁抱等。中途潔秋不知不覺食了含迷幻成份的方糖。服藥後她行為有異、 情緒不隱。離開派對後,她回到住所紅樓。她開始情緒不隱,而且糊思亂想, 在現實與虛幻間徘徊。她想起死去的爸爸,又幻想藍鳥摟著她飛到一座金字塔,見到有兩個人在塔底纏綿,後來才知道這兩個人都是她自己,而且她們不是在纏綿,而是在廝打。後來她更認為自己已降落在白玉床上熟睡。醒後,她仍然依戀熟睡時的平靜和優美,以為死亡也是一樣,於是她割脈自殺,死在白瓷浴缸裡, 與藍鳥長存。


女詩人之死(鍾玲《生死冤家》), 李志豪, 萬志良 Jan 2003

女詩人之死(鍾玲《生死冤家》), 李志豪, 萬志良

2002-2003

No abstract provided.


女詩人之死(鍾玲《生死冤家》), 李美珍 Jan 2003

女詩人之死(鍾玲《生死冤家》), 李美珍

2002-2003

歐陽潔秋是一名在外國讀書的女孩,她雖然已屆適婚年齡,可是仍未找到一個 合符她要求的男友,她有兩位男性朋友,一位叫司馬,一立叫安迪,司馬是一名典型的傳統成功男士,安迪則是一名猶太籍的富裕少年,由於潔秋是一名自我意識極強並帶有自戀傾向的女子,她選擇對象要與自己的理想形象相符合, 即使司馬和安迪的條件不俗,然而她看不起他們只會隨波逐流,故堅決的拒絕 他們的追求,由於她在愛情上屢受挫折,她只好將自戀的對象投射在與她有 緣、獨一無二的藍鳥上,其後潔秋因誤食迷幻藥產生幻覺,她從幻覺中對自己自戀傾向加深了解,因此她決意結束生命以尋求自戀對象。


望安(鍾玲《生死冤家》), 袁穎音 Jan 2003

望安(鍾玲《生死冤家》), 袁穎音

2002-2003

鍾玲被學者稱為女性主義的作家,在她的作品多以女性的角度為敘事觀點,〈望安〉是代表作之一。鍾鈴喜歡以愛和死為作品的母題,〈望安〉也是涉及這個母題。本文試從主題及神話原型結構這兩方面來分析〈望安〉。


丁玲〈莎菲女士的日記〉, 溫穎雯, 孫啟業 Jan 2003

丁玲〈莎菲女士的日記〉, 溫穎雯, 孫啟業

2002-2003

水仙子人物(Narcissus character)又被稱為自戀狂,它屬於一種病症,而具有這種自戀症的水仙子型人物,往往都同時有著自私利己、自我疏離和害怕衰老等特性,這些擁有水仙子特性的人物常常在現代文學作品中出現,在丁玲的小說《莎菲女士的日記》中,女主人公莎菲便是典型的水仙子人物。本文首先通過對水仙子神話的分析,歸納出水仙子人物的主要特性,然後再說明《莎菲女士的日記》中,莎菲的水仙子人物特性。


理水(魯迅《故事新編》), 黃德彰 Jan 2003

理水(魯迅《故事新編》), 黃德彰

2002-2003

魯迅《故事新編》中的作品均是以中國歷史或神話重新改編而成的,故此初時這些作品被當作充滿現實感的歷史小說來評論。直至五十年代中期開始深入討論《故事新編》中的作品是否針對現實的諷刺作品。而《故事新編.理水》正是最具諷刺意味的篇章。現先闡述夏禹治水的歷史及有關其治水的神話傳說,及後再分析《理水》一文中的諷刺意象。


理水(魯迅《故事新編》), 余嘉賢 Jan 2003

理水(魯迅《故事新編》), 余嘉賢

2002-2003

魯迅 - 有「匕首」、「投槍」美譽的五四文壇傑出作家。他善於創作諷刺時弊的作品, 其作品《狂人日記》和《阿Q正傳》更是一鳴驚人,並奠定他在中國文學史上的不朽地位。 其主要作品還有《吶喊》、《彷徨》、《野草》、《朝花夕拾》、《花邊文學》等。然而,在他的創作中,以古代傳說、神話和歷史事實為題材的,就只有一本《故事新編》。

《故事新編》是一九二二年至一九三五年期間寫成的歷史小說集。魯迅曾講述整體構思《故事新編》時的境況:「1926年秋天,一個人住在廈門的石屋里,對著大海,翻著古書、四近無生人氣,心裏空空洞洞。……這時我不願想到目前,於是回憶在心裏出土了,寫了十篇《朝花夕拾》;並且仍舊拾取古代的傳說之類,預備足成八則《故事新編》」當時,魯迅因支持北京學生的愛國運動,而被北洋軍閥政府所通緝,故逃到廈門,其後以古代傳說為題材,寫了 《故事新編》。何以作者會創作《故事新編》呢?姜振昌學者在《故事新編與中國新歷史小說》中補充了魯迅作《故事新編》的原因和心境:「想暫時回避激烈的時政爭鬥卻又難以忘卻現實,於是便以這獨特的方式向社會作『調侃』式的搗亂,以排遣自己看似輕鬆實則不可重負的感受。」由此說明,魯迅對當時政治有所不滿,但又不敢直斥其非,故結合上古傳說而創作《故事新編》,藉以透過縱容不迫的方式來帶出政治實況。


Reconstructing The Chinese American Experience In Lowell, Massachusetts, 1870s–1970s, Shehong Chen Jan 2003

Reconstructing The Chinese American Experience In Lowell, Massachusetts, 1870s–1970s, Shehong Chen

Institute for Asian American Studies Publications

This is a study of the Chinese American experience in Lowell, Massachusetts, over the century from the 1870s through the 1970s. I have selected this period for study because the 1870s witnessed the first appearance of Chinese laundries in Lowell, and the 1970s, the disappearance of Chinese laundries in Lowell. Notably, this study attempts to fill in two existing gaps in historical scholarship. First, the experiences of many of Lowell’s ethnic groups have been documented or studied, but the experience of the Chinese has been ignored. Secondly, the history of Chinese Americans in New England cities and towns has ...


'Dao' As A Nickname, Stephen C. Angle, John A. Gordon Dec 2002

'Dao' As A Nickname, Stephen C. Angle, John A. Gordon

Stephen C. Angle

Few would deny that the Dao De Jing is a puzzling text.One puzzle that has particularly vexed interpreters in recent years is how to understand the central term of the text, ‘dao.’ The difficulty can be brought out by considering the first lines of two consecutive chapters:
[41] When the highest type of men hear the way, with diligence they are able to practice it....
[42] The way gives birth to the one....
‘Way’—the ubiquitous and appropriate translation for ‘dao’—seems to be used in two very different fashions in these two passages. In [41], ‘way’ looks to ...