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Full-Text Articles in Chinese Studies

Modernity In Miniature: Maoism And The Beijing Department Store, Samuel M. Hellmann Jun 2020

Modernity In Miniature: Maoism And The Beijing Department Store, Samuel M. Hellmann

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis examines the Beijing Department Store as a contradictory structure embedded in the world’s largest Communist revolution. By looking at the urban planning decisions behind constructing a colonial form in the center of the socialist capital, I attempt to unravel the complex intersection of economic development and egalitarian mass action in the early Maoist period. Constructed in 1955 during the first Five Year Plan, the Department Store sheds light on the specific parameters of post-revolution modernization campaigns. Furthermore, by looking at the conceptualizations of the building by the Party, architects, and the workers inside the store, I examine ...


A Changing Tea Culture, A Changing China: Variations In Conceptions Of Gift Tea Among Tea Sellers, Tiana Wang May 2020

A Changing Tea Culture, A Changing China: Variations In Conceptions Of Gift Tea Among Tea Sellers, Tiana Wang

Student Work

A 2019-2020 Williams Prize for best essay in East Asian Studies was awarded to Tiana Wang (Ezra Stiles College '20) for her essay submitted to the Department of Sociology, "A Changing Tea Culture, A Changing China: Variations in Conceptions of Gift Tea Among Tea Sellers” (Jeffrey Alexander, Lillian Chavenson Saden Professor of Sociology, advisor).

Tiana Wang’s essay, “A Changing Tea Culture, A Changing China: Variations in Conceptions of Gift Tea among Tea Sellers” makes substantial use of original interviews and observations with twenty tea sellers across Jinan, Shanghai, and Beijing to show that tea culture is changing with new ...


Redefining Through Remembering: China’S Political Objectives As Reflected In Chinese State Commemoration Of The Korean War, 1950 - 2010, Yoojin Han May 2020

Redefining Through Remembering: China’S Political Objectives As Reflected In Chinese State Commemoration Of The Korean War, 1950 - 2010, Yoojin Han

Student Work

A 2019-2020 Williams Prize for best essay in East Asian Studies was awarded to Yoojin Han (Berkeley College '20) for her essay submitted to the Department of History, "Redefining through Remembering: China’s Political Objectives as Reflected in Chinese State Commemoration of the Korean War, 1950 - 2010” (Denise Ho, Assistant Professor of History, advisor).

A highly analytical and engaging senior essay grounded in an impressive array of both primary and secondary sources, Yoojin Han’s thesis, “Redefining through Remembering: China’s Political Objectives as Reflected in Chinese State Commemoration of the Korea War,” utilizes Chinese “leadership speeches” made and published ...


Reflecting Domestic Genre Paintings: Chinese Reverse Paintings On Glass In Museum Volkenkunde, Xiaosong Gao May 2020

Reflecting Domestic Genre Paintings: Chinese Reverse Paintings On Glass In Museum Volkenkunde, Xiaosong Gao

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Making Opportunity Out Of Chaos: The Misconceptions And Realities Of Republican-Era Warlord Governance, Zachary Clark May 2020

Making Opportunity Out Of Chaos: The Misconceptions And Realities Of Republican-Era Warlord Governance, Zachary Clark

Master's Projects and Capstones

Chinese history has largely been defined by a transition of power from one major imperial dynasty to another, separated by notable times of division such as the Warring States (475 BC-221 BC) and Three Kingdoms (220-280) periods. The early twentieth-century collapse of the Qing dynasty in 1912 is no exception to this historical trend and gave way to a twelve-year period termed the “Warlord Era.” Dating back to the 1960s, Western scholarly discourse argued that these warlords lacked the ideologies or visons to implement any changes outside of their own personal and political interests. This research contends that warlords were ...


Tracing The Past, Drawing The Present, Sixue Yang May 2020

Tracing The Past, Drawing The Present, Sixue Yang

Graduate School of Art Theses

The group of work, Rising Water, Floating Islands is inspired by traditional Chinese scroll landscape paintings. Such landscape paintings combine meticulous technique, compositional complexity, and tension between representation and abstraction to reveal an alternative universe that waits discovery amid our mundane existence. In “Rising Water, Floating Islands,” I explore the political and social ramifications of the ongoing cultural conflict between traditional and emergent contemporary values. By combining traditional Chinese elements and techniques with my own markings and gestural adaptation in my painting, I give the audience the opportunity to contemplate the implications of our present digital condition through traditional esthetic ...


Placing Notes In The Virtual “Western Wall”: Online Memorial Culture In Chinese Social Media, Xiaoyu Zhang May 2020

Placing Notes In The Virtual “Western Wall”: Online Memorial Culture In Chinese Social Media, Xiaoyu Zhang

Master's Projects and Capstones

Each society has a unique way of understanding death and coping with mourning. The increasing online mourners in China gradually generated a collective reference to the Weibo account that belongs to the dead, the “Western Wall.” This project searches for answers to two questions: 1) What characterizes Chinese online memorial practice? And how do these practices compare with those in the Western countries? 2) What aspects of Chinese culture and social conditions can explain Chinese online memorial practices? By combining corpus analysis with thematic analysis on 1,606 comments left on the last tweet of two accounts of deceased Weibo ...


The Sage Without A Country: The Political And Literary Life Of Dr. Shih-Shun Liu (劉 師 舜) (1900-1996), Caleb Yung-Jen Liu Mar 2020

The Sage Without A Country: The Political And Literary Life Of Dr. Shih-Shun Liu (劉 師 舜) (1900-1996), Caleb Yung-Jen Liu

History

Shih-Shun Liu was my great-grandfather as well as a diplomat for the Republic of China from the late 1920s until 1958. While his life is relatively left unknown to many historians, his contributions to the Kuomintang are significant and help us to understand the inside workings of the ROC and its diplomacy during this time period. Liu was a beneficiary of the Boxer Indemnity scholarship provided by the United States and made use of his love for education and poetry to pursue a literary career that defined the second portion of his life. Liu’s life as a scholar and ...


Spatial Distribution Of Chinese Language Education And Historical Development Of Chinese Language Pedagogy In Higher Education In The United States, Jing Zhao Feb 2020

Spatial Distribution Of Chinese Language Education And Historical Development Of Chinese Language Pedagogy In Higher Education In The United States, Jing Zhao

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This capstone project includes two major components: an interactive digital map that displays the geographical distribution of Chinese language programs in colleges and universities in the United States, their program starting years, the types of such universities and colleges, and their names and states; and a multimedia essay on the evolution of Chinese language pedagogy in colleges and universities in the United States. Data has been collected on the program start year, school names, states where schools are located, school types, and whether the school had been funded by two federal sponsored language programs: the National Defense Education Act in ...


Does Might Make Right? An Exploration Of Policing In The Shanghai French Concession, Alex Sun Jan 2020

Does Might Make Right? An Exploration Of Policing In The Shanghai French Concession, Alex Sun

Senior Capstone Projects

This thesis examines the use of policing to quell social unrest as a form of state management in the Shanghai's French Concession during the early twentieth century.


Reconsidering Diasporic Literature: "Homeland" And "Otherness" In The Lost Daughter Of Happiness, Qijun Zhou Oct 2019

Reconsidering Diasporic Literature: "Homeland" And "Otherness" In The Lost Daughter Of Happiness, Qijun Zhou

Masters Theses

This thesis examines the transformation of “homeland” and “otherness” as well as the relationship between each other in The Lost Daughter of Happiness (扶桑 Fusang). I begin by exploring how the migration of Chinese to the United States is depicted as an endless trajectory in the story through a historical engagement and a dialogue between two generations. From there, I plan to point out that the story complicates the meaning of diaspora as it can not only represent a spatial dislocation, but also a temporal dislocation. Thus, I argue that it destabilizes the conventional ideology which refers “homeland” to a ...


The Morality Of Chinese Legalism: Han Fei’S Advanced Philosophy, Yuan Ke Oct 2019

The Morality Of Chinese Legalism: Han Fei’S Advanced Philosophy, Yuan Ke

Masters Theses

Legalism, as one of the most useful philosophies of government, has attracted a great deal of scholarly attention. The work of Han Fei—one of the most influential proponents of Legalism—has been scrutinized and critiqued for centuries as immoral. I intend to show Legalism, especially the Han Feizi, is moral through focusing on four aspects of Han Fei’s work. First, his understanding of human nature. Han Fei states people are born with a hatred of harm and a love of profit. This understanding of human nature can never lead to a cognitive distortions in governing. So it is ...


Translation Issues In Modern Chinese Literature: Viewpoint, Fate And Metaphor In Xia Shang's "The Finger-Guessing Game", Jonathan Heinrichs Oct 2019

Translation Issues In Modern Chinese Literature: Viewpoint, Fate And Metaphor In Xia Shang's "The Finger-Guessing Game", Jonathan Heinrichs

Masters Theses

The Finger-Guessing Game is a novel with many layers of themes, characterization, and metaphor, and conveying all of these varied aspects requires a detailed, careful approach to translation. With this thesis I aim to show that strictly adhering to a singular translation method, such as “word-for-word” or “sense-for-sense,” will produce unsatisfactory results at certain points within the novel. This is accomplished by an overview of several different unique aspects of the writing style of this novel, viewpoint, the theme of fate, and the use of idioms and metaphors. Following this will be an analysis of these aspects’ functions within the ...


A Study Of The American Boxer Indemnity Scholarship Program And Its Influence On Chinese Education: Taking Shandong Students As An Example, Pengxiu Sun Sep 2019

A Study Of The American Boxer Indemnity Scholarship Program And Its Influence On Chinese Education: Taking Shandong Students As An Example, Pengxiu Sun

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The American Boxer Indemnity Scholarship Program (ABISP) was one of the most important events in the modern Chinese history of overseas education. This thesis focuses on the group of Shandong students which has representative characteristics of the whole American Boxer Indemnity Scholarship Program (ABISP) students to provide descriptive data for the influence on Chinese higher education through the achievements of Shandong students in the American Boxer Indemnity Scholarship Program (ABISP) in higher education. Through tracking the forty-two Shandong ABISP students, the thesis shows the establishment of Tsinghua University and ABISP students’ study and life in Tsinghua and the United States ...


The Development Of Shamanism And Its Social Functions In The Song Dynasty (960-1279): Taking Folktales In Record Of The Listener As Major Examples, Xiang Wei Jul 2019

The Development Of Shamanism And Its Social Functions In The Song Dynasty (960-1279): Taking Folktales In Record Of The Listener As Major Examples, Xiang Wei

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

This thesis examines the development and the social functions of Shamanism in the Song Dynasty (960-1276). The author focuses on different historical religious stories recorded in classics. In this thesis, folktales in Record of the Listener were major examples to illustrate Shamanism in the Song Dynasty. Moreover, this thesis also cites folktales and records from other primary sources. For instance, History of the Song, Qingming Ji, Xu Zi Zhi Tong Jian Chang Bian (A sequel of History as A Mirror) are also important primary sources to research Shamanism in the Song Dynasty. Furthermore, this thesis also focuses on citing views ...


The Battle Of The Powers: Newly Obtained Benefits From The Revitilised Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, Scott Halsted May 2019

The Battle Of The Powers: Newly Obtained Benefits From The Revitilised Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, Scott Halsted

Master's Projects and Capstones

The Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement would have been the most sizeable free trade agreement in history. The agreement was set up by the Obama administration as an economic benefactor plus geopolitical tool to maintain the balance of power in the Asia Pacific region, rivaling the power of China. However, numerous politicians within the Trump administration, plus multiple political opposers including Hillary Clinton and Sen. Bernie Sanders, were major advocates for the U.S. removal after realistically adjusted estimates of the TPP showed economic benefits not equating to original estimates. However, the United States withdrawal raises significant successes that can ...


Fresh Blood In The Labor Market: Challenges And Rewards Of China's Returning Millennial Generation, Xinyu Li May 2019

Fresh Blood In The Labor Market: Challenges And Rewards Of China's Returning Millennial Generation, Xinyu Li

Master's Projects and Capstones

In recent years, fresh blood has begun to emerge in China’s workplace: Chinese millennials who have gone abroad to study and received an overseas education. This special experience has brought many obstacles for them when they return to the Chinese workplace, whether it is the lack of synchronization between recruitment and graduation periods in the early stage of job seeking, or the pressure they encounter later. However, this experience also creates a set of unique advantages for them. Accepting international higher education makes their resumes more attractive, brings them a global perspective, and cultivates their ability to learn new ...


Cultural, Social And Family Shadows: Finding A Place In The Rainbow, Lingfeng Xu May 2019

Cultural, Social And Family Shadows: Finding A Place In The Rainbow, Lingfeng Xu

Master's Projects and Capstones

Due to Chinese traditions, certain living environments are not friendly towards the LGBT community in China, who experience immense pressure to keep silent in society. They often are discriminated against, and in the case of most, their families do not support them. It is difficult to have healthy self-identification for sexual minorities. Besides cultural and family pressure, and representation in media, the current legal framework and society are unfriendly to this community. There is no legislation on homosexuality in China at present, and China does not make any clear provisions on homosexual marriage.

In this environment, most LGBT people are ...


"The Chinese Animation Industry: From The Mao Era To The Digital Age", Stephanie Jones May 2019

"The Chinese Animation Industry: From The Mao Era To The Digital Age", Stephanie Jones

Master's Projects and Capstones

Since the 1950’s the Chinese Animation industry has been trying to create a unique national style for China. The national style of the 1950’s and early 1960’s was one of freedom, fantasy, and creativity. With the success of “Heroic Little Sisters of the Grassland”/草原英雄小姐妹(1965), the government administration, namely Jiang Qing of the “Gang of Four”, demanded that all animation should follow specific guidelines based on Social Realism guidelines. This in turn, ushered in a new national style of animation during the Cultural Revolution(1966-1976). During this ten-year period government policies imposed strict restrictions on animators ...


Winter Is Still: An Analysis Of The Chinese Game Industry, Jiahui Sheng May 2019

Winter Is Still: An Analysis Of The Chinese Game Industry, Jiahui Sheng

Master's Projects and Capstones

This capstone essay aims to analyze the current situation of the game industry in China. Most of the data has been collected from databases, newspapers, interviews, journals and governments reports. This essay especially addresses China’s current game industry strengths and limitations to position it for the future. This essay clarifies the challenges of game industry in innovation based on the scale of companies. My perspective also considers the continuous development of China’s game industry as well as the conflict between the teenagers and government restriction towards games. Meanwhile, the opportunities of the game industry are based on two ...


Immigration And Belonging: Chinese Immigration To Argentina 论阿根廷中国移民的归属感及身份认同, Emily Pearson-Beck May 2019

Immigration And Belonging: Chinese Immigration To Argentina 论阿根廷中国移民的归属感及身份认同, Emily Pearson-Beck

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This research set out to answer the question: How do Chinese immigrants to Argentina form a sense of belonging? This research was initially carried out through bibliographic research and then through two weeks of ethnographic field research in Buenos Aires, Argentina which included participant observation as well as formal and informal semi- structured interviews. A broad understanding of Chinese immigrants’ life experiences was garnered through hearing their personal stories. Chinese immigrants’ experiences overlapped in one main way: all are considered foreign by some of the non-Chinese people around them. However, even accounting for this similarity, the most notable finding was ...


Ecotourism Reconsidered: Chinese And Western Participation In The Thai Elephant Industry, Miao (Jasmine) Long May 2019

Ecotourism Reconsidered: Chinese And Western Participation In The Thai Elephant Industry, Miao (Jasmine) Long

Honors Projects

No abstract provided.


The Implications Of Science And Technology For Chinese Women: A Cultural Study Of The Chinese Era Of Reforms, Wenjing Liu Jan 2019

The Implications Of Science And Technology For Chinese Women: A Cultural Study Of The Chinese Era Of Reforms, Wenjing Liu

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Abstract

This dissertation addresses the gendered implications of science and technology in the era of reforms. It argues that in this era, which began in 1978 and continues today, science and technology are highly romanticized as nearly omnipotent. This results in its being embedded not only into ordinary Chinese people’s lives, hoping to bring them positive changes, but also into the Chinese government’s political practices, hoping to achieve its political purposes through science and technology. It also points out that in the era of reforms, Chinese women’s lived experiences are full of tensions, struggles, and conflicts, as ...


Treatment And Evolution Of Digital Rights: A Comparative Analysis Of China, Russia, The United States, And Germany, Karina Barbesino Jan 2019

Treatment And Evolution Of Digital Rights: A Comparative Analysis Of China, Russia, The United States, And Germany, Karina Barbesino

Honors Program Theses

The internet and digital technologies allow for the recognition, advocation, and protection of human rights. People around the world have access to faster and exponentially more information than ever before. The possibilities for education, politics, healthcare, work, and equality have greatly expanded. The internet provides new opportunities for the progression of humanity, but not without a cost. The transformative power of the internet to both empower and infringe on human rights has not been lost on states. As a relatively new domain, the policies in cyberspace remain in their trial periods. Each state is implementing, redacting, and implementing again policies ...


Authoring The Tadaki Family Photo Album, Sancia M. Nash Jan 2019

Authoring The Tadaki Family Photo Album, Sancia M. Nash

Senior Projects Spring 2019

“The challenge is thus : How can one recreate without recirculating domination”

—Trinh T. Minh-ha, When the Moon Waxes Red

When I visit my family in Tokyo, I stay in a small tatami prayer room adorned with pictures of my ancestors. They hang where the wall meets the ceiling, hovering above my futon bed; my eyes are closed but I feel their gaze through my lids. Two years ago during one of my visits, my grandmother brought out a family photo album assembled by her mother, Kau. It depicts her family’s life abroad during her husband’s two-year term at ...


​ Manga In China’S Reform Era: Transformation, Assimilation And Imagination Of Popular Culture, Danhui Chen Jan 2019

​ Manga In China’S Reform Era: Transformation, Assimilation And Imagination Of Popular Culture, Danhui Chen

Senior Projects Spring 2019

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


"Rebel Girls: Radical Feminism And Self-Narrative In Early 20th-Century Japan And China", Corrina Gross Jan 2019

"Rebel Girls: Radical Feminism And Self-Narrative In Early 20th-Century Japan And China", Corrina Gross

Senior Projects Spring 2019

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Languages and Literature of Bard College.


英語詞與香港粵語詞的語法融合現象, Chi Lam Cheung Jan 2019

英語詞與香港粵語詞的語法融合現象, Chi Lam Cheung

Dissertations from all years

自上世紀末起,不少學者已展開針對漢語與外文字詞混雜使用的研究,並稱此類進入漢語語法體制的詞彙為「字母詞」;當《現代漢語詞典》正式把「西文字母開頭的詞語」收錄入冊後,此課題得到更多人關注。對於「字母詞」的界定,雖然至今仍未有絕對一統的定義,但基本共識都是要求該詞彙擁有一些特殊的表徵,例如緊縮、與固定漢字組合、難以對譯等,而不會把日常語碼混合 (code mixing) 中借用到的英語詞都歸為同一類。然而,港式粵語中卻有一些特別的英語詞彙,它們保留著原來英語的發音和書寫方式,卻不再遵從原先的語法功能和意義,僅僅被香港的粵語使用者所能理解及廣泛普遍地應用。

本文挑選了「friend」、「OK」、「short」這三個經常被本地人使用的英語詞作分析。研究它們在粵語句子中充當的功能並且探討它們與其粵語對應詞的關係,在語法層面上歸納一套能夠解釋這類英語詞借入粵語的規律和機制。


從迷惘感到幻滅感 : 楊德昌的《牯嶺街少年殺人事件》及《一一》, Tat Him Tang Jan 2019

從迷惘感到幻滅感 : 楊德昌的《牯嶺街少年殺人事件》及《一一》, Tat Him Tang

Dissertations from all years

在台灣新電影的發展中,楊德昌對於都市生活的刻劃有別於同期如侯孝賢等導演的鄉土懷舊抒情,他對於都市中潛伏的危機,或人與人關係的不穩定都有其與眾不同的處理手法。本文討論楊德昌的兩部電影,《牯嶺街少年殺人事件》(1991)是他作品中少見的以台灣本土歷史作題材的電影,但仍不失其對社會精準而細膩的批判。《一一》(2000)為楊德昌的遺作,透過台灣一個中產家庭的故事探討現代都市人的生存狀態,挖掘生命的意義。本文旨在探討《牯嶺街少年殺人事件》中的迷惘感、《一一》這部後期作品中所傳達的幻滅感,以及導演如何呈現兩代人所面對的不同的困境,以及存在的狀態。 本論文分為五個部分:第一章為緒論,指出楊德昌電影的主題和特色,及其在台灣新電影中的地位,並簡介兩部電影所處的歷史氛圍。第二章分析《牯嶺街少年殺人事件》中,台灣人的迷惘感。第三章討論《一一》中的幻滅感。第四章借用存在主義理論分析兩部電影所傳達的迷惘感及幻滅感。最後第五章為結論,總結這兩部電影對台灣社會歷史及人文價值的貢獻。


論中國戲曲背景與同性戀建構之關係 : 以《霸王別姬》為例, Tsz Nok Lam Jan 2019

論中國戲曲背景與同性戀建構之關係 : 以《霸王別姬》為例, Tsz Nok Lam

Dissertations from all years

「帝王將相,才人佳子的故事,諸位聽得不少。那些情情義義,恩恩愛愛,卿卿我我,都瑰麗莫名。根本不是人間顏色。人間,只是抹去了脂粉的臉。」人生如戲,兩者之間從來沒有清晰的分界。

中國古代早有餘桃斷袖的典故,同志文學在幾千年來文學史上不無地位。若《品花寶鑑》是古代同性戀小說的其一代表,李碧華的《霸王別姬》就是近代文學史上的代表作。

學界對《霸王別姬》的研究無數,學者主要分析小說內容的象徵性、小說和中國歷史相關的背後隱喻、與陳凱歌的改編電影作對讀比較。此外,研究課題還包括為程蝶衣這個角色作不同的心理解讀,乃至研究程蝶衣是先天抑或是後天的同性戀者。但在研究成果中,卻鮮見結合心理、社會和舞台理論分析李碧華在小說中的同性戀建構。

本文第一部分以文本細讀的分析手段,附以心理學、性別和社會理論分析影響程蝶衣同性戀傾向的外在因素。第二部分將從中西方戲劇理論剖析舞台界線模糊與程蝶衣強化同性愛戀之關係,第三部份詳細探討其自身因素多大程度上促成小說可悲和遺憾的結局。