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Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Chinese Studies

The Performance Of Racialized Bodies And Brecht’S Operatic Anthropology, Kevin S. Amidon May 2019

The Performance Of Racialized Bodies And Brecht’S Operatic Anthropology, Kevin S. Amidon

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Taxonomic tropes and themes, particularly gender and class, but also race, function together in Brecht’s plays to create overdetermined characterizations. Parallel to these characterizations, he developed a multilayered theory of performance that emphasizes how those who enact text should approach the representation of diverse human types and groups. His encounter with Chinese acting established foundational elements in this theory. In parallel to his theoretical thinking about performance and race in the mid-1930s, Brecht was developing his stance toward operatic representation. While these two conceptual spheres, race and opera, might appear far apart in their content, they parallel each other ...


Applying Research-Based Multimedia Design Principles In Designing And Teaching Beginning Cfl Learners The Ba Construction Online, Shenglan Zhang Dec 2017

Applying Research-Based Multimedia Design Principles In Designing And Teaching Beginning Cfl Learners The Ba Construction Online, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Teaching grammar online is an increasingly necessary practice, but the process is resource-heavy, requiring online tools such as grammar videos. Studies show that current online grammar modules have mixed effectiveness, and none of the studies have examined the effects of the design of these modules. This study investigated whether an online module, designed according to basic multi-media design principles, is effective in helping learners understand the use of the baconstruction. The study also asked how the students respond to the use of the online module. The findings show that the online module improved learners’ understanding and use of the ba ...


Killing Two Birds With One Stone? Turning Cfl Learners Into Book Writers: An Exploratory Study, Shenglan Zhang Oct 2016

Killing Two Birds With One Stone? Turning Cfl Learners Into Book Writers: An Exploratory Study, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Two problems often emerge in the process of learning Chinese. First, learning to write at the beginning stage often focuses on forms, without an authentic purpose. As a result, learners do not have enough motivation to write. Second, while extensive reading benefits language learners, not many extensive reading materials are available to beginning and lower-intermediate level CFL learners. This empirical study examined the feasibility of incorporating a writing project into the curriculum, as well as the potential impact of such a project on learners’ reading and writing progress. A total of 89 learners participated in this study. The findings show ...


莫言小說《蛙》與多重權力—— 話語衝突中有關生育的文化記憶建構 / Mo Yan’S 莫言 Frog 蛙 And Competing Discourses On The Reconstruction Of Cultural Memory On Birth And Birth Control, 同路 李 Jun 2016

莫言小說《蛙》與多重權力—— 話語衝突中有關生育的文化記憶建構 / Mo Yan’S 莫言 Frog 蛙 And Competing Discourses On The Reconstruction Of Cultural Memory On Birth And Birth Control, 同路 李

World Languages and Cultures Publications

本文以莫言小說《蛙》為例,探討有關生育的傳統文化記憶在現 代啟蒙運動中如何被邊緣化,又如何支持了農民對計劃生育過程中國 家採取的暴力手段的抵抗,以及最終在新自由主義經濟發展時期如何 以類似宗教信仰的物化形式被重新啟動。文章認為,計劃生育不只是 一個社會政治實踐,更是一個文化實踐。這一實踐折射出了整個二十 世紀現代啟蒙運動、民族─國家重建、社會主義實踐,以及市場化過 程中科學理性、信仰以及暴力之間複雜的內在關聯。當國家以現代性 觀念將計劃生育这一暴力政策合法化時,農民則借助了基於「天理」 等傳統觀念的久被壓抑的文化記憶對其進行抵抗。

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Taking Mo Yan’s 莫言 novel Frog 蛙 as a principal example, this article explores the ways in which the traditional cultural memory of birth is marginalized, the ways in which such memory endorses the farmers’ resistance to state violence in birth control, and the ways in which it is revitalized in a quasi-religious form in the era of the market economy. It argues that birth control is not only a sociopolitical practice, but ...


Exploring The Cultural Memory Of The Common People: Desire, Violence, And Divinity In Mo Yan's Sandalwood Death, Tonglu Li Mar 2016

Exploring The Cultural Memory Of The Common People: Desire, Violence, And Divinity In Mo Yan's Sandalwood Death, Tonglu Li

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article examines Mo Yan’s Sandalwood Death, a novel on Sun Bing, troupe leader of Cat Tune and participant in the Boxer Rebellion. Identifying more with localized folk culture than with the modern culture represented by either the new Westernized elites or the revolutionary Communist political class, Mo Yan, in Sandalwood Death, created a novel whose settings are the three interrelated realms of the everyday, the historical, and the divine. The first, “everyday” section of the novel focuses on the ways in which human desire is fulfilled and contested in the mesh of power relationships. With the outbreak of ...


A Blended Chinese-As-A-Foreign- Language Short Course: Design And Perceptions, Shenglan Zhang Jan 2016

A Blended Chinese-As-A-Foreign- Language Short Course: Design And Perceptions, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This study investigated learners’ perceived effectiveness of a blended Chinese non-credit bearing short course designed for engineering students with no prior knowledge about Chinese language. Few studies have examined how to design blended Chinese courses for beginning learners. The design of this study was based on the framework of parameters proposed by Neumeier (2005). Bloom’s taxonomy of learning objectives in the cognitive domain was adopted in deciding on the time distribution to the two modes (Face-To-Face and online), and on sequencing the two modes. FTF was the lead mode with activities that help learners apply and practice what they ...


运用真实多媒体语料与民族志访谈法加强目的语文化学习:一个初步提议 / Using Authentic Multimedia Materials And Ethnographic Interview To Improve Target Culture Learning: A Preliminary Proposal, 胜兰 张 Oct 2015

运用真实多媒体语料与民族志访谈法加强目的语文化学习:一个初步提议 / Using Authentic Multimedia Materials And Ethnographic Interview To Improve Target Culture Learning: A Preliminary Proposal, 胜兰 张

World Languages and Cultures Publications

文化在语言教学中是一个不可缺少的元素,可是在外语教学实践中仍未得到足够重视。本文考察了文化教学在外语教学中存在的问题及其缺乏的原因。本文基于维果茨基社会文化理论,并遵循比较、交际、多层面与借鉴等四项原则,提出了如何利用网络真实语料和民族志访谈的文化教学模型来促进初级中文学习者的文化学习。


Trauma, Play, Memory: Life And Death Are Wearing Me Out And Mo Yan’S Strategies For Writing History As Story, Tonglu Li Aug 2015

Trauma, Play, Memory: Life And Death Are Wearing Me Out And Mo Yan’S Strategies For Writing History As Story, Tonglu Li

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Commonly acclaimed for its black humor, Life and Death Are Wearing Me Out uses the Buddhist concept of reincarnation to follow two families during the second half of the 20th century. The novel exemplifies the strategies through which Mo Yan transforms the violent and absurd events of recent Chinese history into personal memory of historical trauma. It focuses less, however, on those events per se than on the traumatic effects they create on the individual victims, and on the ways through which personal trauma caused by historical atrocities is addressed and healed. This article analyzes three layers of the novel ...


Teachers As Curators: Curating Authentic Online Content For Beginning And Intermediate Cfl Learners, Shenglan Zhang Jan 2015

Teachers As Curators: Curating Authentic Online Content For Beginning And Intermediate Cfl Learners, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

An abundance of authentic materials is available online for language learning. To locate appropriate materials is nearly impossible for even the most motivated learners. This requires teachers to curate authentic online content to enhance and supplement learners’ learning. Content curation is the process of collecting, organizing and displaying information. This article describes the procedure and strategies one may use in curating authentic content materials for Chinese language learning online. Teachers as curators need to collect the content with the consideration of difficulty level for different learners. In addition, they should put a lot of thoughts into content categorization based on ...


"Stay Loyal To The Earth": The Transcendental, The Teleological, And The Quotidian In Zhou Zuoren’S (1885-1967) Reflections On Modern Life, Tonglu Li Jan 2015

"Stay Loyal To The Earth": The Transcendental, The Teleological, And The Quotidian In Zhou Zuoren’S (1885-1967) Reflections On Modern Life, Tonglu Li

World Languages and Cultures Publications

What Ban Wang sees as "a central dilemma in China's quest for modernity" based on his reading of Xiaobing Tang's Chinese Modern: The Heroic and the Quotidian, is "the dynamic tension between the heroic an the quotidian," around which "[t]he story of modern China evolves." This tension, as Wang puts it, "brings together the utopian yearning of the political community and the private desire for fulfillment, revolutionary passions and domestic routines, mass culture spectacles and self-absorbed aesthetics, and the impulse for transcendence and retreat to everyday enclaves of private life." This insightful observation may help formulate a ...


The Sacred And The Cannibalistic: Zhou Zuoren’S Critique Of Violence In Modern China, Tonglu Li Jan 2014

The Sacred And The Cannibalistic: Zhou Zuoren’S Critique Of Violence In Modern China, Tonglu Li

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article explores the ways in which Zhou Zuoren critiqued violence in modern China as a belief-­‐‑driven phenomenon. Differing from Lu Xun and other mainstream intellectuals, Zhou consistently denied the legitimacy of violence as a force for modernizing China. Relying on extensive readings in anthropology, intellectual history, and religious studies, he investigated the fundamental “nexus” between violence and the religious, political, and ideological beliefs. In the Enlightenment’s effort to achieve modernity, cannibalistic Confucianism was to be cleansed from the corpus of Chinese culture as the “barbaric” cultural Other, but Zhou was convinced that such barbaric cannibalism was inherited ...


An Evidence-Based Practical Guide To Designing And Developing Chinese-As-A-Foreign-Language (Cfl) Courses Online, Shenglan Zhang Jan 2014

An Evidence-Based Practical Guide To Designing And Developing Chinese-As-A-Foreign-Language (Cfl) Courses Online, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

The purpose of this article is to give an overview of what is needed for creating and teaching an online Chinese course and some systematic recommendations for what a Chinese language teacher needs to know in order to continuously succeed in the new teaching context. An exhaustive review of empirical studies published in the past seven years is used to reveal what makes an online language course successful. Twelve studies were located. The findings of these studies were summarized around the four themes, online course development, teaching roles, learner support, and course evaluation. Examples were given to illustrate points based ...


To Believe Or Not To Believe: Zhou Zuoren's Alternative Approaches To The Chinese Enlightenment, Tonglu Li Apr 2013

To Believe Or Not To Believe: Zhou Zuoren's Alternative Approaches To The Chinese Enlightenment, Tonglu Li

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Resistances against May Fourth "enlightenment" (qimeng) have been celebrated as alternative versions of modernity that "decenter and destabilize" the mainstream paradigm (Chow et al. 2008: 3). But in this alternative modernities program, the complexity of the so-called center is often overlooked. Within the May Fourth movement, there are irreducible differences in position and different strategies of position taking. As Wang Hui (1997: 310) points out, what the May Fourth thinkers shared was only a common attitude toward tradition, not a unified theory; their proposals for establishing "newness" were quite different from each other. Surveying the roles the journal New Youth ...


New Humanism, Tonglu Li Mar 2008

New Humanism, Tonglu Li

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Originally proposed by Irving Babbitt and Elmer More, and inspired by Buddhist and Confucian philosophies, New Humanism opposed the moral decline fostered by relativist and determinist beliefs and by an increasingly materialistic American society during the early twentieth century. Brought back to China and transformed by Chinese scholars who had studied with Babbitt, New Humanism became a counternarrative to the May Fourth Movement, to Marxism, and to radicalism in general. This essay delineates the roles New Humanism played in China, its internal contradictions, and its intricate relationship with hegemonic discourses by examining the literary practices of three New Humanists who ...