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Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Chinese Studies

The Performance Of Racialized Bodies And Brecht’S Operatic Anthropology, Kevin S. Amidon May 2019

The Performance Of Racialized Bodies And Brecht’S Operatic Anthropology, Kevin S. Amidon

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Taxonomic tropes and themes, particularly gender and class, but also race, function together in Brecht’s plays to create overdetermined characterizations. Parallel to these characterizations, he developed a multilayered theory of performance that emphasizes how those who enact text should approach the representation of diverse human types and groups. His encounter with Chinese acting established foundational elements in this theory. In parallel to his theoretical thinking about performance and race in the mid-1930s, Brecht was developing his stance toward operatic representation. While these two conceptual spheres, race and opera, might appear far apart in their content, they parallel each other ...


Design And Perception Of An Approach To Improving Chinese As A Foreign Language Learners’ Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Shenglan Zhang Nov 2018

Design And Perception Of An Approach To Improving Chinese As A Foreign Language Learners’ Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

Self-regulated learning (SRL) is a social-cognitive construct in the realm of self-regulation that describes the ways in which individuals actively and constructively regulate their own congitive processes in an educational setting. SRL conceptualizes effective learning as a process of cognitive and motivational evaluation where a learner completes academic tasks (Heikkilä & Lonka, 2006; Pintrich, 2000; Zimmerman, 1990; 2008). Different models of SRL developed over the years (Boekaerts & Niemivirta, 2000; Borkowski, 1996; Pintrich, 2000; Winne & Hadwin, 1998; Zimmerman, 2000), but all models assume at least three phases: a preparatory or forethought phase, an actual performance or task completion phase, and an evaluation and adaptation phase. In the preparatory ...


Design And Perception Of An Approach To Improving Chinese As A Foreign Language Learners’ Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Shenglan Zhang Jan 2018

Design And Perception Of An Approach To Improving Chinese As A Foreign Language Learners’ Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

This study investigates the effects of an approach to improving Chinese-as-a-Foreign-Language (CFL) learners’ Self-Regulated-Learning (SRL) in personally managed contexts using a flipped/blended course environment. In addition, the study examines student perceptions of the approach and how learners’ beliefs about language learning correlate with their use of SRL. Studies indicate that SRL has positive effects on students’ academic performance in face-to-face classrooms (Kramarski & Gutman, 2006; Kramarski & Mizrachi, 2006; Lan, 1996; Orange, 1999; Schunk, 2005) and in online classes (Lynch & Dembo, 2004); therefore, different models and methods have been proposed and implemented to improve college students’ SRL. These models vary in scope, content, timeframe, and design (Hofer ...


Applying Research-Based Multimedia Design Principles In Designing And Teaching Beginning Cfl Learners The Ba Construction Online, Shenglan Zhang Dec 2017

Applying Research-Based Multimedia Design Principles In Designing And Teaching Beginning Cfl Learners The Ba Construction Online, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Teaching grammar online is an increasingly necessary practice, but the process is resource-heavy, requiring online tools such as grammar videos. Studies show that current online grammar modules have mixed effectiveness, and none of the studies have examined the effects of the design of these modules. This study investigated whether an online module, designed according to basic multi-media design principles, is effective in helping learners understand the use of the baconstruction. The study also asked how the students respond to the use of the online module. The findings show that the online module improved learners’ understanding and use of the ba ...


“My Excellent College Entrance Examination Achievement” — Noun Phrase Use Of Chinese Efl Students’ Writing, Sue Wang, Gulbahar H. Beckett Jan 2017

“My Excellent College Entrance Examination Achievement” — Noun Phrase Use Of Chinese Efl Students’ Writing, Sue Wang, Gulbahar H. Beckett

English Publications

—Previous studies have shown that phrasal structure, particularly complex noun phrases with phrasal modifiers, is a feature of advanced academic writing. Therefore, it would be important for those who plan to pursue further studies to learn to write in the way that is appropriate for academic writing. Using the manual annotation function of UAM corpus tool, this study compared the noun phrase use of Chinese EFL students’ writing with that of proficient language users. This study also discussed the significant differences found between these two groups in terms of noun phrase use and their implications for EFL/ ESL writing instruction.


Recognition Of Symbols In Different Cultures: Chinese Culture Vs. Non-Chinese Culture, Tian Shen Jan 2017

Recognition Of Symbols In Different Cultures: Chinese Culture Vs. Non-Chinese Culture, Tian Shen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Graphic design in different countries exhibits strong cultural characteristics of the countries. The beauty of cultural differences is commonly viewed as making graphic design unique and valuable. Alternately, the diversity of cultures may also result in unsatisfactory design due to a cultural barrier between the designer and people who are from a different cultural background. As a graphic designer, creating high-quality visual information that satisfies consumers with different cultural backgrounds is very important. Misinterpretation and misunderstanding of some cultures may result in design failure or cause conflict between different cultural groups. This study compares the acceptance levels of various kinds ...


Killing Two Birds With One Stone? Turning Cfl Learners Into Book Writers: An Exploratory Study, Shenglan Zhang Oct 2016

Killing Two Birds With One Stone? Turning Cfl Learners Into Book Writers: An Exploratory Study, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Two problems often emerge in the process of learning Chinese. First, learning to write at the beginning stage often focuses on forms, without an authentic purpose. As a result, learners do not have enough motivation to write. Second, while extensive reading benefits language learners, not many extensive reading materials are available to beginning and lower-intermediate level CFL learners. This empirical study examined the feasibility of incorporating a writing project into the curriculum, as well as the potential impact of such a project on learners’ reading and writing progress. A total of 89 learners participated in this study. The findings show ...


Thermodynamics And Historical Relevance Of A Jetting Thermometer Made Of Chinese Zisha Ceramic, Vincent Lee, Daniel Attinger Jul 2016

Thermodynamics And Historical Relevance Of A Jetting Thermometer Made Of Chinese Zisha Ceramic, Vincent Lee, Daniel Attinger

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Following a recent trend of scientific studies on artwork, we study here the thermodynamics of a thermometer made of zisha ceramic, related to the Chinese tea culture. The thermometer represents a boy who “urinates” shortly after hot water is poured onto his head. Long jetting distance is said to indicate that the water temperature is hot enough to brew tea. Here, a thermodynamic model describes the jetting phenomenon of that pee-pee boy. The study demonstrates how thermal expansion of an interior air pocket causes jetting. A thermodynamic potential is shown to define maximum jetting velocity. Seven optimization criteria to maximize ...


莫言小說《蛙》與多重權力—— 話語衝突中有關生育的文化記憶建構 / Mo Yan’S 莫言 Frog 蛙 And Competing Discourses On The Reconstruction Of Cultural Memory On Birth And Birth Control, 同路 李 Jun 2016

莫言小說《蛙》與多重權力—— 話語衝突中有關生育的文化記憶建構 / Mo Yan’S 莫言 Frog 蛙 And Competing Discourses On The Reconstruction Of Cultural Memory On Birth And Birth Control, 同路 李

World Languages and Cultures Publications

本文以莫言小說《蛙》為例,探討有關生育的傳統文化記憶在現 代啟蒙運動中如何被邊緣化,又如何支持了農民對計劃生育過程中國 家採取的暴力手段的抵抗,以及最終在新自由主義經濟發展時期如何 以類似宗教信仰的物化形式被重新啟動。文章認為,計劃生育不只是 一個社會政治實踐,更是一個文化實踐。這一實踐折射出了整個二十 世紀現代啟蒙運動、民族─國家重建、社會主義實踐,以及市場化過 程中科學理性、信仰以及暴力之間複雜的內在關聯。當國家以現代性 觀念將計劃生育这一暴力政策合法化時,農民則借助了基於「天理」 等傳統觀念的久被壓抑的文化記憶對其進行抵抗。

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Taking Mo Yan’s 莫言 novel Frog 蛙 as a principal example, this article explores the ways in which the traditional cultural memory of birth is marginalized, the ways in which such memory endorses the farmers’ resistance to state violence in birth control, and the ways in which it is revitalized in a quasi-religious form in the era of the market economy. It argues that birth control is not only a sociopolitical practice, but ...


Exploring The Cultural Memory Of The Common People: Desire, Violence, And Divinity In Mo Yan's Sandalwood Death, Tonglu Li Mar 2016

Exploring The Cultural Memory Of The Common People: Desire, Violence, And Divinity In Mo Yan's Sandalwood Death, Tonglu Li

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article examines Mo Yan’s Sandalwood Death, a novel on Sun Bing, troupe leader of Cat Tune and participant in the Boxer Rebellion. Identifying more with localized folk culture than with the modern culture represented by either the new Westernized elites or the revolutionary Communist political class, Mo Yan, in Sandalwood Death, created a novel whose settings are the three interrelated realms of the everyday, the historical, and the divine. The first, “everyday” section of the novel focuses on the ways in which human desire is fulfilled and contested in the mesh of power relationships. With the outbreak of ...


A Blended Chinese-As-A-Foreign- Language Short Course: Design And Perceptions, Shenglan Zhang Jan 2016

A Blended Chinese-As-A-Foreign- Language Short Course: Design And Perceptions, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This study investigated learners’ perceived effectiveness of a blended Chinese non-credit bearing short course designed for engineering students with no prior knowledge about Chinese language. Few studies have examined how to design blended Chinese courses for beginning learners. The design of this study was based on the framework of parameters proposed by Neumeier (2005). Bloom’s taxonomy of learning objectives in the cognitive domain was adopted in deciding on the time distribution to the two modes (Face-To-Face and online), and on sequencing the two modes. FTF was the lead mode with activities that help learners apply and practice what they ...


运用真实多媒体语料与民族志访谈法加强目的语文化学习:一个初步提议 / Using Authentic Multimedia Materials And Ethnographic Interview To Improve Target Culture Learning: A Preliminary Proposal, 胜兰 张 Oct 2015

运用真实多媒体语料与民族志访谈法加强目的语文化学习:一个初步提议 / Using Authentic Multimedia Materials And Ethnographic Interview To Improve Target Culture Learning: A Preliminary Proposal, 胜兰 张

World Languages and Cultures Publications

文化在语言教学中是一个不可缺少的元素,可是在外语教学实践中仍未得到足够重视。本文考察了文化教学在外语教学中存在的问题及其缺乏的原因。本文基于维果茨基社会文化理论,并遵循比较、交际、多层面与借鉴等四项原则,提出了如何利用网络真实语料和民族志访谈的文化教学模型来促进初级中文学习者的文化学习。


Trauma, Play, Memory: Life And Death Are Wearing Me Out And Mo Yan’S Strategies For Writing History As Story, Tonglu Li Aug 2015

Trauma, Play, Memory: Life And Death Are Wearing Me Out And Mo Yan’S Strategies For Writing History As Story, Tonglu Li

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Commonly acclaimed for its black humor, Life and Death Are Wearing Me Out uses the Buddhist concept of reincarnation to follow two families during the second half of the 20th century. The novel exemplifies the strategies through which Mo Yan transforms the violent and absurd events of recent Chinese history into personal memory of historical trauma. It focuses less, however, on those events per se than on the traumatic effects they create on the individual victims, and on the ways through which personal trauma caused by historical atrocities is addressed and healed. This article analyzes three layers of the novel ...


Teachers As Curators: Curating Authentic Online Content For Beginning And Intermediate Cfl Learners, Shenglan Zhang Jan 2015

Teachers As Curators: Curating Authentic Online Content For Beginning And Intermediate Cfl Learners, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

An abundance of authentic materials is available online for language learning. To locate appropriate materials is nearly impossible for even the most motivated learners. This requires teachers to curate authentic online content to enhance and supplement learners’ learning. Content curation is the process of collecting, organizing and displaying information. This article describes the procedure and strategies one may use in curating authentic content materials for Chinese language learning online. Teachers as curators need to collect the content with the consideration of difficulty level for different learners. In addition, they should put a lot of thoughts into content categorization based on ...


"Stay Loyal To The Earth": The Transcendental, The Teleological, And The Quotidian In Zhou Zuoren’S (1885-1967) Reflections On Modern Life, Tonglu Li Jan 2015

"Stay Loyal To The Earth": The Transcendental, The Teleological, And The Quotidian In Zhou Zuoren’S (1885-1967) Reflections On Modern Life, Tonglu Li

World Languages and Cultures Publications

What Ban Wang sees as "a central dilemma in China's quest for modernity" based on his reading of Xiaobing Tang's Chinese Modern: The Heroic and the Quotidian, is "the dynamic tension between the heroic an the quotidian," around which "[t]he story of modern China evolves." This tension, as Wang puts it, "brings together the utopian yearning of the political community and the private desire for fulfillment, revolutionary passions and domestic routines, mass culture spectacles and self-absorbed aesthetics, and the impulse for transcendence and retreat to everyday enclaves of private life." This insightful observation may help formulate a ...


The Sacred And The Cannibalistic: Zhou Zuoren’S Critique Of Violence In Modern China, Tonglu Li Jan 2014

The Sacred And The Cannibalistic: Zhou Zuoren’S Critique Of Violence In Modern China, Tonglu Li

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article explores the ways in which Zhou Zuoren critiqued violence in modern China as a belief-­‐‑driven phenomenon. Differing from Lu Xun and other mainstream intellectuals, Zhou consistently denied the legitimacy of violence as a force for modernizing China. Relying on extensive readings in anthropology, intellectual history, and religious studies, he investigated the fundamental “nexus” between violence and the religious, political, and ideological beliefs. In the Enlightenment’s effort to achieve modernity, cannibalistic Confucianism was to be cleansed from the corpus of Chinese culture as the “barbaric” cultural Other, but Zhou was convinced that such barbaric cannibalism was inherited ...


An Evidence-Based Practical Guide To Designing And Developing Chinese-As-A-Foreign-Language (Cfl) Courses Online, Shenglan Zhang Jan 2014

An Evidence-Based Practical Guide To Designing And Developing Chinese-As-A-Foreign-Language (Cfl) Courses Online, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

The purpose of this article is to give an overview of what is needed for creating and teaching an online Chinese course and some systematic recommendations for what a Chinese language teacher needs to know in order to continuously succeed in the new teaching context. An exhaustive review of empirical studies published in the past seven years is used to reveal what makes an online language course successful. Twelve studies were located. The findings of these studies were summarized around the four themes, online course development, teaching roles, learner support, and course evaluation. Examples were given to illustrate points based ...


Portrayals Of Gay Characters In Chinese Movies: A Longitudinal Look, Xuan Zhang Jan 2014

Portrayals Of Gay Characters In Chinese Movies: A Longitudinal Look, Xuan Zhang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Homosexuals were considered criminals and abnormal in China, and the majority of Chinese homosexuals still hide in the shadows, especially in the mainland. However, demands of cultural pluralism and human rights are beginning to show a sign of tolerance to the minority group, especially among the younger generation. As a powerful form of mass media, motion pictures can create images of certain people, affecting the audience's evaluation of a specific group or situation. This study examines the portrayals of gay characters in Chinese films over a sixteen-year period, focusing on the characters' visibility (explicit or implicit), representation (positive ...


To Believe Or Not To Believe: Zhou Zuoren's Alternative Approaches To The Chinese Enlightenment, Tonglu Li Apr 2013

To Believe Or Not To Believe: Zhou Zuoren's Alternative Approaches To The Chinese Enlightenment, Tonglu Li

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Resistances against May Fourth "enlightenment" (qimeng) have been celebrated as alternative versions of modernity that "decenter and destabilize" the mainstream paradigm (Chow et al. 2008: 3). But in this alternative modernities program, the complexity of the so-called center is often overlooked. Within the May Fourth movement, there are irreducible differences in position and different strategies of position taking. As Wang Hui (1997: 310) points out, what the May Fourth thinkers shared was only a common attitude toward tradition, not a unified theory; their proposals for establishing "newness" were quite different from each other. Surveying the roles the journal New Youth ...


70 Years Of Fashion In The Chinese Dress—Exploring Sociocultural Influences On Chinese Qipao’S Hemline Height And Waistline Fit In 1920s-1980s, Lushan Sun, Melody Lehew Jan 2013

70 Years Of Fashion In The Chinese Dress—Exploring Sociocultural Influences On Chinese Qipao’S Hemline Height And Waistline Fit In 1920s-1980s, Lushan Sun, Melody Lehew

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The evolving dynasties and periods in Chinese history have always been accompanied with unique changes in its dress. Under the globalized society today, Chinese fashion has also left its footprint in the international fashion industry through which the world gains further understanding of the Chinese culture.


New Humanism, Tonglu Li Mar 2008

New Humanism, Tonglu Li

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Originally proposed by Irving Babbitt and Elmer More, and inspired by Buddhist and Confucian philosophies, New Humanism opposed the moral decline fostered by relativist and determinist beliefs and by an increasingly materialistic American society during the early twentieth century. Brought back to China and transformed by Chinese scholars who had studied with Babbitt, New Humanism became a counternarrative to the May Fourth Movement, to Marxism, and to radicalism in general. This essay delineates the roles New Humanism played in China, its internal contradictions, and its intricate relationship with hegemonic discourses by examining the literary practices of three New Humanists who ...


Farm Technology And Technical Efficiency: Evidence From Four Regions In China, Zhuo Chen, Wallace Huffman, Scott Rozelle May 2006

Farm Technology And Technical Efficiency: Evidence From Four Regions In China, Zhuo Chen, Wallace Huffman, Scott Rozelle

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

In this paper we fit stochastic frontier production functions to data for Chinese farms grouped into each of four regions—North, Northeast, East, and Southwest—over 1995-1999. These frontier production functions are shown to have statistically different structures, and the marginal product information shows overuse of chemical inputs in the East and capital services in the North. Labor also has a low marginal product. Next, we use the data and the production parameters to create technical efficiency scores for each of the farms and then standardize them. Standardized technical efficiency is shown to have the same structure across regions and ...


What Forces That Shape And Retain The Beijing Courtyard Houses?, Chiu-Shui Chan, Ying Xiong Jan 2005

What Forces That Shape And Retain The Beijing Courtyard Houses?, Chiu-Shui Chan, Ying Xiong

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The type of courtyard house, as found within the Inner City of Beijing, is a well-developed Chinese housing typology. All houses in this area share a homogeneous pattern and texture in form and spatial layout. Particularly, certain distinguishing features can be easily identified across houses. This paper explains: (1) the outstanding features found in almost all courtyard houses in the city of Beijing, as well as in other cities across China, (2) the reasons why these features were preserved for more than two thousand years, (3) the socio-cultural driving forces that have maintained these features historically, and (4) the challenges ...


Digital Radioscopic Examination Of Ancient Bronze Castings, Derek Sturges, Kathleen Mcqueeney, Ellen Avril, Stephen Bonadies Jan 1991

Digital Radioscopic Examination Of Ancient Bronze Castings, Derek Sturges, Kathleen Mcqueeney, Ellen Avril, Stephen Bonadies

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

The Chinese aristocracy of the Shang (circa 1550 to 1030 B.C.) and Zhou (circa 1030 to 221 B.C.) dynasties commissioned the casting of sumptuous vessels in bronze for making ritual offerings of food and wine to their esteemed ancestors. The technical sophistication and extravagant consumption of raw materials required to produce these vessels attests to their importance as symbols of power for the ruling class. Enormous wealth was expended on the furnishing of tombs, in part because Chinese nobles believed that reverence for the needs of their ancestors in the afterlife would ensure the continued success of the ...


Semantic Transferability And Prototypicality In Chinese And English: A Study Of The Semantic Acquisition Of "Thin" By Chinese Learners Of English, Rue Yuan Jan 1990

Semantic Transferability And Prototypicality In Chinese And English: A Study Of The Semantic Acquisition Of "Thin" By Chinese Learners Of English, Rue Yuan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the field of second language (L2) acquisition, researchers as well as L2 teachers have long been aware of the difference in lexical usage patterns and in the meaning ascribed to L2 words by native speakers and by L2 learners. It has been observed that L2 learners appear to use more words of general than of specific meaning, tend to both overextend and underextend word meanings, and often fail to respond to constraints of register and collocation. In the case of polysemous words, it is also found that L2 learners acquire some meanings but not others. Idioms and figurative language ...


On The Relationships Between Communication Strategies And Language Proficiency: A Study Of Chinese Esl Students, Hui-Tsen Jeanne Tuan Jan 1989

On The Relationships Between Communication Strategies And Language Proficiency: A Study Of Chinese Esl Students, Hui-Tsen Jeanne Tuan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Yuk-Lan: A Translation And Commentary On A Chinese Story Of The Cultural Revolution Period, Wai Ling Lam Jan 1978

Yuk-Lan: A Translation And Commentary On A Chinese Story Of The Cultural Revolution Period, Wai Ling Lam

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One of the major functions of literature is to reveal the social and historical situation of the times. It is, however, dangerous to look at a certain type of literature and then generalize that the aspects presented there totally and truly reflect the situation of the time. The works of Ernest Hemingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald are good examples. Though Hemingway and Fitzgerald are contemporaries, their works represent two different life styles of the people who had lived through the First World War. While both of them are excellent writers, neither of their works should be read as a complete ...