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Articles 1 - 30 of 75

Full-Text Articles in Basque Studies

Non-Combat Death Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Non-Combat Death Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

The map shows the death location for Spaniards who died from non-combat causes. The points have a purple gradient going from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location.


Combined Location Of Spanish Youth, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Combined Location Of Spanish Youth, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

The map shows the location of Spanish Youth in June 1944 and end of 1945. The green gradient points represent the Spaniards’ location in June of 1944, while the red gradient points represent the Spaniards’ location at the end of 1945. The gradient goes from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location. The map illustrates the dramatic concentration of Spanish youth in Moscow Oblast’.


Combined Death Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Combined Death Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

This map shows the death location for Spaniards who died in combat and from non-combat causes. The quantity of Spaniards who died in a location is represented with a gradual color change. The combat deaths have a red gradient and the non-combat deaths have a purple gradient, going from lightest to darkest to represent a higher number of Spaniards.


Combined Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Combined Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

This map shows birth locations for Spaniards who died in combat and from non-combat causes. The quantity of Spaniards who were born in a location is represented with a gradual color change. The combat deaths have a red gradient and the non-combat deaths have a purple gradient, going from lightest to darkest to represent a higher number of Spaniards.


Combat Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Combat Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

This map demonstrates the birth location for Spaniards who died in combat. The points have a red gradient going from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location.


Displaced Spaniards Map, Layer Files & Data Tables, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Displaced Spaniards Map, Layer Files & Data Tables, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalins Niños - GIS Maps Data

This zip file contains three folders related to the Displaced Spaniards maps.

The Dislpaced Spaniards folder contains the index, GDB, APRX and other files associated with the GIS mapping.

The Displaced Spaniards Layers folder contains LYRX files for the associated GIS maps.

The third folder contains the associated data tables.


Tuberculosis, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Tuberculosis, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

The map shows the number and location of Spaniards who died from tuberculosis while being displaced in the USSR. The quantity of Spaniards is represented with a gradient point size that increases with the numbers of deaths in a location. The exact number of deaths in a given location is also indicated with an N= #.


Location Of Spanish Youth, 1945, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Location Of Spanish Youth, 1945, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

The map shows the location of Spanish Youth at the end of 1945. The points have a red gradient going from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location.


Location Of Spanish Youth, June 1944, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Location Of Spanish Youth, June 1944, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

The map shows the location of Spanish Youth in June 1944. The points have a green gradient going from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location.


Combat Death Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Combat Death Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

The map shows the death location for Spaniards who died combat. The points have a red gradient going from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location.


Non-Combat Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Non-Combat Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

This map demonstrates the birth location for Spaniards who died from non-combat causes. The points have a purple gradient going from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location.


Sueños De Tánger: Extraterritorial Basque Crime Fiction On Immigration To Spain, Shanna Lino Jun 2019

Sueños De Tánger: Extraterritorial Basque Crime Fiction On Immigration To Spain, Shanna Lino

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

As the world increasingly turns its attention to the European refugee crisis and to the 1.8 million who have arrived on that continent since 2014 as a consequence of being forced to flee their native countries’ war-torn cities and villages, questions continue to arise regarding the ethical and political responsibilities of Western nations to facilitate this exodus and to provide refugee and immigration services en route and at destination. Spain remains the intended port of arrival for thousands of Malians, Mauritanians, Moroccans, and Western Saharans who sometimes manage to escape war and extreme poverty only to find themselves stalled ...


Everything You Never Wanted To Know About Spanish Wines (And A Few Things You Did), John Phillips Wacker Apr 2019

Everything You Never Wanted To Know About Spanish Wines (And A Few Things You Did), John Phillips Wacker

Senior Theses

The Spanish wine scene is incredibly diverse, and an immense number of different wines are made in the country. Likewise, Spain is incredibly rich in culture, with a wide array of languages, histories, cultures, and cuisines found throughout the nation. The sheer number and variety of Spanish wines and the incredible variety of cultures found in Spain may be daunting to the uninitiated. Thus, a guide to Spanish wine and culture, which not only details the two but links them, as well, may prove very helpful to the Spanish wine newcomer or perhaps even a sommelier.

This thesis-guide was compiled ...


The Basques In Idaho, John Patrick "Pat" Bieter Phd Dec 2018

The Basques In Idaho, John Patrick "Pat" Bieter Phd

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This is the 45th anniversary of the publication of Dr. Pat Bieter’s booklet by the Idaho State Historical Society in 1973. It served as one of the earliest English language introductions to the Basques in general, and specifically the Basques of Idaho relating the story of the Basque homeland and why Basques immigrated to America and settled in Idaho. This re-publication with permission returns us to the pioneering work of this author. In addition to his writing on the Basques, Bieter founded Boise State's first studies abroad program which later became part of the University Studies Abroad Consortium ...


Ethnic Identity Formation Among Basque-American Adolescents, Catherine M. Petrissans Dec 2018

Ethnic Identity Formation Among Basque-American Adolescents, Catherine M. Petrissans

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This article focuses on the ethnic identity formation among one hundred Basque-American youth between the ages of nine and fifteen who were interviewed at the beginning and end of a two week long Udaleku held in Bakersfield California in 2013. This project explores four key questions related to the internal thought processes used by camp attendees to account for or try to make sense of their ethnicity. First, were camp attendees confident or confused about their ethnicity? Second, have participants attempted to “explore” their ethnicity and, if so how? Third, what does “being Basque” mean to camp participants and is ...


Reconciling The Places Where We Live With The Spaces We Inhabit: Construction Of A Communicative Space For Basque Based On A Local Media Network, Eneko Bidegain, Aitor Zuberogoitia, Txema Egaña Dec 2018

Reconciling The Places Where We Live With The Spaces We Inhabit: Construction Of A Communicative Space For Basque Based On A Local Media Network, Eneko Bidegain, Aitor Zuberogoitia, Txema Egaña

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

The aim of this research is to give a detailed description of local media working in Basque language, hence, providing a backdrop for other minority language local media. Our approach is to offer data based on a questionnaire distributed among 65 local media with a response rate of 84%, ten in-depth interviews and a focus group. The data revealed a total publication of 200.000 copies with potential for a 70 page newspaper, 400.000 readers, almost 300 employees and more than 1.000 collaborating individuals. However, in spite of seeking to collaborate within a common framework, diversity and economic ...


Seventeenth-Century Basque Witchtrials: The Interaction Of Socio-Religious Norms Within The Contact Zone Of The Accused And The Inquisitor, Michelle Gizinski Earwicker May 2018

Seventeenth-Century Basque Witchtrials: The Interaction Of Socio-Religious Norms Within The Contact Zone Of The Accused And The Inquisitor, Michelle Gizinski Earwicker

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

During the early seventeenth century, the Catholic Church sought to eradicate any belief systems that did not align with Catholic theology. In the Basque regions of Spain and France, these efforts produced a series of witch hunts between 1608 – 1614, in which the Church labeled as diabolical and nefarious the socio-religious belief systems the Basque people tried to incorporate into their practice of Catholicism. This thesis uses the confessions of accused Basque witches gathered during investigations and trials to explore Basques’ mention of pre-Christian symbols and beliefs, which I argue were often misunderstood by the Inquisitors as evidence of diabolical ...


Escritoras Vascas Y Feminismo: La Ubicua Violencia Sexual Contra La Mujer En Los Relatos De Eider Rodríguez, Iker González-Allende Jan 2018

Escritoras Vascas Y Feminismo: La Ubicua Violencia Sexual Contra La Mujer En Los Relatos De Eider Rodríguez, Iker González-Allende

Spanish Language and Literature

Este artículo analiza la representación de la violencia sexual masculina en cuatro relatos de la escritora vasca Eider Rodríguez: “Ojos de abeja”, “Carne”, “Calle de la Providencia” y “Puntos suspensivos”, incluidos en sus libros Y poco después, ahora (2007) y Carne (2008), versiones traducidas de sus originales en euskara. Estas narraciones revelan la existencia ubicua de una cultura de la violación en la sociedad contemporánea, en la que se incentiva la agresividad sexual en los hombres y se justifican sus ataques sexuales contra las mujeres. El artículo investiga tres modalidades de violencia sexual: la violación y el acoso sexual del ...


Assessing Udaleku 2013: The Effects Of Gender, Age, Family, And Community On Basque Youth Skills, Interest, Identity And Pride, Catherine M. Petrissans Dec 2017

Assessing Udaleku 2013: The Effects Of Gender, Age, Family, And Community On Basque Youth Skills, Interest, Identity And Pride, Catherine M. Petrissans

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

One hundred Basque-American youth between the ages of nine and fifteen were interviewed at the beginning and end of a two week long Udaleku held in Bakersfield California in 2013 to determine: 1) the primary reason children attended Basque camp 2) the skills and abilities participants exhibited at the onset of Udaleku 3) the extent to which youth skills and interest in txistu, song, dance, euskara, pala, and mus changed over the course of camp, 4) the effect Udaleku had on the children’s level of Basque identity and pride 5) the children’s assessment of camp conditions, organization and ...


Vizcaínos: The Scourge Of The Empire And Uncomfortable Identities, Juan Gil-Osle Dec 2017

Vizcaínos: The Scourge Of The Empire And Uncomfortable Identities, Juan Gil-Osle

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

What a Vizcaíno is in the literature of the 16th and 17th centuries has always been a puzzle due to the different uses given to the word. The connotation of the term Vizcaíno can go from an insult similar to “thief,” “traitor,” even “Portuguese,” to, in other cases, “stupid,” “gregarious,” or simply different. In other words, the Vizcaíno is a paradigmatic Other, which seems to have become an insider Other (nothing could be more enervating for some in Spain, or more nostalgic for others than the “insiderness” of this quintessential Other). And unfortunately, in this case, otherness has ...


Face To Face: Painting Basque Identity In The Diaspora, Zoe Bray Dec 2017

Face To Face: Painting Basque Identity In The Diaspora, Zoe Bray

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

I draw on my experience of painting portraits to reflect on the Basque diaspora today. Whilst living in different countries, I have painted Basque individuals that I have met through Basque organizations, through common friends in the Basque Country, or through “non-Basque” people who introduce us presuming that as fellow Basques we have something in common. We are thus brought together through the networks that typically define a diaspora. At the same time, Basque identity in the diaspora, as I have come to understand - and paint - it, is a personal and contextual experience. In this article, I offer further - textual ...


Subject — Not Only Object — Of Study: Basque Studies, Aitor Anduaga Dec 2017

Subject — Not Only Object — Of Study: Basque Studies, Aitor Anduaga

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

To establish a discipline implies a responsibility. Whose is it? As vascólogos (or experts in Basque studies) and vascófilos (or scholars of the Basque language), our first thought should be addressed to discern the Basque studies as an object of study or as a subject of study. This distinction is fundamental. The historical review of the condition of object and/or subject in these studies reveals a crucial feature that defines both us and the Basque studies: our renunciation of their status of subject. This paper suggests a double task to address this deficiency: instituting, not renouncing, Basque studies as ...


The Main Challenges To 21st-Century Business Administration: The Management Of People And Knowledge. The Ner Group Case, María Alvarez Sainz, Kepa Xabier Apellaniz Dec 2017

The Main Challenges To 21st-Century Business Administration: The Management Of People And Knowledge. The Ner Group Case, María Alvarez Sainz, Kepa Xabier Apellaniz

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This article presents and analyses the main challenges facing business organisations today: the management of people and knowledge, derived from the great transformations caused by the Third and Fourth Industrial Revolutions. A new management model, developed in the Basque Country, and the new style of relationships (ner, using its name form in Spanish – ‘nuevo estilo de relaciones’), shared by organisations of the ner Group, are presented and the main results of a study on their cultural features are demonstrated, as perceived by the people who work with this concept. Ner is based on people (the basic pillars of an organisation ...


Iker Gonzalez-Allende. El Exilio Vasco. Estudios En Homenaje Al Profesor José Ángel Ascunce Arrieta. Bilbao: Universidad De Deusto, 2016., Iker Arranz Jun 2017

Iker Gonzalez-Allende. El Exilio Vasco. Estudios En Homenaje Al Profesor José Ángel Ascunce Arrieta. Bilbao: Universidad De Deusto, 2016., Iker Arranz

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Iker Gonzalez-Allende. El Exilio Vasco. Estudios en homenaje al Profesor José Ángel Ascunce Arrieta. Bilbao: Universidad de Deusto, 2016.


No One Expects The Spanish Inquisition: Witchcraft Trials In Basque Spain And Southwestern Germany, Alexandra C. Steed Jun 2017

No One Expects The Spanish Inquisition: Witchcraft Trials In Basque Spain And Southwestern Germany, Alexandra C. Steed

Honors Theses

The age of witch trials lasted from 1450 to 1750 and encompassed most of Western Europe. Seventy-five percent of all witchcraft trials took place in Germany, and 480 occurred in Southwestern Germany. Germany lacked centralized leadership, and lack of control over a region’s governing body meant a prince or a bishop could burn as many people as he saw fit. The trials in Southwestern Germany lasted from 1562 to 1684 and killed between 1,000 and 1,500 people. The trials in Southwestern Germany are Central because they all shared similar elements. Many of the towns were undergoing social ...


Review: Sylvia Martin, 'Ink In Her Veins: The Troubled Life Of Aileen Palmer', (Crawley: Uwa Publishing, 2016)., Rowan Cahill Oct 2016

Review: Sylvia Martin, 'Ink In Her Veins: The Troubled Life Of Aileen Palmer', (Crawley: Uwa Publishing, 2016)., Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review of Sylvia Martin's study (2016) of Australian poet, Spanish Civil War veteran, WW11 Ambulance driver, translator, Aileen Palmer and her life and times. 


Review: Sylvia Martin, 'Ink In Her Veins: The Troubled Life Of Aileen Palmer', (Crawley: Uwa Publishing, 2016)., Rowan Cahill Oct 2016

Review: Sylvia Martin, 'Ink In Her Veins: The Troubled Life Of Aileen Palmer', (Crawley: Uwa Publishing, 2016)., Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review of Sylvia Martin's study (2016) of Australian poet, Spanish Civil War veteran, WW11 Ambulance driver, translator, Aileen Palmer and her life and times. 


Armintxe Basque Cave Artwork: The Latest Find Oct 2016

Armintxe Basque Cave Artwork: The Latest Find

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

Ancient cave paintings reaching back more than 14,000 years were recently found below the Basque town of Lekeitio (Bizkaia). The fifty images were found etched into stone at the Armintxe cave, depicting animals rarely seen in Paleolithic art, such as lions. Experts from the Provincial Council of Bizkaia made the discovery, and believe that they share many of the same characteristics as previous cave artwork in the Basque Country, suggesting close contact among these people who shared in the creation of these cave etchings.


Usac - 33+ Years Of Learning In The Basque Country Oct 2016

Usac - 33+ Years Of Learning In The Basque Country

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

For 33 years, USAC has provided university students with quality, affordable study abroad programs and contributed to the internationalization of universities in the United States and abroad. Students from any university are welcome to participate; and those from more than 800 universities around the world have done so. We salute this program which offers students a unique learning opportunity in the Basque Country, where more than 400 students study each year; 9,000 total since 1983.


Euskadi-Bulletinen: Swedish Solidarity With The Basque Independence Movement During The 1970'S, Joakim Lilljegren Oct 2016

Euskadi-Bulletinen: Swedish Solidarity With The Basque Independence Movement During The 1970'S, Joakim Lilljegren

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

Euskadi-bulletinen, the only Basque-Swedish entry in the Swedish national library catalogue, was one of many left-wing bulletins published in Sweden during the mid-1970's. It supported “the Basque people's struggle for freedom and socialism” and could therefore also be seen in a wider perspective as one of many European journals published in solidarity with the Basque independence movement at the time. In this article, the three numbers of the bulletin are described and put in their historical context.