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Articles 1 - 30 of 458

Full-Text Articles in Art and Design

Untitled, Graham N. Hughes May 2020

Untitled, Graham N. Hughes

TYGR: Student Art and Literary Magazine 2018-present

No abstract provided.


Hyperreal Communication, Idil Tayhan May 2020

Hyperreal Communication, Idil Tayhan

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

”In societies where modern conditions of production prevail, all of life presents itself as an immense accumulation of spectacles.” -Guy Debord

Particularly in the contemporary era, image duplication and manipulation techniques have been advancing rapidly. These advancements are forming a new discourse around communication that is drastically different from its predecessors. For this reason, in the contemporary era, communication has become questionable in its truthfulness and sincerity. As a designer, I am concerned with the extreme commercialization and commodification of communication. My work looks to the situationist movement of the 60's, which sought to disrupt every cultural front in ...


Designing A School: Creating A Map For Pace University, Tanner Maple May 2020

Designing A School: Creating A Map For Pace University, Tanner Maple

Honors College Theses

The map of a university is an essential tool for students, not only for navigation but also to promote the campus. When the map is outdated, students don’t find it functional and it can not complete its purpose. With the map of Pace University’s downtown campus, a new design was needed to go with the renovations that are taking place. When redesigning the map, features that are seen amongst the most common maps should be considered in the design. One feature that most maps now have is some sort of interactivity. To include this, maps have an online ...


Wafuku: An Exploration Of Historic Japanese Apparel And The Future Of The Kimono Form, Elaina M. Reck Apr 2020

Wafuku: An Exploration Of Historic Japanese Apparel And The Future Of The Kimono Form, Elaina M. Reck

Senior Theses

This thesis is an exploration of historical Japanese dress for women, especially focusing on the kimono. It will delve into the comparisons between Western and Japanese dress (respectively yōfuku and wafuku), especially focusing on form and silhouette. It will conclude with an examination of the current status of the kimono, what led to its demise, but also what recent revitalization efforts have been made in Japan. The companion creative portion is a collection of modern clothing that is inspired by elements of these historic garments, showing that these design elements are timeless. I desire for this project to be ...


Meritpatch - Family Collaborative Activities, Jason Allan Crouch Apr 2020

Meritpatch - Family Collaborative Activities, Jason Allan Crouch

Masters Theses

There is no doubt that the modern family is very busy and disrupted by outside influences. Social trends and expectations have caused many families to become disconnected. There is research that points to overuse of technology as one culprit. Other research suggests that lack of spiritualism has negatively affected families. Regardless of the cause, it can be argued that the more disconnect within a family, the more likely it is for family members to experience negative social, emotional and/or health related issues as well as broken relationships. This study seeks to define family interactions and activities that support a ...


Weaving Material Connexion Into Curriculum, Shelley Woods, Gouthami Vigneswaran, Patricia Buckley Jan 2020

Weaving Material Connexion Into Curriculum, Shelley Woods, Gouthami Vigneswaran, Patricia Buckley

Publications and Scholarship

Weaving Material ConneXion into the Curriculum poster presented at OLA Super Conference 2020.


3d Printing Of Bone Spurs Before Surgical Removal During Total Knee Arthroplasty, Chris Li, Jeffrey Henstenburg, Md, Katelyn Koons, John Paul Prodoehl, Matthew Chadwick, Lauren Schlegel Jan 2020

3d Printing Of Bone Spurs Before Surgical Removal During Total Knee Arthroplasty, Chris Li, Jeffrey Henstenburg, Md, Katelyn Koons, John Paul Prodoehl, Matthew Chadwick, Lauren Schlegel

Phase 1

Background: In the United States, total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the most common performed orthopedic surgery, with over 700,000 cases per year. Overall, 21-25% underwent revision due to instability. Incorrect soft tissue balancing during the procedure can lead to improper alignment, flexion, and extension. Visualization of osteophytes in a 3D manner prior to removal is difficult and poses significant risks for improper balancing on TKA. The purpose of the study is to determine whether the utilization of 3D osteophyte models is beneficial to Orthopaedic surgeons in the course of care, specifically with regard to improving outcomes, decreasing complication rates ...


Applying Design Thinking For Community-Provider Collaboration: Designing A Culture- And User-Friendly Refugee Wellness Center, Brandon Joa, Ellen Solomon, Oluwatoni Okuboyejo, Shandon Coffman, Bon Ku, Md, Mpp Jan 2020

Applying Design Thinking For Community-Provider Collaboration: Designing A Culture- And User-Friendly Refugee Wellness Center, Brandon Joa, Ellen Solomon, Oluwatoni Okuboyejo, Shandon Coffman, Bon Ku, Md, Mpp

Phase 1

Purpose: This case study demonstrates the application of design thinking to the process of building a culturally sensitive health center for refugees and immigrants.

Background: Refugee communities present a growing underserved population. Designing South Philadelphia’s first permanent healthcare facility dedicated to immigrant and refugee health presents a unique opportunity to integrate cultural sensitivity with principles of community health. Design thinking is a promising yet underutilized strategy for addressing health and social justice concerns in an efficient way that improves both provider and patient satisfaction. A project was conducted to utilize design thinking to make suggestions to the design of ...


Design Thinking For Community-Provider Collaboration: Designing A Culture- And User-Friendly Refugee Wellness Center, Shandon Coffman, Oluwatoni Okuboyejo, Ellen Solomon, Brandon Joa, Bon Ku, Md, Mpp Jan 2020

Design Thinking For Community-Provider Collaboration: Designing A Culture- And User-Friendly Refugee Wellness Center, Shandon Coffman, Oluwatoni Okuboyejo, Ellen Solomon, Brandon Joa, Bon Ku, Md, Mpp

Phase 1

Background: South Philadelphia has a growing immigrant and refugee population, increasing the need for a healthcare facility dedicated to refugee health that integrates cultural sensitivity with principles of community health. Design thinking (human-centered design) is a promising strategy to address health and social justice concerns through the development of innovative products and services that prioritize population needs. This project utilized design thinking to inform suggestions to the design of Hansjörg Wyss Wellness Center that promote a culturally sensitive and welcoming environment in order to improve healthcare outcomes for the refugee population in Philadelphia.

Methods: Standard qualitative data gathering methods were ...


Scavenger Of Waste Anesthetic, Cary Hess, Jonathan Karp, Delara Kiani, Corey Jameson, Michael E. Mahla, Mary Herman, Dietrich Gravenstein, Robert S. Pugliese Jan 2020

Scavenger Of Waste Anesthetic, Cary Hess, Jonathan Karp, Delara Kiani, Corey Jameson, Michael E. Mahla, Mary Herman, Dietrich Gravenstein, Robert S. Pugliese

Phase 1

Waste anesthetic gases (WAGs) are associated with spontaneous miscarriages in pregnant persons, an increased risk of congenital abnormalities, hepatotoxicity, neurotoxicity, and cognitive impairment. Through monitoring anesthesiologists we found levels of WAGs to be 5-10x the current standard inside the OR. Currently, no solutions exist for the mitigation of WAG release. Remora is a solution to removing WAGs that fits on top of existing anesthesia masks. A flexible skirt is joined to a rigid ring, which deforms under hand pressure to facilitate effective hand-to-mask placement. The suction system is plugged into an unused suction port to create an area under the ...


3d Printed Liver Models As A Tool To Improve Pre-Surgical Consultation And Enhance Patient Consent, Miranda Sill, Nathan Ott, Robert S. Pugliese, Pharmd, Bcps Jan 2020

3d Printed Liver Models As A Tool To Improve Pre-Surgical Consultation And Enhance Patient Consent, Miranda Sill, Nathan Ott, Robert S. Pugliese, Pharmd, Bcps

Phase 1

Background: 3D printing has recently emerged as an effective, cost-efficient tool for healthcare innovation. We propose the fabrication of 3D printed, patient-specific liver models as a pre-surgical planning and communication tool for liver resection surgery.

Methods: Creation of the model began with the segmentation of the patient's abdominal CT scan, where specific sections of their anatomy, including the blood vessels (portal and hepatic systems), gallbladder, and tumor (when applicable), were digitally segmented. Each structure was then printed in a unique color using polylactic acid (PLA) plastic filament on an Ultimaker 5s printer. Once printed the components were arranged anatomically ...


Color Changing Device To Improve Adherence To Foley Catheter Replacement Protocols And Reduce Urinary Tract Infection Frequency, Bryn Cross, Kurt Hill, Alexander Straus, Ms, Jason M. Fields, Md Jan 2020

Color Changing Device To Improve Adherence To Foley Catheter Replacement Protocols And Reduce Urinary Tract Infection Frequency, Bryn Cross, Kurt Hill, Alexander Straus, Ms, Jason M. Fields, Md

Phase 1

Background: Millions of hospital-acquired UTI’s are caused by indwelling urinary catheters. The longer a catheter is left in, the greater the risk for infection. Catheters are often left in longer than necessary because physicians are not aware of them or the original indications for placement are not reevaluated. We hypothesize our device will draw attention to indwelling catheters and prompt re-evaluation and removal if necessary.

Methods: We will design a light strip that can be attached to the catheter bag and will turn on to blue after 5 days of placement and purple after 8 days. This will call ...


Color-Changing Device To Improve Adherence To Foley Catheter Replacement Protocols And Reduce Urinary Tract Infection Frequency, Alexander Straus, Ms, Kurt Hill, Bryn Cross, Jason M. Fields, Md Jan 2020

Color-Changing Device To Improve Adherence To Foley Catheter Replacement Protocols And Reduce Urinary Tract Infection Frequency, Alexander Straus, Ms, Kurt Hill, Bryn Cross, Jason M. Fields, Md

Phase 1

Background: Catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) are a major source of patient morbidity and mortality in healthcare settings and have a significant financial impact on the healthcare system. Many hospitals have clinical protocols in place to continually reassess the necessity of indwelling foley catheters and remove them if their use is no longer warranted. However, it is still common for indwelling foley catheters to be overlooked and remain in place, even after meeting criteria for removal. A design project was conducted that sought to improve adherence to clinical protocols, and reduce frequency of CAUTIs, by creating a color-changing device ...


3d Printing Of Bone Spurs Before Surgical Removal, Katelyn Koons, John Paul Prodoehl, Matthew Chadwick, Chris Li, Lauren Schlegel, Jeffrey Henstenburg, Md Jan 2020

3d Printing Of Bone Spurs Before Surgical Removal, Katelyn Koons, John Paul Prodoehl, Matthew Chadwick, Chris Li, Lauren Schlegel, Jeffrey Henstenburg, Md

Phase 1

Project Background: In the United States, 2% of the population will experience bone spurs, which will not resolve on their own.1 Of people over 60 who experience a bone spur, 40% will require medical attention.2 The soft tissue visualization appears to be difficult with imaging, leaving increased chance of poor balancing of the knee replacement. Osteophyte structure continues to be difficult to visualize in a 3D way and without their proper removal, can lead to increased rate of revision surgery. Having a 3D model of the bone spur may decrease risk of complication and enhance soft tissue modification ...


Improvements On The Inhaler, Jesse Evensky, Bradley Freid, Kabir Malkani, Alex Reibstein, Gregory C. Kane, Md Jan 2020

Improvements On The Inhaler, Jesse Evensky, Bradley Freid, Kabir Malkani, Alex Reibstein, Gregory C. Kane, Md

Phase 1

Background: Inhalers are a commonplace in American health care and deliver crucial drugs to patients with COPD and asthma. Inhaler use has been shown to be unsatisfactory among patients resulting in ineffective medication delivery. The goal of this project was to improve the inhaler design for increased effectiveness and ease of use.

Methods: Our team first interviewed a Pulmonologist regarding patient inhaler use. Dr. Harry Kane demonstrated the proper use of an inhaler as well and described errors in inhaler use are due to patient technique. A variety of inhalers currently available were examined and were compared for ease of ...


3d Printing Of Bone Spurs Before Surgical Removal, Matthew Chadwick, John Paul Prodoehl, Katelyn Koons, Chris Li, Lauren Schlegel, Jeffrey Henstenburg, Md Jan 2020

3d Printing Of Bone Spurs Before Surgical Removal, Matthew Chadwick, John Paul Prodoehl, Katelyn Koons, Chris Li, Lauren Schlegel, Jeffrey Henstenburg, Md

Phase 1

Project Background: In the US alone, total knee arthroplasty is the most common performed orthopedic surgery, with over 700,000 cases per year.1 Overall, 21-25% underwent revision due to instability.2 The stability of a TKA depends largely on soft tissue balance for proper alignment in flexion and extension. Soft tissue balancing in TKA depends on posterior femoral condylar osteophytes, which prevent full extension of the knee and increase tension posteriorly. Pre-operative soft tissue visualization is difficult and this leaves an increased chance for implant failure and revision surgery. Having a 3D model of the bone spur before and ...


Improving The Inhaler, Alex Reibstein, Jesse Evensky, Bradley Freid, Kabir Malkani, Gregory C. Kane, Md Jan 2020

Improving The Inhaler, Alex Reibstein, Jesse Evensky, Bradley Freid, Kabir Malkani, Gregory C. Kane, Md

Phase 1

Background: Inhalers used to dispense various pharmacological agents play an important role in the care of patients with pulmonary disease. These pharmacological agents can be very effective, however, many patients that use inhalers often deliver these drugs incorrectly or in a sub-optimal manner. Our project aims to improve the design of the inhaler in order to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery and also ease of patient use.

Methods: We interviewed a critical care pulmonologist regarding patient inhaler use and compliance. This physician offered information about proper inhaler use and described common errors that patients encounter when attempting to dispense ...


Applying Design Thinking For Community-Provider Collaboration: Designing A Culture- And User-Friendly Refugee Wellness Center, Oluwatoni Okuboyejo, Ellen Solomon, Shandon Coffman, Brandon Joa, Bon Ku, Md, Mpp Jan 2020

Applying Design Thinking For Community-Provider Collaboration: Designing A Culture- And User-Friendly Refugee Wellness Center, Oluwatoni Okuboyejo, Ellen Solomon, Shandon Coffman, Brandon Joa, Bon Ku, Md, Mpp

Phase 1

Background: Designing South Philadelphia’s first permanent healthcare facility dedicated to immigrant and refugee health presents a unique opportunity to integrate cultural sensitivity with principles of community health. Philadelphia is a city saturated with many medical institutions and hospitals, yet there are large health disparities within miles of each other. Bringing together healthcare providers with a common goal of improving community health needs from a cultural standpoint can be tasking, even when all are on the same page. Design thinking is an underexplored perspective that has the potential to address these concerns in an efficient way that improves both provider ...


Design Thinking For Community-Provider Collaboration: Designing A Culture- And User-Friendly Refugee Wellness Center, Ellen Solomon, Oluwatoni Okuboyejo, Shandon Coffman, Brandon Joa, Bon Ku, Md, Mpp Jan 2020

Design Thinking For Community-Provider Collaboration: Designing A Culture- And User-Friendly Refugee Wellness Center, Ellen Solomon, Oluwatoni Okuboyejo, Shandon Coffman, Brandon Joa, Bon Ku, Md, Mpp

Phase 1

Background: Designing South Philadelphia’s first permanent healthcare facility dedicated to refugee health presents a unique opportunity to integrate cultural sensitivity with principles of community health. Design thinking (human-centered design) is a promising strategy to address health and social justice concerns through the development of innovative products and services that prioritize population needs. This project utilized design thinking to inform suggestions to the design of Hansjörg Wyss Wellness Center that promote a culturally sensitive and welcoming environment in order to improve healthcare outcomes for the refugee population in Philadelphia.

Methods: Standard qualitative data gathering methods were used to gather insight ...


Color-Changing Device To Improve Adherence To Foley Catheter Replacement Protocols And Reduce Urinary Tract Infection Frequency, Kurt Hill, Alexander Straus, Ms, Bryn Cross, Jason M. Fields, Md Jan 2020

Color-Changing Device To Improve Adherence To Foley Catheter Replacement Protocols And Reduce Urinary Tract Infection Frequency, Kurt Hill, Alexander Straus, Ms, Bryn Cross, Jason M. Fields, Md

Phase 1

Background: Foley catheter-associated UTI’s (CAUTI’s) represent a driving cause of cystitis, bacteremia and sepsis in the hospital setting. Accordingly, the CDC has identified prolonged indwelling time as the foremost risk factor for CAUTI’s. However, the fundamental design of the Foley has remained unchanged for over eighty years. Hospital-specific protocols do currently exist for the removal of infection-prone catheters; however, in practice it remains commonplace for catheters to be ignored, increasing the risk of life-threatening infection. Our design process addressed this by creating a color-changing alarm device that would alert providers when a catheter has been left in ...


Creating A Noise-Reducing, Wearable Intervention For Newborns In The Nicu, Mohammad Rasool, Alexandra A. Mccullough, Alison Romisher, Robert S. Pugliese, Pharmd, Bcps, Bon Ku, Md, Mpp Jan 2020

Creating A Noise-Reducing, Wearable Intervention For Newborns In The Nicu, Mohammad Rasool, Alexandra A. Mccullough, Alison Romisher, Robert S. Pugliese, Pharmd, Bcps, Bon Ku, Md, Mpp

Phase 1

Background: Excessive auditory stimulation can have negative effects on the growth and development of newborn babies. The American Academy of Pediatrics states that newborns should not be exposed to sounds in excess of 45dB while they are in the hospital, however noise levels in NICUs across the country are often between 50-100dB. A design project was conducted to develop an intervention that could reduce infant exposure to excessive noise.

Methods: Neonatologists, nurses, audiologists, music therapists, sound designers, soft materials experts, and medical device designers were interviewed and consulted throughout the design process. A 24-hour sound recording using a REED-SD-4023 meter ...


Device For The Capture And Extraction Of Waste Anesthetic Gas, Jonathan Karp, Cary Hess, Delara Kiani, Corey Jameson, Robert S. Pugliese, Michael E. Mahla, Dietrich Gravenstein, Mary Herman Jan 2020

Device For The Capture And Extraction Of Waste Anesthetic Gas, Jonathan Karp, Cary Hess, Delara Kiani, Corey Jameson, Robert S. Pugliese, Michael E. Mahla, Dietrich Gravenstein, Mary Herman

Phase 1

Background: Leaks occur often throughout the process of delivering inhaled anesthesia prior to and during surgery. Leaks typically occur around the patient’s mouth, nose, and eyes. Potent inhaled anesthetics (PIAs) include halothane, sevoflurane, desflurane, and isoflurane. All PIAs, to one degree or another, pose hazards to human health. PIAs are associated with reproductive toxicity, spontaneous miscarriages in pregnant persons as well as an increased risk of congenital abnormalities in offspring. In other words, PIAs are thought to be both abortifacients as well as teratogens. PIAs are also associated with hepatotoxicity, neurotoxicity, cognitive impairment, as well as increased incidence of ...


3d Printing Of Knee Models To Decrease Or Time And Reduce Revisional Surgery In Total Knee Arthroplasty (Tka), Lauren Schlegel, John Paul Prodoehl, Matthew Chadwick, Chris Li, Katelyn Koons, Jeffrey Henstenburg, Md Jan 2020

3d Printing Of Knee Models To Decrease Or Time And Reduce Revisional Surgery In Total Knee Arthroplasty (Tka), Lauren Schlegel, John Paul Prodoehl, Matthew Chadwick, Chris Li, Katelyn Koons, Jeffrey Henstenburg, Md

Phase 1

Project Background: Osteophytes are a common problem, affecting 2% of the United States population. For many elderly people, these osteophytes will cause them to seek medical attention. Due to the 2-D nature of MRIs and CT scans, it can be difficult to gain a complete understanding of the complicated soft tissue structures surrounding the joint when performing a Total Knee Arthroplasty(TKA). Without proper removal of osteophytes and correct soft tissue balancing, there is an increased rate of revisional surgery. By utilizing a 3-D model preoperatively and within the OR, surgeons can visualize various aspects of the knee to determine ...


Improving The Inhaler, Kabir Malkani, Jesse Evensky, Bradley Freid, Alex Reibstein, Gregory C. Kane, Md Jan 2020

Improving The Inhaler, Kabir Malkani, Jesse Evensky, Bradley Freid, Alex Reibstein, Gregory C. Kane, Md

Phase 1

Background: It is estimated that about 1 in 10 Americans use inhalers to deliver inhaled drugs for respiratory disease such as COPD and asthma. Some studies have shown that up to 84% of people use their inhaler incorrectly, which can cause long term problems and acute flareups. Therefore, improving the inhaler design to allow for ease of use was the main focus of our project.

Methods: We had a discussion with a pulmonary critical care attending who provided information on proper patient inhaler use and common user errors. He also gave us a sample of different inhalers on the market ...


Patient-Specific 3d Printed Liver Models For Pre-Operative Planning And Improved Patient Adherence, Nathan Ott, Miranda Sill, Robert S. Pugliese, Pharmd, Bcps, Ashesh P. Shah, Md Jan 2020

Patient-Specific 3d Printed Liver Models For Pre-Operative Planning And Improved Patient Adherence, Nathan Ott, Miranda Sill, Robert S. Pugliese, Pharmd, Bcps, Ashesh P. Shah, Md

Phase 1

Project Background: 3D anatomical relationships in the liver are not always visually accessible for surgeons performing resections even with advanced imaging options. Firm understanding of these relationships is essential for timely procedures, which can improve patient outcomes and lower hospital expenses. Patient-specific 3D modeling has existed for some time, though it is costly. New cost-effective techniques have surfaced which may yield opportunities for more effective preoperative planning in liver surgery and improved patient adherence.

Methods: Digital patient-specific 3D reconstruction of a liver was completed by interpolating data from MRI scans using 3D Slicer, a segmenting program. The liver model was ...


Indigenous Woman., Annabelle R. Broeffle Jan 2020

Indigenous Woman., Annabelle R. Broeffle

Senior Art Portfolios

Abstract three-piece series created by Annabelle Broeffle in the fall of 2019. It includes sculpture and installation art. The series is focused on indigenous social issues.


Noah Fidlin Senior Art Portfolio, Noah J. Fidlin Jan 2020

Noah Fidlin Senior Art Portfolio, Noah J. Fidlin

Senior Art Portfolios

An art, photography and design magazine that combines analog and digital media.


Maddie Lebrun- Senior Art Portfolio, Madeline Lebrun Jan 2020

Maddie Lebrun- Senior Art Portfolio, Madeline Lebrun

Senior Art Portfolios

A pair of hand-painted alphabets, compiled into an illustrated book to promote sustainability and environmental stewardship.


Arabic Beyond Arabic, Abir Zakzok, Abeer Zakzouk Jan 2020

Arabic Beyond Arabic, Abir Zakzok, Abeer Zakzouk

Theses and Dissertations

Arabic is the best and the most complicated language of all time!” Even though this statement seems like an exaggeration, it is what I grew up hearing; from my Arab parents as a child, my Arab teachers as a student, and my Arab customers as a salesperson. The Arabic language has a significant role in Arabs’ identity, yet most Arabs only scratch the surface and do not fully grasp the embedded meaning of the language. I have long been fascinated by the relationship between language and community as well as how it translates to design - specifically, the relationship between Arabs ...


Hidden Gem: Realizing The Value Of Community In Healthcare Environments, Nicole Lee Jan 2020

Hidden Gem: Realizing The Value Of Community In Healthcare Environments, Nicole Lee

Theses and Dissertations

Holistic approaches in healthcare address a problem from its root causes. The American healthcare model – both its treatment and distribution methods – is among the many issues that divides the nation. We have found ourselves with millions of uninsured people among a growing population where chronic illness is on the rise among adults and children, especially within low-income demographics (Goodman & Conway, 2016). Though this is a widespread epidemic, only recently has there been any effort to question and reform traditional healthcare.

The way that wellness is assessed in America has been detrimental to patient outcomes. The over prescription of and dependency ...