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2011

History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology

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Full-Text Articles in Art and Design

Nancy As A Center Of Art Nouveau Architecture, 1895-1914, Peter Clericuzio Dec 2011

Nancy As A Center Of Art Nouveau Architecture, 1895-1914, Peter Clericuzio

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The small city of Nancy, France, is arguably the center where Art Nouveau architecture had the most lasting impact. Nancy’s Art Nouveau was a divergent form of modernity that was defined by regionalism and a distinct sense of place, which its proponents championed as the key elements of an authentic architecture, allowing Nancy to challenge Paris as the dominant French artistic center in the two decades before World War I.

Most of Nancy’s architects were graduates of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and grounded in the language of classicism and its associated professional standards. Much of Nancy ...


Wiki Leaks Revelations In Global Context—The War Between ‘Right To Publish’ And ‘Ethical Code Of Conduct, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Nov 2011

Wiki Leaks Revelations In Global Context—The War Between ‘Right To Publish’ And ‘Ethical Code Of Conduct, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

WikiLeaks is an international non-profit organisation that publishes submissions of private, secret, and classified media from anonymous news sources, news leaks, and whistleblowers. Its website, launched in 2006 under The Sunshine Press organisation claimed a database of more than 1.2 million documents within a year of its launch. WikiLeaks describes its founders as a mix of Chinese dissidents, journalists, mathematicians, and start-up company technologists from the United States, Taiwan, Europe, Australia, and South Africa. Julian Assange, an Australian Internet activist, is generally described as its director. The site was originally launched as a user-editable wiki, but has progressively moved ...


A Critical Study Of Organizational Communication And Organizational Communication Theories- A Historical Perspective, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Nov 2011

A Critical Study Of Organizational Communication And Organizational Communication Theories- A Historical Perspective, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

Organizational Communication is the study that looks at human communication within and outside the organization. Conrad and Poole (1998) break the definition of organizational communication in parts, by first defining communication and then analyses the organization. These researchers define communication as “a process through which people, acting together, create, sustain, and manage meanings through the use of verbal and nonverbal signs and symbols within a particular context” (Conrad and Poole, 1998, p. 5). In the context of this book, Kenyans and their leaders are communicating their views and final decision through the ballot box to elect their third president, during ...


Public Accountability And Media : Its Success And Failure In Performing The Role As A Force For Public Accountability, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Nov 2011

Public Accountability And Media : Its Success And Failure In Performing The Role As A Force For Public Accountability, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

Media accountability is a phrase that refers to the general (especially western) belief that mass media has to be accountable in the public’s interest - that is, they are expected to behave in certain ways that contribute to the public good. The concept is not clearly defined, and often collides with commercial interests of media owners; legal issues, such as the constitutional right to the freedom of the press in the U.S.; and governmental concerns about public security and order. Several international organizations, like International Freedom of Expression Exchange, Freedom House, International Press Institute, World Press Freedom Committee and ...


The Life And Death Of An American Block: A Dialogue With Entropy, Micah Daniel Antanaitis Aug 2011

The Life And Death Of An American Block: A Dialogue With Entropy, Micah Daniel Antanaitis

Masters Theses

My goal in this thesis is to frame, through design, an existing environment in a manner that fosters the witness and embrace of the reality and beauty of decay—which acts as a marker of the passage of time. My intent is to engage in a careful renewal of a neglected, and largely forgotten, urban landscape, which does not ignore its temporal context. My hope is to explore the full potential of the life cycle of buildings and discover the lesson of mortality in modern American ruins.

Things fall apart. This is a simple truth about the physical world that ...


Contrast, Heidi Stachulak Jul 2011

Contrast, Heidi Stachulak

All Student Theses

This thesis will discuss the importance of contrast within a piece of artwork as well as a history and explanation of the other elements and principles of art. It is important for artists to understand the elements and principles to have a good base in creating artwork. This thesis will explore the history of the elements and principles, review other artists using these principles within their artwork as well as the significance of these elements and principles within my own artwork. Through this exploration an artist will be able to understand as well as utilize these elements and principles within ...


Techno File: Glaze Unity Formula, Tina M. Gebhart Jul 2011

Techno File: Glaze Unity Formula, Tina M. Gebhart

Art and Art History Faculty Publications

There are many approaches to modifying a glaze recipe, and different approaches can meet different needs. Some modifications change the colorant level while others change the colorant type altogether. Some may directly replace one material with another add a few weight unit more (or less) of one of the base ingredients in the recipe, or add an amount of an entirely new ingredient. These strategies we use to alter glazes tent to parallel how we cook and modify recipes in the kitchen, but adjustments to the base glaze using the kitchen method do not always give us the results we ...


Queering Art Before, After And During The Sexual Revolution (1960-1980): A Study Of Aesthetics And Subversion, Gary C. Kilian Mr. Jun 2011

Queering Art Before, After And During The Sexual Revolution (1960-1980): A Study Of Aesthetics And Subversion, Gary C. Kilian Mr.

The Macalester Review

Works produced by the queer artists in 1970s America is oftentimes not considered to be an integral part of the sexual revolution’s narrative. Not only is this problematic in that it demonstrates the heteronormative discourse that permeated liberatory pro-sex rhetoric of the time, but this exclusion also makes the LGBTQ struggle for visibility ahistorical. In this paper, I argue that notable artists who self-identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or queer created art that fostered gradual acceptance of the queer community before, during and after the sexual revolution, explaining that resistance to dominant paradigms were rendered unseen due to ...


Ink Painting Of Orchids Among The Literati In The Qing And Choson Dynasties, Herin Jung Jun 2011

Ink Painting Of Orchids Among The Literati In The Qing And Choson Dynasties, Herin Jung

Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective

Genres of cultural products have flowed in and out between China and Korea for thousands of years. It is well known that among these genres, the orchid was one of the most elegant subjects in ink painting. Although research has shown which types and how many works have been exchanged between the two countries, the ideas beneath the works deserve greater attention. The works of Kim Chong-hui (1786-1856) in the late Choson Dynasty are particularly valuable. Well known as a great calligrapher and erudite scholar, Kim profoundly explored art history and theory and was especially knowledgeable about successive painters of ...


The Penetration Of Social Media In Governance,Political Reforms And Building Public Perception, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr May 2011

The Penetration Of Social Media In Governance,Political Reforms And Building Public Perception, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

Social media are media for social interaction, using highly accessible and scalable communication techniques. Social media is the use of web-based and mobile technologies to turn communication into interactive dialogue. While we know that social media can play an important role in publicizing political activities such as protests, do we have evidence that such actions have led to substantive political change? Is it possible to develop a set of indicators to more effectively gauge the impact of new technologies and media on questions of political change? That social media can help coordinate large and discrete activities, such as protests and ...


Introduction: Audio/Visual, Mara Mills, John Tresch May 2011

Introduction: Audio/Visual, Mara Mills, John Tresch

Departmental Papers (HSS)

“A/V” seems to belong to the always-already obsolete. Even at the height of the craze for “audiovisual aids” in the mid-twentieth century, its association with the humble schoolroom and the “A/V geek” gave the acronym an air of the outmoded. Overtaken, in quick succession, by “multimedia” and “new media” at the end of the century, the audiovisual seems all the more rudimentary, remedial rather than remediated, or simply a minor component of larger media systems.


Leaves That Sway: Gold Xianbei Cap Ornaments From Northeast China, Sarah Laursen May 2011

Leaves That Sway: Gold Xianbei Cap Ornaments From Northeast China, Sarah Laursen

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Over the last fifty years, rich finds of gold objects have been uncovered in China’s northeastern Liaoning province. These tombs belonged to a tribe of steppe nomads called the Murong Xianbei who settled north of the Great Wall during the Han dynasty and established a succession of short-lived states called Yan that ruled parts of Northeast Asia during the third to fifth centuries CE. Until now, the history of the Murong and the rapidly emerging field of Murong archaeology have been published almost exclusively in Chinese. This dissertation seeks to rectify the lack of Western scholarship about this unique ...


Bleach, Kim E. Alexander Jr. May 2011

Bleach, Kim E. Alexander Jr.

CGU MFA Theses

The work in this exhibition investigates the unique potential for drawing to articulate the ideas and attitudes of architecture and objects. Accepting drawing as operating in conceptual space, I explore experimental loops within the visual logic of that territory. The work asserts the material fact of drawing and its connection to forms of fabrication in other materials like wood, paint, metal, and plastic. Like painting and sculpting, the drawings occupy an intangible state between objects and ideas. I embrace this irresolution. Please see Download button in top right corner for the full statement.


Puzzling Over History: A Study Of Late Antique Cyprus Through Mosaic Art, Melissa Hogan May 2011

Puzzling Over History: A Study Of Late Antique Cyprus Through Mosaic Art, Melissa Hogan

Honors Projects and Presentations: Undergraduate

This research paper focuses on the mosaic art found in Cyprus that was created during the period of Late Antiquity, which for the purposes of my paper is defined as the 2nd to 6th century A.D. In the study of Cypriot history, mosaics are not simple pieces of art, but invaluable historical evidence that demonstrates the shift in societal values in the transition between two drastically different eras on the island, pagan and Christian. During Late Antiquity the ideals of society moved from pagan emphasis on outward action to inner contemplation and theological meditation. Coinciding with the advent of ...


Two Faces Of Media While Covering Human Right Activities In India, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Apr 2011

Two Faces Of Media While Covering Human Right Activities In India, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

The situation of human rights in India is a complex one, as a result of the country's large size and tremendous diversity, its status as a developing country and a sovereign, secular, democratic republic, and its history as a former colonial territory. The Constitution of India provides for Fundamental rights, which include freedom of religion. Clauses also provide for Freedom of Speech, as well as separation of executive and judiciary and freedom of movement within the country and abroad. In its report on human rights in India during 2010, Human Rights Watch stated India had "significant human rights problems ...


Euergetism And Gift-Giving At Eleusis: A Case Study Of Ancient Patronage Structures, Bailey E. Barnard Apr 2011

Euergetism And Gift-Giving At Eleusis: A Case Study Of Ancient Patronage Structures, Bailey E. Barnard

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Creative Activity, School of Art, Art History and Design

The giving and interchange of gifts, otherwise known as reciprocity or gift-giving, was a pervasive principle and practice in ancient Greek society, manifested in nearly all aspects of life. In particular, reciprocity was at the heart of patronage systems influencing religious gift-giving and civic works. This study focuses on one such system of patronage known as euergetism, in which wealthy individuals voluntarily donated funds for public facilities as munificent gifts to the city public. The traditional belief is that euergetism, emerging in the early Hellenistic period, was a sudden departure from previous patronage traditions, born out of economic necessity when ...


Measured Chance, Brian R. Kluge Apr 2011

Measured Chance, Brian R. Kluge

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Creative Activity, School of Art, Art History and Design

In my practice I use clay to make enigmatic, non-representational sculptures that employ reductive geometry and archetypal forms. By pressing clay into a variety of molds, it is my intention to contrast a primal crudeness with a skilled precision in my handling of the material. I fabricate objects that range in scale from handheld to human- size. In this work, I combine references to the forms of manmade things with surfaces that allude to age and wear resulting from natural patinas that occur on stone, wood, or metal. This body of work shares qualities with the Minimalist and Earth Art ...


Language Discourse- A Critical Analysis Of Michel Focault's Work On Language Discourse With Special Reference To His Masterpiece "The Archeology Of Knowledge", Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Apr 2011

Language Discourse- A Critical Analysis Of Michel Focault's Work On Language Discourse With Special Reference To His Masterpiece "The Archeology Of Knowledge", Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

Discourse generally refers to "written or spoken communication or debate". The following are three more specific definitions: (1) In semantics and discourse analysis: A generalization of the concept of conversation to all modalities and contexts. (2) "The totality of codified linguistic usages attached to a given type of social practice. (E.g.: legal discourse, medical discourse, religious discourse.)" (3) In the work of Michel Foucault, and social theorists inspired by him: "an entity of sequences of signs in that they are enouncements (enoncés)" (Foucault 1969: 141). An enouncement (often translated as "statement") is not a unity of signs, but an ...


"Après Dieu, C’Est L’Artisan": A Study Of Bamikéké Woodcarving In Dschang, Cameroon, Rebecca Potts Apr 2011

"Après Dieu, C’Est L’Artisan": A Study Of Bamikéké Woodcarving In Dschang, Cameroon, Rebecca Potts

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Wood sculpture among the Bamilékés is a political, spiritual and economic endeavor. Sculptural artwork is ultimately at the service of the community and is used in the daily and ceremonial life of the chefferie. Though the sculptor must create according to the needs of his society, he is himself responsible for the very formation of his community’s values and ideology.

Over the course of one month in Dschang I worked with wood sculptors in an artisanat, learning the technical aspects of the craft as well as their philosophies behind their profession. I created two wooden chairs and conducted seven ...


A Memory Forgotten: Representation Of Women And The Washington D.C. Arsenal Monument, Melissa Sheets Apr 2011

A Memory Forgotten: Representation Of Women And The Washington D.C. Arsenal Monument, Melissa Sheets

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Creative Activity, School of Art, Art History and Design

The Arsenal Monument in the Congressional Cemetery in Washington D.C. commemorates the twenty-one women who died while working as cartridge makers in the Washington Arsenal on June 17th, 1864. It utilizes both traditional and idealized memorial imagery, represented by an allegorical figure of Grief who stands atop the Monument’s shaft, as well as a realistic representation of the Arsenal explosion carved into the base. Erected only a year after the incident, the Monument can be interpreted as commemorating all twenty-one women by the inclusion of their names on the sides of the base. From this listing of names ...


Seeing And Seen: Acts Of The Voyeur In The Paintings Of Francis Bacon, John G. Hatch Mar 2011

Seeing And Seen: Acts Of The Voyeur In The Paintings Of Francis Bacon, John G. Hatch

Research Day (Arts & Humanities, FIMS, and Education)

There are a number of characters in Bacon's paintings who seem strangely out of place, peeking in on intimate moments and sometimes turning their attention to us, the spectator of the works. These figures are the more literal representatives of a theme that runs throughout Bacon's work, namely that of the voyeur. My research looks at the numerous perspectives of the voyeur presented by Bacon in an attempt to better understand its rationale in his artistic production.


Challenges Before Traditional Media In The Age Of Digital Media-How To Integrate It With Digital Media-The Way Ahead, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Mar 2011

Challenges Before Traditional Media In The Age Of Digital Media-How To Integrate It With Digital Media-The Way Ahead, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

You may have heard of digital media, but you may have no idea what it is and how it can help you out when it comes to marketing. It's definitely important that you get up to speed so you can use this to benefit your business. Basically digital media refers to any type of electronic media out there. Today media can be accessed in many ways, including with hand held devices like mobile phones, laptops, desktops, mp3 players, and more.Digital media must be stored in an electronic way, so there is a lot of digital content on the ...


Adjunct Faculty Certification 101: Introduction To Teaching And Learning, Kent Zimmerman, Sally A. Struthers Mar 2011

Adjunct Faculty Certification 101: Introduction To Teaching And Learning, Kent Zimmerman, Sally A. Struthers

Art and Art History Faculty Publications

More than 200 adjunct faculty at Sinclair Community College have completed the Adjunct Faculty Certification Program. Join this overview of the curriculum and the peer review requirements of the program.


Bawdy Brits & West End Wit: Satirical Prints Of The Georgian Era, Emily Bastian, Christy Lee Gray, Aimee Lynn Laubach, Emily Sarah Maran, Matthew Gary Morowitz, Allison Marie Schell, Carey Elizabeth Stadnick, Margaret Jeanne Staudter, Laura Ives Wilson, Lauren Elizabeth Woodcock, Kathryn Grace Zell, Phillip Earenfight, Trout Gallery Feb 2011

Bawdy Brits & West End Wit: Satirical Prints Of The Georgian Era, Emily Bastian, Christy Lee Gray, Aimee Lynn Laubach, Emily Sarah Maran, Matthew Gary Morowitz, Allison Marie Schell, Carey Elizabeth Stadnick, Margaret Jeanne Staudter, Laura Ives Wilson, Lauren Elizabeth Woodcock, Kathryn Grace Zell, Phillip Earenfight, Trout Gallery

Student Scholarship & Creative Works By Year

Catalogue of an exhibition at the Trout Gallery, February 18 - April 16, 2011.

Senior Exhibit, Art and Art History Department, Prof. Phillip Earenfight, Dickinson College.

Neither the realm of art history nor history, satirical prints are frequently used simply to illustrate a point that had already been made through the analysis of other images or texts, but were not interrogated and analyzed on the basis of their own merits as a hybrid image-text object. However, over the past few decades, academic scholars and museum curators have looked more closely at satirical prints in their own right and have yielded rich ...


Krause & Spellmann: Scenes From Lost America, Jo Neace Krause, Charles Spellman, Kentucky Folk Art Center Jan 2011

Krause & Spellmann: Scenes From Lost America, Jo Neace Krause, Charles Spellman, Kentucky Folk Art Center

Kentucky Folk Art Center Exhibition Catalogs

2011 Kentucky Folk Art Center exhibition catalog of artists Jo Neace Krause and Charles Spellman.


Robert Morgan: The Age Of Discovery, Robert Morgan, Kentucky Folk Art Center Jan 2011

Robert Morgan: The Age Of Discovery, Robert Morgan, Kentucky Folk Art Center

Kentucky Folk Art Center Exhibition Catalogs

2011 Kentucky Folk Art Center exhibition catalog of artist Robert Morgan.


Karen Azoulay: Carnation Thunder, Liz Linden Jan 2011

Karen Azoulay: Carnation Thunder, Liz Linden

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


"Introduction" To Conjuring The Real: The Role Of Architecture In Eighteenth- And Nineteenth-Century Fiction, Rumiko Handa, James Potter Jan 2011

"Introduction" To Conjuring The Real: The Role Of Architecture In Eighteenth- And Nineteenth-Century Fiction, Rumiko Handa, James Potter

Architecture Program: Faculty Scholarly and Creative Activity

Buildings give an immediate presence to the historical or fictional world, which otherwise is unknown or unfamiliar to the audience. The portrayal of a building’s concrete and specific substance makes the world come alive, although the building itself is a mere segment of the world that it represents. This book will trace the genealogy of this representational role of architecture, going back through the history of film and then further in literature, art, and theater, and identify its pedigree in the nineteenth century, where authors, artists, and stage managers used thorough depictions of buildings to effectively feed the audience ...


Everyman’S Infinite Art: Introduction And Harold Gregor Interview, Damon Willick Jan 2011

Everyman’S Infinite Art: Introduction And Harold Gregor Interview, Damon Willick

Art & Art History Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Painting Parisian Identity: Place And Subjectivity In Fin-De-Siecle Art, Chelsea Anne Watts Jan 2011

Painting Parisian Identity: Place And Subjectivity In Fin-De-Siecle Art, Chelsea Anne Watts

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis I provide analysis of several nineteenth-century artworks in order to elucidate the connections between place and identity as expressed in visual representations of Paris. I utilize Bakhtin's idea of the dialogical as a means of identifying multiple subject positions that might be accessed by particular individuals who live in socially constructed spaces specific to fin-de-siècle Paris. I discuss the construction of three performed identities unique to nineteenth-century Paris: the Flâneur, the bohemian, and the primitivist. In each chapter I will parse out the social construction of the spaces where these identities existed and were performed, and ...