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1999

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Full-Text Articles in Art and Design

The Role Of Artists In Ship Camouflage During World War I, Roy R. Behrens Jan 1999

The Role Of Artists In Ship Camouflage During World War I, Roy R. Behrens

Faculty Publications

Experiments in ship camouflage during World War I were necessitated by the inordinate success of German submarines (called "U-boats") in destroying Allied ships. Because it is impossible to make a ship invisible at sea, Norman Wilkinson, Everett L. Warner and other artists devised methods of course distortion in which high-contrast, unrelated shapes were painted on a ship's surface, thereby confusing the periscope view of the submarine gunner.