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Full-Text Articles in Art and Design

Virtue & Strife: Encouraging Positive Trends In Self-Concept And Societal Empathy Through Competitive Multiplayer Game Design, Casey Roy Bridgham Jan 2019

Virtue & Strife: Encouraging Positive Trends In Self-Concept And Societal Empathy Through Competitive Multiplayer Game Design, Casey Roy Bridgham

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

“Know thyself.”

– Socrates

Discovering who you are as an individual within the vast multitude of people in the world is a task that takes a lifetime. What we think and what we do as cognitive, creative and social human beings is what makes us different and unique, but fully understanding what that encompasses is a difficult and sometimes fruitless pursuit of self-reflection. For centuries, philosophers, psychologists and many of history’s great thinkers alike have tackled the concept of “self” and contemplated the value of morality versus our inner demons. The goal of my thesis is to explore the relationship ...


Innovating The Apparel Industry In The United States: Designers And Small Brands Purchasing Sustainable Textiles, Jennifer Siobhan Ingram Jan 2019

Innovating The Apparel Industry In The United States: Designers And Small Brands Purchasing Sustainable Textiles, Jennifer Siobhan Ingram

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the purchasing practices of designers and small apparel brands in the United States regarding sustainable textiles. In this study, sustainable textiles was defined as textiles composed of fibers that reduce negative environmental and social impact. Small apparel brands was defined as businesses of five or fewer full-time employees that produce small or large batch units or apparel to sell to stores or on a website to consumers. Due to the magnitude of environmental and social problems attributed to the apparel industry, both academic and industry literature have stressed the need to integrate ...


The Effects Of Artwork In A Boutique Hotel, Weicheng Chen Jan 2019

The Effects Of Artwork In A Boutique Hotel, Weicheng Chen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Art may play a significant role in boutique hotel design projects. The goal of this thesis is to analyze the role and effects that art could have in boutique hotel design process. This paper also explores several published articles that relate to this topic. According to these articles, the artistic features used as decorative elements in boutique hotels may affect customers’ behavior and psychology especially for some hotels with specific themes.


Integrating Systematic Design For Sustainability In Design Education To Stimulate Sustainability Awareness In Developing Countries: A Case Study In Rwanda, Aziza Cyamani Jan 2018

Integrating Systematic Design For Sustainability In Design Education To Stimulate Sustainability Awareness In Developing Countries: A Case Study In Rwanda, Aziza Cyamani

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

It is a shared opinion that sustainability designers, regardless of their domain of specialization, need to reframe their traditional modus operandi to adapt practices that are less harmful. This is due to studies that continue to indicate that traditional design practices and outcomes greatly contribute to environmental, social, and economic degradation. Design for sustainability in itself is not a new concept; it has been extensively explored and a plethora of methods, tools, and approaches have emerged from its practice. Even more interesting is its integration in design education. Currently, methods of certifying, refining, and tracking the integration of sustainability in ...


An Optimization And Uncertainty Quantification Framework For Patient-Specific Cardiac Modeling, Joshua Mineroff Jan 2018

An Optimization And Uncertainty Quantification Framework For Patient-Specific Cardiac Modeling, Joshua Mineroff

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Patient-specific cardiac models can be used to improve the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases. However, practical application of these models is impeded by the computational costs and numerical uncertainties of fitting them to clinical measurements from individual patients. Reliable and efficient model tuning within medically-appropriate error bounds is a requirement for practical deployment in the time-constrained environment of the clinic. In this work, we present a framework to efficiently tune parameters of patient-specific mechanistic models using routinely acquired non-invasive patient data with a hybrid particle swarm and pattern search optimization algorithm.

The proposed framework is used to tune full-cycle lumped parameter ...


#Notiowanice: Guerrilla Design Tactics And Addressing Nitrate Pollution, Heather V. Sumners-Purdy Jan 2017

#Notiowanice: Guerrilla Design Tactics And Addressing Nitrate Pollution, Heather V. Sumners-Purdy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Calling attention to the issue of nitrate pollution in Iowa’s waterways as a result of current agricultural practices, my goal was to initiate a dialogue on social media prompted by guerrilla tactics. The issue of nitrate pollution has been steadily increasing over the past decade as a result of Iowa’s lack of environmental mandates to maintain and monitor nitrate leeching from the soil into the watersheds. In 2015, this issue initiated a lawsuit by the Des Moines Water Works against three northern farming counties, citing runoff into ditches that feed into the Raccoon River as source points of ...


A High-Fidelity Approach To Conceptual Design, John Thomas Watson Jan 2016

A High-Fidelity Approach To Conceptual Design, John Thomas Watson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

We created a new methodology to perform conceptual design analysis on aircraft, using off-the-shelf, high-fidelity software tools to explore the project design space, including important preliminary design factors and thereby producing a more robust result which is less subject to compromise at later design stages. We claim that this analysis can be performed in one hour with commonly available computation resources, and therefore is applicable to conceptual design. We used the case study of a supersonic transport jet to develop these methods. For this application, we used Solidworks to create a parameterized three-dimensional CAD solid to define the exterior geometry ...


Tokens Of Kindness: Explorations In Design As A Bridge For Societal Gaps, Calee Himes Jan 2016

Tokens Of Kindness: Explorations In Design As A Bridge For Societal Gaps, Calee Himes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Graphic design has long been considered a profession for people interested in creating glossy magazines, posters, and other ephemera. Can graphic design do more for society? Through analysis of social design, wicked problems, and gift economies, this study aims to begin to understand graphic design as a method to bridge societal gaps. This study uses principles of social design, behavior change theory, and immersive community research to experiment within the local communities of Ames and Des Moines, Iowa. Several experimental methods are explored, such as the use of design to create pockets of kind acts through a pseudo-gift economy, and ...


20-20 Listening: A Sound Documentary Dedicated To The Study Of Listening Experiences In Acoustic Environments, Julian Andres Osorio Jan 2016

20-20 Listening: A Sound Documentary Dedicated To The Study Of Listening Experiences In Acoustic Environments, Julian Andres Osorio

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The intersection of sound and design is an exciting and complex space for artistic experimentation and research. My approach for this work was to design, write, record and mix seven podcast episodes that narrate my analysis and interpretation of how we listen to sounds and interpret their meaning. Each episode is dedicated to one topic, and presents multiple sound samples that illustrate my take on the subject. The episodes cover the basics of listening, how sound conveys information about objects in environments and how soundscapes are ubiquitous. They include how the music, sounds and noises in film convey meaning, represent ...


Website Gender Perceptions: Effects And Recommendations For Gender Inclusivity, Jacklin Hope Stonewall Jan 2016

Website Gender Perceptions: Effects And Recommendations For Gender Inclusivity, Jacklin Hope Stonewall

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper examines the interactions of design elements and perceptions of a website’s gender as well as the effects of perceived gender on aspects of user experience. Designing for a particular gender is common in both product and web design, but in many situations is exclusionary. While imparting gender onto a product is often intentional, gender bias in websites largely is not. The unintentional gender bias in websites is created through a combination of internalized biases, biased tools, and culture. This work lays the foundation for understanding how websites become gendered as well as the effects of gendering on ...


Designing For Interactive Ebooks: An Evaluation Of Effective Interaction Elements In Children’S Ebooks, Karen Marie Doty Jan 2015

Designing For Interactive Ebooks: An Evaluation Of Effective Interaction Elements In Children’S Ebooks, Karen Marie Doty

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

We live in a world where technology is woven into nearly every aspect of our

lives. From the moment we wake, we are surrounded by technology. Technology is

present in our homes, careers and schools, incorporating itself in our daily routines,

entertainment and education. Due to the speed at which technology has evolved, little

research has been completed regarding reading on interactive enhanced eBooks. For

children learning to read in the modern world, eBooks provided on tablets are becoming a

common occurrence.

With this increase of eBook availability, it is of utmost importance that a better

understanding is gained over ...


Effective Movie Title Sequence: A Challenge To Chinese Designers, Bo Chen Jan 2015

Effective Movie Title Sequence: A Challenge To Chinese Designers, Bo Chen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper aims to identify the criteria of effective movie title sequence design. The research method is to generalize views common to different senior title designers and practitioners with regard to the criteria of effective movie title sequence design and then use these criteria to evaluate top box office Chinese domestic movies. The paper also analyzes problems of present Chinese domestic movie title sequence design and provides suggestions for improving them.

An effective movie title sequence needs to set the mood and anticipations to the audience. Additionally, it must have the following characteristics: (1) It must express the story in ...


Expanding The Role Of Design: Developing Holistic Food Systems, Jasmine Singh Jan 2015

Expanding The Role Of Design: Developing Holistic Food Systems, Jasmine Singh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Post World War II, technological and political factors prioritized economic efficiency in food production, distribution and access. Although this currently delivers benefits such as the doubling of caloric production and food availability despite geographic constraints, the food system is becoming implicated both directly and indirectly with a host of environmental and social issues.

This thesis re-frames food system issues as "wicked problems" (Buchanan, 1992, 15) and develops a framework of design tactics . The framework is used as a matrix for analyzing past and current theory and practice based design approaches that engage the food system and two university food systems ...


Dyslexic Edge: Designing An Awareness Campaign To Foster Wider Understanding Of Dyslexia, Laura Anne Huisinga Jan 2015

Dyslexic Edge: Designing An Awareness Campaign To Foster Wider Understanding Of Dyslexia, Laura Anne Huisinga

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper details the process of designing a dyslexia awareness campaign. The literature review covers: what dyslexia is, who is affected, and why a carefully designed campaign is needed. The methodology section covers how research was collected in various ways to create an effective design. Including an initial focus study of 36 K-12 teachers that gathered both qualitative and quantitative data. Followed by a review of existing design campaigns, cataloging the pros and cons of each based on the literature review and the existing style guides put forth by dyslexic awareness organizations. Finally, the implementation of design methods for multimodal ...


Safety Issues Of Children Age 3-5 Years In School Classrooms: A Perspective Of Classrooms In The United States, Weiqi Chu Jan 2014

Safety Issues Of Children Age 3-5 Years In School Classrooms: A Perspective Of Classrooms In The United States, Weiqi Chu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Interior design is an established industry in the United States with its profits well known to be a good contribution to the national economic growth. Some effort has been made by U.S. Design Council to make sure that the interior design of buildings promotes good health and comfort. Questions have been raised about the safety of U.S. classrooms meant for elementary-level children, specifically those under than 5 years of age. This formed the basis of this research, which unraveled the separate interior design elements of elementary classrooms and their effects on pupils' learning and health. Data were collected ...


Academic Validation Of The Innovation Engineering Program For Use By Ciras And Other Mep Centers For Increasing Innovation In American Companies, Chris Miller Jan 2013

Academic Validation Of The Innovation Engineering Program For Use By Ciras And Other Mep Centers For Increasing Innovation In American Companies, Chris Miller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Innovation Engineering (IE) program, organized by inventor Doug Hall, is an educational workshop that presents methods and strategies to improve innovation. The Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) program, a division of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), uses this training for their consultants at MEP-funded centers across the United States. The IE program provides insightful recommendations to encourage the success of innovations with three main categories: Create, Communicate, and Commercialize. The most substantial of these categories is the Create category, which provides tools for generating new ideas. The Communicate category lists techniques for effectively communicating these ideas ...


The Influence Of The Postmodern Graphic Design Genre On Contemporary Graphic Design As Analyzed In The Context Of Generic Participation, Michael Edward Outhouse Jan 2013

The Influence Of The Postmodern Graphic Design Genre On Contemporary Graphic Design As Analyzed In The Context Of Generic Participation, Michael Edward Outhouse

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of Postmodern graphic design on contemporary graphic design. Another goal was to clearly define Postmodern graphic design in relation to practice and theory. A qualitative method utilizing rhetorical criticism, specifically generic participation, provided the framework for an analysis of specific Postmodern and contemporary designers. The results were mixed, but indicated that traits of the Postmodern graphic design genre continued to have some influence on contemporary graphic design.


Design Of A Visually Enhanced Searchable Database For Exploration And Application Of Biomimicry In Interior Design, Meredith Chambers Jan 2011

Design Of A Visually Enhanced Searchable Database For Exploration And Application Of Biomimicry In Interior Design, Meredith Chambers

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Biomimetics in Design

Biomimicry is an approach to design that extracts design inspiration and principles from natural systems and organisms. When effectively integrated into the design process, this approach can yield products and systems that offer a variety of potential economic and environmental benefits. The research presented here examines some strategies and methods that can assist designers with the successful incorporation of biomimetics into the design process. These include approaches to integrating biomimicry into the design process, strategies to improve the exploration and identification of biological sources of inspiration, and methods to assist with the productive application of biomimetics to ...


Developing A Method For Designing Sports Logos, Devon Elizabeth Estes Jan 2011

Developing A Method For Designing Sports Logos, Devon Elizabeth Estes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Sports are a central part of American culture. Because of this, sports leagues like the NFL and WNBA have profited and continue to profit from fan attendance and loyalty. Americans spend billions of dollars every year on NFL football game attendance and merchandise. An essential aspect of these successful sports organizations is a successful brand and logo design. While establishing any new sports team has many challenges, women's sports teams face additional hurdles. Preconceived ideas of femininity held by American society are sometimes challenged by female athletes, and a traditional sports audience might not be the best market for ...


User Centered Design Evaluation Of The Grocery Store Environment:, Shelley A. Steenblock Jan 2010

User Centered Design Evaluation Of The Grocery Store Environment:, Shelley A. Steenblock

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study identifies challenges experienced by older adults within the grocery retail

environment. Evaluation of design features is based on user input to identify areas that work well versus those that could benefit from replacement, enhancement or redesign. The objective is to promote greater independence in the task of grocery shopping. Results from this study are of interest to design professionals, retail grocery store management and developers regarding the changing needs and preferences of the aging population segment in the grocery store setting.

Data collection for this study is based on a series of focus group meetings at four different ...


Miyazaki's Graphic Novels: Patterns In Design, James Rothschild Ewald Jan 2010

Miyazaki's Graphic Novels: Patterns In Design, James Rothschild Ewald

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines patterns in the design choices of Hayao Miyazaki in Nausicay of the Valley of the Wind. It addresses a gap in the research about graphic novels by focusing on patterns that relate to comic art as a genre, patterns that recall various design principles, and patterns that reflect design strategies. The analysis recognizes that looking at these aesthetic choices involves discussion of the function of each design choice and the relationship of that function to content. Overall, patterns in the design often accounted for issues involving time, character, and change. In addition to analyzing the patterns in ...


A Method For Evaluating The Design Of Websites For Birthing Hospitals In Shanghai, Fei Huang Jan 2009

A Method For Evaluating The Design Of Websites For Birthing Hospitals In Shanghai, Fei Huang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Identifying a problem for a target-oriented project and providing effective solutions within a specific social and cultural context is challenging for designers who work on cross-cultural projects. This thesis documents the process of developing an effective method to assist these designers. The design of websites for childbirthing hospitals in Shanghai will be used as an example to show how this methodology can be applied to a complex target-oriented design project and integrate design principles to fulfill specific social, cultural, and emotional needs of the consumers. Furthermore, this method is easy to follow and also can be easily adapted to study ...


Alcohol With An Attitude: Reducing Aggression In Drinking Establishments Through Interior Design, Jessica Lynn James Jan 2009

Alcohol With An Attitude: Reducing Aggression In Drinking Establishments Through Interior Design, Jessica Lynn James

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Aggression in drinking establishments has been found to be associated with poorly maintained, unclean, unattractive environments including poor ventilation, smoky air, inconvenient bar access and inadequate seating, high noise level, and crowding (Graham, 1980). Macintyre and Homel (1992) concluded that the key feature of high aggression drinking establishments was intersecting traffic flows created by inappropriate design, especially poor location of toilets and bars, and the use of the same door as both entrance and exit. Aggression has also been found to increase with such activities as dancing and pool playing (Graham, 1980). Likewise, Radcliffe and Nutter (1979) concluded that people ...