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Art and Design Commons

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2018

Iowa State University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 188

Full-Text Articles in Art and Design

Evidence Of Problem Exploration In Creative Designs, Jaryn A. Studer, Shanna R. Daly, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen M. Seifert Nov 2018

Evidence Of Problem Exploration In Creative Designs, Jaryn A. Studer, Shanna R. Daly, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen M. Seifert

Industrial Design Publications

Design problems are often presented as structured briefs with detailed constraints and requirements, suggesting a fixed definition. However, past studies have identified the importance of exploring design problems for creative design outcomes. Previous protocol studies of designers has shown that problems can “co-evolve” with the development of solutions during the design process. But to date, little evidence has been provided about howdesigners systematically explore presented problems to create better solutions. In this study, we conducted a qualitative analysis of 252 design problems collected from publically available sources, including award-winning product designs and open-source design competitions. This database offers an independent ...


Review Of Fashion, Technology And Health: Future Directions For The Apparel Industry, Rachel J. Eike, Sonia Bakhshian Oct 2018

Review Of Fashion, Technology And Health: Future Directions For The Apparel Industry, Rachel J. Eike, Sonia Bakhshian

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This review briefly analyzes fashion, technology, and health-related observations in industries to make suggestions for the future direction of growth for apparel and product development. This article highlights technology-embedded apparel and textile products currently presented in the market or made known via web promotion or conference exhibition. Many of these textile products are primarily associated with health care and fitness-related intentions - showing support and direction of health and technology for a future scope in fashion and apparel industries. The objective of this review was to identify challenges associated with ‘smart’ textile production, reference examples of technology integration in textile-based wearables ...


Transforming Early Concepts With Design Heuristics, Keelin Leahy, Shanna R. Daly, Jaclyn K. Murray, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen M. Seifert Oct 2018

Transforming Early Concepts With Design Heuristics, Keelin Leahy, Shanna R. Daly, Jaclyn K. Murray, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen M. Seifert

Industrial Design Publications

Idea development in the early phases of the design process often involves the transformation of initial concepts into more feasible alternatives. However, this important component of design activity is often under-emphasized in design education, and tools to facilitate iteration of designs are limited. This study investigated Design Heuristics as a tool for the further development of initial concepts created by student designers. In a single session, advanced engineering students created initial concepts, and then used Design Heuristics to transform these concepts into alternative designs. The concept sets generated were analyzed, and eight types of transformations were identified, including the enhancement ...


Strategies To Redefine The Problem Exploration Space For Design Innovation, Seda Mckilligan, Samantha L. Creeger Sep 2018

Strategies To Redefine The Problem Exploration Space For Design Innovation, Seda Mckilligan, Samantha L. Creeger

Industrial Design Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Designers are used to solving problems that are given to them, leading them to focus on creating feasible solutions rather than exploring novel perspectives on the presented problems. Creative innovations in problem understanding may lead directly to more innovation solutions. Although problem exploration has been identified as a key process in design thinking, how designers restructure and reframe the problem is not fully examined. The present work aimed to understand how designers intentionally explore variants of problems on the way to solutions. Through an empirical study industrial design students, we documented a high degree of variation in the problem perspectives ...


Global And Entrepreneurial Perspectives For Enhancing Retailing Education: Development Of A Hybrid Graduate Course Focused On U.S. And Indian Small Businesses., Ann M. Fiore, Jessica L. Hurst, Linda S. Niehm, Telin Chung, Elena E. Karpova, Amrut Sadachar, Sanjukta Pookulangara, Danielle S. Testa Aug 2018

Global And Entrepreneurial Perspectives For Enhancing Retailing Education: Development Of A Hybrid Graduate Course Focused On U.S. And Indian Small Businesses., Ann M. Fiore, Jessica L. Hurst, Linda S. Niehm, Telin Chung, Elena E. Karpova, Amrut Sadachar, Sanjukta Pookulangara, Danielle S. Testa

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This paper provides an approach, based on global and entrepreneurial perspectives, to enhance retailing education. The approach was operationalized through a hybrid graduate course, co-taught by U.S. and Indian faculty members, which focused on engaging Bloom's higher order cognitive skills in learning about the operation of small retail businesses in U.S. and Indian cultural contexts. The courseincluded interactive learning modules, learning activities, and a student service-learning project. The project required the application of module content in the development of business enhancement plans for small retail businesses and in assessing the plans applicability to small businesses in ...


Overcoming Design Fixation In Idea Generation, Keelin Leahy, Colleen M. Seifert, Shanna Daly, Seda Mckilligan Jun 2018

Overcoming Design Fixation In Idea Generation, Keelin Leahy, Colleen M. Seifert, Shanna Daly, Seda Mckilligan

Industrial Design Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Ideally, designers move past existing ideas to create novel designs. But designers often experience “fixation,” where new ideas are similar to existing designs. An example concept in a brief, or early attachment to one’s initial ideas, can limit the range of designs considered. This research study explored the use of “Design Heuristics,” to overcome fixation in a design education setting. Design Heuristics are a set of prompts intended to point designers toward different types of concepts. The 77 prompts are derived from empirical studies of designers, and have been shown to be effective in developing design capability. In the ...


Multilevel Mentoring Using Faculty/Graduate Student/Undergraduate Student And Teaching Center Teams, Janet S. Johnson, Verena Paepcke-Hjeltness, Luke Lefebvre, O.P. Mccubbins, Samantha Jones, Maren M. Wolff, Holly S. Bender, Foy Mills Jr Mar 2018

Multilevel Mentoring Using Faculty/Graduate Student/Undergraduate Student And Teaching Center Teams, Janet S. Johnson, Verena Paepcke-Hjeltness, Luke Lefebvre, O.P. Mccubbins, Samantha Jones, Maren M. Wolff, Holly S. Bender, Foy Mills Jr

Team-Based Learning Presentations and Posters

Discuss ways to use TBL to create multi-level mentoring between graduate students, undergraduates, faculty, teaching center and other campus resources.


Sketchnoting A Methodology: Fostering Team Based Learning Conversations, Verena Paepcke-Hjeltness, Janet Johnson, Luke Lefebvre, Op Mccubbins, Holly Bender, Maren Wolff, Samantha Pritchard, Foy Mills Jr Mar 2018

Sketchnoting A Methodology: Fostering Team Based Learning Conversations, Verena Paepcke-Hjeltness, Janet Johnson, Luke Lefebvre, Op Mccubbins, Holly Bender, Maren Wolff, Samantha Pritchard, Foy Mills Jr

Team-Based Learning Presentations and Posters

Sketchnoting is a methodology that uses simple shapes, frames, and connectors to visualize complex information, concepts, and physical objects, thus it has a low barrier entry for skilled and non-skilled drawers, as well as for designers or non-designers alike. It is situated at the lower end of the visualization fidelity spectrum, which ranges from napkin style sketches to photo-realistic renderings or high fidelity info-graphics.


Development Of A Numerical Model To Predict Physiological Strain Of Firefighter In Fire Hazard, Yun Su, Jie Yang, Guowen Song, Rui Li, Chunhui Xiang, Jun Li Feb 2018

Development Of A Numerical Model To Predict Physiological Strain Of Firefighter In Fire Hazard, Yun Su, Jie Yang, Guowen Song, Rui Li, Chunhui Xiang, Jun Li

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This paper aims to develop a numerical model to predict heat stress of frefghter under low-level thermal radiation. The model integrated a modifed multi-layer clothing model with a human thermoregulation model. We took the coupled radiative and conductive heat transfer in the clothing, the size-dependent heat transfer in the air gaps, and the controlling active and controlled passive thermal regulation in human body into consideration. The predicted core temperature and mean skin temperature from the model showed a good agreement with the experimental results. Parametric study was conducted and the result demonstrated that the radiative intensity had a signifcant infuence ...


Generating Branding Buzz On Social Media For A Pop-Up Store: Focused On Brand Experience, Huiwon Lim Jan 2018

Generating Branding Buzz On Social Media For A Pop-Up Store: Focused On Brand Experience, Huiwon Lim

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the role of graphic designers or brands in building a good brand experience in a pop-up store for generating branding buzz on social media. Brands are trying to build up good brand experience through their branding promotions in order to get to good brand identity and image for their customers. Brands are also using diverse social media as a platform for their brand communication with their customers. Recently, a pop-up store is used as an experiential store for creating the good brand experience and for getting positive buzz related to the brand ...


Rapport: A System Designed To Limit Digital Distraction Within Romantic Relationships, Alexandria Collins Jan 2018

Rapport: A System Designed To Limit Digital Distraction Within Romantic Relationships, Alexandria Collins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Technology continues to take a more prominent role within our relationships. Although the Internet allows for more connectivity, it also disconnects people from family and friends in face-to-face situations. As mobile digital technologies continue to advance, they create more and more opportunities for distraction and overuse. With an ever-growing market of smart devices with enhanced abilities, it's important that partners are aware of the implications of their use.

To develop a deeper understanding of how digital technology impacts romantic relationships, a digital survey and two data collection studies were administered. Vital information was collected to further develop an understanding ...


A Design Anthropology Approach To Understanding Human Wildlife Relationships: Monkeys, Local Development And Participant Conservation In Southest Costa Rica, Yibo Fan Jan 2018

A Design Anthropology Approach To Understanding Human Wildlife Relationships: Monkeys, Local Development And Participant Conservation In Southest Costa Rica, Yibo Fan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This project uses a combined methodology of participatory design and ethnographic fieldwork to study human-wildlife relationships and explore better ways to design and implement a monkey crossing bridge in the area of Talamanca, Costa Rica. It also examines how an interdisciplinary methodology can identify the needs of three species of monkeys and local beliefs, and to integrate these things into project design. The project not only answers how participatory design might promote a favorable human-wildlife relationship, but also explores local beliefs about development and conservation. Based on my research, I argue that the design of the bridge and the process ...


Work-Homes, Satya Charan Ganesuni Jan 2018

Work-Homes, Satya Charan Ganesuni

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Work homes have been used by the people since ancient times but, today people are preferring more to use work-home ideology because of technological advantages, time saving, budget savings etc. Advancements in communications have created new ideologies like work from home etc.

I believe work-homes are a broader concept than what's currently existing. Many architects have researched on integrated spaces and defined the typologies of them. That existing research was about the immobile integrated spaces, but very limited research has been done on the design elements that influence the space in these buildings and no proper research is done ...


Choreography And Interior Design; Using Performance Terminology To Describe Interior Experience, Maricel Lloyd Jan 2018

Choreography And Interior Design; Using Performance Terminology To Describe Interior Experience, Maricel Lloyd

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative thesis is based on literature in two fields to establish a connection between interior design and choreography. The discipline of interior design and the field of performing arts, specifically dance, are here correlated in order to show the benefit of utilizing performance terms to expand descriptive terminology for interior design. A glossary of terms determined for interior design use, drawn from current stage performance descriptors is established, in order to enhance the descriptive capabilities of interior designers, to both clients and other professionals. A history of each field is investigated to bring understanding about the origins and production ...


Left/Over Objects, Kristina Rice Jan 2018

Left/Over Objects, Kristina Rice

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is the written component of the Master of Fine Arts describing the body of work created and subsequently exhibited as Left/Over Objects, which took place at The Gallery in the Round, Ames, Iowa from March 25-May 18, 2018. These works examine the effect of using found objects in order to derive concepts as the basis for the making of art. It also investigates the symbolic form of everyday objects and the relationships we build with them. Objects and visual analysis are used to inform the artwork which consists of sculptural objects, video, and collage. The artist incorporates ...


Resurrection, Robert David Jinkins Jan 2018

Resurrection, Robert David Jinkins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Growing up on a farm that has been in my family since 1849, I gained an admiration and reverence for the land that so many of my family members have worked. Like ghosts or spirits that walk the place, monument-like markers exist, signifying the actions and lives of those who came before me. A tractor may remain parked as it has been for years since the last time it was driven. A broken crock full of metal now slowly sinks into the earth under years of maple leaves fallen from the massive trees that my grandfather planted when he was ...


Skills And Knowledge Required For Merchandising Professionals In The South African Apparel Retail Industry, Bertha Margaretha Jacobs Jan 2018

Skills And Knowledge Required For Merchandising Professionals In The South African Apparel Retail Industry, Bertha Margaretha Jacobs

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate skills and knowledge for merchandising professionals in the South African apparel retail industry. An exploratory, sequential mixed method research design was implemented in two phases. Phase I followed a phenomenological approach focused on: (a) examining merchandising positions and responsibilities and (b) identifying skills and knowledge required for apparel merchandising professionals to fulfill their positions and perform their responsibilities. Data were collected through semi-structured individual in-depth interviews from a purposive sample of 16 merchandising professionals employed within the South African retail industry. The successive Phase II employed an adaptive conjoint analysis survey to ...


An Optimization And Uncertainty Quantification Framework For Patient-Specific Cardiac Modeling, Joshua Mineroff Jan 2018

An Optimization And Uncertainty Quantification Framework For Patient-Specific Cardiac Modeling, Joshua Mineroff

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Patient-specific cardiac models can be used to improve the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases. However, practical application of these models is impeded by the computational costs and numerical uncertainties of fitting them to clinical measurements from individual patients. Reliable and efficient model tuning within medically-appropriate error bounds is a requirement for practical deployment in the time-constrained environment of the clinic. In this work, we present a framework to efficiently tune parameters of patient-specific mechanistic models using routinely acquired non-invasive patient data with a hybrid particle swarm and pattern search optimization algorithm.

The proposed framework is used to tune full-cycle lumped parameter ...


Evaluation Of Consumer Perceptions And Acceptance Of Sustainable Fashion Products Made Of Bacterial Cellulose, Armine Ghalachyan Jan 2018

Evaluation Of Consumer Perceptions And Acceptance Of Sustainable Fashion Products Made Of Bacterial Cellulose, Armine Ghalachyan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Due to tremendous contributions of the fashion industry to environmental degradation, novel sustainable materials and practices are becoming increasingly important. The purpose of this research was to investigate consumer perceptions of fashion products made from bacterial cellulose (BC), a novel sustainable material. Research objectives were to: (a) understand how consumers perceive and characterize BC material based on the senses of touch, sight, smell, and hearing; (b) identify areas for material improvement and potential barriers and motivations for consumer acceptance of products made of BC; and (c) evaluate the acceptability of BC, from a consumer perspective, as a novel material for ...


Korean Fashion Media, Beauty Ideals, And Colorism: Examining The Prominence Of Whiteness Between 2013 And 2017 In CãƒÂ©Ci Magazine, Eunji Choi Jan 2018

Korean Fashion Media, Beauty Ideals, And Colorism: Examining The Prominence Of Whiteness Between 2013 And 2017 In CãƒÂ©Ci Magazine, Eunji Choi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to critically examine fashion magazines targeting Korean women to examine to what degree White or European beauty ideals permeate Korean cultural outlets. To analyze beauty ideal representations in these fashion magazines, I used the content analysis method and examined issues of Céci, the most popular and widely circulated fashion magazine published in Korea, from 2013 to 2017. Each individual pictured in the magazine was coded in five categories: race, skin tone, hairstyle, hair color, and facial characteristics. Descriptive statistics, Pearson’s chi-square, and independent samples t-tests were used to analyze the data ...


Packaging Design Development For Taiwanese Souvenirs, Wei-En Yang Jan 2018

Packaging Design Development For Taiwanese Souvenirs, Wei-En Yang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Purchasing souvenirs from a foreign country is a way for tourists to preserve a memory of travel or bestow as a gift to others. Souvenirs are one of the prevalent elements that promote the identities of cultures. The purchasing preferences of souvenirs are influenced by various attributes, such as local branding, and packaging features. Therefore, distinctive souvenir packaging design can both communicate the identity of the culture and attract consumers’ attention. In addition to the basic purposes of containing, protecting, identifying, and distinguishing products, souvenir packages can deliver a cultural representation. Effective souvenir package design can be a way to ...


Leveling The Playing Field: Breaking Down Walls Between Artists And Audiences Through Generative, Interactive Visuals And Improvisation, Maggie M. Grundy Jan 2018

Leveling The Playing Field: Breaking Down Walls Between Artists And Audiences Through Generative, Interactive Visuals And Improvisation, Maggie M. Grundy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis discusses methods of achieving inclusive performance spaces through improvisation and interactive visuals. A non-linear methodology is employed, and research and projects develop side-by-side. The culmination of these projects and research is an audiovisual music project called Starlight Therapy. This music project is designed to help the researcher reach a musical flow state while performing despite anxiety, as well as create opportunities for audience engagement. Methods of diminishing power imbalances that occur between performer and audience are also explored. The researcher is neuroatypical, and thus the acceptance and understanding of neuroatypical people is major theme of this text.


Designing And Evaluating Personalized Lifestyle Blog Using Wordpress, Sijia He Jan 2018

Designing And Evaluating Personalized Lifestyle Blog Using Wordpress, Sijia He

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

“Blog” is a concentrate of “weblog” and was invented in the late 1990s to provide a chronological ordered calendar style method of discussion or informational websites published on the Internet. People are motivated by different reasons to start or run a blog, which means there are many different types of blogs. Some blogs focus on a particular subject such as a lifestyle blog, which is best defined as a digital content representation of its author's everyday life and interests.

Blogging in itself is quite popular, but it would not be what it is today without blog platforms such as ...


Swagger Like Us: Black Millennials’ Perceptions Of 1990s Urban Brands, Courtney Danielle Johnson Jan 2018

Swagger Like Us: Black Millennials’ Perceptions Of 1990s Urban Brands, Courtney Danielle Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Hip-hop is a significant cultural and artistic phenomenon that was created in the Black community and has since spread around the world (Aldridge & Stewart, 2005). Hip-hop culture has a unique and authentic clothing style, music style, and language (McLeod, 1999). The relationship between hip-hop culture, rap music, and fashion has global appeal (Power & Hauge, 2008). This research is centered around the evolution of this cultural fashion movement in Black history as it relates to Black millennials today and their experiences fashioning their bodies. There is not a significant amount of literature on urbanwear brands that came out of hip-hop culture or the owners of these fashion brands. The purpose of this study is to examine Black millennials attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) about their perceptions and knowledge of prominent, Black-owned, urban fashion brands that emerged in the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s during the hip-hop fashion revolution. Black millennials currently attending or who are alumni of HBCU’s were specifically chosen as the focus of this study because of the heightened immersion in Black culture that a HBCU environment provides. Throughout history, Black individuals have contributed significantly to American society, and hip-hop culture is one of those contributions as it was a major cultural revolution. While Black appearance and clothing has been under scrutiny in America since slavery, urbanwear fashion was a way for Black individuals to express themselves and represent their community. Ethnic dress, such as urban styles of dress, are clothing worn by individuals to express their belonging to a community with a common heritage (Kaiser, 2012; Eicher & Sumberg, 1995). The participants in this study explained their experiences with urban fashion brands, support of Black-owned brands, stereotypes associated with urban fashion, and how hip-hop and urbanwear still inspires their style today. The narratives and perceptions from Black individuals has changed over time and viewing urban fashion through the lens of various social science theories such as Critical Race Theory, Afrocentric theory, and symbolic interaction will further explain the relationship between Black millennials and 1990s ...


Presenting A Retro Appearance Through Sewing For Oneself: Motivations And Methods, Charity Suzanne Armstead Jan 2018

Presenting A Retro Appearance Through Sewing For Oneself: Motivations And Methods, Charity Suzanne Armstead

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Retro sewers, defined for the purposes of this study as women who sew vintage-inspired or vintage-reproduction clothing for themselves for everyday use, are a group that has not previously been studied. Retro sewers represent a unique subset of the home sewing market that overlaps with the vintage clothing market. The purpose of this study was to understand the motivations and the methods for retro sewers and how their motivations and methods intersect. This study utilized a qualitative, grounded-theory approach with interviews as the primary data source. Eighteen retro sewers from English-speaking countries were recruited from the researcher’s personal network ...


The Dose Makes The Poison, David Carius Jan 2018

The Dose Makes The Poison, David Carius

Creative Components

Nutrient pollution is an ongoing problem in the Midwest, the repercussions of which stretch far and wide. However, the seriousness of this topic may have been explained so many times that it has begun to loose its affect on people. The goal of this project was to take this significant problem we face and present it in a way that re-emphasizes its significance. Sampling from previous works laid the foundation for the beginning of this creative component, giving me insight into the way water behaves with light and motion, how to tell a story, and how to incorporate data and ...


Cheyenne Odyssey: Representing Removal In An Educational Video Game, Christina Gish Hill Jan 2018

Cheyenne Odyssey: Representing Removal In An Educational Video Game, Christina Gish Hill

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This articles reflects on the process of creating digital media in collaboration with Native communities, using the example of Cheyenne Odyssey, a game from Mission US, to argue that such media can illuminate the perspectives of Indigenous peoples for a wide audience while also creating digital repositories for both visual and narrative forms of knowledge. This game takes on the difficult challenge of portraying very sensitive moments of US history to middle school-age children. The game walks the player through the Battle of Little Big Horn, the forced removal of the Northern Cheyenne people, their harrowing journey home again, and ...


Cogna/Te/Do/To: How To Use Cognates In English, Spanish, And Portuguese, Nancy A. Acosta Jan 2018

Cogna/Te/Do/To: How To Use Cognates In English, Spanish, And Portuguese, Nancy A. Acosta

Creative Components

This creative component introduces the concept of cognates and false cognates through sequential art. This guide on cognates leads the reader through a fictional society whose core philosophy is centered around languages and the preservation of any that they come across. By using storytelling elements present both in comic book work (sound effects, emotive characters, sequential order) and in graphic design (information hierarchy, semiotics), the story builds a connection between the material and the reader. Cognates here can be a tool for English speakers to acquire vocabulary of Spanish and Portuguese. With the main character of an ex-astronaut, who was ...


Homesick, Tara Efobi, Ellen Mckinney Jan 2018

Homesick, Tara Efobi, Ellen Mckinney

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Design Mentor Statement: This ensemble was completed as part of a class project in a senior level creative design class that I taught. The goal of the project was for students to explore methods of fabric manipulation and combine two or more methods into a creative ensemble. Each student completed a sample notebook of at least ten different fabric manipulation techniques. Each student also engaged in a fashion research process, documented through a 20-page sketchbook, and culminating in a mood board (Figure 1). Students made patterns, first samples, and final garments. Students were mentored through multiple one-on-one check-ins and informal ...


Fishy Finery, Casey R. Stannard, Fijul Kabir Jan 2018

Fishy Finery, Casey R. Stannard, Fijul Kabir

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

There is an abundance of fish scales that go to landfills, but have possible applications for the apparel industry. Scales of black drum fish were used for acid blue 45 dye absorption from textile wastewaters. The purpose of this design was to achieve a more sustainable outcome for the wastewater dyed fish scales by utilizing them on a garment. The aesthetics of the fish scales served as the inspiration for the garment. The design began with an exploration of methods for applying the scales. An evening gown was created to demonstrate the beauty of the scales. Up-cycled fabrics including one ...